To provide short-term assistance for the preparation of book-length manuscripts about important scientific information needed by U.S. health professionals. Grants are awarded for major critical reviews and analyses of historical studies and current developments in informatics, technology, librarianship, and secondary reference materials in the biomedical field. Publication in formats other than print-on-paper (e.g., electronic, film, etc.) are encouraged, as are new and innovative ways of organizing and presenting information. Publication grants do not support journals or other serials and are not suitable for operation of established databases. Work judged to have significant commercial viability will not be supported by these grants.