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Peer Review Policies and Practices

On this page:



Find the latest information on the multiple application and peer review changes that will affect grant applicants starting in 2025.

Simplifying Review of Research Project Grant Applications

Revisions to the NIH Fellowship Application and Review Process

People sitting at a long table with laptops

Peer review meeting in progress. Photo courtesy of Center for Scientific Review

What's New in Peer Review


For Reviewers


Find pre-meeting, meeting and post-meeting activities on our ‘Information for Reviewers’ website.  The site includes key information such as reviewer guidelines, policy documents, step-by-step instructions for using the Internet Assisted Review (IAR) system. In addition, critique templates are located on the website; reviewers must check with their Scientific Review Officer on which template to use. 


Laws, Regulations, and Policies

Peer review regulations provide the underpinning of peer review policies. 

For Peer Review policies, see the section for:

Peer Review Integrity


Conflict of Interest


Human Subjects


Stem Cells

Vertebrate Animals




Note: Other guidelines can be found on the Consolidated List of Reviewer Documents webpage