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Research Misconduct & Detrimental Research Practices


Virtual PreCon Event: October 14, 2022 / 2:00 - 4:00 PM ET
Research Misconduct & Detrimental Research Practices: Overview & Case Studies

What is research misconduct and what are some detrimental research practices? Research Integrity Officers from the HHS Office of Research Integrity (ORI) and NIH will help answer these questions and more, as they discuss Public Health Service (PHS) regulations on handling research misconduct allegations, responsibilities of an institution receiving PHS funds, and red flags that may help to avoid misconduct in research. Experts will explore interpersonal, institutional, and professional responsibilities in the overall ethical conduct of research during presentations, case studies, and discussions with the audience. 

Office Hours with HHS & NIH Research Integrity officers on Monday, October 17, 2022 / Hours vary - watch for more information soon!


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three scientists conducting research

Agenda

*This event is scheduled in the Eastern Time Zone.

2:00 PM – 2:10 PM

Welcome & Overview

Moderator: Elyse Sullivan, Ph.D.
Communications Strategist
Office of Extramural Research (OER), NIH

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2:10 PM – 3:15 PM

Research Misconduct & Detrimental Research Practices

Presenter: Patricia Valdez, Ph.D
Chief Extramural Research Integrity Officer
Office of Extramural Research (OER), NIH

Presenter: Ranjini Ambalavanar, Ph.D.
Scientist Investigator
Office of Research Integrity (ORI)
Health and Human Services (HHS) 

Topics of Discussion:
  • PHS definition of research integrity
  • Community Responsibility
  • Research misconduct and regulations
  • The role of HHS ORI in research misconduct cases
  • Examples of data falsification and/or fabrication
  • The process for identifying and dealing with research misconduct allegations
  • When to contact the funding agency
  • Red flags and how to avoid misconduct
  • Other integrity concerns and detrimental research practices that negatively impact research and PHS funds

3:15 PM – 3:55 PM

ORI & NIH Case Studies: What Do You Think?

Presenter: Patricia Valdez, Ph.D
Chief Extramural Research Integrity Officer
Office of Extramural Research (OER), NIH

Presenter: Ranjini Ambalavanar, Ph.D.
Scientist Investigator
Office of Research Integrity (ORI)
Health and Human Services (HHS)

Potential Topics of Discussion:

  • Research Misconduct Proceedings
  • ORI and NIH Administrative Actions
  • Research Misconduct with Additional Compliance Concerns

3:55 PM – 4:00 PM

Acknowledgments & Closing

Moderator: Elyse Sullivan, Ph.D.
Communications Strategist
Office of Extramural Research (OER), NIH

Varied hours

"Office Hours" -  Monday, Oct. 17, 2022 

  •   9:00 AM - 4:00 PM ET  ORI Expert Hours
  • 12:00 PM - 5:00 PM ET  NIH Expert Hours

In addition to the Research Misconduct & Detrimental Research Practices PreCon Event, you have the opportunity to schedule a 1:1 meeting with the presenters during specified Office Hours on Monday, October 17. During these 20-minute chats, you can interact and connect with experts who can provide additional guidance and answers to your specific questions. Limited availability! Additional information coming soon.

Presenters

Click the image to view the bio of each presenter.

Ranjini Ambalavanar, Ph.D.
Scientist-Investigator, Division of Investigative Oversight, Office of Research Integrity (ORI), HHS

Dr. Ambalavanar is a Scientist-Investigator in the Division of Investigative Oversight, Office of Research Integrity (ORI), HHS. She conducts oversight reviews of cases of Research misconduct in Public Health Service (PHS)-funded research at US institutions. ORI promotes integrity in biomedical research supported by the PHS and oversees investigations of research misconduct cases.

Prior to joining the ORI in May 2009, Dr. Ambalavanar was a faculty member at the University of Maryland Dental School (UMd). She received her Ph.D. in Neuroscience from the University of Liverpool, UK, her postdoctoral training at Cambridge University, UK, and the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) at NIH.  Dr. Ambalavanar was interested in the mechanisms of chronic cutaneous and deep tissue pain involving muscles and joints. She explored the neural mechanisms of chronic craniofacial pain disorders and provided creative directions in science with her unique contributions to the field. She has published many peer-reviewed articles and invited book chapters in her field of research.

Elyse Sullivan, Ph.D.
Communications Strategist, Division of Communications and Outreach, Office of Extramural Research (OER), NIH

Dr. Sullivan is a communications strategist and the Content Development Team Lead in the Division of Communications and Outreach (DCO), within the Office of Extramural Research (OER). She works with subject-matter experts to disseminate important grant process and policy information for both external and internal audiences by developing websites, blogs, newsletters, and multimedia training tools. Dr. Sullivan received her Ph.D. in Neuroscience from the University of Maryland, Baltimore, where she studied translational electrophysiological biomarkers in schizophrenia.

Patricia Valdez, Ph.D.
Extramural Research Integrity Officer, Office of Extramural Research (OER), NIH

Dr. Valdez serves as the NIH Extramural Research Integrity Officer in the Office of Extramural Programs (OEP), in the Office of Extramural Research (OER). In this role, she is responsible for training NIH Extramural Staff and Research Integrity Officers on handling allegations of research misconduct in NIH-funded extramural activities, as well as performing the initial review and referral of allegations to the appropriate oversight agencies.

Prior to joining the OER, Dr. Valdez was the Manager of Publication Ethics for the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB) where she handled all allegations of scientific misconduct in ASBMB journals, including the Journal of Biological Chemistry.

Dr. Valdez received her Ph.D. in Molecular and Cell Biology from the University of California, Berkeley where she studied T cell development. She carried out her Postdoctoral training in the Immunology Discovery department at Genentech, where she focused on both basic research and pre-clinical drug development. Dr. Valdez continued her research as an NIH Intramural Staff Scientist in the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Laboratory of Clinical Infectious Disease.

integrity and confidentiality in NIH Peer Review booth screenshot
Once logged into the virtual NIH Grants Conference Center, be sure to stop by the Exhibit Hall to visit the booth, "Integrity and Confidentiality in NIH Peer Review" for related resources. 
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Contact:

Event Questions and Special Requests: NIHGrantsEvents@nih.gov (Submit no less than 3 days prior to the event, if possible.)

Technical Issues: nihgrantsconference@getvfairs.io

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