NHLBI SHORT-TERM TRAINING FOR MINORITY STUDENTS PROGRAM (T35)
RELEASE DATE: March 17, 2003
RFA: HL-03-014 (See replacement, RFA-HL-05-018)
(see Notice of Additional Receipt Date, NOT-HL-04-015)
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
CATALOG OF FEDERAL DOMESTIC ASSISTANCE NUMBERS:
93.233, 93.837, 93.838, 93.839
LETTER OF INTENT RECEIPT DATE: May 22, 2003
APPLICATION RECEIPT DATE: June 23, 2003 (see NOT-HL-04-015)
THIS RFA CONTAINS THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION
o Purpose of this RFA
o Research Objectives
o Mechanism(s) of Support
o Funds Available
o Eligible Institutions
o Individuals Eligible to Become Principal Investigators
o Trainee Eligibility Requirements
o Special Requirements
o Where to Send Inquiries
o Letter of Intent
o Submitting an Application
o Peer Review Process
o Review Criteria
o Receipt and Review Schedule
o Award Criteria
o Required Federal Citations
PURPOSE OF THIS RFA
The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Short-Term Training for
Minority Students Program is a Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service
Award (NRSA) designed to provide short-term research support to
underrepresented minority undergraduate and graduate students and students in
health professional schools to provide them with career opportunities in
cardiovascular, pulmonary, hematologic and sleep disorders research.
Underrepresented minority and ethnic groups include African Americans/Blacks,
Hispanics, American Indians, Alaska Natives, and non-Asian Pacific Islanders
and other racial and ethnic groups determined by the institutions to be
underrepresented in the health-related sciences. The grant provides two to
three consecutive months of research training with experienced investigators
and exposes talented students to experiences that will help them pursue a
biomedical or behavioral research career. In addition to the research
experience, institutions provide enrichment activities such as research
forums, guest lectures, student presentations, special courses, and social
This RFA is designed to offer research training opportunities for minority
students in an effort to encourage them to participate in cardiovascular,
pulmonary, hematologic, and sleep disorders research.
The NHLBI Short-Term Training for Minority Students Program is intended to:
o Provide minority undergraduate and graduate students and students in health
professional schools with opportunities to participate in activities leading
to research careers in areas relevant to cardiovascular, pulmonary,
hematologic, and sleep disorders.
o Attract qualified minority students into biomedical and behavioral research
o Increase the short supply of qualified minority investigators.
Although the number of underrepresented minority individuals (Blacks,
Hispanics, Native Americans) pursuing advanced degrees in the biomedical and
behavioral sciences increased over the past 20 years, their representation in
these fields remains below their representation in the U.S. population.
During that time, both the number and percentage of science doctorates earned
by underrepresented minorities have increased twofold. In 1997, however, the
total of science doctoral degrees awarded to underrepresented minorities in
these fields accounted for only 5.9 percent of the total degrees received
(National Research Council, Survey of Earned Doctorates, 2000). Furthermore,
in 1996, U.S. medical schools graduated more underrepresented minorities than
ever and the number of minorities applying to medical school reached a new
record high. A total of 5,259 minority students applied to the nation=s
medical schools, representing 11 percent of all applicants (Association of
American Medical Colleges, 1997). Yet, only 3.5 percent of all U.S. medical
school faculty holding Ph.D. degrees in the biomedical and behavioral
sciences, and only 3.6 percent of those with combined M.D./Ph.D. degrees are
members of underrepresented minority groups. There are existing programs at
the NIH that are designed to increase the number of minorities in biomedical
and behavioral research. These include the NHLBI Minority Institutional
Research Training Program, the NHLBI Mentored Minority Faculty Development
Award, and the NHLBI Minority Institution Research Scientist Development
Award. Even though these programs appear successful in meeting their specific
objectives and career development goals, more needs to be done to attract
minorities to biomedical and behavioral research careers.
Although there is strong interest in the scientific community in attracting
minority students into research careers, few minority students opt for science
degrees and research careers, and few minority graduates of health
professional schools go on to scientific research careers. The shortage of
qualified minority investigators in academic research positions may even
exacerbate the situation due to a lack of visible role models for students.
One method of addressing this problem is by attracting minority students to
research opportunities and by providing them with research training to develop
their research capabilities in cardiovascular, pulmonary, hematologic, and
MECHANISM OF SUPPORT
This RFA will use the Ruth L. Kirschstein NRSA Short-Term Research Training
Grant (T35) award mechanism. Responsibility for the planning, direction, and
execution of the proposed training project will be solely that of the
applicant. The total project period for an application submitted in response
to this RFA may not exceed five years. Funding beyond the first year of the
grant is contingent upon satisfactory progress during the preceding year and
availability of funds. The anticipated award date is April 1, 2004.
The estimated funds (total costs) available for the first year of support for
the entire program is expected to be $500,000 in Fiscal Year 2004 (October 1,
2003-September 30, 2004). The actual amount may vary, depending on the
response to the RFA and availability of funds. Eight new awards are
Facilities and Administrative Costs – The Notice of Grant Award will provide
facilities and administrative costs based on 8% of total direct costs.
Only domestic; for-profit and non-profit organizations; public or private
institutions, such as universities, colleges, hospitals, and laboratories;
units of State and local governments; and eligible agencies of the Federal
government may apply for grants to support research training programs. The
applicant institution must have a strong research program in the area(s)
proposed for research training and must have the requisite staff and
facilities to carry out the proposed program.
Foreign institutions are not eligible to apply.
INDIVIDUALS ELIGIBLE TO BECOME PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATORS/PROGRAM DIRECTORS
Any individual with the skills, knowledge, and resources necessary to organize
and implement a high quality research training program is invited to work with
their institution as the director of the research training program in order to
develop an application for support. Individuals from underrepresented racial
and ethnic groups as well as individuals with disabilities are always
encouraged to apply for NIH programs. The research training program director
at the institution will be responsible for the selection and appointment of
trainees to the NRSA research training grant and for the overall direction,
management, and administration of the program.
TRAINEE ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS
Trainees must have successfully completed at least one undergraduate year at
an accredited school or university (including baccalaureate schools of
nursing) or have successfully completed one semester at a school of medicine,
optometry, osteopathy, dentistry, veterinary medicine, pharmacy, or public
health, or an institution with an accredited graduate program, prior to
participating in the program. Institutions must adhere strictly to these
requirements when selecting trainees. These grants are intended to introduce
students to research that would not otherwise be available through their
regular course of studies. For graduate students, this may include graduate
students in programs, such as mathematics and computer science, where they
would not normally be exposed to biomedical research or minority graduate
students who may need a specialized research experience to supplement their
normal graduate education.
Trainees appointed to this program must be citizens or non-citizen nationals
of the United States or must have been lawfully admitted for permanent
residence (i.e., in possession of a currently valid Alien Registration Receipt
Card I-551, or some other legal verification of such status). Noncitizen
nationals are generally persons born in possessions of the United States
(i.e., American Samoa and Swains Island). Individuals on temporary or student
visas and individuals holding Ph.D., M.D., D.V.M. or equivalent doctoral
degrees in the health sciences are not eligible.
Trainees appointed to the program need not be from the applicant institution,
but may include a number of underrepresented minority students from other
institutions, schools, colleges, or universities. The program can be designed
to include research experiences for minority individuals at the applicant
institution but applicants are strongly encouraged to propose a program that
includes a number of individuals from other institutions, schools, colleges or
universities. The only requirement for student selection is that the trainees
fulfill the above referenced eligibility requirements.
Provisions of the Award
Institutions may request support for at least 4 but not more than 24 trainees
per budget period, based on a full-time three-month appointment. A trainee
may be appointed for a minimum of two months and a maximum of three months
during a budget period; however, institutions are encouraged to appoint a
trainee for more than one budget period, i.e., two or more successive summer
research experiences. A student may be appointed, in special circumstances,
to more than one 3-month period during a budget period, provided prior
approval is obtained from the staff of the NHLBI. All research training must
be full-time during the specific training sequence. It is expected that most
programs will be designed to provide a summer research experience but other
innovative program designs and time schedules will be considered. The
requested number of short-term trainees must be justified in the application.
Only one application per health professional school may be submitted for a
given receipt date. Although a university may have more than one NHLBI Short-
Term Training for Minority Students Program, they may not be in the same
school. The applicant institution must have the available research
facilities, personnel, and support for the program in the areas of
cardiovascular, pulmonary, hematologic, or sleep disorders. Minority
institutions with adequate staff and resources in these areas are encouraged
to apply. These grants will support short-term research training experiences
of consecutive two to three months' duration for minority undergraduate
students, minority students in health professional schools, and minority
graduate students. The grantee institution will determine which racial and
ethnic groups are underrepresented in biomedical or behavioral research and
will be responsible for the selection and appointment of trainees.
Funds may be requested for:
o Stipends - The current stipend level for trainees is $1,664 per month, and
$54.71 per day. Stipends may be supplemented from non-Federal funds.
o Training-related Expenses - Up to $183 per month per trainee may be
requested yearly; and may be used for faculty, laboratory, and secretarial
assistance; supplies and equipment; consultant costs; and tuition and fees.
o Travel Expenses - The institution may request up to $500 per year per
trainee to cover the cost of travel to and from the training institution.
Institutions may request up to $750 per trainee if they expect that the
majority of their trainees will be coming long distances (e.g., trainees
coming from Puerto Rico and other distant sites), but must submit a strong
justification for this need. The request will be subject to the Initial
Review Group (IRG) and NHLBI review. Applicants may share travel costs among
trainees so that the $500 allotted for a local trainee may be reprogrammed,
without the NHLBI permission, to trainees needing higher cost reimbursement.
The institution may also request up to $400 per month per trainee per diem or
subsistence allowances while at the training site.
o Facilities and Administrative Costs - The Notice of Grant Award will provide
facilities and administrative costs based on 8% of total direct costs,
exclusive of tuition, and fees.
A Statement of Appointment form (PHS 2271, rev. 5/01) must be submitted at the
start of each trainee appointment and reappointment. This form is available
at the following URL address: https://grants.nih.gov/training/phs2271.pdf.
Individuals supported under this program are not required to sign an NRSA
Payback Agreement but must submit an NRSA Termination Notice.
Training in the Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR): The application must
include a description of plans to provide instruction in the responsible
conduct of research. The Public Health Service policy on RCR
(http://ori.hhs.gov/policies/RCR_Policy.shtml#rcr) describes nine core
instructional areas that comprise RCR: data acquisition, management, sharing,
and ownership; mentor/trainee responsibilities; publication practices and
responsible authorship; peer review; collaborative science; human subjects;
research involving animals; research misconduct; and conflict of interest and
commitment. Plans for RCR training must describe the proposed subject matter,
format, frequency and duration of instruction. No award will be made if an
application lacks this component. See the NIH website
http://www.nih.gov/sigs/bioethics for resources and information on this topic.
WHERE TO SEND INQUIRIES
We encourage inquiries concerning this RFA and welcome the opportunity to
answer questions from potential applicants. Inquiries may fall into three
areas: programmatic, review and financial or grants management issues:
o Direct your questions about programmatic issues to:
Michael Commarato, Ph.D.
Division of Heart and Vascular Diseases (responding for all NHLBI programmatic
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
6701 Rockledge Drive, MSC 7940
Bethesda, MD 20892-7940
Telephone: (301) 435-0530
FAX: (301) 480-1330
o Direct your questions about review issues to:
Anne Clark, Ph.D.
Chief, Review Branch
Division of Extramural Affairs
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
Two Rockledge Center, Room 7214
6701 Rockledge Drive, MSC 7924
Bethesda, MD 20892-7924
Bethesda, MD 20817 (for express mail)
Telephone: (301) 435-0270
FAX: (301) 480-0730
o Direct your questions about financial or grants management matters to:
Grants Management Specialist
Division of Extramural Affairs
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
6701 Rockledge Drive, Room 7144, MSC 7926
Bethesda, MD 20892-7926
Telephone: (301) 435-0174
FAX: (301) 480-1948
LETTER OF INTENT
Prospective applicants are asked to submit a letter of intent that includes
the following information:
o A descriptive title of the proposed research
o Name, address, and telephone number of the Program Director
o Names of other key personnel
o Participating institutions
o Number and title of this RFA
Although a letter of intent is not required, is not binding, and does not
enter into the review of a subsequent application, the information that it
contains allows NHLBI staff to estimate the potential review workload and plan
for the review.
The letter of intent is to be sent to Dr. Anne Clark at the address listed
under WHERE TO SEND INQUIRIES by May 22, 2003.
SUBMITTING AN APPLICATION
Applications must be prepared using the PHS 398 research grant application
instructions and forms (rev. 5/2001). The PHS 398 is available at
https://grants.nih.gov/grants/funding/phs398/phs398.html in an interactive
format. Refer to T section. For further assistance contact GrantsInfo,
Telephone (301) 710-0267, Email: GrantsInfo@nih.gov.
USING THE RFA LABEL: The RFA label available in the PHS 398 (rev. 5/2001)
application form must be affixed to the bottom of the face page of the
application. Type the RFA number on the label. Failure to use this label
could result in delayed processing of the application such that it may not
reach the review committee in time for review. In addition, the RFA title
(NHLBI SHORT-TERM TRAINING FOR MINORITY STUDENTS PROGRAM) and number (HL-03-
014) must be typed on line 2 of the face page of the application form and the
YES box must be marked. The RFA label is also available at:
SENDING AN APPLICATION TO THE NIH: Submit a signed, typewritten original of
the application, including the Checklist, and three signed photocopies, in one
Center For Scientific Review
National Institutes Of Health
6701 Rockledge Drive, Room 1040, MSC 7710
Bethesda, MD 20892-7710
Bethesda, MD 20817 (for express/courier service)
All grant applications submitted to the Center For Scientific Review (CSR)
must come via United States Postal Service or a recognized delivery/courier
service. Individuals may not personally deliver packages to the building on
Rockledge Drive. For further information please see
At the time of submission, two additional copies of the application and all
five collated sets of the appendix material must be sent to Dr. Anne Clark at
the address listed under WHERE TO SENDINQUIRIES.
APPLICATION PROCESSING: Applications must be received by June 23, 2003. If
an application is received after that date, it will be returned to the
applicant without review.
Although there is no immediate acknowledgement of the receipt of an
application, applicants are generally notified of the review and funding
assignment within 8 weeks.
The Center for Scientific Review (CSR) will not accept any application in
response to this RFA that is essentially the same as one currently pending
initial review, unless the applicant withdraws the pending application.
However, when a previously unfunded application, originally submitted as an
investigator-initiated application, is to be submitted in response to an RFA,
it is to be proposed as a NEW application. That is the application for the
RFA must not include an Introduction describing the changes and improvements
made, and the text must not be marked to indicate the changes. While the
investigator may still benefit from the previous review, the RFA application
is not to state explicitly how.
PEER REVIEW PROCESS
Upon receipt, applications will be reviewed for completeness by the CSR and
responsiveness by the NHLBI. Incomplete and/or non-responsive applications
will be returned to the applicant without further consideration.
Applications that are complete and responsive to the RFA will be evaluated for
scientific and technical merit by a Special Emphasis Panel in the Division of
Extramural Affairs, NHLBI, in accordance with the review criteria stated
below. As part of the initial merit review, all applications will:
o Receive a written critique
o Undergo a process in which only those applications deemed to have the
highest scientific merit, generally the top half of the applications under
review, will be discussed and assigned a priority score
o Receive a second level review by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood
The application should provide a summary of the training program including its
objectives, the types of research activities available, the faculty who will
participate, the geographical area to be included in the recruitment, a
mentoring plan, and any special activities or experiences to be provided to
the trainees. It should also describe the administrative structure of the
program and the distribution of responsibilities within it, plans for
recruiting, selecting, and assigning trainees to research activities, duration
of training and months in which it will occur, description of a typical
student program including percent time to be spent in various activities, and
additional support or services to be provided by the applicant institution.
All applications must include a description of formal or informal activities
or instruction related to the responsible conduct of research that will be
incorporated into the proposed research training program.
Applicants for competitive renewal applications will be required to provide
information concerning past trainees in the program, the accomplishments of
the program, trainee publications, and whether students supported by the
program have pursued research careers. This information should also be
included in the noncompeting renewal application. Therefore, it is important
that the applicant includes plans for tracking students who participated in
The following criteria will be considered when assessing the merits of the
proposed NHLBI Short-Term Training for Minority Students Program.
o Design of the proposed training program;
o Qualifications, dedication, and previous training record of the program
director and participating faculty, particularly with regard to prior
experience with similar programs;
o Adequacy of facilities, environment, and resources for the proposed research
o Recruitment and selection plans for trainees, and the availability of high
o Methods for retaining promising students in the program and methods for
o Commitment of the institution and participating faculty to the goals of the
training program; and
o Procedures for evaluation of the effectiveness of the program and the impact
of the program on the students involved.
ADDITIONAL REVIEW CRITERIA: In addition to the above criteria, your
application will also be reviewed with respect to the following:
PROTECTION OF HUMAN SUBJECTS FROM RESEARCH RISK: The involvement of human
subjects and protections from research risk relating to their participation in
the proposed research will be assessed. (See criteria included in the section
on Federal Citations, below).
INCLUSION OF WOMEN, MINORITIES AND CHILDREN IN RESEARCH: The adequacy of
plans to include subjects from both genders, all racial and ethnic groups (and
subgroups), and children as appropriate for the scientific goals of the
research. Plans for the recruitment and retention of subjects will also be
evaluated. (See Inclusion Criteria in the section on Federal Citations,
CARE AND USE OF VERTEBRATE ANIMALS IN RESEARCH: If vertebrate animals are to
be used in the project, the five items described under Section f of the PHS
398 research grant application instructions (rev. 5/2001) will be assessed.
o BUDGET: The reasonableness of the proposed budget and the requested period
of support in relation to the proposed research.
Training in the Responsible Conduct of Research: Every predoctoral and
postdoctoral NRSA trainee supported by an institutional research training
grant must receive instruction in the responsible conduct of research. (For
more information on this provision, see the NIH Guide for Grants and
Contracts, Volume 21, Number 43, November 27, 1992, see
must include a description of a program to provide formal or informal
instruction in scientific integrity or the responsible conduct of research.
Applications without plans for instruction in the responsible conduct of
research will be considered incomplete and will be returned to the applicant
o Although the NIH does not establish specific curricula or formal
requirements, all programs are encouraged to consider instruction in the
following areas: conflict of interest, responsible authorship, policies for
handling misconduct, data management, data sharing, and policies regarding the
use of human and animal subjects. Within the context of training in
scientific integrity, it is also beneficial to discuss the relationship and
the specific responsibilities of the institution and the graduate students or
postdoctorates appointed to the program.
o Plans must address the subject matter of the instruction, the format of the
instruction, the degree of faculty participation, trainee attendance, and the
frequency of instruction.
o The rationale for the proposed plan of instruction must be provided.
o Program reports on the type of instruction provided, topics covered, and
other relevant information, such as attendance by trainees and faculty
participation, must be included in future competing continuation and
noncompeting applications. The NIH encourages institutions to provide
instruction in the responsible conduct of research to all graduate students,
postdoctorates, and research staff regardless of their source of support.
NIH initial review groups will assess the applicant's plans on the basis of
the appropriateness of topics, format, amount and nature of faculty
participation, and the frequency and duration of instruction.
The plan will be discussed after the overall determination of merit, so that
the review panel's evaluation of the plan will not be a factor in the
determination of the priority score. Plans will be judged as acceptable or
unacceptable. The acceptability of the plan will be described in an
administrative note on the summary statement. Regardless of the priority
score, applications with unacceptable plans will not be funded until the
applicant provides a revised, acceptable plan. Staff within the NIH awarding
component will judge the acceptability of the revised plan.
Following initial review, the NHLBI Advisory Council provides a second level
of review. The Council will consider the assessment of the scientific and
educational merit of the research training grant application as well the plan
for instruction in the responsible conduct of research.
RECEIPT AND REVIEW SCHEDULE
Letter of Intent Receipt Date: May 22, 2003
Application Receipt Date: June 23, 2003
Peer Review Date: October/November 2003
Council Review: February 2004
Earliest Anticipated Start Date: April 1, 2004
Award criteria that will be used to make award decisions include:
o Scientific and training merit (as determined by peer review)
o Availability of funds
o Programmatic priorities.
REQUIRED FEDERAL CITATIONS
HUMAN SUBJECTS PROTECTION: Federal regulations (45CFR46) require that
applications and proposals involving human subjects must be evaluated with
reference to the risks to the subjects, the adequacy of protection against
these risks, the potential benefits of the research to the subjects and
others, and the importance of the knowledge gained or to be gained.
INCLUSION OF WOMEN AND MINORITIES IN CLINICAL RESEARCH: It is the policy of
the NIH that women and members of minority groups and their sub-populations
must be included in all NIH-supported clinical research projects unless a
clear and compelling justification is provided indicating that inclusion is
inappropriate with respect to the health of the subjects or the purpose of the
research. This policy results from the NIH Revitalization Act of 1993 (Section
492B of Public Law 103-43).
All investigators proposing clinical research should read the "NIH Guidelines
for Inclusion of Women and Minorities as Subjects in Clinical Research -
Amended, October, 2001," published in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts
on October 9, 2001 (https://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/
NOT-OD-02-001.html); a complete copy of the updated Guidelines are
available at https://grants.nih.gov/grants/funding/women_min/
guidelines_amended_10_2001.htm. The amended policy incorporates: the use
of an NIH definition of clinical research; updated racial and ethnic
categories in compliance with the new OMB standards; clarification of
language governing NIH-defined Phase III clinical trials consistent with
the new PHS Form 398; and updated roles and responsibilities of NIH staff
and the extramural community. The policy continues to require for all
NIH-defined Phase III clinical trials that: a) all applications or proposals
and/or protocols must provide a description of plans to conduct analyses, as
appropriate, to address differences by sex/gender and/or racial/ethnic
groups, including subgroups if applicable; and b) investigators must report
annual accrual and progress in conducting analyses, as appropriate,
by sex/gender and/or racial/ethnic group differences.
INCLUSION OF CHILDREN AS PARTICIPANTS IN RESEARCH INVOLVING HUMAN SUBJECTS:
The NIH maintains a policy that children (i.e., individuals under the age of
21) must be included in all human subjects research, conducted or supported by
the NIH, unless there are scientific and ethical reasons not to include them.
This policy applies to all initial (Type 1) applications submitted for receipt
dates after October 1, 1998.
All investigators proposing research involving human subjects should read the
"NIH Policy and Guidelines" on the inclusion of children as participants in
research involving human subjects that is available at
PUBLIC ACCESS TO RESEARCH DATA THROUGH THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT: The
Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-110 has been revised to
provide public access to research data through the Freedom of Information Act
(FOIA) under some circumstances. Data that are (1) first produced in a
project that is supported in whole or in part with Federal funds and (2)
cited publicly and officially by a Federal agency in support of an action
that has the force and effect of law (i.e., a regulation) may be accessed
through FOIA. It is important for applicants to understand the basic scope
of this amendment. NIH has provided guidance at
Applicants may wish to place data collected under this RFA in a public
archive, which can provide protections for the data and manage the
distribution for an indefinite period of time. If so, the application should
include a description of the archiving plan in the study design and include
information about this in the budget justification section of the application.
In addition, applicants should think about how to structure informed consent
statements and other human subjects procedures given the potential for wider
use of data collected under this award.
URLs IN NIH GRANT APPLICATIONS OR APPENDICES: All applications and proposals
for NIH funding must be self-contained within specified page limitations.
Unless otherwise specified in an NIH solicitation, Internet addresses (URLs)
should not be used to provide information necessary to the review because
reviewers are under no obligation to view the Internet sites. Furthermore,
we caution reviewers that their anonymity may be compromised when they
directly access an Internet site.
HEALTHY PEOPLE 2010: The Public Health Service (PHS) is committed to achieving
the health promotion and disease prevention objectives of "Healthy People
2010," a PHS-led national activity for setting priority areas. This RFA is
related to one or more of the priority areas. Potential applicants may obtain
a copy of "Healthy People 2010" at http://www.health.gov/healthypeople.
AUTHORITY AND REGULATIONS: This program is described in the Catalog of Federal
Domestic Assistance No. 93.233, 93.837, 93.838, and 93.839 and is not subject
to the intergovernmental review requirements of Executive Order 12372 or
Health Systems Agency review. Awards are made under authorization of Sections
301, 487, and 405 of the Public Health Service Act as amended (42 USC 241,
288, and 284) and administered under NIH grants policies described at
https://grants.nih.gov/grants/policy/policy.htm and under Federal Regulations
42 CFR Parts 52 and 66 and 45 CFR Parts 74 and 92.
The PHS strongly encourages all grant recipients to provide a smoke-free
workplace and discourage the use of all tobacco products. In addition, Public
Law 103-227, the Pro-Children Act of 1994, prohibits smoking in certain
facilities (or in some cases, any portion of a facility) in which regular or
routine education, library, day care, health care, or early childhood
development services are provided to children. This is consistent with the
PHS mission to protect and advance the physical and mental health of the
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