Department of Health and Human Services

Part 1. Overview Information

Participating Organization(s)

National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Components of Participating Organizations

National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)

National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)

Funding Opportunity Title
HEAL Initiative: Multilevel Interventions to Reduce Harm and Improve Quality of Life for Patients on Long Term Opioid Therapy (MIRHIQL): Resource Center (U24- Clinical Trial Optional)
Activity Code

U24 Resource-Related Research Projects – Cooperative Agreements

Announcement Type
New
Related Notices

None

Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) Number
RFA-DA-23-042
Companion Funding Opportunity
RFA-DA-23-041 , R01 Research Project
Assistance Listing Number(s)
93.279, 93.213, 93.865
Funding Opportunity Purpose

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) seeks applications for a single resource center to complement a broader HEAL program on reducing opioid-related harms and improving quality of life in patients on long-term opioid therapy (LTOT). Key responsibilities include: (1) Provide logistical and coordination support for this broader research program; (2) Create a risk-benefit decision tool to assist providers in determining when opioids should be continued as prescribed, tapered, or tapered and discontinued; (3) Create a clinical definition, identifying associated symptoms/behaviors, and generating a screening tool for individuals on LTOT for whom harms outweigh the benefits; (4) Validate the clinical definition, associated behaviors and symptoms, and screening tool in an independent sample. Applicants are expected to form a community steering committee consisting of multiple stakeholders, including patients with lived experience, to guide these efforts. This FOA runs in parallel with a companion FOA that will address multi-level interventions for populations on long-term opioid therapy to manage chronic pain for whom risks may outweigh the benefits of continued opioid use (RFA-DA-23-041).

The resource center will be part of the NIH’s Helping to End Addiction Long-term (HEAL) initiative to speed scientific solutions to the national opioid public health crisis. The NIH HEAL Initiative bolsters research across NIH to (1) improve treatment for opioid misuse and addiction and (2) enhance pain management.More information about the HEAL Initiative is available at: https://heal.nih.gov/.

Key Dates

Posted Date
July 11, 2022
Open Date (Earliest Submission Date)
August 27, 2022
Letter of Intent Due Date(s)

August 27, 2022

Application Due Dates Review and Award Cycles
New Renewal / Resubmission / Revision (as allowed) AIDS Scientific Merit Review Advisory Council Review Earliest Start Date
September 27, 2022 Not Applicable Not Applicable March 2023 May 2023 July 2023

All applications are due by 5:00 PM local time of applicant organization. 

Applicants are encouraged to apply early to allow adequate time to make any corrections to errors found in the application during the submission process by the due date.

Expiration Date
September 28, 2022
Due Dates for E.O. 12372

Not Applicable

Required Application Instructions

It is critical that applicants follow the instructions in the Research (R) Instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide, except where instructed to do otherwise (in this FOA or in a Notice from NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts).

Conformance to all requirements (both in the Application Guide and the FOA) is required and strictly enforced. Applicants must read and follow all application instructions in the Application Guide as well as any program-specific instructions noted in Section IV. When the program-specific instructions deviate from those in the Application Guide, follow the program-specific instructions.

Applications that do not comply with these instructions may be delayed or not accepted for review.

There are several options available to submit your application through Grants.gov to NIH and Department of Health and Human Services partners. You must use one of these submission options to access the application forms for this opportunity.

  1. Use the NIH ASSIST system to prepare, submit and track your application online.
  2. Use an institutional system-to-system (S2S) solution to prepare and submit your application to Grants.gov and eRA Commons to track your application. Check with your institutional officials regarding availability.

  3. Use Grants.gov Workspace to prepare and submit your application and eRA Commons to track your application.


  4. Table of Contents

Part 2. Full Text of Announcement

Section I. Funding Opportunity Description

HEAL Initiative

This funding opportunity announcement is part of the NIH’s Helping to End Addiction Long-term (HEAL) initiative to speed scientific solutions to the national opioid public health crisis. The NIH HEAL Initiative bolsters research across NIH to (1) improve treatment for opioid misuse and addiction and (2) enhance pain management. More information about the HEAL Initiative is available at: https://heal.nih.gov/.

Background

More than 50 million Americans suffer from chronic pain (CP), and approximately 11 million individuals have “high impact chronic pain,” that is, pain that has lasted 3 months or longer and is accompanied by at least one major activity restriction such as being unable to work outside of the home, go to school, or complete household chores. CP treatment and loss of productivity are estimated to cost $635 billion annually in the United States. In recent decades, there has been an over-reliance on the prescription of opioids for chronic pain, contributing to a significant and alarming epidemic of opioid overdose deaths and addiction. Clinical guidelines indicate non-opioid therapy, such as non-opioid pharmacologic agents and nonpharmacologic therapy, is preferred for chronic pain given long-term opioid use elevates risk for opioid misuse, opioid use disorder (OUD), and overdose. Under certain circumstances, opioid tapering is recommended, and patients can exhibit benefits in pain and improved quality in life when tapering of opioid dosages is conducted appropriately and combined with multimodal pain care. Recent NSDUH data suggests that opioid prescribing has sharply declined to levels comparable to those prior to the start of the overdose crisis in the late 1990s.

Despite the efforts to reduce the use of opioids for CP, approximately 13 million Americans with CP continue to be prescribed long-term opioid therapy (LTOT), defined as the use of opioids for 90 days or longer. LTOT may be appropriate for some patients under certain circumstances, mainly when continued opioid use provides benefits that outweigh harms. However, LTOT may have iatrogenic consequences, including a paradoxical increase in pain intensity that can lead to an increase in dose and longer-term use, which increases risk for misuse, OUD, and overdose. Other consequences include physiological problems that range from physical dependence to meeting criteria for OUD. While both physical dependence (e.g., acute tolerance & withdrawal) and OUD (e.g., compulsive use despite harmful consequences) have accepted clinical diagnoses and symptoms, there is a subset of patients on LTOT for whom adverse opioid risks outweigh therapeutic benefit. These patients do not completely meet criteria for OUD and constitute a patient population that is clinically ambiguous and poorly defined. For example, some providers have diagnosed these patients with Complex Persistent Dependence, Complex Persistent Opioid Dependence (CPOD), or protracted abstinence syndrome. Clinical diagnosis notwithstanding, long-term and/or high opioid dose exposure can induce poor pain control, functional decline, psychiatric instability, poor quality of life, and other opioid-related harms. For example, long-term opioid use may result in a failure to fulfill major role obligations at work/school/home, reduced engagement in important social, occupational, or recreational activities, or a rise in engaging in physically hazardous situations. While these behaviors are included in the DSM for defining OUD, if the patient does not meet several criteria related to compulsive drug behaviors, such as unsuccessful efforts to control use, spending a great deal of time obtaining opioids, or craving opioids, providers may be hesitant to make an OUD diagnosis. As a result, this complex population may not receive appropriate OUD treatment services, including access to FDA-approved medications for OUD when appropriate (methadone, buprenorphine, naltrexone), harm reduction services (clean syringes, fentanyl test-strips, naloxone), or behavioral treatment for OUD. These patients are also not likely to receive effective, evidence-based pain management.

Pain specialists or primary care providers may not have sufficient training in managing these opioid-related harms and discontinue pain management treatment of these patients altogether if these behaviors emerge, depriving them of access to evidence-based therapies. Providers may also feel uneasy accepting 'legacy' chronic opioid patients. Under these circumstances, opioids can be abruptly discontinued resulting in withdrawal, a significant increase in pain, and increased suicide risk. In some instances, such patients are not offered multi-disciplinary pain management care, creating 'orphaned' patients who are abandoned by the health care system. In summary, a subset of patients on LTOT do not have access to quality and effective pain treatment, are at elevated risk for transitioning to opioid misuse/OUD, have increased mortality risk, and at the very least, experience poor quality of life.

Following the issuance of federal opioid prescribing guidelines, there have been reports of aggressive and forced tapering, inconsistent with clinical recommendations, which has contributed to this cohort of patients with adverse outcomes. Such patients have increased risk for overdose, mental health symptoms including suicide risk, and damaged patient-provider relationships that adversely impacted patient health. Some clinicians have started transitioning high-risk patients who are unable to successfully taper but do not meet criteria for an OUD diagnosis from full opioid agonist treatment to buprenorphine, a partial opioid agonist. While certain formulations of buprenorphine are FDA approved for pain management, the maximum dosage of these formulations may not be sufficient to transition a patient from high-dose full opioid agonists. However, buprenorphine formulations approved for treating OUD can provide higher doses per day though the safety and efficacy of these higher doses is not well established. As a result, patients are faced with off-label use of MOUD formulations of buprenorphine, which may not be covered by insurance without a formal OUD diagnosis, or which may require clinicians to inappropriately diagnose the patient with OUD that carries stigmatizing and unintended consequences for the patient. Because these patients do not meet DSM criteria for OUD, clinical care for this population can be confusing for providers and equally frustrating for patients. Therefore, additional research is urgently needed to generate evidence for safely managing chronic pain in those maintained on LTOT, those managed with buprenorphine, and those transitioned from LTOT to other pharmacological or non-pharmacological pain management therapies.

In addition to receiving adequate pain care, a subpopulation of individuals on LTOT do not receive access to naloxone, a lifesaving, FDA-approved medication that reverses respiratory depression. In 2018, prescription opioids were involved in approximately 15,000 overdose deaths. Current guidelines support naloxone prescribing for individuals on LTOT who are receiving co-occurring prescriptions for benzodiazepines, are on high dose morphine milligram equivalents, and/or have a history of overdoses. Despite these recommendations, recent estimates suggest that 2.3% of individuals on LTOT receive a naloxone prescription. Further, for those on high dose opioid therapy, only 2.76% of individuals received a concurrent naloxone prescription, and only 0.85% received naloxone among individuals receiving opioids and benzodiazepine prescription. Expanding access to naloxone among this population represents a key component for addressing mortality in patients on LTOT for whom risks outweigh benefits.

Research Objectives

Applicants responding to this FOA should carefully review the companion FOA for the research projects (RFA-DA-23-041) to understand the full mission of this broader research program. The purpose of this companion FOA is to support clinical trials that will evaluate multi-level interventions for patients who are using long-term opioid therapy to manage chronic pain for whom risks of continuing opioid therapy may outweigh the benefits of continued opioid use. NIDA seeks studies for pharmacologic management with or without non-pharmacological approaches for managing chronic pain in those currently using long-term opioids. Interventions can target patients, health care providers (inclusive of pharmacists) or health care systems to reduce chronic pain and opioid-related risks and improve quality of life.

The Resource center is expected to provide coordination and infrastructure supports for awards funded under RFA-DA-23-041. In addition, this center is expected to provide important clinical resources and validate these resources in an independent cohort study. Key responsibilities for the Resource center include:

1. Administrative coordination and communication throughout the funding period of awards issued under RFA-DA-23-041 and Resource Center Community Steering Committee.

  • Provide logistical support and hosting quarterly meetings between awardees and patients with lived experience under RFA-DA-23-041. These meetings will provide a forum to discuss (1) research updates; (2) share research resources; (3) opportunities of synergy and collaboration (e.g., data harmonization, protocol modifications) with other awardees funded under RFA-DA-23-041, with the IMPOWR network, and with the Resource Center.
  • Coordinate workgroups and provide other general infrastructure to support collaboration between awardees funded under RFA-DA-23-041 and the IMPOWR network.
  • Facilitate harmonizing common data elements and any data collection procedures across awardees under RFA-DA-23-041. It is expected that this data harmonization process will occur during a kick-off meeting and conclude within the first year of the grant award. Awardees funded under RFA-DA-23-041 are expected to harmonize data collection on chronic pain (inclusive of HEAL CDEs), opioid-related harms, and quality of life outcomes. Awardees may choose to harmonize other outcomes too. Awardees from RFA-DA-23-041 are expected to participate on a working group to harmonize CDEs and one PD/PI representative from each award (from RFA-DA-23-041 only) will have voting authority. Whenever appropriate, awardees under RFA-DA-23-041 are expected to also harmonize with IMPOWR CDEs.
  • Recource Center applicants will be programming harmonized CDEs into RedCap as a shared resource for the research projects and will interface with the HEAL CDE Program Director in service of this goal. Applicants should plan to coordinate with the IMPOWR Coordination and Dissemination Center PI on this effort.
  • Serve as a liaison between awardees under RFA-DA-23-041 and the IMPOWR network. Expected activities of coordination with the IMPOWR networks include but are not limited to: harmonized data collection with IMPOWR when appropriate, participation at annual in-person meetings, data sharing with IMPOWR when appropriate, and participation on IMPOWR workgroups when appropriate.
  • Assist the IMPOWR Coordination & Dissemination Center with other infrastructure activities to support data harmonization and network collaborations.
  • Provide coordintion and logistical support for the Community Steering Committee.

2. Create a risk-benefit decision tool to assist providers in determining when opioids should be continued, tapered, or tapered and discontinued.

A central tenet of any opioid prescribing guideline has encouraged providers to exercise clinical judgement in face of the recommendations listed in the guideline. However, many providers are not adequately trained in multidisciplinary pain management or addiction medicine and may struggle with recognizing when difficulties in tapering manifest as misuse or OUD. To assist providers in navigating these complex challenges, applicants must create a risk-benefit decision tool to guide providers on when opioids should be continued, tapered, or tapered and discontinued to minimize opioid related harms and improve quality of life. The creation of this decision tool should integrate multidisciplinary perspectives from clinicians, researchers, and patient communities. Applicants are encouraged to identify clear behaviors that represent continued benefit and emerging harms. If appropriate, applicants are encouraged to collaborate with awardees under RFA-DA-23-041 who propose similarly themed projects.

3. Identify ways to formally conceptualize this population on LTOT for whom opioid risks outweigh benefits for research and clinical practice.

  • There are 3 goals that must be met to address the key responsibility:
    • Create a clinical definition for this complex population. For example, some have diagnosed these patients with Complex Persistent Dependence, Complex Persistent Opioid Dependence (CPOD) or protracted abstinence syndrome, but there isn't concurrence in clinical practice or research. Efforts should not replicate what has already been established in the literature, but rather focused on obtaining broad consensus in using the same clinical definition.
    • Identify a list of symptoms and/or behaviors that occur in this population. Applicants may consider adapting DSM criteria for OUD to fit this patient population. Whenever possible, objective indicators are preferred.
    • Create a screening assessment that would identify patients who would meet this new conceptual clinical definition.
  • Across these 3 goals, applicants are encouraged to attend to chronic pain, opioid-related harms and quality of life outcomes. Whenever possible, common measures used by the Resource Center applicant should align with the harmonized measures proposed by awardees under RFA-DA-23-041. These measures will be determined within the first year of grant award. For the purposes of this RFA, definitions of these constructs are provided below.
    • Chronic Pain: Pain outcomes may cover the 9 chronic pain domains specified by HEAL, including pain intensity, pain interference, physical functioning/QOL, sleep, pain catastrophizing, depression, anxiety, global satisfaction with treatment, and substance use screening.
    • Opioid-related harms (ORH): ORH outcomes should be related to the progression from opioid dependence to misuse to OUD, and overdose. Additionally, other ORH outcomes may include changes in severity of mental health conditions and suicide ideation. Examples of outcomes include but are not limited to: fatal and nonfatal overdose, use of illicit substances, misuse/overuse of other drugs of abuse (e.g., alcohol, stimulants, cannabis), suicide thoughts and behaviors or exacerbation of mental health disorders (e.g., MDD, GAD, PTSD), and changes in meeting the number of DSM criteria for OUD. Of note, some of the DSM criteria can be viewed as quality of life outcomes (e.g., failure to fulfill major role obligations at work/school/home, reduced engagement in important social, occupational or recreational activities, or a rise in engaging in physically hazardous situations)
    • Quality of Life (QoL): QoL can be measured in a number of ways. Appropriate domains include but are not limited to: (1) disease state and physical symptoms, (2) functional status (e.g., performing daily activities), (3) psychological and emotional functioning, and (4) social functioning. Applicants are encouraged to measure all of these domains.
  • Applicants are encouraged to use Delphi technique, qualitative interviewing, surveys, and other innovative approaches to survey a wide range of expert opinions, including patients with lived experience.
  • Across these 3 goals, applicants are encouraged to understand the potential tension between patients and providers related to continued opioid use.
  • Applicants may have the option to engage in activities that would move the research field and clinical practice towards the development and acceptance of a new diagnosis. As an example, applicants could frame activities towards creating a new ICD code. If creation of a new ICD code is an anticipated outcome, applicants are encouraged to interact with WHO, DSM, CMS and include them early on/throughout this process.
  • Since these 3 goals are independent, but related, applicants are encouraged to address the necessary infrastructure that would enable coordination and cross-communication. Applicants may consider creating separate workgroups/teams to meet these stated goals.

4. Validate the new clinical definition, associated symptoms/behaviors, and screening assessment in an independent cohort study.

Expert opinion on patients on LTOT for whom opioid risks outweigh benefits are published in the literature. However, these definitions and conceptualizations have never been validated in an independent sample where participants are prospectively followed. To address these gaps in knowledge, a prospective study is needed to collect high-quality evidence to characterize this population. Applicants should address the following:

  • Participants must be on long term opioid therapy for at least 90 days at the time of study enrollment. Individuals should also exhibit behaviors suggesting that harms of continued opioid use may outweigh the benefits of continued opioid use. Applicants should define and justify these risk behaviors in the application.
  • This cohort should target a broad range of chronic pain conditions.
  • Applicants must characterize the reliability, sensitivity, and validity of the clinical definition, symptoms/behaviors, and screening assessment for patients on LTOT for whom risks outweighs benefits over time. Follow up assessments may be appropriate to determine the stability of this clinical definition and associated behaviors and symptoms.
  • Applicants are encouraged to test the sensitivity of the clinical definition, associated behaviors and symptoms, and screening assessment to individuals on LTOT for whom risks outweigh benefits compared to individuals with OUD.
  • Applicants should attend to the generalizability of the clinical definition, symptoms/behaviors, and screening assessment across sex/gender, racial/ethnic groups, and rural/urban communities.
  • Applicants should justify the sample size and provide power analyses that would enable analysis of the sensitivity, reliability, and validity of the clinical definition, associated symptoms and behaviors, and screening tool.
  • Applicants should include feasible enrollment milestones and timeline that are sensitive to the justified sample size, racial/ethnic and geographic distribution, and power analyses.
  • If the applicant includes activities that would move the research field and clinical practice towards the development of a new ICD code, continued engagement with WHO, DSM, CMS would be encouraged throughout the execution of the prospective study.
  • Applicants are encouraged to revise the clinical definition, associated behaviors and symptoms, and screening assessment based on findings from the cohort study, if appropriate.
  • By the end of the grant award, applicants are encouraged to make recommendations for additional research or policy actions towards the development of an official diagnosis for this complex patient population.

Community Steering Committee

Aside from Key Responsibility #1, this program will be governed by a Community Steering Committee. This committee will consist of investigators, NIH program staff, patients with lived experience, bioethicists, and a range of health care providers which may include pain specialists and/or addiction medicine providers. Other stakeholders, including awardees funded under RFA-DA-23-041, may be included. It is expected that these multidisciplinary perspectives will contribute to the goal of creating a clinical definition, associated behaviors and symptoms, and the screening assessment for this population. This committee will oversee development of consensus policies, protocols, and procedures for study-wide activities such as clinical coordination, data collection, and resource sharing. It is expected that reoccurring meetings, virtually or in-person, will occur to support these activities.

Expected Activities of Coordination

Research studies funded under this announcement will be part of a larger program, which will consist of R01-level grants and a Resource Center. The R01-level projects that willevaluate multi-level interventions for patients on long-term opioid therapy to manage chronic pain for whom risks may outweigh the benefits of continued opioid use.Interventions can target patients, health care providers (inclusive of pharmacists) or health care systems to reduce chronic pain and opioid-related risks and improve quality of life. Since the Resource Center will be assisting with data harmonization efforts within this larger program, applicants are encouraged to review the companion R01 RFA (RFA-DA-23-041). Data harmonization efforts will include harmonizing on chronic pain (inclusive of the HEAL CDES), opioid-related risks, and quality of life outcomes. Awardees under RFA-DA-23-041 may harmonize on additional outcomes. The Resource Center will be responsible for programing these outcomes in RedCap as a shared resource for the research projects and will interface with the HEAL CDE Program Director. Whenever appropriate, collaboration between RFA-DA-23-041 awardees and the Resource Center may occur to advance the scientific knowledge and/or stated goals of either RFA program. For example, these synergistic activities may include common definitions of chronic pain, opioid-related harms, and quality of life measures. Or, awardees from RFA-DA-23-041 may serve on the Resouce Center Community Steering Committee.

Additionally, research studies funded under this announcement are expected to interact with the HEAL IMPOWR network. This network is intended to create multidisciplinary team science collaborations to develop effective interventions, best models of care for delivery of services, and sustainable implementation strategies for access to quality care for complex patients with chronic pain (CP) and opioid use disorder (OUD) or opioid misuse. Along a continuum of opioid-related harm severity, the population of interest under this current funding announcement precedes populations that misuse opioids or have been diagnosed with OUD. Thus, it would be beneficial to the research field and clinical practice to better understand how this population is similar to and distinct from populations who already have been diagnosed with OUD. Expected activities of coordination with the IMPOWR networks includes but are not limited to: harmonized data collection with IMPOWR when appropriate, participation at annual in-person meetings, data sharing with IMPOWR when appropriate, and participation on IMPOWR workgroups when appropriate. Applicants must share metadata with the IMPOWR coordination center. With this goal in mind, applicants must collect data in RedCap to enable data harmonization. A complete list of IMPOWR common data elements can be found on the IMPOWR homepage. These expectations will be clearly defined at a kick-off meeting to occur during Fall 2023.

Pre-Application Consultation

Potential applicants are strongly encouraged to consult with NIDA Program staff early in the application development process. This early contact will provide an opportunity to discuss and clarify NIH policies and guidelines, including the scope of the project relative to the HEAL initiative mission and intent of this FOA. Inquiries may be emailed to: MIRHIQL@nih.gov. A technical assistance webinar for applicants to the MIRHIQL initiative will be held on July 25th, 2022 at 1230 pm EST. Information, including links, will be posted here: https://nida.nih.gov/news-events/meetings-events.

Special Considerations:

The following applications will be considered non-responsive and will not be reviewed:

  • Applications that do not provide administrative and data harmonization support and coordination for awardees funded under RFA-DA-23-041 and the IMPOWR network.
  • Applications that do not create a risk-benefit decision tool to assist providers in determining when opioids should be continued, tapered, or tapered and discontinued.
  • Applications that do not address a plan for creating a clinical definition for patients on LTOT for whom opioid risks outweigh benefits.
  • Applications that do not address a plan for identifying associated symptoms/behaviors for patients on LTOT for whom opioid risks outweigh benefits.
  • Applications that do not address a plan for creating a screening assessment for this new clinical definition.
  • Applications that do not validate the new clinical definition, associated symptoms/behaviors, and screening assessment in an independent cohort study.

PI Meeting Attendance: The NIH HEAL Initiative will require a high level of coordination and sharing between investigators. It is expected that NIH HEAL Initiative awardees will cooperate and coordinate their activities after awards are made by participating in Program Director/Principal Investigator (PD/PI) meetings, including an annual HEAL Investigators Meeting, as well as other activities.

In addition, awardees are expected to participate in an annual meeting that brings together early-career pain researchers funded at NIH and their mentors. This meeting will be executed by the Coordinating Center for National Pain Scientists Career Development (CCNPS). The purpose of these meetings is to enhance mentorship and training, to collaborate with pain researchers across the continuum of pain research, and build relationships to enhance research and potentially collaborate with researchers outside of their institution. For more information on the CCNPS, please review RFA-NS-22-060.

Diversity: In addition to scientific diversity, applicants should strive to incorporate diversity in their team development plan. Research shows that diverse teams working together and capitalizing on innovative ideas and distinct perspectives outperform homogenous teams. Scientists and trainees from diverse backgrounds and life experiences bring different perspectives, creativity, and individual enterprise to address complex scientific problems. There are many benefits that flow from a diverse NIH-supported scientific workforce, including: fostering scientific innovation, enhancing global competitiveness, contributing to robust learning environments, improving the quality of the research, advancing the likelihood that underserved or health disparity populations participate in, and benefit from health research, and enhancing public trust. In spite of tremendous advancements in scientific research, information, educational and research opportunities are not equally available to all. NIH encourages institutions to diversify their student and faculty populations to enhance the participation of individuals from groups that are underrepresented in the biomedical, clinical, behavioral, and social sciences. Please refer to Notice of NIH's Interest in Diversity NOT-OD-20-031 for more details.

Points to Consider Regarding Early Stage Investigators: Pain treatment in this complex population is identified as an under-resourced medical need and has received limited research attention. To assure a sustained workforce and effort toward identifying and developing effective pain treatment for these minority health and NIH-designated populations that experience health disparities, applicants are strongly encouraged to indicate how they will include early-stage investigators in this funding opportunity. Early-stage investigators are not expected to have experience in all areas, but have to demonstrate experience/knowledge that can add to the advancement of the study.

Points to Consider Regarding Tobacco Industry Funding of NIDA Applicants: The National Advisory Council on Drug Abuse (NACDA) encourages NIDA and its grantees to consider the points it has set forth with regard to existing or prospective sponsored research agreements with tobacco companies or their related entities and the impact of acceptance of tobacco industry funding on NIDA's credibility and reputation within the scientific community. Please see (https://nida.nih.gov/about-nida/advisory-boards-groups/national-advisory-council-drug-abuse-nacda/points-to-consider-regarding-tobacco-industry-funding-nida-applicants) for details.

Data Harmonization for Substance Abuse and Addiction via the PhenX Toolkit: NIDA strongly encourages investigators involved in human-subjects studies to employ a common set of tools and resources that will promote the collection of comparable data across studies and to do so by incorporating the measures from the Core and Specialty collections, which are available in the Substance Abuse and Addiction Collection of the PhenX Toolkit (www.phenxtoolkit.org). Please see NOT-DA-12-008 (http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-DA-12-008.html) for further details.

Establishment of a Standard delta-9-THC Unit to be used in Research: Applications proposing research on cannabis or its main psychotropic constituent delta-9-THC are required to measure and report results using a standard delta-9-THC unit in all applicable human subjects’ research. The goal is to increase the comparability across cannabis research studies. A standard delta-9-THC unit is defined as any formulation of cannabis plant material or extract that contains 5 milligrams of delta-9-THC. A justification should be provided for human research that does not propose to use the standard unit. Please see https://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-DA-21-049.htmlfor additional details.

See Section VIII. Other Information for award authorities and regulations.

Investigators proposing NIH-defined clinical trials may refer to the Research Methods Resources website for information about developing statistical methods and study designs.

Section II. Award Information

Funding Instrument

Cooperative Agreement: A support mechanism used when there will be substantial Federal scientific or programmatic involvement. Substantial involvement means that, after award, NIH scientific or program staff will assist, guide, coordinate, or participate in project activities. See Section VI.2 for additional information about the substantial involvement for this FOA.

Application Types Allowed
New

The OER Glossary and the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide provide details on these application types. Only those application types listed here are allowed for this FOA.

Clinical Trial?

Optional: Accepting applications that either propose or do not propose clinical trial(s).

Funds Available and Anticipated Number of Awards

The HEAL Initiative intends to commit $2.25 million total costs in FY 2023 to fund 1 award.

Award Budget

Application budgets are limited to $1.5 million in direct costs per year but must reflect the actual needs of the project.

Award Project Period

The maximum project period is 5 years.

NIH grants policies as described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement will apply to the applications submitted and awards made from this FOA.

Section III. Eligibility Information

1. Eligible Applicants

Eligible Organizations

Higher Education Institutions

  • Public/State Controlled Institutions of Higher Education
  • Private Institutions of Higher Education

The following types of Higher Education Institutions are always encouraged to apply for NIH support as Public or Private Institutions of Higher Education:

  • Hispanic-serving Institutions
  • Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs)
  • Tribally Controlled Colleges and Universities (TCCUs)
  • Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian Serving Institutions
  • Asian American Native American Pacific Islander Serving Institutions (AANAPISIs)

Nonprofits Other Than Institutions of Higher Education

  • Nonprofits with 501(c)(3) IRS Status (Other than Institutions of Higher Education)
  • Nonprofits without 501(c)(3) IRS Status (Other than Institutions of Higher Education)

For-Profit Organizations

  • Small Businesses
  • For-Profit Organizations (Other than Small Businesses)

Local Governments

  • State Governments
  • County Governments
  • City or Township Governments
  • Special District Governments
  • Indian/Native American Tribal Governments (Federally Recognized)
  • Indian/Native American Tribal Governments (Other than Federally Recognized)

Federal Government

  • Eligible Agencies of the Federal Government
  • U.S. Territory or Possession

Other

  • Independent School Districts
  • Public Housing Authorities/Indian Housing Authorities
  • Native American Tribal Organizations (other than Federally recognized tribal governments)
  • Faith-based or Community-based Organizations
  • Regional Organizations
Foreign Institutions

Non-domestic (non-U.S.) Entities (Foreign Institutions) are not eligible to apply.

Non-domestic (non-U.S.) components of U.S. Organizations are not eligible to apply.

Foreign components, as defined in the NIH Grants Policy Statement, are allowed. 

Required Registrations

Applicant Organizations

Applicant organizations must complete and maintain the following registrations as described in the SF 424 (R&R) Application Guide to be eligible to apply for or receive an award. All registrations must be completed prior to the application being submitted. Registration can take 6 weeks or more, so applicants should begin the registration process as soon as possible. The NIH Policy on Late Submission of Grant Applications states that failure to complete registrations in advance of a due date is not a valid reason for a late submission.

  • System for Award Management (SAM)– Applicants must complete and maintain an active registration, which requires renewal at least annually. The renewal process may require as much time as the initial registration. SAM registration includes the assignment of a Commercial and Government Entity (CAGE) Code for domestic organizations which have not already been assigned a CAGE Code.
    • NATO Commercial and Government Entity (NCAGE) Code – Foreign organizations must obtain an NCAGE code (in lieu of a CAGE code) in order to register in SAM.
    • Unique Entity Identifier (UEI)- A UEI is issued as part of the SAM.gov registration process. The same UEI must be used for all registrations, as well as on the grant application.
  • eRA Commons - Once the unique organization identifier is established, organizations can register with eRA Commons in tandem with completing their full SAM and Grants.gov registrations; all registrations must be in place by time of submission. eRA Commons requires organizations to identify at least one Signing Official (SO) and at least one Program Director/Principal Investigator (PD/PI) account in order to submit an application.
  • Grants.gov – Applicants must have an active SAM registration in order to complete the Grants.gov registration.

Program Directors/Principal Investigators (PD(s)/PI(s))

All PD(s)/PI(s) must have an eRA Commons account.  PD(s)/PI(s) should work with their organizational officials to either create a new account or to affiliate their existing account with the applicant organization in eRA Commons. If the PD/PI is also the organizational Signing Official, they must have two distinct eRA Commons accounts, one for each role. Obtaining an eRA Commons account can take up to 2 weeks.

Eligible Individuals (Program Director/Principal Investigator)

Any individual(s) with the skills, knowledge, and resources necessary to carry out the proposed research as the Program Director(s)/Principal Investigator(s) (PD(s)/PI(s)) is invited to work with his/her organization to develop an application for support. Individuals from diverse backgrounds, including underrepresented racial and ethnic groups, individuals with disabilities, and women are always encouraged to apply for NIH support. Reminder: Notice of NIH's Encouragement of Applications Supporting Individuals from Underrepresented Ethnic and Racial Groups as well as Individuals with Disabilities, NOT-OD-22-019.

For institutions/organizations proposing multiple PDs/PIs, visit the Multiple Program Director/Principal Investigator Policy and submission details in the Senior/Key Person Profile (Expanded) Component of the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.

2. Cost Sharing

This FOA does not require cost sharing as defined in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

3. Additional Information on Eligibility

Number of Applications

Applicant organizations may submit more than one application, provided that each application is scientifically distinct.

The NIH will not accept duplicate or highly overlapping applications under review at the same time, per 2.3.7.4 Submission of Resubmission Application. This means that the NIH will not accept:

  • A new (A0) application that is submitted before issuance of the summary statement from the review of an overlapping new (A0) or resubmission (A1) application.
  • A resubmission (A1) application that is submitted before issuance of the summary statement from the review of the previous new (A0) application.
  • An application that has substantial overlap with another application pending appeal of initial peer review (see 2.3.9.4 Similar, Essentially Identical, or Identical Applications)

Section IV. Application and Submission Information

1. Requesting an Application Package

The application forms package specific to this opportunity must be accessed through ASSIST, Grants.gov Workspace or an institutional system-to-system solution. Links to apply using ASSIST or Grants.gov Workspace are available in Part 1 of this FOA. See your administrative office for instructions if you plan to use an institutional system-to-system solution.

2. Content and Form of Application Submission

It is critical that applicants follow the instructions in the Research (R) Instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide except where instructed in this funding opportunity announcement to do otherwise. Conformance to the requirements in the Application Guide is required and strictly enforced. Applications that are out of compliance with these instructions may be delayed or not accepted for review.

Letter of Intent

Although a letter of intent is not required, is not binding, and does not enter into the review of a subsequent application, the information that it contains allows IC staff to estimate the potential review workload and plan the review.

By the date listed in Part 1. Overview Information, prospective applicants are asked to submit a letter of intent that includes the following information:

  • Descriptive title of proposed activity
  • Name(s), address(es), and telephone number(s) of the PD(s)/PI(s)
  • Names of other key personnel
  • Participating institution(s)
  • Number and title of this funding opportunity

The letter of intent should be sent to:FOAReviewContact@csr.nih.gov  

Page Limitations

All page limitations described in the SF424 Application Guide and the Table of Page Limits must be followed, with the following exceptions or additional requirements:

For this specific FOA, the Research Strategy section is limited to 15 pages, not 12 pages.

Instructions for Application Submission

The following section supplements the instructions found in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide and should be used for preparing an application to this FOA.

SF424(R&R) Cover

All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.

SF424(R&R) Project/Performance Site Locations

All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.

SF424(R&R) Other Project Information

All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed, with the following additional instructions:

Facilities & Other Resources: Applicants should provide an explanation of resources available from each project/performance site on the "Facilities and Other Resources" attachment.

Specifically:

Applicants must include a plan for validating the created clinical definition, associated symptoms and behaviors, and screening tool during the planning period in an independent cohort. This study must target a broad range of chronic pain conditions within the selected population. Specific validation objectives include: (1) creating a clinical definition for this population; (2) identifying associated symptoms/behaviors; and (3) creating a screening tool for this population. This screening instrument must be psychometrically validated among a well-powered sample size that is generalizable across sex/gender, racial/ethnic groups, and rural/urban communities. Applicants should describe any research sites that may be providing participants to meet the goals of the RFA. The capacity to recruit additional sites, if needed, should be described.

SF424(R&R) Senior/Key Person Profile

All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.

With the following additional instructions:

PD/PIs are required to expend at least 2.0 person-months effort annually on the award over the entire period of support. In a multi-PI application, at least one PD/PI is required to commit a minimum of 2.0 person-months annually over the life of the grant award.

Senior/Key Personnel biosketches should describe recent experience and participation in coordinating a large research program consisting of multisite research projects. Applicants are expected to provide evidence of their unique strengths, accomplishments and capabilities to contribute to shared activities across multiple funded projects, with an eye towards data harmonization efforts and programming assessments into RedCap. Applicants should also describe experience in seeking input from multiple stakeholders on defining and characterizing this complex patient population, including experience with approaches to seek expert opinions. Applicants should provide their ability to engage patients with lived experience. Applicants should provide evidence of engaging with stakeholders with multidisciplinary perspectives to meet the stated goals of the RFA. If creation of a new ICD code is an anticipated outcome, applicants should describe their experience working with policy experts and interacting with WHO, DSM, and CMS on this process. Applicants should describe their experience with creating decision making tools to guide clinical practice that is consistent with current prescribing guidelines. Applicants should describe their experience with validating clinical definitions, associated behaviors/symptoms, and screening assessments in an independent sample. Applicants should describe any biostatistical expertise required to meet the goals of the RFA, including a well justified statistical analysis plan and power analysis.

PD/PIs and other key personnel with substantial time commitments to the network should expect to actively participate in a wide variety of activities, including, but not limited to: actively engaging in data harmonization efforts, making data from their study available to others, engaging with awardees from RFA-DA-23-041 and engaging with the IMPOWR network.

R&R Budget

All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.

With the following additional instructions:

Community Steering Committee: A community steering committee will be created to govern this program. This committee will consist of investigators, NIH program staff, patients with lived experience, bioethicists, and a range of health care providers which may include pain specialists and/or addiction medicine providers. It is expected that these multidisciplinary perspectives will contribute to the final clinical definition, associated behaviors and symptoms, and the screening assessment for this population. This committee will oversee development of consensus policies, protocols, and procedures for study-wide activities such as clinical coordination, data collection, and resource sharing. It is expected that reoccurring meetings, virtually or in-person, will occur to support the responsibilities of the community steering committee. Applicants are encouraged to include support for convening these experts. Budgetary support might include allowable salary support or honorarium, travel, and per diem costs.

Community Steering Committee Meetings: Budgets should include funds for travel for the PD(s)/PI(s) and relevant key team members, and as many support staff as needed to coordinate all in-person Steering Committee meetings. For planning purposes, assume that two Community Steering Committee meetings will be held in year 1. In subsequent years, one Community Steering Committee meetings to be held annually. All Steering Committee meetings are expected to last 1-2 days. The Resource Center is responsible for identifying space to convene these in-person meetings.

Community Steering Committee Chair Support: The budget should include a line item for travel and salary support for a Community Steering Committee Chair, to be named by NIDA at a later time. The Community Steering Committee Chair will lead all SC meetings. For budgeting purposes assume the equivalent of 2 months effort annually at a senior investigator level salary. Budget for the Community Steering Committee Chair should also include reimbursement for travel expenses to all in-person Community Steering Committee Meetings. Budget does not need to consider indirect costs specific to the Community SC Chair's institution.

Requirements for Participating in Additional Research Activities:

Budgets should include funds for travel for the PD(s)/PI(s), 1 patient with lived experience/patient organization representative, and up to three additional project staff to participate in in-person meetings once per year, every year of the award. Whenever possible, these meetings will occur together with the annual in-person IMPOWR executive committee meetings. An additional in-person kickoff meeting should be included in year one budget of the award to discuss data harmonization policies and procedures. In the event in-person gatherings are not possible due to the COVID-19 pandemic, applicants should plan to conduct these meetings virtually.

In addition to the annual in-person meetings, representatives from each award are expected to participate in virtual meetings that will occur quarterly. PI(s) and 1 patient with lived experience/patient organization representative should be present from each award at these virtual meetings.

In addition to executing the proposed protocol, applicants will be expected to participate in efforts to harmonize data collection and participate in other trans-HEAL activities and workgroups created to support synergistic activities across the network and across HEAL. Applicants will also be required to provide the IMPOWR Coordination and Dissemination Center with quarterly, accurate data on human subject recruitment/enrollment/and progress to facilitate the ability of this center to provide NIH with accurate data-driven updates of research progress. Time should be budgeted to participate in such activities.

Finally, awardees are expected to participate in an annual meeting that brings together early-career pain researchers funded at NIH and their mentors. This meeting will be executed by the Coordinating Center for National Pain Scientists Career Development (CCNPS). The purpose of these meetings are to enhance mentorship and training, to collaborate with pain researchers across the continuum of pain research, and build relationships to enhance research and potentially collaborate with researchers outside of their institution. For more information on the CCNPS, please review RFA-NS-22-060.

R&R Subaward Budget

All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.

PHS 398 Cover Page Supplement

All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.

PHS 398 Research Plan

All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed, with the following additional instructions:

Applicants responding to this FOA must carefully review the companion FOA for the research projects (RFA-DA-23-041) to understand the full mission of this broader research program. The purpose of this companion FOA is to support clinical trials that willevaluate multi-level interventions for patients who are using long-term opioid therapy to manage chronic pain for whom risks of continuing opioid therapy may outweigh the benefits of continued opioid use.This FOA seeks studies for pharmacologic management with or without non-pharmacological approaches for managing chronic pain in those currently using long-term opioids. Interventions can target patients, health care providers (inclusive of pharmacists) or health care systems to reduce chronic pain and opioid-related risks and improve quality of life.

The Resource center is expected to provide coordination and infrastructure supports for awards funded under RFA-DA-23-041. In addition, this center is expected to provide important clinical resources and validate these resources in an independent cohort study. Key responsibilities for the Resource center include:

1. Administrative coordination and communication throughout the funding period of awards issued under RFA-DA-23-041 and Resource Center Community Steering Committee.

  • Provide logistical support and hostingquarterlymeetings between awardees and patients with lived experience under RFA-DA-23-041. These meetings will provide a forum to discuss (1) research updates; (2) share research resources; (3) opportunities of synergy and collaboration (e.g., data harmonization, protocol modifications) with other awardees funded under RFA-DA-23-041, with the IMPOWR network, and with the Resource Center.
  • Facilitate harmonizing common data elements and any data collection procedures across awardees under RFA-DA-23-041. It is expected that this data harmonization process will occur during a kick-off meeting and conclude within the first year of the grant award. Awardees funded under RFA-DA-23-041 are expected to harmonize data collection on chronic pain (inclusive of HEAL CDEs), opioid-related harms, and quality of life outcomes. Awardees may choose to harmonize other outcomes too. Awardees from RFA-DA-23-041 are expected to participate on a working group to harmonize CDEs and one PD/PI representative from each award (from RFA-DA-23-041 only) will have voting authority. Whenever appropriate, awardees under RFA-DA-23-041 are expected to also harmonize with IMPOWR CDEs.
  • Applicants will be programming harmonized CDEs into RedCap as a shared resource for the research projects and will interface with the HEAL CDE Program Director in service of this goal. Applicants should plan to coordinate with the IMPOWR Coordination and Dissemination Center PI on this effort.
  • Serve as a liaison between awardees under RFA-DA-23-041 and the IMPOWR network. Expected activities of coordination with the IMPOWR networks include but are not limited to: harmonized data collection with IMPOWR when appropriate, participation at annual in-person meetings, data sharing with IMPOWR when appropriate, and participation on IMPOWR workgroups when appropriate.
  • Assist the IMPOWR Coordination & Dissemination Center with other infrastructure activities to support data harmonization and network collaborations.
  • Provide coordintion and logistical support for the Community Steering Committee.

2. Create a risk-benefit decision tool to assist providers in determining when opioids should be continued, tapered, or tapered and discontinued.

A central tenet of any opioid prescribing guideline has encouraged providers to exercise clinical judgement in face of the recommendations listed in the guideline. However, many providers are not adequately trained in multidisciplinary pain management or addiction medicine and may struggle with recognizing when difficulties in tapering manifest as misuse or OUD. To assist providers in navigating these complex challenges, applicants must create a risk-benefit decision tool to guide providers on when opioids should be continued, tapered, or tapered and discontinued to minimize opioid related harms and improve quality of life. The creation of this decision tool should integrate multidisciplinary perspectives from clinicians, researchers, and patient communities. Applicants are encouraged to identify clear behaviors that represent continued benefit and emerging harms. If appropriate, applicants are encouraged to collaborate with awardees under RFA-DA-23-041 who propose similarly themed projects.

3. Identify ways to formally conceptualize this population on LTOT for whom opioid risks outweigh benefits for research and clinical practice.

  • There are 3 goals that must be met to address the key responsibility:
    • Create a clinical definition for this complex population. For example, some have diagnosed these patients with Complex Persistent Dependence, Complex Persistent Opioid Dependence (CPOD) or protracted abstinence syndrome, but there isn't concurrence in clinical practice or research. Efforts should not replicate what has already been established in the literature, but rather focused on obtaining broad consensus in using the same clinical definition.
    • Identify a list of symptoms and/or behaviors that occur in this population. Applicants may consider adapting DSM criteria for OUD to fit this patient population. Whenever possible, objective indicators are preferred.
    • Create a screening assessment that would identify patients who would meet this new conceptual clinical definition.
  • Across these 3 goals, applicants are encouraged to attend to chronic pain, opioid-related harms and quality of life outcomes. Whenever possible, common measures used by the Resource Center applicant should align with the harmonized measures proposed by awardees under RFA-DA-23-041. These measures will be determined within the first year of grant award. For the purposes of this RFA, definitions of these constructs are provided below.
  • Chronic Pain: Pain outcomes may cover the 9 chronic pain domains specified by HEAL, including pain intensity, pain interference, physical functioning/QOL, sleep, pain catastrophizing, depression, anxiety, global satisfaction with treatment, and substance use screening.
  • Opioid-related harms (ORH): ORH outcomes should be related to the progression from opioid dependence to misuse to OUD, and overdose. Additionally, other ORH outcomes may include changes in severity of mental health conditions and suicide ideation. Examples of outcomes include but are not limited to: fatal and nonfatal overdose, use of illicit substances, misuse/overuse of other drugs of abuse (e.g., alcohol, stimulants, cannabis), suicide thoughts and behaviors or exacerbation of mental health disorders (e.g., MDD, GAD, PTSD), and changes in meeting the number of DSM criteria for OUD. Of note, some of the DSM criteria can be viewed as quality of life outcomes (e.g., failure to fulfill major role obligations at work/school/home, reduced engagement in important social, occupational or recreational activities, or a rise in engaging in physically hazardous situations)
  • Quality of Life (QoL): QoL can be measured in a number of ways. Appropriate domains include but are not limited to: (1) disease state and physical symptoms, (2) functional status (e.g., performing daily activities), (3) psychological and emotional functioning, and (4) social functioning. Applicants are encouraged to measure all of these domains.
  • Applicants are encouraged to use Delphi technique, qualitative interviewing, surveys, and other innovative approaches to seek a wide range of expert opinions.
  • Across these 3 goals, applicants are encouraged to understand the potential tension between patients and providers related to continued opioid use.
  • Applicants may have the option to engage in activities that would move the research field and clinical practice towards the development and acceptance of a new diagnosis. As an example, applicants could frame activities towards creating a new ICD code. If creation of a new ICD code is an anticipated outcome, applicants are encouraged to interact with WHO, DSM, CMS and include them early on/throughout this process.
  • Since these 3 goals are independent, but related, applicants are encouraged to address the necessary infrastructure that would enable coordination and cross-communication. Applicants may consider creating separate workgroups/teams to meet these stated goals.

4. Validate the new clinical definition, associated symptoms/behaviors, and screening assessment in an independent cohort study.

Expert opinion on patients on LTOT for whom opioid risks outweigh benefits are published in the literature. However, these definitions and conceptualizations have never been validated in an independent sample where participants are prospectively followed. To address these gaps in knowledge, a prospective study is needed to collect high-quality evidence to characterize this population. Applicants should address the following:

  • Participants must be on long term opioid therapy for at least 90 days at the time of study enrollment. Individuals must also exhibit behaviors suggesting that harms of continued opioid use may outweigh the benefits of continued opioid use. Applicants must define and justify these risk behaviors in the application.
  • This cohort should target a broad range of chronic pain conditions.
  • Applicants must characterize the reliability, sensitivity, and validity of the clinical definition, symptoms/behaviors, and screening assessment for patients on LTOT for whom risks outweighs benefits over time. Follow up assessments may be appropriate to determine the stability of this clinical definition and associated behaviors and symptoms.
  • Applicants are encouraged to test the sensitivity of the clinical definition, associated behaviors and symptoms, and screening assessment to individuals on LTOT for whom risks outweigh benefits compared to individuals with OUD.
  • Applicants should attend to the generalizability of the clinical definition, symptoms/behaviors, and screening assessment across sex/gender, racial/ethnic groups, and rural/urban communities.
  • Applicants should justify the sample size and provide power analyses that would enable analysis of the sensitivity, reliability, and validity of the clinical definition, associated symptoms and behaviors, and screening tool.
  • Applicants should include feasible enrollment milestones and timeline that are sensitive to the justified sample size, racial/ethnic and geographic distribution, and power analyses.
  • If the applicant includes activities that would move the research field and clinical practice towards the development of a new ICD code, continued engagement with WHO, DSM, CMS would be encouraged throughout the execution of the prospective study.
  • Applicants are encouraged to revise the clinical definition, associated behaviors and symptoms, and screening assessment based on findings from the cohort study, if appropriate.
  • By the end of the grant award, applicants are encouraged to make recommendations for additional research or policy actions towards the development of an official diagnosis for this complex patient population.

Letters of support:

Letters from all clinical research sites proposed across the research projects are required.

Resource Sharing Plan: Individuals are required to comply with the instructions for the Resource Sharing Plans as provided in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.

HEAL Data Sharing Plan

NIH intends to maximize the impact of HEAL Initiative-supported projects through broad and rapid data sharing.Consistent with the HEAL Initiative Public Access and Data Sharing Policy (https://heal.nih.gov/about/public-access-data), all applications, regardless of the amount of direct costs requested for any one year, are required to include a Data Management and Sharing Plan outlining how scientific data and any accompanying metadata will be managed and shared. The plan should describe data types, file formats, submission timelines, and standards used in collecting or processing the data. Data generated by HEAL Initiative-funded projects must be submitted to study-appropriate domain-specific or generalist repositories in consultation with the HEAL Data Stewardship Group to ensure the data is accessible via the HEAL Initiative Data Ecosystem. Guidelines for complying with the HEAL Public Access and Data Sharing Policy can be found at https://heal.nih.gov/data/complying-heal-data-sharing-policy. Resources and tools to assist with data related activities can be found at https://www.healdatafair.org/.

To maximize discoverability and value of HEAL datasets and studies, and facilitate data integration and collaboration, applications submitted in response to this FOA are strongly encouraged to incorporate standards and resources where applicable:

  • Applicants are encouraged to ensure that data collected by the study conform to Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable (FAIR) principles.
  • Applicants are specifically encouraged to incorporate into their planning, an alignment with the guidelines, principles and recommendations developed by the HEAL Data Ecosystem, including but not limited to preparing data to store in selected specified repositories, applying minimal metadata standards, use of core HEAL Clinical Data Elements (CDEs, https://heal.nih.gov/data/common-data-elements), and other necessary requirements to prepare data to connect to the HEAL Data Ecosystem.
  • All new HEAL clinical pain studies are required to submit their case-report forms/questionnaires to the HEAL Clinical Data Elements (CDE) Program. The program will create the CDE files containing standardized variable names, responses, coding, and other information. The program will also format the case-report forms in a standardized way that is compliant with accessibility standards under Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C § 794 (d)), which “require[s] Federal agencies to make their electronic and information technology accessible to people with disabilities.” HEAL Initiative clinical studies that are using copyrighted questionaries are required to obtain licenses for use prior to initiating data collection. Licenses must be shared with the HEAL CDE team and the program officer prior to use of copyrighted materials. For additional information, visit the HEAL CDE Program.
  • To the extent possible, HEAL awardees are expected to integrate broad data sharing consent language into their informed consent forms and align study consent language with data access and re-use requirements as defined by repository HEAL investigators select to store their HEAL data long-term.

The NIH notices referenced below provide additional NIH guidance that should be considered in developing a strong data management and sharing plan. The list is instructive but not comprehensive.

  • Elements of an NIH Data Management and Sharing Plan (NOT-OD-21-014)
  • NIH has provided guidance around selecting a repository for data generated by NIH-supported research and has developed desirable characteristics for all data repositories (NOT-OD-21-016).
  • NIH encourages the use of data standards including the PhenX Toolkit (www.phenxtoolkit.org) (for example, see NOT-DA-12-008, NOT-MH-15-009)
  • Data should be organized according to a standard model that is widely accepted within the field. An example for the clinical research studies would be the OMOP Common Data Model, which has also been successfully adapted for use with observational (including survey) studies more generally. In addition, the HL7 FHIR® (Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources) standard (NOT-OD-19-122) may facilitate the flow of data with EHR-based datasets, tools, and applications.
  • NIH encourages clinical research programs and researchers to adopt and use the standardized set of data classes, data elements, and associated vocabulary standards specified in the United States Core Data for Interoperability (USCDI) standards, as they are applicable (NOT-OD-20-146). Use of the USCDI can complement the FHIR® standard and enable researchers to leverage structured EHR data for research and enable discovery. In addition to USCDI, OMOP, and FHIR standards for enhanced interoperability, investigators and data centers should align their data collection and management practices with recommended guidance emerging from the HEAL CDE and Data Ecosystem programs.

Awardees conducting research that includes collection of genomic data should incorporate requirements under the NIH Genomic Data Sharing Policy (NOT-OD-14-124, NOT-OD-15-086).

Appendix:
Only limited Appendix materials are allowed. Follow all instructions for the Appendix as described in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.
PHS Human Subjects and Clinical Trials Information

When involving human subjects research, clinical research, and/or NIH-defined clinical trials (and when applicable, clinical trials research experience) follow all instructions for the PHS Human Subjects and Clinical Trials Information form in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide, with the following additional instructions:

If you answered “Yes” to the question “Are Human Subjects Involved?” on the R&R Other Project Information form, you must include at least one human subjects study record using the Study Record: PHS Human Subjects and Clinical Trials Information form or Delayed Onset Study record.

Study Record: PHS Human Subjects and Clinical Trials Information

All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.

Delayed Onset Study

Note: Delayed onset does NOT apply to a study that can be described but will not start immediately (i.e., delayed start).All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.

PHS Assignment Request Form

All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.

3. Unique Entity Identifier and System for Award Management (SAM)

See Part 1. Section III.1 for information regarding the requirement for obtaining a unique entity identifier and for completing and maintaining active registrations in System for Award Management (SAM), NATO Commercial and Government Entity (NCAGE) Code (if applicable), eRA Commons, and Grants.gov

4. Submission Dates and Times

Part I. Overview Information contains information about Key Dates and times. Applicants are encouraged to submit applications before the due date to ensure they have time to make any application corrections that might be necessary for successful submission. When a submission date falls on a weekend or Federal holiday, the application deadline is automatically extended to the next business day.

Organizations must submit applications to Grants.gov (the online portal to find and apply for grants across all Federal agencies). Applicants must then complete the submission process by tracking the status of the application in the eRA Commons, NIH’s electronic system for grants administration. NIH and Grants.gov systems check the application against many of the application instructions upon submission. Errors must be corrected and a changed/corrected application must be submitted to Grants.gov on or before the application due date and time.  If a Changed/Corrected application is submitted after the deadline, the application will be considered late. Applications that miss the due date and time are subjected to the NIH Policy on Late Application Submission.

Applicants are responsible for viewing their application before the due date in the eRA Commons to ensure accurate and successful submission.

Information on the submission process and a definition of on-time submission are provided in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.

5. Intergovernmental Review (E.O. 12372)

This initiative is not subject to intergovernmental review.

6. Funding Restrictions

All NIH awards are subject to the terms and conditions, cost principles, and other considerations described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

Pre-award costs are allowable only as described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

7. Other Submission Requirements and Information

Applications must be submitted electronically following the instructions described in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.  Paper applications will not be accepted.

Applicants must complete all required registrations before the application due date. Section III. Eligibility Information contains information about registration.

For assistance with your electronic application or for more information on the electronic submission process, visit How to Apply – Application Guide. If you encounter a system issue beyond your control that threatens your ability to complete the submission process on-time, you must follow the Dealing with System Issues guidance. For assistance with application submission, contact the Application Submission Contacts in Section VII.

Important reminders:

All PD(s)/PI(s) must include their eRA Commons ID in the Credential fieldof the Senior/Key Person Profile form. Failure to register in the Commons and to include a valid PD/PI Commons ID in the credential field will prevent the successful submission of an electronic application to NIH. See Section III of this FOA for information on registration requirements.

The applicant organization must ensure that the unique entity identifier provided on the application is the same identifier used in the organization’s profile in the eRA Commons and for the System for Award Management. Additional information may be found in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.

See more tips for avoiding common errors.

Upon receipt, applications will be evaluated for completeness and compliance with application instructions by the Center for Scientific Review and responsiveness by NIDA, NIH. Applications that are incomplete, non-compliant and/or nonresponsive will not be reviewed.

 

Post Submission Materials

Applicants are required to follow the instructions for post-submission materials, as described in the policy. Any instructions provided here are in addition to the instructions in the policy.

Section V. Application Review Information

1. Criteria

Only the review criteria described below will be considered in the review process.  Applications submitted to the NIH in support of the NIH mission are evaluated for scientific and technical merit through the NIH peer review system.

A proposed Clinical Trial application may include study design, methods, and intervention that are not by themselves innovative but address important questions or unmet needs. Additionally, the results of the clinical trial may indicate that further clinical development of the intervention is unwarranted or lead to new avenues of scientific investigation.

Overall Impact

Reviewers will provide an overall impact score to reflect their assessment of the likelihood for the project to exert a sustained, powerful influence on the research field(s) involved, in consideration of the following review criteria and additional review criteria (as applicable for the project proposed).

Scored Review Criteria

Reviewers will consider each of the review criteria below in the determination of scientific merit and give a separate score for each. An application does not need to be strong in all categories to be judged likely to have major scientific impact. For example, a project that by its nature is not innovative may be essential to advance a field.

Significance

Does the proposed Center address the needs of the research projects that it will coordinate? Is the scope of activities proposed for the Center appropriate to meet those needs? Will successful completion of the aims bring unique advantages or capabilities to the research projects?

Specific to this FOA: Does the application include plans to effectively disseminate research findings to targeted audiences of relevance to the proposed research projects? Does the application include plans to engage in a meaningful manner with multidisciplinary experts, including patients with lived experience? Does the application establish new frameworks and tools for characterizing benefits and harms to patients on long term opioid therapy? Will the proposed study transform our ability to identify patients on LTOT for whom risks outweighs benefits from continued opioid use? Will the proposed study transform our ability to screen for these patients and better advise providers with a risk-benefit assessment tool? Will the study inform the design of future clinical studies on patients on LTOT for whom risks outweighs benefits? Will the study advance the science of clinical pain research?

In addition, for applications involving clinical trials

Are the scientific rationale and need for a clinical trial to test the proposed hypothesis or intervention well supported by preliminary data, clinical and/or preclinical studies, or information in the literature or knowledge of biological mechanisms? For trials focusing on clinical or public health endpoints, is this clinical trial necessary for testing the safety, efficacy or effectiveness of an intervention that could lead to a change in clinical practice, community behaviors or health care policy? For trials focusing on mechanistic, behavioral, physiological, biochemical, or other biomedical endpoints, is this trial needed to advance scientific understanding?

Investigator(s)

Are the PD(s)/PI(s) and other personnel well suited to their roles in the multi-component, clinical; governance and organization structure appropriate for the Center? Do they have appropriate experience and training, and have they demonstrated experience and an ongoing record of accomplishments in managing clinical research? Do the investigators demonstrate significant experience with coordinating collaborative [basic or clinical] research? If the Center is multi-PD/PI, do the investigators have complementary and integrated expertise and skills; are their multi-component, clinical; governance and organization structure appropriate for the Centerappropriate for the multi-component, clinical; governance and organization structure appropriate for the Center? Does the applicant have experience overseeing selection and management of subawards, if needed?

Specific to this FOA: Does the team have experience in supporting multiple research projects and engaging with other investigators executing research on this complex population? Does the team have experience with data harmonization processes, including the programming of these common data elements into RedCap? Do the key personnel understand the issues surrounding education and information dissemination in patients on LTOT? Does the applicant describe experience in soliciting input from multiple stakeholders on defining and characterizing this complex patient population, including experience with approaches to solicit expert opinions? Does the applicant describe experience in engaging with multidiscplinary stakeholders, including patients with lived experience? Does the team have statistical expertise to support the goals of the RFA, with particular attention to launching a prospective study to validate key metrics in this population? Has the applicant exhibited an ability to enroll the necessary number of patients during the required timeline? Does the applicant have experience with making risk-benefit decision tools to guide clinical practice with respect to opioid prescribing and/or integration of multimodal pain management? If creation of a new ICD code is an anticipated outcome, does the team have experience working with policy experts and interacting with WHO, DSM, and CMS on this process?

In addition, for applications involving clinical trials

With regard to the proposed leadership for the project, do the PD/PI(s) and key personnel have the expertise, experience, and ability to organize, manage and implement the proposed clinical trial and meet milestones and timelines? Do they have appropriate expertise in study coordination, data management and statistics? For a multicenter trial, is the organizational structure appropriate and does the application identify a core of potential center investigators and staffing for a coordinating center?

Innovation

Does the application propose novel organizational concepts, management strategies, or instrumentation in coordinating the research projects the Center will serve? Are the concepts, strategies, or instrumentation novel to one type of research program or applicable in a broad sense? Is a refinement, improvement, or new application of organizational concepts, management strategies or instrumentation] proposed?

In addition, for applications involving clinical trials

Does the design/research plan include innovative elements, as appropriate, that enhance its sensitivity, potential for information or potential to advance scientific knowledge or clinical practice?

Approach

Are the overall strategy, operational plan, and organizational structure well-reasoned and appropriate to accomplish the goals of the research projects the [Center] will serve? Will the investigators promote strategies to ensure a robust and unbiased scientific approach across the projects, as appropriate for the work proposed? Are potential problems, alternative strategies, and benchmarks for success presented? If the projects is in the early stages of operation, does the proposed strategy adequately establish feasibility and manage the risks associated with the activities of the projects? Are an appropriate plan for work-flow and a well-established timeline proposed? Have the investigators presented adequate plans to ensure consideration of relevant biological variables, such as sex, for studies of vertebrate animals or human subjects?

If the project involves human subjects and/or NIH-defined clinical research, are the plans to address 1) the protection of human subjects from research risks, and 2) inclusion (or exclusion) of individuals on the basis of sex/gender, race, and ethnicity, as well as the inclusion or exclusion of individuals of all ages (including children and older adults), justified in terms of the scientific goals and research strategy proposed?

Specific to this FOA: Are the overall strategy, operational plan, and organizational structure well-reasoned and appropriate to support achievement of the proposed milestones and accomplish the goals of the RFA? Are there proposed timelines to address the goals of the RFA? Are there plans to adequately communicate with awardees funded under RFA-DA-23-041 and the IMPOWR network? Does the approach include a plan for identifying and convening relevant stakeholder groups, including patients with lived experience, to support the goals of the RFA? Does the plan for stakeholder engagement include a wide range of multidisciplinarystakeholder groups? For tool development, does the application include details on how best to validate and disseminate these products to health care providers? Are a detailed study design and statistical analysis plan (including power analysis) included in the application? Has the applicant included a feasible and appropriate enrollment plan? Does the application characterize the reliability, sensitivity, and validity of the clinical definition, symptoms/behaviors, and screening assessment for patients on LTOT for whom risks outweighs benefits over time? Does the application attend to the generalizability of the clinical definition, symptoms/behaviors, and screening assessment across sex/gender, racial/ethnic groups, and rural/urban communities? Does the application include an appropriate Data Sharing Plan?  

In addition, for applications involving clinical trials

Does the application adequately address the following, if applicable

Study Design

Is the study design justified and appropriate to address primary and secondary outcome variable(s)/endpoints that will be clear, informative and relevant to the hypothesis being tested? Is the scientific rationale/premise of the study based on previously well-designed preclinical and/or clinical research? Given the methods used to assign participants and deliver interventions, is the study design adequately powered to answer the research question(s), test the proposed hypothesis/hypotheses, and provide interpretable results? Is the trial appropriately designed to conduct the research efficiently? Are the study populations (size, gender, age, demographic group), proposed intervention arms/dose, and duration of the trial, appropriate and well justified?

Are potential ethical issues adequately addressed? Is the process for obtaining informed consent or assent appropriate? Is the eligible population available? Are the plans for recruitment outreach, enrollment, retention, handling dropouts, missed visits, and losses to follow-up appropriate to ensure robust data collection? Are the planned recruitment timelines feasible and is the plan to monitor accrual adequate? Has the need for randomization (or not), masking (if appropriate), controls, and inclusion/exclusion criteria been addressed? Are differences addressed, if applicable, in the intervention effect due to sex/gender and race/ethnicity?

Are the plans to standardize, assure quality of, and monitor adherence to, the trial protocol and data collection or distribution guidelines appropriate? Is there a plan to obtain required study agent(s)? Does the application propose to use existing available resources, as applicable?

Data Management and Statistical Analysis

Are planned analyses and statistical approach appropriate for the proposed study design and methods used to assign participants and deliver interventions? Are the procedures for data management and quality control of data adequate at clinical site(s) or at center laboratories, as applicable? Have the methods for standardization of procedures for data management to assess the effect of the intervention and quality control been addressed? Is there a plan to complete data analysis within the proposed period of the award?

Environment

Will the institutional environment in which the Center will operate contribute to the probability of success in facilitating the research projects it serves? Are the institutional support, equipment and other physical resources available to the investigators adequate for the Center proposed? Will the Center benefit from unique features of the institutional environment, infrastructure, or personnel? Are resources available within the scientific environment to support electronic information handling?

Specific to this FOA: Does the application demonstrate a track record of collaborating with the relevant stakeholders and patients with lived experience in research and is there information about the nature and extent of collaborations between the researchers and these partners? Does the application list the infrastructure necessary to deliver project coordination activities for a large multi-site study? Will the environment of the clinical sites enable the enrollment of the required number of participants? Will the facilities and staffing at the clinical sites enable assessment of the participants? Does the application describe an environment with experience conducting or coordinating research related to patients on LTOT for whom opioid risks outweigh benefits? Is there an appropriate data infrastructure to support data collection during the prospective validation study? Is there infrastructure to collaborate and communicate across the multiple sites within the center adequate and appropriate? Will the Center benefit from unique features of the institutional environment, infrastructure, or personnel?

In addition, for applications involving clinical trials

If proposed, are the administrative, data coordinating, enrollment and laboratory/testing centers, appropriate for the trial proposed?

Does the application adequately address the capability and ability to conduct the trial at the proposed site(s) or centers? Are the plans to add or drop enrollment centers, as needed, appropriate?

If international site(s) is/are proposed, does the application adequately address the complexity of executing the clinical trial?

If multi-sites/centers, is there evidence of the ability of the individual site or center to: (1) enroll the proposed numbers; (2) adhere to the protocol; (3) collect and transmit data in an accurate and timely fashion; and, (4) operate within the proposed organizational structure?

Additional Review Criteria

As applicable for the project proposed, reviewers will evaluate the following additional items while determining scientific and technical merit, and in providing an overall impact score, but will not give separate scores for these items.

Study Timeline

Specific to applications involving clinical trials

Is the study timeline described in detail, taking into account start-up activities, the anticipated rate of enrollment, and planned follow-up assessment? Is the projected timeline feasible and well justified? Does the project incorporate efficiencies and utilize existing resources (e.g., CTSAs, practice-based research networks, electronic medical records, administrative database, or patient registries) to increase the efficiency of participant enrollment and data collection, as appropriate?

Are potential challenges and corresponding solutions discussed (e.g., strategies that can be implemented in the event of enrollment shortfalls)?

Protections for Human Subjects

For research that involves human subjects but does not involve one of the categories of research that are exempt under 45 CFR Part 46, the committee will evaluate the justification for involvement of human subjects and the proposed protections from research risk relating to their participation according to the following five review criteria: 1) risk to subjects, 2) adequacy of protection against risks, 3) potential benefits to the subjects and others, 4) importance of the knowledge to be gained, and 5) data and safety monitoring for clinical trials.

For research that involves human subjects and meets the criteria for one or more of the categories of research that are exempt under 45 CFR Part 46, the committee will evaluate: 1) the justification for the exemption, 2) human subjects involvement and characteristics, and 3) sources of materials. For additional information on review of the Human Subjects section, please refer to the Guidelines for the Review of Human Subjects.

Inclusion of Women, Minorities, and Individuals Across the Lifespan

When the proposed project involves human subjects and/or NIH-defined clinical research, the committee will evaluate the proposed plans for the inclusion (or exclusion) of individuals on the basis of sex/gender, race, and ethnicity, as well as the inclusion (or exclusion) of individuals of all ages (including children and older adults) to determine if it is justified in terms of the scientific goals and research strategy proposed. For additional information on review of the Inclusion section, please refer to the Guidelines for the Review of Inclusion in Clinical Research.

Vertebrate Animals

The committee will evaluate the involvement of live vertebrate animals as part of the scientific assessment according to the following criteria: (1) description of proposed procedures involving animals, including species, strains, ages, sex, and total number to be used; (2) justifications for the use of animals versus alternative models and for the appropriateness of the species proposed; (3) interventions to minimize discomfort, distress, pain and injury; and (4) justification for euthanasia method if NOT consistent with the AVMA Guidelines for the Euthanasia of Animals. Reviewers will assess the use of chimpanzees as they would any other application proposing the use of vertebrate animals. For additional information on review of the Vertebrate Animals section, please refer to the Worksheet for Review of the Vertebrate Animal Section.

Biohazards

Reviewers will assess whether materials or procedures proposed are potentially hazardous to research personnel and/or the environment, and if needed, determine whether adequate protection is proposed.

Resubmissions

Not applicable.

Renewals

Not applicable.

Revisions

Not applicable.

Additional Review Considerations

As applicable for the project proposed, reviewers will consider each of the following items, but will not give scores for these items, and should not consider them in providing an overall impact score.

Applications from Foreign Organizations

Not Applicable.

Select Agent Research

Reviewers will assess the information provided in this section of the application, including 1) the Select Agent(s) to be used in the proposed research, 2) the registration status of all entities where Select Agent(s) will be used, 3) the procedures that will be used to monitor possession use and transfer of Select Agent(s), and 4) plans for appropriate biosafety, biocontainment, and security of the Select Agent(s).

Resource Sharing Plans

Reviewers will comment on whether the following Resource Sharing Plans, or the rationale for not sharing the following types of resources, are reasonable: (1) (2) Sharing Model Organisms; and (3)  Genomic Data Sharing Plan (GDS).

Authentication of Key Biological and/or Chemical Resources:

For projects involving key biological and/or chemical resources, reviewers will comment on the brief plans proposed for identifying and ensuring the validity of those resources.

Budget and Period of Support

Reviewers will consider whether the budget and the requested period of support are fully justified and reasonable in relation to the proposed research.

2. Review and Selection Process

Applications will be evaluated for scientific and technical merit by (an) appropriate Scientific Review Group(s) convened by the Center for Scientific Review, in accordance with NIH peer review policy and procedures, using the stated review criteria. Assignment to a Scientific Review Group will be shown in the eRA Commons.

As part of the scientific peer review, all applications will receive a written critique.

Applications may undergo a selection process in which only those applications deemed to have the highest scientific and technical merit (generally the top half of applications under review) will be discussed and assigned an overall impact score.

Appeals of initial peer review will not be accepted for applications submitted in response to this FOA.

Applications will be assigned on the basis of established PHS referral guidelines to the appropriate NIH Institute or Center. Applications will compete for available funds with all other recommended applications submitted in response to this FOA. Following initial peer review, recommended applications will receive a second level of review by the appropriate national Advisory Council or Board. The following will be considered in making funding decisions:
  • Scientific and technical merit of the proposed project as determined by scientific peer review.
  • Availability of funds.
  • Relevance of the proposed project to program priorities.

3. Anticipated Announcement and Award Dates

After the peer review of the application is completed, the PD/PI will be able to access his or her Summary Statement (written critique) via the eRA Commons. Refer to Part 1 for dates for peer review, advisory council review, and earliest start date.

Information regarding the disposition of applications is available in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

Section VI. Award Administration Information

1. Award Notices

If the application is under consideration for funding, NIH will request "just-in-time" information from the applicant as described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

A formal notification in the form of a Notice of Award (NoA) will be provided to the applicant organization for successful applications. The NoA signed by the grants management officer is the authorizing document and will be sent via email to the recipient's business official.

Recipients must comply with any funding restrictions described in Section IV.5. Funding Restrictions. Selection of an application for award is not an authorization to begin performance. Any costs incurred before receipt of the NoA are at the recipient's risk. These costs may be reimbursed only to the extent considered allowable pre-award costs.

Any application awarded in response to this FOA will be subject to terms and conditions found on the Award Conditions and Information for NIH Grants website.  This includes any recent legislation and policy applicable to awards that is highlighted on this website.

Individual awards are based on the application submitted to, and as approved by, the NIH and are subject to the IC-specific terms and conditions identified in the NoA.

ClinicalTrials.gov: If an award provides for one or more clinical trials. By law (Title VIII, Section 801 of Public Law 110-85), the "responsible party" must register and submit results information for certain “applicable clinical trials” on the ClinicalTrials.gov Protocol Registration and Results System Information Website (https://register.clinicaltrials.gov). NIH expects registration and results reporting of all trials whether required under the law or not. For more information, see https://grants.nih.gov/policy/clinical-trials/reporting/index.htm

Institutional Review Board or Independent Ethics Committee Approval: Recipient institutions must ensure that all protocols are reviewed by their IRB or IEC. To help ensure the safety of participants enrolled in NIH-funded studies, the recipient must provide NIH copies of documents related to all major changes in the status of ongoing protocols.

Data and Safety Monitoring Requirements: The NIH policy for data and safety monitoring requires oversight and monitoring of all NIH-conducted or -supported human biomedical and behavioral intervention studies (clinical trials) to ensure the safety of participants and the validity and integrity of the data. Further information concerning these requirements is found at http://grants.nih.gov/grants/policy/hs/data_safety.htm and in the application instructions (SF424 (R&R) and PHS 398).

Investigational New Drug or Investigational Device Exemption Requirements: Consistent with federal regulations, clinical research projects involving the use of investigational therapeutics, vaccines, or other medical interventions (including licensed products and devices for a purpose other than that for which they were licensed) in humans under a research protocol must be performed under a Food and Drug Administration (FDA) investigational new drug (IND) or investigational device exemption (IDE).

2. Administrative and National Policy Requirements

All NIH grant and cooperative agreement awards include the NIH Grants Policy Statement as part of the NoA. For these terms of award, see the NIH Grants Policy Statement Part II: Terms and Conditions of NIH Grant Awards, Subpart A: General and Part II: Terms and Conditions of NIH Grant Awards, Subpart B: Terms and Conditions for Specific Types of Grants, Recipients, and Activities, including of note, but not limited to:

If a recipient is successful and receives a Notice of Award, in accepting the award, the recipient agrees that any activities under the award are subject to all provisions currently in effect or implemented during the period of the award, other Department regulations and policies in effect at the time of the award, and applicable statutory provisions.

Should the applicant organization successfully compete for an award, recipients of federal financial assistance (FFA) from HHS must administer their programs in compliance with federal civil rights laws that prohibit discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, disability, age and, in some circumstances, religion, conscience, and sex (including gender , sexual orientation, and pregnancy). This includes ensuring programs are accessible to persons with limited English proficiency and persons with disabilities. The HHS Office for Civil Rights provides guidance on complying with civil rights laws enforced by HHS. Please see https://www.hhs.gov/civil-rights/for-providers/provider-obligations/index.html and https://www.hhs.gov/civil-rights/for-individuals/nondiscrimination/index.html

HHS recognizes that research projects are often limited in scope for many reasons that are nondiscriminatory, such as the principal investigator’s scientific interest, funding limitations, recruitment requirements, and other considerations. Thus, criteria in research protocols that target or exclude certain populations are warranted where nondiscriminatory justifications establish that such criteria are appropriate with respect to the health or safety of the subjects, the scientific study design, or the purpose of the research. For additional guidance regarding how the provisions apply to NIH grant programs, please contact the Scientific/Research Contact that is identified in Section VII under Agency Contacts of this FOA.

Please contact the HHS Office for Civil Rights for more information about obligations and prohibitions under federal civil rights laws at https://www.hhs.gov/ocr/about-us/contact-us/index.html or call 1-800-368-1019 or TDD 1-800-537-7697.

In accordance with the statutory provisions contained in Section 872 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act of Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417), NIH awards will be subject to the Federal Awardee Performance and Integrity Information System (FAPIIS) requirements. FAPIIS requires Federal award making officials to review and consider information about an applicant in the designated integrity and performance system (currently FAPIIS) prior to making an award. An applicant, at its option, may review information in the designated integrity and performance systems accessible through FAPIIS and comment on any information about itself that a Federal agency previously entered and is currently in FAPIIS. The Federal awarding agency will consider any comments by the applicant, in addition to other information in FAPIIS, in making a judgement about the applicant’s integrity, business ethics, and record of performance under Federal awards when completing the review of risk posed by applicants as described in 45 CFR Part 75.205 and 2 CFR Part 200.206 “Federal awarding agency review of risk posed by applicants.” This provision will apply to all NIH grants and cooperative agreements except fellowships.

Cooperative Agreement Terms and Conditions of Award

The following special terms of award are in addition to, and not in lieu of, otherwise applicable U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) administrative guidelines, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) grant administration regulations at 45 CFR Part 75, and other HHS, PHS, and NIH grant administration policies.

The administrative and funding instrument used for this program will be the cooperative agreement, an "assistance" mechanism (rather than an "acquisition" mechanism), in which substantial NIH programmatic involvement with the awardees is anticipated during the performance of the activities. Under the cooperative agreement, the NIH purpose is to support and stimulate the recipients' activities by involvement in and otherwise working jointly with the award recipients in a partnership role; it is not to assume direction, prime responsibility, or a dominant role in the activities. Consistent with this concept, the dominant role and prime responsibility resides with the awardees for the project as a whole, although specific tasks and activities may be shared among the awardees and the NIH as defined below.

The PD(s)/PI(s) will have the primary responsibility for:

  • Recipients will retain custody of and have primary rights to the data and software developed under these awards, subject to Government rights of access consistent with current DHHS, PHS, and NIH policies.
  • Determining research approaches, designing protocols, and setting project milestones, and conducting research.
  • Providing reports and data in a timely fashion as agreed upon by the Community Steering Committee.
  • Assessing and disseminating data, protocols, and methods developed for or derived from within the program to external stakeholders.
  • Abiding by common definitions, protocols, and procedures, as chosen by majority vote of the Community Steering Committee.
  • Serving as a member of the Community Steering Committee and participating in required activities, including primary responsibility for organizing regular conference calls and 1-2 annual face-to-face meetings.

NIH staff have substantial programmatic involvement that is above and beyond the normal stewardship role in awards, as described below:

  • The NIH Project Scientist(s) will work closely with the PD(S)/PI(S) and the Community Steering Committee in order to ensure proper conduct of the Resource Center. Additionally, an agency program official or IC program director will be responsible for the normal scientific and programmatic stewardship of the award and will be named in the award notice.
  • The NIH Project Scientist(s) will have one (1) vote on the Community Steering Committee, regardless of how many NIH Project Scientists participate on this project.
  • The assigned Project Scientist(s) will be responsible for: (1) providing advice and guidance to the resource center to assure the study is run in accordance with NIH policies and procedures, and is consistent with the mission of the NIH to improve public health and (2) serving as a point of contact for investigators with the NIH.
  • Directing the U24 recipient to resources which may be helpful to the goals of the project
  • Monitoring the operations of the U24 and making recommendations on overall project directions
  • Assisting in coordinating collaborative research efforts involving researchers supported by NIH or other state or federal entities;
  • In addition, the NIDA Program Official will be responsible for the normal scientific and programmatic stewardship of the award and will be named in the award notice.

Areas of Joint Responsibility include:

  • The Community Steering Committee is the primary governing body of the Cooperative. This committee will consist of investigators, NIH program staff, patients with lived experience, bioethicists, and a range of health care providers which may include pain specialists and/or addiction medicine providers. Other stakeholders, including awardees funded under RFA-DA-23-041, may be included.
  • Steering Committee membership will be determined in the first year and agreed upon between the PD/PI(s) of the resource center and NIH Project Scientist.
  • This committee will oversee development of consensus policies, protocols, and procedures for study-wide activities such as clinical coordination, data collection, and resource sharing.
  • It is expected that the Community Steering Committee will contribute to the final clinical definition, associated behaviors and symptoms, and the screening assessment for this population.
  • The Community Steering Committee will only govern activities executed by the Resource Center. It will not advise on activities supported by RFA-DA-23-041.
  • Recipients must participate in the Community Steering Committee. The Community Steering Committee reviews and approves the research agenda, develops and monitors policies and procedures guiding the research activities, and oversees communications. Awardees agree to abide by the procedures and policies established by the Community Steering Committee.
  • The recipient must provide NIDA with access to all data generated under this award, subject to rules specified in any Certificates of Confidentiality obtained by awardees. Data must be shared upon request with the Community Steering Committee.
  • Recipients and NIDA will jointly develop appropriate confidentiality procedures for data collection, processing, storage and analysis to ensure the confidentiality of data.
  • In the event of lower-than-expected transition of poor retention of participants, the Community Steering Committee will make recommendations to NIH to either increase enrollment or terminate the study. NIH leadership will make the final determination.

The Community Steering Committee and NIDA will cooperate to ensure the timely and broad dissemination of lessons learned, to inform researchers and health care systems engaged in research and beyond. The Community Steering Committee will facilitate these joint activities and, in particular, development of research protocols, human subjects and other regulatory protocols, data harmonization, manuscript and other information dissemination planning, and initial clearance of manuscripts or other dissemination products.

Dispute Resolution:

Any disagreements that may arise in scientific or programmatic matters between award recipients and the NIH may be brought to Dispute Resolution. A Dispute Resolution Panel composed of three members will be convened. It will have three members: a designee of the U24, one NIH designee, and a third designee with expertise in the relevant area who is chosen by the other two; in the case of individual disagreement, the first member may be chosen by the individual recipient. This special dispute resolution procedure does not alter the recipient's right to appeal an adverse action that is otherwise appealable in accordance with PHS regulation 42 CFR Part 50, Subpart D and DHHS regulation 45 CFR Part 16.

3. Reporting

When multiple years are involved, recipients will be required to submit the Research Performance Progress Report (RPPR) annually and financial statements as required in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

A final RPPR, invention statement, and the expenditure data portion of the Federal Financial Report are required for closeout of an award, as described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement. NIH FOAs outline intended research goals and objectives. Post award, NIH will review and measure performance based on the details and outcomes that are shared within the RPPR, as described at 45 CFR Part 75.301 and 2 CFR Part 200.301.

The Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 (Transparency Act), includes a requirement for recipients of Federal grants to report information about first-tier subawards and executive compensation under Federal assistance awards issued in FY2011 or later.  All recipients of applicable NIH grants and cooperative agreements are required to report to the Federal Subaward Reporting System (FSRS) available at www.fsrs.gov on all subawards over $25,000.  See the NIH Grants Policy Statement for additional information on this reporting requirement.

In accordance with the regulatory requirements provided at 45 CFR 75.113 and Appendix XII to 45 CFR Part 75, recipients that have currently active Federal grants, cooperative agreements, and procurement contracts from all Federal awarding agencies with a cumulative total value greater than $10,000,000 for any period of time during the period of performance of a Federal award, must report and maintain the currency of information reported in the System for Award Management (SAM) about civil, criminal, and administrative proceedings in connection with the award or performance of a Federal award that reached final disposition within the most recent five-year period.  The recipient must also make semiannual disclosures regarding such proceedings. Proceedings information will be made publicly available in the designated integrity and performance system (currently FAPIIS).  This is a statutory requirement under section 872 of Public Law 110-417, as amended (41 U.S.C. 2313).  As required by section 3010 of Public Law 111-212, all information posted in the designated integrity and performance system on or after April 15, 2011, except past performance reviews required for Federal procurement contracts, will be publicly available.  Full reporting requirements and procedures are found in Appendix XII to 45 CFR Part 75 – Award Term and Conditions for Recipient Integrity and Performance Matters.

Section VII. Agency Contacts

We encourage inquiries concerning this funding opportunity and welcome the opportunity to answer questions from potential applicants.

Application Submission Contacts

eRA Service Desk (Questions regarding ASSIST, eRA Commons, application errors and warnings, documenting system problems that threaten submission by the due date, and post-submission issues)

Finding Help Online: http://grants.nih.gov/support/ (preferred method of contact)
Telephone: 301-402-7469 or 866-504-9552 (Toll Free)

General Grants Information (Questions regarding application instructions, application processes, and NIH grant resources)
Email: GrantsInfo@nih.gov (preferred method of contact)
Telephone: 301-945-7573

Grants.gov Customer Support (Questions regarding Grants.gov registration and Workspace)
Contact Center Telephone: 800-518-4726
Email: support@grants.gov

Scientific/Research Contact(s)

Shelley Su, Ph.D.
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Telephone: 301-402-3869
Email: MIRHIQL@mail.nih.gov

Pete Murray, Ph.D.
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)
Phone: 301-496-4054
Email: peter.murray@nih.gov

Susan Marden, PhD, RN
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Telephone: 301-435-6838
Email: mardens@mail.nih.gov

Peer Review Contact(s)

Center for Scientific Review (CSR)

Email: FOAReviewContact@csr.nih.gov

Financial/Grants Management Contact(s)

Pam Fleming
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Telephone: 301-480-1159
Email:pfleming@mail.nih.gov

Debbie Chen
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)
Phone: 301-594-3788
Email: debbie.chen@nih.gov

Margaret Young
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Telephone: 301-642-4552
Email: margaret.young@nih.gov

Section VIII. Other Information

Recently issued trans-NIH policy notices may affect your application submission. A full list of policy notices published by NIH is provided in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. All awards are subject to the terms and conditions, cost principles, and other considerations described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

Authority and Regulations

Awards are made under the authorization of Sections 301 and 405 of the Public Health Service Act as amended (42 USC 241 and 284) and under Federal Regulations 2 CFR Part 200, 42 CFR Part 52 and 45 CFR Part 75.

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