Part I Overview Information

Department of Health and Human Services

Participating Organizations
National Institutes of Health (NIH), (  

Components of Participating Organizations
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS), (

Title: Support of Competitive Research (SCORE) Institutional Development Award (S06)

Announcement Type
This Program announcement (PA), in combination with three other PARs (PAR-06-491, PAR-06-492, PAR-06-493) represents a modification of a prior announcement, PAR-04-001, which was previously released on October 1, 2004.

Update: The following update relating to this announacement has been issued:

Program Announcement (PA) Number: PAR-06-490

Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance Number(s)

Key Dates
Release Date: July 20, 2006
Application Receipt/Submission Date(s): September 18, 2006, January 18, 2007, May 18, 2007; September 18, 2007, January 18, 2008, May 18, 2008; September 18, 2008, January 18, 2009, May 18, 2009; September 18, 2009, January 18, 2010, May 18, 2010
Peer Review Date(s): February-March, June-July, October-November
Council Review Date(s): May, September, January
Earliest Anticipated Start Date(s): July, January, April
Additional Information To Be Available Date (Url Activation Date): Not Applicable
Expiration Date: November 16, 2007(Changed from May 19, 2010 per NOT-GM-08-114

Due Dates for E.O. 12372

Not Applicable

Additional Overview Content

Executive Summary

Table of Contents

Part I Overview Information

Part II Full Text of Announcement

Section I. Funding Opportunity Description
  1. Research Objectives

Section II. Award Information
  1. Mechanism(s) of Support
  2. Funds Available

Section III. Eligibility Information
  1. Eligible Applicants
    A. Eligible Institutions
    B. Eligible Individuals
  2.Cost Sharing or Matching
  3. Other - Special Eligibility Criteria

Section IV. Application and Submission Information
  1. Address to Request Application Information
  2. Content and Form of Application Submission
  3. Submission Dates and Times
    A. Receipt and Review and Anticipated Start Dates
      1. Letter of Intent
    B. Sending an Application to the NIH
    C. Application Processing
  4. Intergovernmental Review
  5. Funding Restrictions
  6. Other Submission Requirements

Section V. Application Review Information
  1. Criteria
  2. Review and Selection Process
    A. Additional Review Criteria
    B. Additional Review Considerations
    C. Sharing Research Data
    D. Sharing Research Resources
  3. Anticipated Announcement and Award Dates

Section VI. Award Administration Information
  1. Award Notices
  2. Administrative and National Policy Requirements
  3. Reporting

Section VII. Agency Contact(s)
  1. Scientific/Research Contact(s)
  2. Peer Review Contact(s)
  3. Financial/ Grants Management Contact(s)

Section VIII. Other Information - Required Federal Citations

Part II - Full Text of Announcement

Section I. Funding Opportunity Description

1. Research Objectives

The mission of the Division of Minority Opportunities in Research (MORE) of NIGMS is to increase the number of individuals from groups underrepresented in the biomedical and behavioral sciences who pursue research training, are professionally engaged and/or occupy positions of leadership in these fields and to enhance the research and research training capabilities of minority-serving institutions (MSIs). To accomplish this mission, the Minority Biomedical Research (MBRS) Branch of MORE seeks to support the development of faculty at MSIs with more than 50% student enrollment of individuals from groups underrepresented in biomedical and behavioral research in order to increase their research competitiveness and promote their transition to non-SCORE external sources of funding.

In the NIH Revitalization Act of 1993, NIH was encouraged to increase the number of underrepresented minorities participating in biomedical and behavioral research. In response to the Act, starting in 1996 the Minority Biomedical Research Support (MBRS) Branch of the Minority Opportunities in Research Division (MORE) of NIGMS offered institutional grants under the Support of Competitive Research (SCORE) program. The objective of the SCORE program is to foster the development of faculty at minority serving institutions (MSIs) with more than 50% student enrollment of individuals from groups underrepresented in biomedical and behavioral research in order to increase their research competitiveness and promote their transition to non-SCORE external sources of funding. Additionally, SCORE seeks to enhance the institutional research capabilities to facilitate faculty research. These objectives are expected to translate into an increase in the numbers of individuals from groups underrepresented in biomedical and behavioral research professionally engaged in these areas of research. SCORE grants are offered to eligible minority-serving institutions.

Historically, MSIs have significantly contributed to the scientific training of students from underrepresented groups, i.e., African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Native Americans, and natives of the U.S. Pacific Islands. Faculty members at these institutions, who are involved in underrepresented student training, often engage in competitive research projects. Such investigator-initiated research contributes to basic knowledge in the biomedical and behavioral sciences, allows faculty to stay at the cutting edge of their disciplines, and impacts the quality of their teaching.

Because the individual focus of scholarly research at MSIs, the SCORE program has been revamped to offer MSIs’ individual investigators the possibility to apply for funding opportunities according to their developmental level. Additionally, the SCORE program offers separate institutional funding to strengthen the research environment that will foster faculty participation in research. Due to this change, the SCORE program now offers three kinds of individual investigator-initiated awards (SC1, SC2, and SC3, see below) and an independent S06 institutional award which replace the “old” institutional S06 mechanism in which there was an administrative core with a combination of regular and/or pilot subprojects. 

The SCORE S06 institutional mechanism seeks to support activities that will result in the sustained improvement of the institutional research environment and an enhanced ability of the faculty to conduct competitive biomedical and behavioral research. It is the expectation of the S06 mechanism that the PI of the grant will be an advocate for research at the institution (e.g., Dean of Research or equivalent position), who has full support from the top administration and can lead the proposed institutional efforts. Shared equipment can be requested as long as there is evidence of a long-term plan for its maintenance and operation and clear documentation of its use by a significant number of SCORE or other funded researchers.

Concurrent submission of applications to the S06 and SC1, SC2 or SC3 funding opportunities is not required. Applications to the S06 mechanism may be submitted by institutions that do not have any SCORE investigator-initiated SC1, SC2 or SC3 awards. However, institutions that secure S06 support only are expected to demonstrate at the time of a renewal an increase the number of faculty engaged in competitive research projects including SCORE individual awards.

Institutionalization of successful research activities supported by SCORE is a required outcome at the end of each grant cycle for an institution to be able to submit a renewal. An S06 application submitted in response to this funding opportunity may not request support for individual research projects or individual faculty development nor for the support of other activities expected to be funded by Facilities and Administrative (F&A) costs. Proposed activities should benefit the institutional environment rather than individual investigators, and should be consistent with the institution’s long-term vision of enhancing its research capabilities. Examples of activities that may be proposed include scientific workshops or seminars, editorial review of manuscripts to be submitted for publication, purchase of core equipment, technical help for core facilities, etc.

See Section VIII, Other Information - Required Federal Citations, for policies related to this announcement.

Section II. Award Information

1. Mechanism(s) of Support

This funding opportunity will use the S06 grant award mechanism(s).

As an applicant, you will be solely responsible for planning, directing, and executing the proposed project.

This funding opportunity uses the just-in-time budget concepts. It also uses the non-modular budget format described in the PHS 398 application instructions (see A detailed categorical budget for the "Initial Budget Period" and the "Entire Proposed Period of Support" is to be submitted with the application.

2. Funds Available

Because the nature and scope of the proposed research will vary from application to application, it is anticipated that the size and duration of each award will also vary. Although the financial plans of the IC(s) provide support for this program, awards pursuant to this funding opportunity are contingent upon the availability of funds and the receipt of a sufficient number of meritorious applications.

Facilities and administrative costs requested by consortium participants are not included in the direct cost limitation, see NOT-OD-05-004.

Section III. Eligibility Information

1. Eligible Applicants

1.A. Eligible Institutions

You may submit an application if your organization has any of the following characteristics:

1.B. Eligible Individuals

Any individual with the skills, knowledge, and resources necessary to carry out the proposed research is invited to work with his/her institution to develop an application for support. Individuals from underrepresented racial and ethnic groups as well as individuals with disabilities are always encouraged to apply for NIH support. Typically the PI of a SCORE application possesses a Ph.D. or M.D./Ph.D. degree. He/she must also have a full-time appointment that reflects his/her ability to enhance the research infrastructure/services at the applicant institution.

2. Cost Sharing or Matching

Not required.

The most current Grants Policy Statement can be found at:

3. Other-Special Eligibility Criteria

An institution may only apply for/receive one S06 award at a time.

S06 awards may not be transferred from one institution to another.

Section IV. Application and Submission Information

1. Address to Request Application Information

The PHS 398 application instructions are available at in an interactive format. Applicants must use the currently approved version of the PHS 398. For further assistance contact GrantsInfo, Telephone (301) 710-0267, Email:

Telecommunications for the hearing impaired: TTY 301-451-5936.

2. Content and Form of Application Submission

Applications must be prepared using the most current PHS 398 research grant application instructions and forms. Applications must have a D&B Data Universal Numbering System (DUNS) number as the universal identifier when applying for Federal grants or cooperative agreements. The D&B number can be obtained by calling (866) 705-5711 or through the web site at The D&B number should be entered on line 11 of the face page of the PHS 398 form.

The title and number of this funding opportunity must be typed on line 2 of the face page of the application form and the YES box must be checked.

In the preparation of S06 SCORE institutional award follow the PHS 398 instructions.

If animal and human subjects are to be used in the research carefully follow PHS 398 instructions regarding the questions that need to be answered and the submission of the required Targeted/Planned Enrollment Tables and Inclusion Enrollment Report Tables (for additional information refer to 

Additional Instructions:

Non-Modular Budget Format Page. Follow instructions in PHS 398 (4/2006 revision) to prepare the itemized budget. Justifications for each budgeted line item are required.

In the “Biographical Sketch” of the PI, list the education and training, selected publications with full citations, position(s), any honors, and any grant support, with information, including overall goals and responsibilities, on research projects ongoing or completed during the last three years. Also provide for the PI only information on his (her) role as a research advocate and in collaborations/relationships with other key institutional personnel and/or institutionally- or externally-funded programs aimed at improving the research infrastructure.

In the “Resources and Facilities” section, describe in detail the research environment of the institution as well as the shared resources/services that support faculty’s participation in research. Also provide details of the areas of research or training that are externally supported as well as the list of investigators that are currently funded.

The Research Plan (sections A-D) of a SCORE S06 proposal is limited to 15 pages.

Under the Research Plan’s “Specific Aims” section, submit the institutional objectives to be accomplished. These objectives must be presented as significant improvements over current baseline and the baseline must be clearly defined.

The “Background and Significance” should include:

1) A subheading entitled Institutional Data. In this part, which is limited to two pages (counted as part of the 15-page limit), include the following:

2) A description of the institution’s research capabilities.

3) An explanation of the institution’s research agenda and of how the proposed goals and objectives fit into it.

4) Explanation of the institutional support given to the PI as leader of the proposed project.

5) Anticipated improvements in the institutional research capabilities and on how these will facilitate the involvement of faculty in competitive research.

The “Research Design” must present a detailed institutional development plan for research activities in support of the proposed goals and objectives as well as a timeline to achieve the objectives and the institutionalization of successful activities after each cycle of support. Specifically, provide the rationale for the selection of each proposed activity as well as details of its implementation and of the personnel involved. Provide the anticipated outcomes as well as discuss any implementation problems that may arise and how these will be resolved. Describe how progress will be monitored and assessed. If the institution has SCORE funded investigators, describe how the proposed activities will enhance the development of their research competitiveness. Explain the relationship or overlap of the proposed activities to other externally funded programs with similar/complementary goals such as RIMI, RCMI, etc. In the part on the institutionalization of SCORE activities provide a brief description of the plan as well as the timeline to be followed.

If shared equipment is requested as part of any of the proposed activities sufficient information and justification for the kind of instrumentation requested and detail to judge the merit of the problems to be addressed by externally funded investigators must be provided. In addition, the impact of the instrumentation on the institution’s research environment as well as its potential use in the instructional programs (if any) must be explained. A plan for the effective use of the equipment and for its continued availability/support at the conclusion of SCORE support is also required.

Letters of support should be placed after the Literature Cited section (refer to PHS 398 instructions).

Appendix. Follow instructions in PHS 398 (4/2006 revision). (Appendix materials must conform to NOT-OD-06-053, see

Institutions who have previously received SCORE S06 administrative support must include a detailed progress report (refer to PHS 398). Information on the level of funding and on the major accomplishments of the program project should be provided as well as the most significant findings resulting from program evaluation. The progress report section must be placed immediately after the section on background and significance as described in PHS 398. Applications lacking the required progress report will be returned to the applicant without review.

If a new or renewal S06 application did not receive funding, a revised application may be submitted. The revised application must include a 3-page Introduction that addresses fully the questions/issues raised by the reviewers of the previous application. In addition, the body of the application must indicate, by changes in font or other means, the revised sections (see PHS 398 instructions).

3. Submission Dates and Times

See Section IV.3.A for details.

3.A. Receipt, Review and Anticipated Start Dates

Application Receipt/Submission Date(s): September 18, 2006, January 18, 2007, May 18, 2007; September 18, 2007, January 18, 2008, May 18, 2008; September 18, 2008, January 18, 2009, May 18, 2009; September 18, 2009, January 18, 2010, May 18, 2010 
Peer Review Date(s): February-March, June-July, October-November
Council Review Date(s): May, September, January
Earliest Anticipated Start Date(s): July, January, April

3.A.1. Letter of Intent
A letter of intent is not required for the funding opportunity.

3.B. Sending an Application to the NIH

Applications must be prepared using the research grant application forms found in the PHS 398 instructions for preparing a research grant application. Submit a signed, typewritten original of the application, including the checklist, and three signed photocopies in one package to:

Center for Scientific Review
National Institutes of Health
6701 Rockledge Drive, Room 1040, MSC 7710
Bethesda, MD 20892-7710 (U.S. Postal Service Express or regular mail)
Bethesda, MD 20817 (for express/courier service; non-USPS service)

Personal deliveries of applications are no longer permitted (see

At the time of submission, two additional single-sided, signed photocopies of the complete application and all copies of appendix materials (five collated sets) must also be sent to:

Helen R. Sunshine, Ph.D.
Chief, Office of Scientific Review
National Institute of General Medical Sciences
45 Center Drive, Room 3An.12F, MSC 6200
Bethesda, Maryland 20892-6200
Telephone: (301) 594-2881

3.C. Application Processing

Applications must be received on or before the application receipt/submission date(s) described above (Section IV.3.A.). If an application is received after that date, it will be returned to the applicant without review .

Upon receipt applications will be evaluated for completeness by CSR. Incomplete applications will not be reviewed.

The NIH will not accept any application in response to this funding opportunity that is essentially the same as one currently pending initial merit review unless the applicant withdraws the pending application. The NIH will not accept any application that is essentially the same as one already reviewed. This does not preclude the submission of a substantial revision of an application already reviewed, but such application must include an Introduction addressing the previous critique.

Information on the status of an application should be checked by the Principal Investigator in the eRA Commons at:

4. Intergovernmental Review
This initiative is not subject to intergovernmental review.

5. Funding Restrictions

All NIH awards are subject to the terms and conditions, cost principles, and other considerations described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement. The Grants Policy Statement can be found at (See also Section VI.2 Award Administration Information).

Pre-Award Costs are allowable. A grantee may, at its own risk and without NIH prior approval, incur obligations and expenditures to cover costs up to 90 days before the beginning date of the initial budget period of a new or competing continuation award if such costs: are necessary to conduct the project, and would be allowable under the grant, if awarded, without NIH prior approval. If specific expenditures would otherwise require prior approval, the grantee must obtain NIH approval before incurring the cost. NIH prior approval is required for any costs to be incurred more than 90 days before the beginning date of the initial budget period of a new or competing continuation award.

The incurrence of pre-award costs in anticipation of a competing or non-competing award imposes no obligation on NIH either to make the award or to increase the amount of the approved budget if an award is made for less than the amount anticipated and is inadequate to cover the pre-award costs incurred. NIH expects the grantee to be fully aware that pre-award costs result in borrowing against future support and that such borrowing must not impair the grantee's ability to accomplish the project objectives in the approved time frame or in any way adversely affect the conduct of the project. See NIH Grants Policy Statement

SCORE S06 awards include some restrictions as to how the funds may be used. The following account summarizes allowable and non-allowable costs under the SCORE S06 mechanism.

Allowable Costs

Unallowable Costs

6. Other Submission Requirements

Not applicable.

Section V. Application Review Information

1. Criteria

Only the review criteria described below will be considered in the review process.

2. Review and Selection Process

Applications that are complete will be evaluated for scientific and technical merit by an appropriate review group convened by NIGMS in accordance with the review criteria stated below.

As part of the initial merit review, all applications will:

The following will be considered in making funding decisions:

The goals of NIH supported research are to advance our understanding of biological systems, to improve the control of disease, and to enhance health. In their written critiques, reviewers will be asked to comment on each of the following criteria in order to judge the likelihood that the proposed research will have a substantial impact on the pursuit of these goals. Each of these criteria will be addressed and considered in assigning the overall score, weighting them as appropriate for each application. Note that an application does not need to be strong in all categories to be judged likely to have major scientific impact and thus deserve a high priority score. For example, an investigator may propose to carry out important work that by its nature is not innovative but is essential to move a field forward.

Significance: Does this study address an important problem? If the aims of the application are achieved, how will scientific knowledge or clinical practice be advanced? What will be the effect of these studies on the concepts, methods, technologies, treatments, services, or preventative interventions that drive this field? 
If the proposed objectives are accomplished, what is the likelihood that the institutional research environment will be enhanced to facilitate the faculty’s ability to conduct competitive biomedical and behavioral research?

Approach: Are the conceptual or clinical framework, design, methods, and analyses adequately developed, well integrated, well reasoned, and appropriate to the aims of the project? Does the applicant acknowledge potential problem areas and consider alternative tactics? Does the proposed institutional plan render confidence that the institution is well poised to undergo major improvements in its research environment? Is the plan to institutionalize successful activities in a reasonable period of time likely to be achieved?

Innovation: Is the project original and innovative? For example: Does the project challenge existing paradigms or clinical practice; address an innovative hypothesis or critical barrier to progress in the field? Does the project develop or employ novel concepts, approaches, methodologies, tools, or technologies for this area?

Investigators: Are the investigators appropriately trained and well suited to carry out this work? Is the work proposed appropriate to the experience level of the principal investigator? Does the investigative team bring complementary and integrated expertise to the project (if applicable)? Is the PI an effective “research advocate” at the applicant institution who could successfully lead the project?

Environment: Does the scientific environment in which the work will be done contribute to the probability of success? Do the proposed studies benefit from unique features of the scientific environment, or subject populations, or employ useful collaborative arrangements? Is there evidence of institutional support?

Overall Evaluation: Summarize the major factors from the five review criteria above that contribute or detract from scientific merit. In addition, evaluate whether the proposed project addresses the developmental objectives of SCORE, especially of the S06 mechanism which aims to enhance the research environment needed to support the development of faculty research competitiveness. Not boilerplate - and appears to address programmatic objectives

2.A. Additional Review Criteria:

In addition to the above criteria, the following items will continue to be considered in the determination of scientific merit and the priority score:

Progress Report (for competing renewal applications only): Have the proposed objectives been accomplished and is there evidence that the SCORE-supported activities have had an impact on the institutional research environment and the faculty’s development of competitive research?  Have any of the activities been institutionalized according to the proposed plan?

Resubmitted Applications: Response to previous critiques.

Protection of Human Subjects from Research Risk: The involvement of human subjects and protections from research risk relating to their participation in the proposed research will be assessed (see the Research Plan, Section E on Human Subjects in the PHS Form 398).

Inclusion of Women, Minorities and Children in Research: The adequacy of plans to include subjects from both genders, all racial and ethnic groups (and subgroups), and children as appropriate for the scientific goals of the research will be assessed. Plans for the recruitment and retention of subjects will also be evaluated (see the Research Plan, Section E on Human Subjects in the PHS Form 398).

Care and Use of Vertebrate Animals in Research: If vertebrate animals are to be used in the project, the five items described under Section F of the PHS Form 398 research grant application instructions will be assessed.

Biohazards: If materials or procedures are proposed that are potentially hazardous to research personnel and/or the environment, determine if the proposed protection is adequate.

2.B. Additional Review Considerations

Budget: The reasonableness of the proposed budget and the requested period of support in relation to the proposed research. The priority score should not be affected by the evaluation of the budget.

2.C. Sharing Research Data

Not applicable.

2.D. Sharing Research Resources

Not applicable.

3. Anticipated Announcement and Award Dates

Earliest possible dates when awards will be made will be January for applications reviewed at the September Council meeting, April for applications reviewed at the January Council meeting and July for applications reviewed at the May Council meeting.

Section VI. Award Administration Information

1. Award Notices

After the peer review of the application is completed, the PD/PI will be able to access his or her Summary Statement (written critique) via the eRA Commons.

If the application is under consideration for funding, NIH will request "just-in-time" information from the applicant. For details, applicants may refer to the NIH Grants Policy Statement Part II: Terms and Conditions of NIH Grant Awards, Subpart A: General (

A formal notification in the form of a Notice of Award (NOA) will be provided to the applicant organization. The NoA signed by the grants management officer is the authorizing document. Once all administrative and programmatic issues have been resolved, the NoA will be generated via email notification from the awarding component to the grantee business official (designated in item 12 on the Application Face Page). If a grantee is not email enabled, a hard copy of the NoA will be mailed to the business official.

Selection of an application for award is not an authorization to begin performance. Any costs incurred before receipt of the NoA are at the recipient's risk. These costs may be reimbursed only to the extent considered allowable pre-award costs. See Also Section IV.5. Funding Restrictions.

2. Administrative and National Policy Requirements

All NIH grant and cooperative agreement awards include the NIH Grants Policy Statement as part of the NoA. For these terms of award, see the NIH Grants Policy Statement Part II: Terms and Conditions of NIH Grant Awards, Subpart A: General ( and Part II Terms and Conditions of NIH Grant Awards, Subpart B: Terms and Conditions for Specific Types of Grants, Grantees, and Activities (

3. Reporting

Awardees will be required to submit the PHS Non-Competing Grant Progress Report, Form 2590 annually ( and financial statements as required in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.)

The annual progress (refer to PHS 2590) must detail the progress accomplished towards each specific aim and indicate any major outcomes resulting from SCORE S06 support.

Section VII. Agency Contacts

We encourage your inquiries concerning this funding opportunity and welcome the opportunity to answer questions from potential applicants. Inquiries may fall into three areas: scientific/research, peer review, and financial or grants management issues:

1. Scientific/Research Contacts:

Hinda Zlotnik, Ph.D.
Minority Opportunities in Research Division
National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH
45 Center Drive
Room 2As.37, MSC 6200
Bethesda, MD 20892-6200
Telephone: (301) 594-3900
FAX: (301) 480-2753

2. Peer Review Contacts:

Helen R. Sunshine, Ph.D.
Office of Scientific Review
National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH
45 Center Drive
Room 3AN.12F, MSC 6200
Bethesda, MD 20892-6200
Telephone: (301) 594-2881
FAX: (301) 480-8506

3. Financial or Grants Management Contacts:

Antoinette Holland
Division of Extramural Activities
National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH
45 Center Drive
Bldg. 45, Room 2AN.50B, MSC 6200
Bethesda, MD 20892-6200
Telephone: (301) 594-5132
FAX: (301) 480-2554

Section VIII. Other Information

Required Federal Citations

Use of Animals in Research:
Recipients of PHS support for activities involving live, vertebrate animals must comply with PHS Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals ( as mandated by the Health Research Extension Act of 1985 (, and the USDA Animal Welfare Regulations ( as applicable.

Human Subjects Protection:
Federal regulations (45CFR46) require that applications and proposals involving human subjects must be evaluated with reference to the risks to the subjects, the adequacy of protection against these risks, the potential benefits of the research to the subjects and others, and the importance of the knowledge gained or to be gained (

Data and Safety Monitoring Plan:
Data and safety monitoring is required for all types of clinical trials, including physiologic toxicity and dose-finding studies (phase I); efficacy studies (Phase II); efficacy, effectiveness and comparative trials (Phase III). Monitoring should be commensurate with risk. The establishment of data and safety monitoring boards (DSMBs) is required for multi-site clinical trials involving interventions that entail potential risks to the participants (NIH Policy for Data and Safety Monitoring, NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts,

Access to Research Data through the Freedom of Information Act:
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-110 has been revised to provide access to research data through the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) under some circumstances. Data that are (1) first produced in a project that is supported in whole or in part with Federal funds and (2) cited publicly and officially by a Federal agency in support of an action that has the force and effect of law (i.e., a regulation) may be accessed through FOIA. It is important for applicants to understand the basic scope of this amendment. NIH has provided guidance at Applicants may wish to place data collected under this funding opportunity in a public archive, which can provide protections for the data and manage the distribution for an indefinite period of time. If so, the application should include a description of the archiving plan in the study design and include information about this in the budget justification section of the application. In addition, applicants should think about how to structure informed consent statements and other human subjects procedures given the potential for wider use of data collected under this award.

Sharing of Model Organisms:
NIH is committed to support efforts that encourage sharing of important research resources including the sharing of model organisms for biomedical research (see At the same time the NIH recognizes the rights of grantees and contractors to elect and retain title to subject inventions developed with Federal funding pursuant to the Bayh Dole Act (see the NIH Grants Policy Statement All investigators submitting an NIH application or contract proposal, beginning with the October 1, 2004 receipt date, are expected to include in the application/proposal a description of a specific plan for sharing and distributing unique model organism research resources generated using NIH funding or state why such sharing is restricted or not possible. This will permit other researchers to benefit from the resources developed with public funding. The inclusion of a model organism sharing plan is not subject to a cost threshold in any year and is expected to be included in all applications where the development of model organisms is anticipated.

Inclusion of Women And Minorities in Clinical Research:
It is the policy of the NIH that women and members of minority groups and their sub-populations must be included in all NIH-supported clinical research projects unless a clear and compelling justification is provided indicating that inclusion is inappropriate with respect to the health of the subjects or the purpose of the research. This policy results from the NIH Revitalization Act of 1993 (Section 492B of Public Law 103-43). All investigators proposing clinical research should read the "NIH Guidelines for Inclusion of Women and Minorities as Subjects in Clinical Research (; a complete copy of the updated Guidelines is available at The amended policy incorporates: the use of an NIH definition of clinical research; updated racial and ethnic categories in compliance with the new OMB standards; clarification of language governing NIH-defined Phase III clinical trials consistent with the new PHS Form 398; and updated roles and responsibilities of NIH staff and the extramural community. The policy continues to require for all NIH-defined Phase III clinical trials that: a) all applications or proposals and/or protocols must provide a description of plans to conduct analyses, as appropriate, to address differences by sex/gender and/or racial/ethnic groups, including subgroups if applicable; and b) investigators must report annual accrual and progress in conducting analyses, as appropriate, by sex/gender and/or racial/ethnic group differences.

Inclusion of Children as Participants in Clinical Research:
The NIH maintains a policy that children (i.e., individuals under the age of 21) must be included in all clinical research, conducted or supported by the NIH, unless there are scientific and ethical reasons not to include them.

All investigators proposing research involving human subjects should read the "NIH Policy and Guidelines" on the inclusion of children as participants in research involving human subjects (

Required Education on the Protection of Human Subject Participants:
NIH policy requires education on the protection of human subject participants for all investigators submitting NIH applications for research involving human subjects and individuals designated as key personnel. The policy is available at

Human Embryonic Stem Cells (hESC):
Criteria for federal funding of research on hESCs can be found at and at Only research using hESC lines that are registered in the NIH Human Embryonic Stem Cell Registry will be eligible for Federal funding ( It is the responsibility of the applicant to provide in the project description and elsewhere in the application as appropriate, the official NIH identifier(s) for the hESC line(s)to be used in the proposed research. Applications that do not provide this information will be returned without review.

NIH Public Access Policy:
NIH-funded investigators are requested to submit to the NIH manuscript submission (NIHMS) system ( at PubMed Central (PMC) an electronic version of the author's final manuscript upon acceptance for publication, resulting from research supported in whole or in part with direct costs from NIH. The author's final manuscript is defined as the final version accepted for journal publication, and includes all modifications from the publishing peer review process.

NIH is requesting that authors submit manuscripts resulting from 1) currently funded NIH research projects or 2) previously supported NIH research projects if they are accepted for publication on or after May 2, 2005. The NIH Public Access Policy applies to all research grant and career development award mechanisms, cooperative agreements, contracts, Institutional and Individual Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Awards, as well as NIH intramural research studies. The Policy applies to peer-reviewed, original research publications that have been supported in whole or in part with direct costs from NIH, but it does not apply to book chapters, editorials, reviews, or conference proceedings. Publications resulting from non-NIH-supported research projects should not be submitted.

For more information about the Policy or the submission process please visit the NIH Public Access Policy Web site at and view the Policy or other Resources and Tools including the Authors' Manual (

Standards for Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information:
The Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) issued final modification to the "Standards for Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information", the "Privacy Rule", on August 14, 2002 . The Privacy Rule is a federal regulation under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996 that governs the protection of individually identifiable health information, and is administered and enforced by the DHHS Office for Civil Rights (OCR).

Decisions about applicability and implementation of the Privacy Rule reside with the researcher and his/her institution. The OCR website ( provides information on the Privacy Rule, including a complete Regulation Text and a set of decision tools on "Am I a covered entity?" Information on the impact of the HIPAA Privacy Rule on NIH processes involving the review, funding, and progress monitoring of grants, cooperative agreements, and research contracts can be found at

URLs in NIH Grant Applications or Appendices:

All applications and proposals for NIH funding must be self-contained within specified page limitations. For publications listed in the appendix and/or Progress report, internet addresses (URLs) must be used for publicly accessible on-line journal articles. Unless otherwise specified in this solicitation, Internet addresses (URLs) should not be used to provide any other information necessary for the review because reviewers are under no obligation to view the Internet sites. Furthermore, we caution reviewers that their anonymity may be compromised when they directly access an Internet site.

Healthy People 2010:
The Public Health Service (PHS) is committed to achieving the health promotion and disease prevention objectives of "Healthy People 2010," a PHS-led national activity for setting priority areas. This PA is related to one or more of the priority areas. Potential applicants may obtain a copy of "Healthy People 2010" at

Authority and Regulations:
This program is described in the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance at and is not subject to the intergovernmental review requirements of Executive Order 12372 or Health Systems Agency review. Awards are made under the authorization of Sections 301 and 405 of the Public Health Service Act as amended (42 USC 241 and 284) and under Federal Regulations 42 CFR 52 and 45 CFR Parts 74 and 92. See also Senate Appropriations Committee Report, No. 92-316, July 29, 1971, Executive Order 12900, Educational Excellence for Hispanic Americans February 22, 1994, Executive Order 12876, Historically Black Colleges and Universities, November 1, 1993, and Executive Order 13021, October 21, 1996 and Outline of Work Plan, August 18, 1998, White House Initiative on Tribal Colleges and Universities. All awards are subject to the terms and conditions, cost principles, and other considerations described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement. The NIH Grants Policy Statement can be found at

The PHS strongly encourages all grant recipients to provide a smoke-free workplace and discourage the use of all tobacco products. In addition, Public Law 103-227, the Pro-Children Act of 1994, prohibits smoking in certain facilities (or in some cases, any portion of a facility) in which regular or routine education, library, day care, health care, or early childhood development services are provided to children. This is consistent with the PHS mission to protect and advance the physical and mental health of the American people.

Loan Repayment Programs:
NIH encourages applications for educational loan repayment from qualified health professionals who have made a commitment to pursue a research career involving clinical, pediatric, contraception, infertility, and health disparities related areas. The LRP is an important component of NIH's efforts to recruit and retain the next generation of researchers by providing the means for developing a research career unfettered by the burden of student loan debt. Note that an NIH grant is not required for eligibility and concurrent career award and LRP applications are encouraged. The periods of career award and LRP award may overlap providing the LRP recipient with the required commitment of time and effort, as LRP awardees must commit at least 50% of their time (at least 20 hours per week based on a 40 hour week) for two years to the research. For further information, please see:

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NIH Funding Opportunities and Notices

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