Department of Health and Human Services

Part 1. Overview Information

Participating Organization(s)

National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Components of Participating Organizations

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Funding Opportunity Title

Creating Asthma Empowerment Collaborations to Reduce Childhood Asthma Disparities (U34)

Activity Code

U34 Planning Cooperative Agreement

Announcement Type

New

Related Notices

None

Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) Number

RFA-HL-15-028

Companion Funding Opportunity

RFA-HL-17-001, U01 Research Project – Cooperative Agreements

Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Number(s)

93.838

Funding Opportunity Purpose

The purpose of this FOA is to support investigators planning a clinical trial to evaluate Asthma Care Implementation Programs (ACIP) for chidren at high risk of poor asthma outcomes. Investigators must propose an ACIP for this population that translates research into community practice by integrating interventions with demonstrated efficacy from multiple sectors into a comprehensive program. Each proposed evidence-based intervention within the ACIP must address at least one of the following different sectors that can contribute to a system of care for children: medical care, family, home, and community. During the project period, investigators will conduct a community needs assessment to ensure their proposed ACIP will meet the needs of children at high risk of poor asthma outcomes within their community in the U.S. Therefore, the proposed interventions may be modified based on the community needs assessment. As the interventions included in the ACIP are modified during the U34, the proposed clinical trial to evaluate the ACIP should also be adjusted and developed into a complete protocol. On the basis of the refined interventions from each of the requisite sectors, investigators must also solidify existing relationships or engage appropriate collaborators from each of the sectors who are able to identify resources they can commit to provide for the ACIP. By the conclusion of the U34, applicants should be prepared to apply for a U01 grant, described in RFA-HL-17-001, which will support the clinical trial, assessment of the sustainability of the interventions, and define best practices for implementation of interventions in children at high risk of poor asthma outcomes.

Key Dates

Posted Date

December 9, 2014

Open Date (Earliest Submission Date)

January 20, 2015

Letter of Intent Due Date(s)

January 20, 2015

Application Due Date(s)

February 20, 2015 , by 5:00 PM local time of applicant organization. All types of non-AIDS applications allowed for this funding opportunity announcement are due on this date.

Applicants are encouraged to apply early to allow adequate time to make any corrections to errors found in the application during the submission process by the due date.

AIDS Application Due Date(s)

Not Applicable

Scientific Merit Review

June 2015

Advisory Council Review

August 2015

Earliest Start Date

September 2015

Expiration Date

February 21, 2015

Due Dates for E.O. 12372

Not Applicable

Required Application Instructions

It is critical that applicants follow the instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide, except where instructed to do otherwise (in this FOA or in a Notice from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts). Conformance to all requirements (both in the Application Guide and the FOA) is required and strictly enforced. Applicants must read and follow all application instructions in the Application Guide as well as any program-specific instructions noted in Section IV. When the program-specific instructions deviate from those in the Application Guide, follow the program-specific instructions. Applications that do not comply with these instructions may be delayed or not accepted for review.

Table of Contents

  1. Part 1. Overview Information
  2. Part 2. Full Text of the Announcement
    1. Section I. Funding Opportunity Description
    2. Section II. Award Information
    3. Section III. Eligibility Information
    4. Section IV. Application and Submission Information
    5. Section V. Application Review Information
    6. Section VI. Award Administration Information
    7. Section VII. Agency Contacts
    8. Section VIII. Other Information

Part 2. Full Text of Announcement

Section I. Funding Opportunity Description

Purpose

While some interventions have been successful in improving the care of children with asthma, disparities in asthma outcomes persist. In 2012, after representatives from nearly 20 Federal organizations reviewed prior, available, and projected efforts to reduce disparities in asthma, they created a Coordinated Federal Action Plan to Reduce Racial and Ethnic Asthma Disparities (http://www.epa.gov/childrenstaskforce/federal_asthma_disparities_action_plan.pdf ), concluding that multiple risk factors contribute to the persistence of disparities. The Action Plan, a key activity of the President’s Task Force on Children’s Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks, advises that substantial progress in reducing disparities will require research to design, execute and evaluate implementation programs that maximize synergies among all key sectors to create a system of care that focuses on children most in need and reaches them where they live, learn and play.

To make substantial progress in reducing disparities by improving the care of children at high risk of poor asthma outcomes, NHLBI intends to support researchers to design and develop comprehensive Asthma Care Implementation Programs (ACIP) by means of this Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA). These ACIPs will be evaluated in clinical trials (described in RFA-HL-17-001 ) that include an appropriate comparator group. This Cooperative Agreement (U34) is a planning grant for the clinical trial (U01); investigators must not only propose an ACIP but a clinical trial to evaluate it. The proposed ACIP should include evidence-based interventions representing at least one of the following different sectors that can contribute to a system of care for children with asthma: medical care, familiy, home, and community. These multi-level interventions should form a well-integrated ACIP.

Given the expectation that the ACIP will be community based, it is critical that the community where the program will occur is engaged from the beginning. Therefore, this initiative will require that investigators begin by conducting a community needs assessment. The community studied must be in the U.S., including U.S. territories as defined in NIH Grants Policy Statement . During the funding period, the interventions for each sector that were proposed in the application should be refined to address the results of the needs assessment. In addition, while investigators should identify potential collaborators who have the experience and expertise appropriate for their proposed interventions, the planned collaborators or their roles may be modified to implement the refined interventions to be responsive to the community's needs. Therefore, while investigators should identify potential collaborators in their ACIP application (U34), the final list of collaborators may be modified during the award period.

A summary of the proposed clinical trial to evaluate the ACIP and a relevant comparator group should be included in applications for this funding opportunity. However, clinical trials will not be funded by this initiative.

PD(s)/PI(s) who successfully completed a recent (within 24 months prior to the receipt date) formal community needs assessment either through RFA-HL-15-028 or any other alternative source of support may be eligible to apply for funding to support the clinical trial preparation, execution, analysis, assessment of sustainability, and dissemination of best practices as described in RFA-HL-17-001 .

Supported research activities

While this FOA is intended to support the planning for a clinical trial, it is not intended to support initiation of a clinical trial. This FOA seeks applications that propose to integrate evidence-based interventions into a system of care that could be used to improve the care of children with asthma in the medical setting, the home environment, within family relationships, and in the community where they live. Identification of a diverse group of stakeholders and the process for engagement and involvement of such stakeholders (representative patients and their families, community organizations, health care organizations and medical professional groups, private industry and other relevant professionals such as insurers, foundations, housing experts, and environmental groups) is of high programmatic interest for this FOA.

On the basis of the community needs assessment, the proposed interventions should be refined and integrated into the ACIP. In addition, collaborators from each of the four sectors (medical care, family, home, and community) should be identified based on their qualifications to implement the refined interventions. This planning process provides investigators the opportunity to demonstrate their leadership in establishing the collaborations necessary to implement the ACIP. It is expected that the participants in the ACIP (proposed in the U01) and its development will be multi-disciplinary in their backgrounds and demonstrate evidence of their ability to work with the other participants. While a multidisciplinary research team should be assembled to apply for this (U34) initiative, the collaborators who participate in the ACIP may be modified based on the needs assessment.

Requirements

Applications must include a proposed community-based ACIP. Community refers to organizations or institutions whose primary purpose is not medical care.

Applications that do not meet this requirement will not be reviewed.

Section II. Award Information

Funding Instrument

Cooperative Agreement: A support mechanism used when there will be substantial Federal scientific or programmatic involvement. Substantial involvement means that, after award, NIH scientific or program staff will assist, guide, coordinate, or participate in project activities.

Application Types Allowed

New

The OER Glossary and the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide provide details on these application types.

Funds Available and Anticipated Number of Awards

NHLBI intends to commit up to $3 million in FY 2015 to fund up to 9 awards.

Award Budget

Application budgets are limited to $225,000 in Direct Costs and must reflect the actual needs of the proposed project.

Award Project Period

The scope of the proposed project should determine the project period. The maximum project period is 1 year.

NIH grants policies as described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement will apply to the applications submitted and awards made in response to this FOA.

Section III. Eligibility Information

1. Eligible Applicants

Eligible Organizations

Higher Education Institutions

  • Public/State Controlled Institutions of Higher Education
  • Private Institutions of Higher Education

The following types of Higher Education Institutions are always encouraged to apply for NIH support as Public or Private Institutions of Higher Education:

  • Hispanic-serving Institutions
  • Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs)
  • Tribally Controlled Colleges and Universities (TCCUs)
  • Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian Serving Institutions
  • Asian American Native American Pacific Islander Serving Institutions (AANAPISIs)

Nonprofits Other Than Institutions of Higher Education

  • Nonprofits with 501(c)(3) IRS Status (Other than Institutions of Higher Education)
  • Nonprofits without 501(c)(3) IRS Status (Other than Institutions of Higher Education)

For-Profit Organizations

  • Small Businesses
  • For-Profit Organizations (Other than Small Businesses)

Governments

  • State Governments
  • County Governments
  • City or Township Governments
  • Special District Governments
  • Indian/Native American Tribal Governments (Federally Recognized)
  • Indian/Native American Tribal Governments (Other than Federally Recognized)
  • Eligible Agencies of the Federal Government
  • U.S. Territory or Possession

Other

  • Independent School Districts
  • Public Housing Authorities/Indian Housing Authorities
  • Native American Tribal Organizations (other than Federally recognized tribal governments)
  • Faith-based or Community-based Organizations
  • Regional Organizations

Foreign Institutions

Non-domestic (non-U.S.) Entities (Foreign Institutions) are not eligible to apply.

Non-domestic (non-U.S.) components of U.S. Organizations are not eligible to apply.

Foreign components, as defined in the NIH Grants Policy Statement, are allowed.

Required Registrations

Applicant Organizations

Applicant organizations must complete and maintain the following registrations as described in the SF 424 (R&R) Application Guide to be eligible to apply for or receive an award. All registrations must be completed prior to the application being submitted. Registration can take 6 weeks or more, so applicants should begin the registration process as soon as possible. The NIH Policy on Late Submission of Grant Applications states that failure to complete registrations in advance of a due date is not a valid reason for a late submission.

  • Dun and Bradstreet Universal Numbering System (DUNS) - All registrations require that applicants be issued a DUNS number. After obtaining a DUNS number, applicants can begin both SAM and eRA Commons registrations. The same DUNS number must be used for all registrations, as well as on the grant application.
  • System for Award Management (SAM) (formerly CCR) – Applicants must complete and maintain an active registration, which requires renewal at least annually. The renewal process may require as much time as the initial registration. SAM registration includes the assignment of a Commercial and Government Entity (CAGE) Code for domestic organizations which have not already been assigned a CAGE Code.
  • eRA Commons - Applicants must have an active DUNS number and SAM registration in order to complete the eRA Commons registration. Organizations can register with the eRA Commons as they are working through their SAM or Grants.gov registration. eRA Commons requires organizations to identify at least one Signing Official (SO) and at least one Program Director/Principal Investigator (PD/PI) account in order to submit an application.
  • Grants.gov – Applicants must have an active DUNS number and SAM registration in order to complete the Grants.gov registration.

Program Directors/Principal Investigators (PD(s)/PI(s))

All PD(s)/PI(s) must have an eRA Commons account. PD(s)/PI(s) should work with their organizational officials to either create a new account or to affiliate their existing account with the applicant organization in eRA Commons. If the PD/PI is also the organizational Signing Official, they must have two distinct eRA Commons accounts, one for each role. Obtaining an eRA Commons account can take up to 2 weeks.

Eligible Individuals (Program Director/Principal Investigator)

Any individual(s) with the skills, knowledge, and resources necessary to carry out the proposed research as the Program Director(s)/Principal Investigator(s) (PD(s)/PI(s)) is invited to work with his/her organization to develop an application for support. Individuals from underrepresented racial and ethnic groups as well as individuals with disabilities are always encouraged to apply for NIH support.

For institutions/organizations proposing multiple PDs/PIs, visit the Multiple Program Director/Principal Investigator Policy and submission details in the Senior/Key Person Profile (Expanded) Component of the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.

2. Cost Sharing

This FOA does not require cost sharing as defined in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

3. Additional Information on Eligibility

Number of Applications

Applicant organizations may submit more than one application, provided that each application is scientifically distinct.

The NIH will not accept duplicate or highly overlapping applications under review at the same time. This means that the NIH will not accept:

  • A new (A0) application that is submitted before issuance of the summary statement from the review of an overlapping new (A0) or resubmission (A1) application.
  • A resubmission (A1) application that is submitted before issuance of the summary statement from the review of the previous new (A0) application.
  • An application that has substantial overlap with another application pending appeal of initial peer review (see NOT-OD-11-101).

In addition, the NIH will not accept a resubmission (A1) application that is submitted later than 37 months after submission of the new (A0) application that it follows. The NIH will accept submission:

  • To an RFA of an application that was submitted previously as an investigator-initiated application but not paid;
  • Of an investigator-initiated application that was originally submitted to an RFA but not paid; or
  • Of an application with a changed grant activity code.

Section IV. Application and Submission Information

1. Requesting an Application Package

Applicants must download the SF424 (R&R) application package associated with this funding opportunity using the "Apply for Grant Electronically" button in this FOA or following the directions provided at Grants.gov.

2. Content and Form of Application Submission

It is critical that applicants follow the instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide, including Supplemental Grant Application Instructions except where instructed in this funding opportunity announcement to do otherwise. Conformance to the requirements in the Application Guide is required and strictly enforced. Applications that are out of compliance with these instructions may be delayed or not accepted for review.

For information on Application Submission and Receipt, visit Frequently Asked Questions – Application Guide, Electronic Submission of Grant Applications.

Letter of Intent

Although a letter of intent is not required, is not binding, and does not enter into the review of a subsequent application, the information that it contains allows IC staff to estimate the potential review workload and plan the review.

By the date listed in Part 1. Overview Information, prospective applicants are asked to submit a letter of intent that includes the following information:

  • Descriptive title of proposed activity
  • Name(s), address(es), and telephone number(s) of the PD(s)/PI(s)
  • Names of other key personnel
  • Participating institution(s)
  • Number and title of this funding opportunity

The letter of intent should be sent to:

Director, Office of Scientific Review
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
6701 Rockledge Drive, Room 7214
Bethesda, MD 20892-7924 (Express Mail ZIP: 20817)
Telephone: 301-435-0270
Fax: 301-480-0730
Email: nhlbichiefreviewbranch@nhlbi.nih.gov

Page Limitations

All page limitations described in the SF424 Application Guide and the Table of Page Limits must be followed.

Instructions for Application Submission

The following section supplements the instructions found in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide and should be used for preparing an application to this FOA.

SF424(R&R) Cover

All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.

SF424(R&R) Project/Performance Site Locations

All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed. Include the following:

Describe how the research infrastructure can support the implementation of the ACIP and provide access to, engagement of, and follow-up of children at high risk of poor asthma outcomes. Applications must include a proposed community-based ACIP. Community refers to organizations or institutions whose primary purpose is not medical care. The PI can work in and provide medical care in a hospital or clinic. However, the ACIP must be based in another location that is in the community.

SF424(R&R) Other Project Information

All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.

Facilities and Other Resources. Investigators who plan to apply for or will collaborate with a local Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA) funded by the National Institutes of Health should identify the roles and resources that are be available to support the proposed ACIP, commenting particularly on those aspects that will enhance their programmatic and scientific efficiency.

SF424(R&R) Senior/Key Person Profile

All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed. Include the following:

Describe experience with leading a community based effort or building the necessary collaborations for research. Describe multi-disciplinary expertise.

Modular Budget

All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.

R&R Subaward Budget

All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.

PHS 398 Cover Page Supplement

All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.

PHS 398 Research Plan

All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed, with the following additional instructions:

Specific Aims: The Specific Aims section should define the goals of the community needs assessment, how collaborators will be engaged to participate in the ACIP, and the development of a protocol to assess the ACIP.

Research Strategy:

Each element listed below is required for the application to be considered complete. The Research Strategy section must include all of the following elements:

  1. The plans for the proposed interventions that will be integrated to create an ACIP for children at high risk of poor outcomes in asthma.
    1. There must be at least one intervention that addresses children's care from the following sectors: medical care, family, home, and community. It is possible that a single intervention may represent care from more than one sector (i.e., four independent interventions are not required).
    2. The proposed interventions must be evidence-based.
    3. The plan for integrating the interventions into an ACIP must be described. The plan for integration should be novel so that the system of care in the ACIP represents a change from traditional approaches to care.
  2. The conceptual implementation research framework(s) or model(s) that underlie the anticipated ACIP and the evaluation of it.
    1. Examples include but are not limited to those reviewed in Am J Prev Med. 2012 Sep;43(3):337-50. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2012.05.024.
  3. A plan for a community based needs assessment for the care of children at high risk of poor outcomes in asthma:
    1. Describe the community, the identified stakeholders, the intended means of engaging stakeholders, data collection, analysis, and maintenance of stakeholder engagement; A diverse group of stakeholders is expected to include representative patients and their families, community organizations, health care organizations and medical professional groups, private industry and professionals with relevant expertise (insurers, foundations, housing experts, environmental groups).
    2. Identify the existing community resources, gaps in the resources or specific barriers to implementing evidence-based care within the local community; Identify what would be needed to address the community’s stated needs, and allow prioritization of the community's needs.
  4. A strategy to modify the planned ACIP based on the community needs and develop the modified ACIP.
    1. Specify the resource needs to develop the ACIP such as the people or organizations involved, the skill sets required, the materials required, and the technology that will enable the program.
    2. Describe the strategy to meet the resource needs and integrate the components of the program to enable beginning a clinical trial.
  5. A summary of the clinical trial to evaluate the ACIP relative to an appropriate comparator condition. The summary, which is not a full protocol, must include the following elements:
    1. Population: How will children at high risk of poor outcomes in asthma be identified within the community? What are the sizes of the communities to be studied? Who is the comparator group and why is it appropriate? What is the potential for interactions between the ACIP participants and the control group?
    2. Study design including treatment assignment and duration.
    3. Interventions that represent all of the sectors above and the comparator condition.
    4. Plan for integrating the interventions into a program of care around each child.
    5. Asthma outcomes such as:
      • Asthma control, exacerbation , or pulmonary physiology
      • Outcomes that measure the impact of the intervention(s) on disparities
      • Implementation outcomes (from Proctor, E., Silmere, H., Raghavan, R., Hovmand, P., Aarons, G., Bunger, A., Griffey, R., and Hensley, M. Outcomes for implementation research: Conceptual distinctions, measurement challenges, and research agenda. Adm Policy Ment Health (2011) 38: 65-76):
        1. Acceptability is the perception among implementation stakeholders that a given treatment, service, practice, or innovation is agreeable, palatable, or satisfactory.
        2. Adoption is defined as the intention, initial decision, or action to try or employ an innovation or evidence-based practice.
        3. Appropriateness is the perceived fit, relevance, or compatibility of the innovation or evidence-based practice for a given practice setting, provider, or consumer; and/or perceived fit of the innovation to address a particular issue or problem.
        4. Cost (incremental or implementation cost) is defined as the cost impact of an implementation effort.
        5. Feasibility is defined as the extent to which a new treatment, or an innovation, can be successfully used or carried out within a given agency or setting.
        6. Fidelity is defined as the degree to which an intervention was implemented as it was prescribed in the original protocol or as it was intended by the program developers.
        7. Penetration is defined as the integration of a practice within a service setting and its subsystems.
        8. Sustainability is defined as the extent to which a newly implemented treatment is maintained or institutionalized within a service setting’s ongoing, stable operations.
  6. Investigators who plan to apply for or will collaborate with applicants for a local Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA) funded by the National Institutes of Health should clarify where there is the potential for synergy and how any overlap in activities or duplication of resources will be managed.
  7. A description of the members of the multi-disciplinary research team and how they will work together.

Protection of Human Subjects:

Address the research conducted in the community needs assessment.

Inclusion of Women and Minorities:

Address the research conducted in the community needs assessment.

Inclusion of Children:

Address the research conducted in the community needs assessment.

Resource Sharing Plan: Individuals are required to comply with the instructions for the Resource Sharing Plans as provided in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide, with the following modification:

  • All applications submitted for the January 25, 2015, due date or after are expected to comply with the NIH Genomic Data Sharing Policy as detailed in NOT-OD-14-111, as applicable.
  • All applications, regardless of the amount of direct costs requested for any one year, should address a Data Sharing Plan.

Appendix: Do not use the Appendix to circumvent page limits. Follow all instructions for the Appendix as described in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.

Planned Enrollment Report

When conducting clinical research, follow all instructions for completing Planned Enrollment Reports as described in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.

PHS 398 Cumulative Inclusion Enrollment Report

When conducting clinical research, follow all instructions for completing Cumulative Inclusion Enrollment Report as described in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.

3. Submission Dates and Times

Part I. Overview Information contains information about Key Dates. Applicants are encouraged to submit applications before the due date to ensure they have time to make any application corrections that might be necessary for successful submission.

Organizations must submit applications to Grants.gov (the online portal to find and apply for grants across all Federal agencies). Applicants must then complete the submission process by tracking the status of the application in the eRA Commons, NIH’s electronic system for grants administration. NIH and Grants.gov systems check the application against many of the application instructions upon submission. Errors must be corrected and a changed/corrected application must be submitted to Grants.gov on or before the application due date. If a Changed/Corrected application is submitted after the deadline, the application will be considered late.

Applicants are responsible for viewing their application before the due date in the eRA Commons to ensure accurate and successful submission.

Information on the submission process and a definition of on-time submission are provided in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.

4. Intergovernmental Review (E.O. 12372)

This initiative is not subject to intergovernmental review.

5. Funding Restrictions

All NIH awards are subject to the terms and conditions, cost principles, and other considerations described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

Pre-award costs are allowable only as described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

6. Other Submission Requirements and Information

Applications must be submitted electronically following the instructions described in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide. Paper applications will not be accepted.

Applicants must complete all required registrations before the application due date. Section III. Eligibility Information contains information about registration.

For assistance with your electronic application or for more information on the electronic submission process, visit Applying Electronically. If you encounter a system issue beyond your control that threatens your ability to complete the submission process on-time, you must follow the Guidelines for Applicants Experiencing System Issues.

Important reminders:

All PD(s)/PI(s) must include their eRA Commons ID in the Credential field of the Senior/Key Person Profile Component of the SF424(R&R) Application Package. Failure to register in the Commons and to include a valid PD/PI Commons ID in the credential field will prevent the successful submission of an electronic application to NIH. See Section III of this FOA for information on registration requirements.

The applicant organization must ensure that the DUNS number it provides on the application is the same number used in the organization’s profile in the eRA Commons and for the System for Award Management. Additional information may be found in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.

See more tips for avoiding common errors.

Upon receipt, applications will be evaluated for completeness and compliance with application instructions by the Center for Scientific Review and responsiveness by components of participating organizations, NIH. Applications that are incomplete, non-compliant and/or nonresponsive will not be reviewed.

Post Submission Materials

Applicants are required to follow the instructions for post-submission materials, as described in NOT-OD-13-030.

Section V. Application Review Information

1. Criteria

Only the review criteria described below will be considered in the review process. As part of the NIH mission, all applications submitted to the NIH in support of biomedical and behavioral research are evaluated for scientific and technical merit through the NIH peer review system.

Overall Impact

Reviewers will provide an overall impact score to reflect their assessment of the likelihood for the project to exert a sustained, powerful influence on the research field(s) involved, in consideration of the following review criteria and additional review criteria (as applicable for the project proposed).

Scored Review Criteria

Reviewers will consider each of the review criteria below in the determination of scientific merit, and give a separate score for each. An application does not need to be strong in all categories to be judged likely to have major scientific impact. For example, a project that by its nature is not innovative may be essential to advance a field.

Significance

Does the project address an important problem or a critical barrier to progress in the field? If the aims of the project are achieved, how will scientific knowledge, technical capability, and/or clinical practice be improved? How will successful completion of the aims change the concepts, methods, technologies, treatments, services, or preventative interventions that drive this field? How much will this research reduce disparities in asthma outcomes?

Investigator(s)

Are the PD(s)/PI(s), collaborators, and other researchers well suited to the project? If Early Stage Investigators or New Investigators, or in the early stages of independent careers, do they have appropriate experience and training? If established, have they demonstrated an ongoing record of accomplishments that have advanced their field(s)? If the project is collaborative or multi-PD/PI, do the investigators have complementary and integrated expertise; are their leadership approach, governance and organizational structure appropriate for the project? Does the PD/PI or Multi-PD/PI team have evidence of leading a community based effort or building the necessary collaborations for this research? Do the proposed investigators have the necessary multi-disciplinary expertise?

Innovation

Does the application challenge and seek to shift current research or clinical practice paradigms by utilizing novel theoretical concepts, approaches or methodologies, instrumentation, or interventions? Are the concepts, approaches or methodologies, instrumentation, or interventions novel to one field of research or novel in a broad sense? Is a refinement, improvement, or new application of theoretical concepts, approaches or methodologies, instrumentation, or interventions proposed? Given the interventions must be evidence-based (and, therefore, not novel), is the plan to integrate the interventions in the ACIP novel? Would implementation of the ACIP represent a substantial change from current practices in the care of children at high risk of poor asthma outcomes?

Approach

Are the overall strategy, methodology, and analyses well-reasoned and appropriate to accomplish the specific aims of the project? Are potential problems, alternative strategies, and benchmarks for success presented? If the project is in the early stages of development, will the strategy establish feasibility and will particularly risky aspects be managed? Is the approach to the community needs assessment likely to be representative of the appropriate population? Is the comparator group or condition appropriate? Is the conceptual implementation framework effectively used to develop the research plan? Do the proposed interventions adequately represent care provided by the medical profession, the family, the home environment, and the community? Does the application acknowledge and address a strategy for maximizing the feasibility of the proposed ACIP and potential modifications based on the needs assessment?

If the project involves human subjects and/or NIH-defined clinical research, are the plans to address 1) the protection of human subjects from research risks, and 2) inclusion (or exclusion) of individuals on the basis of sex/gender, race, and ethnicity, as well as the inclusion or exclusion of children, justified in terms of the scientific goals and research strategy proposed?

Environment

Will the scientific environment in which the work will be done contribute to the probability of success? Are the institutional support, equipment and other physical resources available to the investigators adequate for the project proposed? Will the project benefit from unique features of the scientific environment, subject populations, or collaborative arrangements? Will the research infrastructure support the implementation of the ACIP and provide access to, engagement of, and follow-up of children at high risk of poor asthma outcomes?

Additional Review Criteria

As applicable for the project proposed, reviewers will evaluate the following additional items while determining scientific and technical merit, and in providing an overall impact score, but will not give separate scores for these items.

Protections for Human Subjects

For research that involves human subjects but does not involve one of the six categories of research that are exempt under 45 CFR Part 46, the committee will evaluate the justification for involvement of human subjects and the proposed protections from research risk relating to their participation according to the following five review criteria: 1) risk to subjects, 2) adequacy of protection against risks, 3) potential benefits to the subjects and others, 4) importance of the knowledge to be gained, and 5) data and safety monitoring for clinical trials.

For research that involves human subjects and meets the criteria for one or more of the six categories of research that are exempt under 45 CFR Part 46, the committee will evaluate: 1) the justification for the exemption, 2) human subjects involvement and characteristics, and 3) sources of materials. For additional information on review of the Human Subjects section, please refer to the Guidelines for the Review of Human Subjects.

Inclusion of Women, Minorities, and Children

When the proposed project involves human subjects and/or NIH-defined clinical research, the committee will evaluate the proposed plans for the inclusion (or exclusion) of individuals on the basis of sex/gender, race, and ethnicity, as well as the inclusion (or exclusion) of children to determine if it is justified in terms of the scientific goals and research strategy proposed. For additional information on review of the Inclusion section, please refer to the Guidelines for the Review of Inclusion in Clinical Research.

Vertebrate Animals

Not Applicable

Biohazards

Reviewers will assess whether materials or procedures proposed are potentially hazardous to research personnel and/or the environment, and if needed, determine whether adequate protection is proposed.

Resubmissions

Not Applicable

Renewals

Not Applicable

Revisions

Not Applicable

Additional Review Considerations

As applicable for the project proposed, reviewers will consider each of the following items, but will not give scores for these items, and should not consider them in providing an overall impact score.

Applications from Foreign Organizations

Not Applicable

Select Agent Research

Reviewers will assess the information provided in this section of the application, including 1) the Select Agent(s) to be used in the proposed research, 2) the registration status of all entities where Select Agent(s) will be used, 3) the procedures that will be used to monitor possession use and transfer of Select Agent(s), and 4) plans for appropriate biosafety, biocontainment, and security of the Select Agent(s).

Resource Sharing Plans

Reviewers will comment on whether the following Resource Sharing Plans, or the rationale for not sharing the following types of resources, are reasonable: 1) Data Sharing Plan; 2) Sharing Model Organisms; and 3) Genomic Wide Association Studies (GWAS) /Genomic Data Sharing Plan.

Budget and Period of Support

Reviewers will consider whether the budget and the requested period of support are fully justified and reasonable in relation to the proposed research.

2. Review and Selection Process

Applications will be evaluated for scientific and technical merit by (an) appropriate Scientific Review Group(s) convened by NHLBI in accordance with NIH peer review policy and procedures, using the stated review criteria. Assignment to a Scientific Review Group will be shown in the eRA Commons.

As part of the scientific peer review, all applications:

  • May undergo a selection process in which only those applications deemed to have the highest scientific and technical merit (generally the top half of applications under review) will be discussed and assigned an overall impact score.
  • Will receive a written critique.

Appeals of initial peer review will not be accepted for applications submitted in response to this FOA.

Applications will be assigned to the appropriate NIH Institute or Center. Applications will compete for available funds with all other recommended applications submitted in response to this FOA. Following initial peer review, recommended applications will receive a second level of review by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Advisory Council. The following will be considered in making funding decisions:

  • Scientific and technical merit of the proposed project as determined by scientific peer review.
  • Availability of funds.
  • Relevance of the proposed project to program priorities.

3. Anticipated Announcement and Award Dates

After the peer review of the application is completed, the PD/PI will be able to access his or her Summary Statement (written critique) via the eRA Commons.

Information regarding the disposition of applications is available in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

Section VI. Award Administration Information

1. Award Notices

If the application is under consideration for funding, NIH will request "just-in-time" information from the applicant as described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

A formal notification in the form of a Notice of Award (NoA) will be provided to the applicant organization for successful applications. The NoA signed by the grants management officer is the authorizing document and will be sent via email to the grantee’s business official.

Awardees must comply with any funding restrictions described in Section IV.5. Funding Restrictions. Selection of an application for award is not an authorization to begin performance. Any costs incurred before receipt of the NoA are at the recipient's risk. These costs may be reimbursed only to the extent considered allowable pre-award costs.

Any application awarded in response to this FOA will be subject to terms and conditions found on the Award Conditions and Information for NIH Grants website. This includes any recent legislation and policy applicable to awards that is highlighted on this website.

2. Administrative and National Policy Requirements

All NIH grant and cooperative agreement awards include the NIH Grants Policy Statement as part of the NoA. For these terms of award, see the NIH Grants Policy Statement Part II: Terms and Conditions of NIH Grant Awards, Subpart A: General and Part II: Terms and Conditions of NIH Grant Awards, Subpart B: Terms and Conditions for Specific Types of Grants, Grantees, and Activities. More information is provided at Award Conditions and Information for NIH Grants.

Cooperative Agreement Terms and Conditions of Award

The following special terms of award are in addition to, and not in lieu of, otherwise applicable U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) administrative guidelines, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) grant administration regulations at 45 CFR Parts 74 and 92 (Part 92 is applicable when State and local Governments are eligible to apply), and other HHS, PHS, and NIH grant administration policies.

The administrative and funding instrument used for this program will be the cooperative agreement, an "assistance" mechanism (rather than an "acquisition" mechanism), in which substantial NIH programmatic involvement with the awardees is anticipated during the performance of the activities. Under the cooperative agreement, the NIH purpose is to support and stimulate the recipients' activities by involvement in and otherwise working jointly with the award recipients in a partnership role; it is not to assume direction, prime responsibility, or a dominant role in the activities. Consistent with this concept, the dominant role and prime responsibility resides with the awardees for the project as a whole, although specific tasks and activities may be shared among the awardees and the NIH as defined below.

The PD(s)/PI(s) will have the primary responsibility for:

  • Identifying the appropriate stakeholders to participate in the community needs assessment.
  • Convening the stakeholders for the community based needs assessment.
  • Creating a report of the findings of the community based needs assessment.
  • Proposing the interventions to be included in the program of care.
  • Revising the proposed interventions and subsequent clinical trial based on the needs assessment.
  • Engaging collaborators representative of four sectors (one of which may be their own) and obtaining commitments of resources from them.
  • Regular conference calls with the Program Official are expected throughout the one-year project period to engage NHLBI Staff for needs of the program. It is expected that by the mid-point of the project period, the NHLBI Program Officer will partner with the Awardee to facilitate the application of the community assessment to ensure the continuity of the research.
  • Awardees will retain custody of and have primary rights to the data and software developed under these awards, subject to Government rights of access consistent with current DHHS, PHS, and NIH policies.

NIH staff have substantial programmatic involvement that is above and beyond the normal stewardship role in awards, as described below:

  • The Program Official will have regularly contact with awardees via teleconferences to discuss how the project addresses the purpose of this FOA.
  • The Program Official will provide feedback on the planned community needs assessment and the findings once completed.
  • The Program Official will discuss how interventions will be refined as well as the clinical trial protocol development on the basis of the community needs assessment.
  • The Program Official will encourage planning for collaborator engagement and ongoing stakeholder consultation as needed.
  • Additionally, the Program Official will be responsible for the normal scientific and programmatic stewardship of the award and will be named in the award notice.

Areas of Joint Responsibility include:

  • Review of the community based needs assessment to identify any gaps in information or the need for further communication to enable refinement of the program of care and protocol to evaluate it.
  • Discussion of the whether the interventions, as they are refined, adequately the represent the four sectors of care.

Dispute Resolution:

Any disagreements that may arise in scientific or programmatic matters (within the scope of the award) between award recipients and the NIH may be brought to Dispute Resolution. A Dispute Resolution Panel composed of three members will be convened. It will have three members: a designee of the grantee, an NIH designee, and a third designee with expertise in the relevant area who is chosen by the other two. This special dispute resolution procedure does not alter the awardee's right to appeal an adverse action that is otherwise appealable in accordance with PHS regulation 42 CFR Part 50, Subpart D and DHHS regulation 45 CFR Part 16.

3. Reporting

When multiple years are involved, awardees will be required to submit the Research Performance Progress Report (RPPR) annually and financial statements as required in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

A final progress report, invention statement, and the expenditure data portion of the Federal Financial Report are required for closeout of an award, as described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

The Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 (Transparency Act), includes a requirement for awardees of Federal grants to report information about first-tier subawards and executive compensation under Federal assistance awards issued in FY2011 or later. All awardees of applicable NIH grants and cooperative agreements are required to report to the Federal Subaward Reporting System (FSRS) available at www.fsrs.gov on all subawards over $25,000. See the NIH Grants Policy Statement for additional information on this reporting requirement.

Section VII. Agency Contacts

We encourage inquiries concerning this funding opportunity and welcome the opportunity to answer questions from potential applicants.

Application Submission Contacts

eRA Commons Help Desk (Questions regarding eRA Commons registration, submitting and tracking an application, documenting system problems that threaten submission by the due date, post submission issues)
Telephone: 301-402-7469 or 866-504-9552 (Toll Free)
Finding Help Online: http://grants.nih.gov/support/index.html
Email: commons@od.nih.gov

Grants.gov Customer Support (Questions regarding Grants.gov registration and submission, downloading forms and application packages)
Contact CenterTelephone: 800-518-4726
Email: support@grants.gov

GrantsInfo (Questions regarding application instructions and process, finding NIH grant resources)
Telephone: 301-710-0267
Email: GrantsInfo@nih.gov

Scientific/Research Contact(s)

Michelle M. Freemer, M.D.
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Telephone: 301-435-0202
Email: michelle.freemer@nih.gov

Peer Review Contact(s)

Director, Office of Scientific Review
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Telephone: 301-435-0270
Email: nhlbichiefreviewbranch@nhlbi.nih.gov

Financial/Grants Management Contact(s)

Catherine Sanchez
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Telephone: 301-402-3839
Email: sanchezc@nhlbi.nih.gov

Section VIII. Other Information

Recently issued trans-NIH policy notices may affect your application submission. A full list of policy notices published by NIH is provided in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. All awards are subject to the terms and conditions, cost principles, and other considerations described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

Authority and Regulations

Awards are made under the authorization of Sections 301 and 405 of the Public Health Service Act as amended (42 USC 241 and 284) and under Federal Regulations 42 CFR Part 52 and 45 CFR Parts 74 and 92.

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