REVISED OCTOBER 2018. This document applies to all NIH grants and cooperative agreements for budget periods beginning on or after October 1, 2018

1.1 Abbreviations

Exhibit 1: Abbreviation and full language of acronyms used in the Grants Policy Statement

Abbreviation Full Meaning of Abbreviation
A&R Alteration and Renovation
ACF Administration for Children and Families
ACH Automated Clearinghouse
ACL Administration for Community Living
AHRQ Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
AIA American Institute of Architects
AoA Administration on Aging
AOR Authorized Organization RepresentativeThe individual, named by the applicant organization, who is authorized to act for the applicant and to assume the obligations imposed by the Federal laws, regulations, requirements, and conditions that apply to grant applications or grant awards. This individual is equivalent to the signing official in the eRA Commons, i.e., holds the SO Role.
APAC Annual Payback Activities Certification
AREA Academic Research and Enhancement Award
ASHRAE American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers
BSO Biological Safety Officer
CDA Career Development Award
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CFDA Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance
CFR Code of Federal Regulations
CGMO Chief Grants Management OfficerAn NIH official responsible for the business management aspects of grants and cooperative agreements, including review, negotiation, award, and administration, and for the interpretation of grants administration policies and provisions. GMOs are delegated the authority from the CGMO to obligate NIH to the expenditure of funds and permit changes to approved projects on behalf of NIH. Each NIH IC that awards grants has one or more GMOs with responsibility for particular programs or awards. See also Chief Grants Management Officer definition.
CM Construction Manager
CMS Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
CoC Certificate of Confidentiality
COR Career Opportunities in Research Education and Training Program
CSR Center for Scientific Review
DAB Departmental Appeals Board
DCA Division of Cost Allocation, HHS
DCGP Division of Central Grants Processing, OER, NIH
DCIS Departmental Contracts Information System
DEA Drug Enforcement Administration
DEITR Division of Extramural Inventions & Technology Resources, OPERA, OER, NIH
DES Department of Engineering Services, NIH
DFAS Division of Financial Advisory Services, NIH
DGCO Division of Grants Compliance and Oversight, OPERA, OER, NIH
DGP Division of Grants Policy, OPERA, OER, NIH
DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid
DoC Department of Commerce
DoD Department of Defense
DoL Department of Labor
DPI Division of Program Integrity, OMA, NIH
DRR Division of Receipt and Referral, CSR
DSMB Data and Safety Monitoring Board
EA Environmental Assessment
eFSR/FFR Electronic Financial Status Report/Federal Financial Report
EIN Entity Identification Number
EIS Environmental Impact Statement
EO Executive Order
eRA Electronic Research Administration
ESI

Early Stage InvestigatorAn individual who is classified as a New Investigator and is within 10 years of completing his/her terminal research degree or is within 10 years of completing medical residency (or the equivalent) is considered an Early Stage Investigator (ESI). See definition of New Investigator.

eSNAP Electronic Streamlined Non-competing Award Process
F&A Facilities and Administrative (costs)
FAC Federal Audit Clearinghouse
FAIN Federal Award Identification Number
FAR Federal Acquisition Regulation
FCOI Financial Conflict of Interest
FDA Food and Drug Administration
FDAAA Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007
FDP Federal Demonstration Partnership
FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency
FFATA Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act
FFR Federal Financial Report (SF425)
FIC Fogarty International Center
FICA Federal Insurance Contributions Act
FOA Funding Opportunity AnnouncementA publicly available document by which a Federal Agency makes known its intentions to award discretionary grants or cooperative agreements, usually as a result of competition for funds. Funding opportunity announcements may be known as program announcements, requests for applications, notices of funding availability, solicitations, or other names depending on the Agency and type of program. Funding opportunity announcements can be found at Grants.gov/FIND and in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts.
FOI Freedom of Information
FOIA Freedom of Information Act
FSR Financial Status Report (SF 269 or 269A)
FTR Federal Travel Regulation
FWA Federalwide Assurance
GAAP Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
GAGAS Generally Accepted Government Accounting Standards
GeMCRIS Genetic Modification Clinical Research Information System
GMO Grants Management OfficerAn NIH official responsible for the business management aspects of grants and cooperative agreements, including review, negotiation, award, and administration, and for the interpretation of grants administration policies and provisions. GMOs are delegated the authority from the CGMO to obligate NIH to the expenditure of funds and permit changes to approved projects on behalf of NIH. Each NIH IC that awards grants has one or more GMOs with responsibility for particular programs or awards. See also Chief Grants Management Officer definition.
GMP Guaranteed Maximum Price
GMS Grants Management Specialist
GPO Government Printing Office
GSA General Services Administration
GWAS Genome-wide Association Studies
hESC Human Embryonic Stem Cells
HHS U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
HIPAA Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
HIS Indian Health Service
HPSL Health Professional Student Loan
HRSA Health Resources and Services Administration
HVAC Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning
IACUC Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee
IBC Institutional Biosafety Committee
IBS Institutional Base Salary
ICThe NIH organizational component responsible for a particular grant program or set of activities. The terms "NIH IC," or "awarding IC" are used throughout this document to designate a point of contact for advice and interpretation of grant requirements and to establish the focal point for requesting necessary prior approvals or changes in the terms and conditions of award. Institute or CenterThe NIH organizational component responsible for a particular grant program or set of activities. The terms "NIH IC," or "awarding IC" are used throughout this document to designate a point of contact for advice and interpretation of grant requirements and to establish the focal point for requesting necessary prior approvals or changes in the terms and conditions of award.
IDE Investigational Device Exception
IHE Institutions of Higher Education
IND Investigational New Drug
IPA Intergovernmental Personnel Act
IPF Institutional Profile File
IR&D Independent Research and Development
IRB Institutional Review Board
IRG Initial Review Group
IRS Internal Revenue Service
IVF In vitro Fertilization
K award Career Award
Kirschstein-NRSA Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award
LWOP Leave Without Pay
MARC-U*STAR Maximizing Access to Research Careers Undergraduate Student Training in Academic Research Program
MOU Memorandum of Understanding
MTDC Modified Total Direct Cost
NCATS National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences
NCT National Clinical Trial
ND Not Discussed
NEARC National External Audit Review Center, OIG
NEI National Eye Institute
NEPA National Environmental Policy Act
NFI Notice of Federal Interest
NFPA National Fire Protection Association
NHSC National Health Service Corps
NICHD Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute for Child Health and Human Development
NIDCR National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research
NIGMS National Institute of General Medical Sciences
NIH National Institutes of Health
NIH MSID NIH manuscript submission reference number
NIHGPS National Institutes of Health Grants Policy Statement
NIMH National Institute of Mental Health
NINR National Institute on Nursing Research
NLM National Library of Medicine
NoANotice of Award: The official, legally binding document, signed (or the electronic equivalent of signature) by a Grants Management Officer that: (1) notifies the recipient of the award of a grant; (2) contains or references all the terms and conditions of the grant and Federal funding limits and obligations; and, (3) provides the documentary basis for recording the obligation of Federal funds in the NIH accounting system. Notice of Award"The official, legally binding document, signed (or the electronic equivalent of signature) by a Grants Management Officer that: (1) notifies the recipient of the award of a grant; (2) contains or references all the terms and conditions of the grant and Federal funding limits and obligations; and, (3) provides the documentary basis for recording the obligation of Federal funds in the NIH accounting system."
NTIS National Technical Information Service
OASH Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health
OCR Office for Civil Rights, HHS
OEP Office of Extramural Programs, OER, NIH
OER Office of Extramural Research, NIH
OFCCP Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs, DoL
OFM Office of Financial Management, NIH
OHRP Office for Human Research Protections, HHS
OIG Office of the Inspector General
OIR Office of Intramural Research, NIH
OLAW Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare, NIH
OMA Office of Management Assessment, NIH
OMB Office of Management and Budget
ONR Office of Naval Research
OPERA Office of Policy for Extramural Research Administration, OER, NIH
ORI Office of Research Integrity, HHS
OSC Other Significant Contributor
P.L. Public Law
PA Program Announcement
PAR Program Announcement with Special Review Criteria
PD/PI Program Director/Principal InvestigatorThe individual(s) designated by the applicant organization/recipient to have the appropriate level of authority and responsibility to direct the project or program to be supported by the award. The applicant organization may designate multiple individuals as program directors/principal investigators (PD/PIs) who share the authority and responsibility for leading and directing the project, intellectually and logistically. When multiple PD/PIs are named, each is responsible and accountable to the official(s) at the applicant organization/recipient, or as appropriate, to a collaborating organization for the proper conduct of the project, program, or activity including the submission of all required reports. The presence of more than one PD/PI on an application or award diminishes neither the responsibility nor the accountability of any individual PD/PI.
pdf portable document format
PHS Public Health Service
PII Personally Identifiable Information
PMC PubMed Central
PMCID PubMed Central Identification/reference number
PMS Payment Management SystemThe HHS centralized grants payment system operated by the Payment Management Service, Program Support Center. Most HHS (and some other Federal government agencies') recipients receive grant payments through this system., Payment Management Service, HHS
PO Program Official
PSC Payback Service Center, NIH, or Program Support Center, HHS
PTE Pass-through Entity
R&D Research and Development
R&R Research and Related
RePORT Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tool
RFA Request for Applications
RFP Request for Proposals
ROTC Reserve Officer Training Corps
RPPR Research Performance Progress Report
S&W Salaries and Wages
SAM System for Award Management
SAMHSA Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
SBA Small business Administration
SBC Small Business Concern
SBIR Small Business Innovation Research Program
SEP Special Emphasis Panel
SEVIS Student and Exchange Visitor Information System
SF Standard Form
SF424(R&R) Standard Form 424 for Research and Research-Related (R&R)
SII Successor-In-Interest
SNAP Streamlined Non-competing Award Process
SO Signing Official
SPOC State Single Point of Contact
SRG Scientific Review Group
SROScientific Review Officer: The NIH official who serves as the designated Federal official having legal responsibility for managing the peer review meeting, the procedures for evaluating the applications assigned to the SRG and the determinations and management of conflicts of interest, as noted in 42 CFR 52(h). Scientific Review Officer
STTR Small Business Technology Transfer Program
TVPA Trafficking Victims Protection Act
U.S. United States
U.S.C. United States Code
USCIS United States Citizenship and Immigration Services
USDA United States Department of Agriculture
USPS United States Postal Service
VA Department of Veterans Affairs
VAMC VA Medical Center
VANPC VA-Affiliated Non-Profit research Corporation
VAT Value Added Tax
VHA Veterans Health Administration
WIC Women, Infants and Children