National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Funding Opportunity Title
Clinical Sequencing Exploratory Research (UM1)
UM1 Research Project – Cooperative Agreements
Reissue of RFA-HG-10-017
Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) Number
Companion Funding Opportunity
RFA-HG-12-008, Clinical Sequencing Exploratory Research Program Coordinating Center (U01)
Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Number(s)
Funding Opportunity Purpose
The NHGRI and NIDA seek grant applications to explore, within an active clinical setting, the application of genomic sequence data to the care of patients. Our understanding of human genetic variation and its association with disease risk and with individual response to treatment continues to expand rapidly. Simultaneously, a revolution has occurred in genomic sequencing technologies, making it technically and economically feasible to consider the application and utilization of genomic sequence data in clinical care. Applications submitted in response to this FOA will address critical questions about the application of genomic sequencing to clinical care of individual patients, from generation of genomic sequence data, to interpretation and translation of the data for the physician, to communication to the patient, including an examination of the ethical, legal and psychosocial implications of bringing broad genomic data into the clinic.
April 20, 2012
Open Date (Earliest Submission Date)
June 26, 2012
Letter of Intent Due Date
June 26, 2012
Application Due Date(s)
July 26, 2012, by 5:00 PM local time of applicant organization.
AIDS Application Due Date(s)
Scientific Merit Review
Advisory Council Review
Earliest Start Date(s)
July 27, 2012
Due Dates for E.O. 12372
Required Application Instructions
It is critical that applicants follow the instructions in the SF 424 (R&R) Application Guide, except where instructed to do otherwise (in this FOA or in a Notice from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts). Conformance to all requirements (both in the Application Guide and the FOA) is required and strictly enforced. Applicants must read and follow all application instructions in the Application Guide as well as any program-specific instructions noted in Section IV. When the program-specific instructions deviate from those in the Application Guide, follow the program-specific instructions. Applications that do not comply with these instructions may be delayed or not accepted for review.
Part 1. Overview Information
Part 2. Full Text of the Announcement
Section I. Funding Opportunity Description
Section II. Award Information
Section III. Eligibility Information
Section IV. Application and Submission Information
Section V. Application Review Information
Section VI. Award Administration Information
Section VII. Agency Contacts
Section VIII. Other Information
The NHGRI and NIDA seek grant applications to explore, within an active clinical setting, the application of genomic sequence data to the care of patients. Our understanding of human genetic variation and its association with disease risk and with individual response to treatment continues to expand rapidly. Simultaneously, a revolution has occurred in genomic sequencing technologies, making it technically and economically feasible to consider the application and utilization of genomic sequence data in clinical care. Applications submitted in response to this FOA will address critical questions about the application of genomic sequencing to clinical care of individual patients, from generation of genomic sequence data, to interpretation and translation of the data for the physician, to communication to the patient. Applications also will include an examination of the ethical and psychosocial implications of bringing broad genomic data into the clinic.
A new generation of DNA sequencing instruments has made it feasible to determine the complete sequence of a human genome for costs of thousands of dollars rather than the millions of only a few years ago. The cost of determining the protein-coding sequences within the genome (i.e., the exome) is lower yet by a factor of five to ten. The time is rapidly approaching when health care providers will be able to obtain the complete genomic sequence of their patients, and we can already anticipate many questions about how this information will be used to inform medical and preventive care decisions. Already today, a small number of well-studied alleles may be examined and results applied to clinical decisions. Currently, individual genetic test results for a few specific conditions, such as adverse drug reactions, HLA type, and hemoglobinopathies, are available in most clinical centers, and the potential for applying data from dense SNP arrays to clinical decisions is being explored in a few. However, we do not yet understand the full potential for the application of genomic sequencing to assess routinely individual variation of potential medical relevance. For example, it is unclear what diseases or individual susceptibilities will be usefully addressed by a genomic sequencing approach, or what the potential range of clinical applications will be. Furthermore, incorporating comprehensive genomic sequence data in clinical care will require the development of institutional policies, standardization of procedures (including simplified analysis and interpretive tools), and development of the capacity to integrate sequence information into the clinical workflow. Much exploratory research is required to understand the current potential of the use of sequence information in personalized genomic medicine and to identify the areas of opportunity for innovation.
The six awarded research projects granted in response to RFA-HG-10-017 (see http://www.genome.gov/27546194) and those solicited by this FOA are expected to begin to generate a foundation on which to build the infrastructure and methods necessary to routinely interrogate a patient’s unique genetic code and to apply this fundamental knowledge to her/his medical care. This objective requires that a large fraction of each patient’s genomic sequence be obtained and analyzed. Research approaches can include high-coverage sequencing of large targeted regions of the genome, targeted whole exome sequencing, or even whole genome sequencing, pertaining to any disease where obtaining sequence information from individuals is likely to have a clinical impact. However, whole exome sequencing approaches are particularly encouraged.
Genomic sequencing at the breadth of coverage required as a condition of this FOA will reveal thousands of rare or individually unique variants, most of which will not have been previously identified. To begin to integrate this genetic knowledge into clinical care, many steps are necessary. Annotation of variants with respect to function (e.g., those that disrupt protein structure), unambiguous association with disease susceptibility (e.g., CFH variants and macular degeneration), and clinical utility (e.g., a favorable balance of benefits to risks in terms of implications for health outcomes and personal impact to the patient) must be addressed. The subset of variants that are determined to be useful for clinical consideration must be identified and presented to the clinician in an intuitive, user-friendly summary report. A range of approaches may need to be developed with respect to offering to return research results (particularly incidental findings) to patients, depending on the nature of the disorder or patient population that is the primary focus of study. For example, assessments of clinical utility (especially for the return of incidental findings) may be very different for patients (and family members of patients) with advanced stage metastatic cancer than for patients with less acutely life-threatening diseases. Special considerations may also apply to studies with pediatric patients. In addition, approaches to clinical translation are likely to evolve during the next decade in response to changes in healthcare, developments in sequencing and informatics, a greater understanding of disease biology, and a more mature understanding of the associated ethical, legal, and social implications (ELSI). The collaborative and cooperative nature of this program is designed to facilitate the development and standardization of best practices and common approaches to clinical translation, taking into consideration the different needs of different types of patient populations.
Applications submitted in response to this FOA should also include an empirical (behavioral or social science) research component designed to investigate the experiences of patients and clinicians with respect to the return of individual research results. While issues related to the return of results are neither new nor unique to the context of genomics research, several unique characteristics of genomic sequencing make their resolution in this particular context especially challenging. First, these projects—unlike more traditional genetics research projects that involve the interrogation of more discrete parts of the genome—will involve the generation of information which will, by definition, be both voluminous and comprehensive in scope. While applicants to this FOA may or may not uncover the particular variant or variants they were originally looking for (related to the disease or trait of initial interest), they will inevitably uncover many incidental findings—findings that are apparently unrelated to the original research questions. Such incidental findings will include variants of both known and unknown significance, information about carrier status, and information about risk for late-onset disorders. Considerable controversy exists about the precise threshold of utility that should be required before a result can or should be returned to a research subject or a patient. Deciding what to do with these findings will present researchers with significant medical and ethical challenges. Investigators participating in this consortium which will include NHGRI and NIDA funded investigators will frequently interact with the NHGRI Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications (ELSI) Return of Results (RoR) Consortium (http://www.genome.gov/27545526), formed to shed light on real-life applications of returning genomic results to study participants as well as some of the legal and ethical issues surrounding returning research results.
For the remainder of this FOA, the term “patients”, rather than “participants”, will be used to describe the individuals whose genomic information will be stored, analyzed, interpreted, and (potentially) communicated in this research, because such information will ultimately be used in the clinical setting. Notwithstanding this terminology, applicants should remain alert at all times to the fundamental distinction between research and clinical care and to the different ethical obligations and implications for human subjects research that apply in each context.
As the objective of this FOA is to support fundamental research on the clinical application of genome-scale sequence data, applications proposing to sequence only one or a few loci will not be considered responsive. Applicants must address how procedures and tools will be developed or standardized to begin to integrate sequence information into clinical care. Although research funded through this FOA may uncover novel alleles during the course of the work, applications that focus primarily on discovery rather than clinical application will not be considered to be responsive.
Applications to this FOA should be organized in three integrated components: 1) study design and clinical rationale, 2) analysis and interpretation of sequence data, and 3) research on the ethical and psychosocial implications of using and communicating or not communicating these data in clinical settings. A separate Research Plan should be provided for each component. A description of the overall project management plan and integration of components is also crucial and should be provided separately. Expertise is essential in all areas addressed by the FOA: clinical medicine, genomic analysis, bioinformatics, bioethics, and social or behavioral sciences. One Principal Investigator (PI) should be designated as the clinical lead. Designation of additional PIs, with the appropriate experience and expertise to lead components 2 or 3, is encouraged, as suitable for the specific Research Plan.
1. Study design and clinical rationale (12 pages). The Research Plan should address one or more medical areas of emphasis (i.e., disease or therapeutic approach) or a specific approach to the use of genotype-phenotype data within a clinical context (e.g., risk prediction modeling or cancer mutation profiling). Efforts to discover new disease alleles may be included in the Research Plan but are not necessary or encouraged. Applicants should justify the features of the disease or approach that make incorporation of clinical genomic sequence data particularly compelling. Power calculations may be used to justify study design; however, given the exploratory nature of this FOA, other metrics may be acceptable. Phenotypic data elements should be described fully, including methods for ascertainment, standardization and validation as relevant. Additionally, applicants should provide a detailed description of any ongoing study/cohort recruitment, including plans to reconsent patients for the study, or of readiness to enroll new appropriately consented patients in the study. The informed consent must describe the potential benefits and risks of genomic sequencing and how individual research findings are expected to be offered back to patients and incorporated into the patient’s clinical care. Given the significant ethical complexities involved in acquiring large amounts of genomic sequence data relating to identified patients, in deciding which individual findings to offer to return to patients, and in deciding when and how to communicate such findings, it is likely that all patients recruited for these studies—even those who have previously provided consent to participate in genomic research--will need to provide informed consent appropriate for participation in the study.
This component of the application should address:
A) Medical Objectives and Rationale
B) Translation and Dissemination of Sequence Information in the Clinical Setting
2. Sequencing, analysis, and interpretation of sequencing data (12 pages). Most clinicians will have neither the expertise nor the time during the normal clinical workflow to analyze extensive genomic sequencing datasets and extract from these voluminous data the subset of information that is of medical relevance and clinically actionable. This FOA therefore anticipates not only the need to generate individual sequence data in the course of clinical care, but the need to categorize sequence variants efficiently and identify those that are potentially clinically actionable, and to provide this information to the practicing clinician in a user-friendly format with rapid turnaround time. Investigations of more facile methods for sequencing data interpretation and timeliness of delivery of findings, from sequence generation to clinical summary, are important objectives of this FOA. Applications should thus include as part of the Research Plan the development of methods to analyze genomic sequence data for clinically actionable variants, parse the data into manageable components (to be defined by the applicant), and translate findings into a format to ease interpretation by the clinician. Subsequently, the transmission of this information to the patient requires a high level of comprehension by the physician or other healthcare provider (such as a genetic counselor or nurse). This component also contains the genomic sequencing data generation description.
This component of the application should address:
A) Genomic Sequencing Plan
B) Genomic Sequence Analysis
C) Clinical Interpretation and Transmission
3. Ethical and psychosocial implications research (12 pages). Most ethicists agree that individual sequence variation results should be offered only in circumstances where they have actual utility. However, considerable controversy exists about the precise threshold of utility that that is required before a result can or should be returned. Some take the position that proven clinical utility is necessary (i.e., that some recognized preventive or therapeutic intervention must exist), while others believe that personal utility (e.g., the possibility that the information could be used for reproductive decision-making or general life planning) or even the mere recognition that the information may be useful in and of itself (e.g., by enhancing one’s sense of personal identity) may be sufficient. Assessments of clinical utility (especially for incidental findings) may also be very different in different patient populations. For example, assessments of clinical utility (especially for the return of incidental findings) may be very different for patients (and family members of patients) with advanced stage metastatic cancer than for patients with less acutely life-threatening diseases. Special considerations may also apply to studies with pediatric patients.
Given the lack of consensus in this area, there is a pressing need to develop rational and workable criteria to help guide decision-making about what types of information can, should, or should not be offered to patients in a range of clinical contexts. Such criteria must, however, be informed by solid empirical data. This FOA thus seeks applications for studies that will investigate how patients in various clinical contexts understand, react to, and use individual genomic results when they are offered and returned. Studies that examine the actual psychosocial and behavioral impact of receiving (or not receiving) such results are especially invited. The generation of such data about patient responses will be important in the development of guidelines and policy.
This FOA also invites studies that investigate the experiences of clinicians regarding the return of results. For example, to what extent are clinicians’ decisions motivated by a normative sense of duty, versus concerns about the potential for legal liability (e.g., for failing to disclose a clinically actionable result for a serious disorder for which a preventive or therapeutic intervention exists, or for disclosing information that turns out to be unwanted, causing the patient undue psychological distress)? What are the advantages and disadvantages of various institutional processes or shared decision-making processes for deciding which results can, should, or should not be returned? What are the implications of attempts to “mine” the data for potentially relevant information, versus limiting the focus to potentially relevant information merely “stumbled upon”? What practical, logistical, and budgetary considerations enter into the calculus? What are the implications of CLIA? What practical difficulties do clinicians encounter when attempting to discern patients’ wishes and expectations regarding the return of results during the informed consent process? What practical and regulatory challenges do they encounter when considering whether or how to incorporate such information into participants' medical records? Are there intellectual property impediments to returning certain types of results?
In addition to the critical importance of ELSI issues within the context of this FOA, applicants are encouraged to consider including and budgeting for health economy studies in the latter years of the research period. Although not a core aim of this FOA, how genomic information ultimately is used in a clinical setting may be overshadowed by cost-implications within the health infrastructure. Identifying what those cost-implications will be is important in making progress in addressing them appropriately.
This component of the application should include:
4. Project Management Plan (6 pages). Research projects proposed in response to this FOA will require close and consistent interaction among the several components to ensure successful integration of all elements. This section will contain:
NIDA is interested in applications that address the 3 major components with the following variations: The research plan should address a scientific approach using genotype-phenotype data within a clinical context related to nicotine addiction and treatment, opiate addiction (including prescription opiates) and treatment, HCV and/or HIV in drug using populations and treatment, or other addiction-related phenotypes. Studies likely will have strong genetic underpinnings that can be leveraged for use in study/statistical design and analysis (e.g., risk prediction modeling of drug use and other health consequences of drug use, application to treatment decision making, etc.). Power calculations may be used to justify study design; however, given the exploratory nature of this FOA, other metrics for analysis should also be considered especially if whole genome sequencing is not proposed (e.g. screening known ADMET variants, screening of known disease specific variants, or other known biomarkers, such as the nicotine metabolite ratio in nicotine dependence, that may add value to the analysis of the sequenced sample). Applicants are encouraged to evaluate cost of high-pass versus low-pass whole-genome or targeted sequencing in at least 1,000,000 bp with inclusion of other genotypic and phenotypic biomarkers, and the funds available.
Program Formation and Governance/Cooperative Agreement
Awards funded under this FOA will be cooperative agreements (see Section VI.2., Cooperative Agreement Terms and Conditions of Award). Close interaction among awardees and the NIH will be required to develop appropriate strategies and tools to carry out this program. Furthermore, a consortium will be organized with all of the principal investigators and key personnel funded under this FOA; the consortium will include investigators funded under the predecessor to this FOA and under related FOAs focused on the ethical, legal, and psychosocial implications of returning results.
The Program Director(s)/Principal Investigator(s) (PD(s)/PI(s)) from each investigative group and the NIH Project Scientist(s) will meet as a Steering Committee twice per year, and by conference call on an ongoing basis, to identify and address common sequencing, analytic and translational issues, review preliminary results, explore opportunities for synergy among studies, develop best practices, and explore the crucial psychosocial and ethical issues and findings. Subcommittees and working groups may be established to facilitate collaborative work and standardize approaches. Working groups may propose new research collaborations with non-network investigators and organizations, as long as the activities are conducted in accordance with the policies and practices of the consortium. Key co-investigators, and pre- and postdoctoral trainees, in addition to the PD(s)/PI(s), will be eligible to attend Steering Committee meetings. The costs of 5-6 persons to attend these meetings, as well as the costs associated with monthly conference calls, should be included in the proposed research budget.
In addition to the instructions above regarding the three Research Plan sections, the application should include the following.
Given the significant ethical complexities involved in generating large amounts of genomic sequence data relating to identified patients, in deciding which individual findings to offer to communicate to patients, and in deciding when and how to communicate such findings, it is expected that all patients recruited for these studies—even those who have previously provided consent to participate in genomic research--will need to provide a new informed consent for participation. Plans for consent or reconsent, including consent forms, must be reviewed by the NHGRI or NIDA Program Director, as appropriate, and approved by the applicant’s IRB prior to implementation.
Resource Sharing Plan.
NIH considers the sharing of unique research resources developed through NIH-sponsored research an important means to enhance the value of, and advance research. When resources have been developed with NIH funds and the associated research findings published or provided to NIH, it is important that they be made readily available for research purposes to qualified individuals within the scientific community. If the final data/resources are not amenable to sharing, this must be explained in Resource Sharing section of the application. See https://grants.nih.gov/grants/policy/data_sharing/data_sharing_faqs.htm. This element may apply only to research in Component II.
Data Sharing Plans.
The NHGRI large-scale sequencing program has long championed the concept of rapid pre-publication data release. The program described in this FOA is an exception to those long-held precepts due to the privacy issues associated with clinical research. Some genomic sequencing and variation data sets generated as a result of this research may become a part of an individual patient’s medical record. However, sequence and phenotype data resulting from this research may have value beyond that intended by the submitting investigators. Therefore, submission of data sets to the database of Genotype and Phenotype (dbGaP), while not required before publication, is encouraged, and data should be released at the time of publication, within the rules and regulations of the controlling IRB and local jurisdiction and with informed consent to permit broad data release via an NIH database. Applications to this FOA must include a discussion of whether or not release to dbGaP will be authorized in the informed consent for the study. Any restrictions on data use (such as limitations to a specific disease or condition) should be described. Although this information must be included in the application, the plans for data sharing will not be a review criterion.
The general NIH data sharing policy is available at https://grants.nih.gov/grants/policy/data_sharing. All investigators responding to this funding opportunity and requesting >$500,000/year direct costs must include a description of how research data will be shared.
The applicants must address human subjects issues, including potential privacy and consent issues and the specific risks associated with genomic sequencing and the return of results. Applicants are expected to demonstrate that the proposed research under this FOA is acceptable to patients and any associated communities, supporting institutions, or other relevant groups. Documentation of approvals by the local IRB should be provided to the extent possible prior to an award.
Application Types Allowed
The OER Glossary and the SF 424 (R&R) Application Guide provide details on these application types.
Funds Available and Anticipated Number of Awards
The number of awards is contingent upon NIH appropriations, and the submission of a sufficient number of meritorious applications.
The following NIH components intend to commit the following amounts in FY 2013:
Individual application budgets should not exceed $1,500,000 direct costs per year and must reflect actual needs of proposed project.
Award Project Period
The total award period requested for this RFA may not exceed four years.
NIH grants policies as described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement will apply to the applications submitted and awards made in response to this FOA.
Higher Education Institutions
The following types of Higher Education Institutions are always encouraged to apply for NIH support as Public or Private Institutions of Higher Education:
Nonprofits Other Than Institutions of Higher Education
Non-domestic (non-U.S.) Entities (Foreign Institutions) are eligible to apply.
Non-domestic (non-U.S.) components of U.S. Organizations are eligible to apply.
Applicant organizations must complete the following registrations
as described in the SF 424 (R&R) Application Guide to be eligible to apply
for or receive an award. Applicants must have a valid Dun and Bradstreet
Universal Numbering System (DUNS) number in order to begin each of the following
All Program Director(s)/Principal Investigator(s) (PD(s)/PI(s))
must also work with their institutional officials to register with the eRA
Commons or ensure their existing eRA Commons account is affiliated with the eRA
Commons account of the applicant organization.
All registrations must be completed by the application due date. Applicant organizations are strongly encouraged to start the registration process at least 4-6 weeks prior to the application due date.
Any individual(s) with the skills, knowledge, and resources
necessary to carry out the proposed research as the Program Director(s)/Principal
Investigator(s) (PD(s)/PI(s)) is invited to work with his/her organization to
develop an application for support. Individuals from underrepresented racial
and ethnic groups as well as individuals with disabilities are always
encouraged to apply for NIH support.
For institutions/organizations proposing multiple PD(s)/PI(s), visit the Multiple Program Director(s)/Principal Investigator(s) Policy and submission details in the Senior/Key Person Profile (Expanded) Component of the SF 424 (R&R) Application Guide.
This FOA does not require cost sharing as defined in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.
Applicant organizations may submit more than one application, provided that each application is scientifically distinct.
NIH will not accept any application in response to this FOA that is essentially the same as one currently pending initial peer review unless the applicant withdraws the pending application. Resubmission applications may be submitted, according to the NIH Policy on Resubmission Applications from the SF 424 (R&R) Application Guide.
Applicants must download the SF424 (R&R) application package associated with this funding opportunity using the “Apply for Grant Electronically” button in this FOA or following the directions provided at Grants.gov.
It is critical that applicants follow the instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide, except where instructed in this funding opportunity announcement to do otherwise. Conformance to the requirements in the Application Guide is required and strictly enforced. Applications that are out of compliance with these instructions may be delayed or not accepted for review.
For information on Application Submission and Receipt, visit Frequently Asked Questions – Application Guide, Electronic Submission of Grant Applications.
Although a letter of intent is not required, is not binding, and does not enter into the review of a subsequent application, the information that it contains allows IC staff to estimate the potential review workload and plan the review.
By the date listed in Part 1. Overview Information, prospective applicants are asked to submit a letter of intent that includes the following information:
The letter of intent should be sent to:
Bradley A. Ozenberger, Ph.D.
National Human Genome Research Institute
5635 Fishers Lane
Suite 4076, MSC 9305
Bethesda, MD 20892
Jean E. McEwen, J.D., Ph.D.
Division of Extramural Research
National Human Genome Research Institute
5635 Fishers Lane
Suite 4076, MSC 9305
Bethesda, MD 20892-9305
The forms package associated with this FOA includes all applicable components, mandatory and optional. Please note that some components marked optional in the application package are required for submission of applications for this FOA. Follow all instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide to ensure you complete all appropriate “optional” components.
All page limitations described in the SF424 Application Guide and the Table of Page Limits must be followed, with the following exceptions or additional requirements:
All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed, with the following additional instructions:
Resource Sharing Plan
Individuals are required to comply with the instructions for the Resource Sharing Plans (Data Sharing Plan, Sharing Model Organisms, and Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS)) as provided in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide, with the following modification:
Do not use the Appendix to circumvent page limits. Follow all instructions for the Appendix as described in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.
Foreign (non-US) institutions must follow policies described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement, and procedures for foreign institutions described throughout the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.
Part I. Overview Information contains information about Key Dates. Applicants are encouraged to submit in advance of the deadline to ensure they have time to make any application corrections that might be necessary for successful submission.
Organizations must submit applications via Grants.gov, the online portal to find and apply for grants across all Federal agencies. Applicants must then complete the submission process by tracking the status of the application in the eRA Commons, NIH’s electronic system for grants administration.
Applicants are responsible for viewing their application in the eRA Commons to ensure accurate and successful submission.
Information on the submission process and a definition of on-time submission are provided in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.
This initiative is not subject to intergovernmental review.
All NIH awards are subject to the terms and conditions, cost principles, and other considerations described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.
Pre-award costs are allowable only as described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.
Applications must be submitted electronically following the instructions described in the SF 424 (R&R) Application Guide. Paper applications will not be accepted.
Applicants must complete all required registrations before the application due date. Section III. Eligibility Information contains information about registration.
For assistance with your electronic application or for more information on the electronic submission process, visit Applying Electronically.
All PD(s)/PI(s) must include their eRA Commons ID in the Credential field of the Senior/Key Person Profile Component of the SF 424(R&R) Application Package. Failure to register in the Commons and to include a valid PD/PI Commons ID in the credential field will prevent the successful submission of an electronic application to NIH.
The applicant organization must ensure that the DUNS number it provides on the application is the same number used in the organization’s profile in the eRA Commons and for the Central Contractor Registration (CCR). Additional information may be found in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.
See more tips for avoiding common errors.
Upon receipt, applications will be evaluated for completeness by the Center for Scientific Review and responsiveness by components of participating organizations, NIH. Applications that are incomplete and/or nonresponsive will not be reviewed.
In order to expedite review, applicants are requested to notify the NHGRI Referral Office by email at firstname.lastname@example.org when the application has been submitted. Please include the FOA number and title, PD/PI name, and title of the application.
Applicants are required to follow the instructions for post-submission materials, as described in NOT-OD-10-115.
Only the review criteria described below will be considered in the review process. As part of the NIH mission, all applications submitted to the NIH in support of biomedical and behavioral research are evaluated for scientific and technical merit through the NIH peer review system.
Reviewers will provide an overall impact/priority score to reflect their assessment of the likelihood for the project to exert a sustained, powerful influence on the research field(s) involved, in consideration of the following review criteria and additional review criteria (as applicable for the project proposed).
Reviewers will consider each of the review criteria below in the determination of scientific merit, and give a separate score for each. An application does not need to be strong in all categories to be judged likely to have major scientific impact. For example, a project that by its nature is not innovative may be essential to advance a field.
Does the project address an important problem or a critical barrier to progress in the field? If the aims of the project are achieved, how will scientific knowledge, technical capability, and/or clinical practice be improved? How will successful completion of the aims change the concepts, methods, technologies, treatments, services, or preventative interventions that drive this field?
Are the PD(s)/PI(s), collaborators, and other researchers well suited to the project? If Early Stage Investigators or New Investigators, or in the early stages of independent careers, do they have appropriate experience and training? If established, have they demonstrated an ongoing record of accomplishments that have advanced their field(s)? If the project is collaborative or multi-PD(s)/PI(s), do the investigators have complementary and integrated expertise; are their leadership approach, governance and organizational structure appropriate for the project?
Does the application challenge and seek to shift current research or clinical practice paradigms by utilizing novel theoretical concepts, approaches or methodologies, instrumentation, or interventions? Are the concepts, approaches or methodologies, instrumentation, or interventions novel to one field of research or novel in a broad sense? Is a refinement, improvement, or new application of theoretical concepts, approaches or methodologies, instrumentation, or interventions proposed? Does the applicant propose development of any point-of-care tools or clinical decision-making resources that will facilitate routine incorporation of sequence information into clinical care? Is the proposed approach or methodology dynamic and responsive to evolving changes in clinical care? Does the applicant propose the development of innovative approaches to the return of results to patients?
Are the overall strategy, methodology, and analyses
well-reasoned and appropriate to accomplish the specific aims of the project?
Are potential problems, alternative strategies, and benchmarks for success
presented? If the project is in the early stages of development, will the
strategy establish feasibility and will particularly risky aspects be managed?
If the project involves clinical research, are the plans for 1) protection of human subjects from research risks, and 2) inclusion of minorities and members of both sexes/genders, as well as the inclusion of children, justified in terms of the scientific goals and research strategy proposed?
Does the management plan ensure the integration of researchers from all three components into the development and implementation of the overall research plan?
Does the application provide a clear plan for timely, accurate and efficient dissemination of sequence information to the practicing clinician in a user-friendly way?
Does the research plan adequately address how any research findings to be returned to patients will be obtained or validated in a CLIA-certified laboratory?
Does the research plan include an adequate
description of the proposed informed consent process and of how the IRB will be
involved in any plans to return individual research findings?
Is the Psychosocial and Ethical Implications Research component fully integrated with the other components of the project plan?
Has the application described possible best practices or approaches for integrating genomic sequence data into clinical care, or an intent to develop such practices?
Will the scientific environment in which the work will be done contribute to the probability of success? Are the institutional support, equipment and other physical resources available to the investigators adequate for the project proposed? Will the project benefit from unique features of the scientific environment, subject populations, or collaborative arrangements?
As applicable for the project proposed, reviewers will evaluate the following additional items while determining scientific and technical merit, and in providing an overall impact/priority score, but will not give separate scores for these items.
Does the application generally highlight new opportunities or address gaps in the scientific community's overall knowledge related to using large-scale sequencing to address important biological and biomedical questions?
Protections for Human Subjects
For research that involves human subjects but does
not involve one of the six categories of research that are exempt under 45 CFR
Part 46, the committee will evaluate the justification for involvement of human
subjects and the proposed protections from research risk relating to their
participation according to the following five review criteria: 1) risk to
subjects, 2) adequacy of protection against risks, 3) potential benefits to the
subjects and others, 4) importance of the knowledge to be gained, and 5) data
and safety monitoring for clinical trials.
For research that involves human subjects and meets the criteria for one or more of the six categories of research that are exempt under 45 CFR Part 46, the committee will evaluate: 1) the justification for the exemption, 2) human subjects involvement and characteristics, and 3) sources of materials. For additional information on review of the Human Subjects section, please refer to the Human Subjects Protection and Inclusion Guidelines.
Inclusion of Women, Minorities, and Children
When the proposed project involves clinical research, the committee will evaluate the proposed plans for inclusion of minorities and members of both genders, as well as the inclusion of children. For additional information on review of the Inclusion section, please refer to the Human Subjects Protection and Inclusion Guidelines.
The committee will evaluate the involvement of live vertebrate animals as part of the scientific assessment according to the following five points: 1) proposed use of the animals, and species, strains, ages, sex, and numbers to be used; 2) justifications for the use of animals and for the appropriateness of the species and numbers proposed; 3) adequacy of veterinary care; 4) procedures for limiting discomfort, distress, pain and injury to that which is unavoidable in the conduct of scientifically sound research including the use of analgesic, anesthetic, and tranquilizing drugs and/or comfortable restraining devices; and 5) methods of euthanasia and reason for selection if not consistent with the AVMA Guidelines on Euthanasia. For additional information on review of the Vertebrate Animals section, please refer to the Worksheet for Review of the Vertebrate Animal Section.
Reviewers will assess whether materials or procedures proposed are potentially hazardous to research personnel and/or the environment, and if needed, determine whether adequate protection is proposed.
For Resubmissions, the committee will evaluate the application as now presented, taking into consideration the responses to comments from the previous scientific review group and changes made to the project.
As applicable for the project proposed, reviewers will consider each of the following items, but will not give scores for these items, and should not consider them in providing an overall impact/priority score.
Applications from Foreign Organizations
Reviewers will assess whether the project presents special opportunities for furthering research programs through the use of unusual talent, resources, populations, or environmental conditions that exist in other countries and either are not readily available in the United States or augment existing U.S. resources.
Select Agent Research
Reviewers will assess the information provided in this section of the application, including 1) the Select Agent(s) to be used in the proposed research, 2) the registration status of all entities where Select Agent(s) will be used, 3) the procedures that will be used to monitor possession use and transfer of Select Agent(s), and 4) plans for appropriate biosafety, biocontainment, and security of the Select Agent(s).
Resource Sharing Plans
Reviewers will comment on whether the following Resource Sharing Plans, or the rationale for not sharing the following types of resources, are reasonable: 1) Data Sharing Plan; 2) Sharing Model Organisms; and 3) Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS).
Budget and Period of Support
Reviewers will consider whether the budget and the requested period of support are fully justified and reasonable in relation to the proposed research.
Applications will be evaluated for scientific and technical merit by (an) appropriate Scientific Review Group(s),convened by the NHGRI in accordance with NIH peer review policy and procedures, using the stated review criteria. Review assignments will be shown in the eRA Commons.
As part of the scientific peer review, all applications:
Appeals of initial peer review will not be accepted for applications submitted in response to this FOA.
Applications will be assigned on the basis of established PHS referral guidelines to the appropriate NIH Institute or Center. Applications will compete for available funds with all other recommended applications submitted in response to this FOA. Following initial peer review, recommended applications will receive a second level of review by the National Advisory Council on Human Genome Research or the National Advisory Council on Drug Abuse, as appropriate. The following will be considered in making funding decisions:
After the peer review of the application is completed, the PD(s)/PI(s) will be able to access his or her Summary Statement (written critique) via the eRA Commons.
Information regarding the disposition of applications is available in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.
If the application is under consideration for funding, NIH
will request "just-in-time" information from the applicant as
described in the NIH Grants
A formal notification in the form of a Notice of Award (NoA) will be provided to the applicant organization for successful applications. The NoA signed by the grants management officer is the authorizing document and will be sent via email to the grantee’s business official.
Awardees must comply with any funding restrictions described in Section IV.5. Funding Restrictions. Selection of an application for award is not an authorization to begin performance. Any costs incurred before receipt of the NoA are at the recipient's risk. These costs may be reimbursed only to the extent considered allowable pre-award costs.
Any application awarded in response to this FOA will be subject to the DUNS, CCR Registration, and Transparency Act requirements as noted on the Award Conditions and Information for NIH Grants website.
All NIH grant and cooperative agreement awards include the NIH Grants Policy Statement as part of the NoA. For these terms of award, see the NIH Grants Policy Statement Part II: Terms and Conditions of NIH Grant Awards, Subpart A: General and Part II: Terms and Conditions of NIH Grant Awards, Subpart B: Terms and Conditions for Specific Types of Grants, Grantees, and Activities. More information is provided at Award Conditions and Information for NIH Grants.
Cooperative Agreement Terms and Conditions of Award
The following special terms of award are in addition to, and
not in lieu of, otherwise applicable U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
administrative guidelines, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS)
grant administration regulations at 45 CFR Parts 74 and 92 (Part 92 is
applicable when State and local Governments are eligible to apply), and other
HHS, PHS, and NIH grant administration policies.
The administrative and funding instrument used for this program will be the cooperative agreement, an "assistance" mechanism (rather than an "acquisition" mechanism), in which substantial NIH programmatic involvement with the awardees is anticipated during the performance of the activities. Under the cooperative agreement, the NIH purpose is to support and stimulate the recipients' activities by involvement in and otherwise working jointly with the award recipients in a partnership role; it is not to assume direction, prime responsibility, or a dominant role in the activities. Consistent with this concept, the dominant role and prime responsibility resides with the awardees for the project as a whole, although specific tasks and activities may be shared among the awardees and the NIH as defined below.
The PD(s)/PI(s) will have the primary responsibility for:
NIH staff have substantial programmatic involvement that is above and beyond the normal stewardship role in awards, as described below:
The Project Scientist is a scientist of the NHGRI or NIDA staff who will have substantial scientific and programmatic involvement during the conduct of this activity through technical assistance, advice, and coordination. However, the role of NIH staff will be to facilitate and not to direct the activities. It is anticipated that decisions in all activities will be reached by consensus of the program and that NIH staff will be given the opportunity to offer input to this process. The Project Scientist will participate as a member of the Steering Committee and will have one vote. The Project Scientist will have the following substantial involvement:
Close interaction among the participating investigators will be required, as well as significant involvement from the NIH, to develop appropriate strategies and tools to incorporate genomic results into clinical care. The awardees and the Project Scientist will meet as the program Steering Committee twice per year and monthly on conference calls as needed to share information on data resources, methodologies, analytical tools, as well as data and preliminary results. Key co-investigators and pre- and postdoctoral trainees, especially those who are members of under-represented minority groups or those from different but related disciplines, in addition to the PIs, are eligible to attend these meetings.
The Steering Committee will serve as the main scientific body of the program. The Steering Committee will be responsible for coordinating the activities being conducted by the program. The Steering Committee membership will include one NHGRI Project Scientist, one NIDA Project Scientist (should NIDA fund an award), and the PI from each awarded cooperative agreement. The Steering Committee may add additional members, and other government staff may attend the Steering Committee meetings as desired. It is anticipated that additional coordination mechanisms may be set up with other U.S. and international groups that may collaborate with the program.
Each full member will have one vote. Awardee members of the Steering Committee will be required to accept and implement policies approved by the Steering Committee.
To address particular issues, the Steering Committee may establish working groups as needed, which will include representatives from the program and the NIH and possibly other experts.
Sequencing Advisory Panel
A Sequencing Advisory Panel (SAP) will evaluate the progress of the program and provide guidance to NHGRI and NIDA staff. The SAP also will provide recommendations to the National Advisory Council for Human Genome Research about the progress and scientific direction of all components of the program.
The SAP meets quarterly with NHGRI staff. At least once a year, with the SAP is invited to meet with the Steering Committee to allow the members of the both the SAP and the Steering Committee to interact directly
Areas of Joint Responsibility include:
The Steering Committee will:
Any disagreements that may arise in scientific or programmatic matters (within the scope of the award) between award recipients and the NIH may be brought to Dispute Resolution. A Dispute Resolution Panel composed of three members will be convened. It will have three members: a designee of the Steering Committee chosen without NIH staff voting, one NIH designee, and a third designee with expertise in the relevant area who is chosen by the other two; in the case of individual disagreement, the first member may be chosen by the individual awardee. This special dispute resolution procedure does not alter the awardee's right to appeal an adverse action that is otherwise appealable in accordance with PHS regulation 42 CFR Part 50, Subpart D and DHHS regulation 45 CFR Part 16.
When multiple years are involved, awardees will be required to submit the Non-Competing Continuation Grant Progress Report (PHS 2590) annually and financial statements as required in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.
A final progress report, invention statement, and the expenditure data portion of the Federal Financial Report are required for closeout of an award, as described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.
The Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 (Transparency Act), includes a requirement for awardees of Federal grants to report information about first-tier subawards and executive compensation under Federal assistance awards issued in FY2011 or later. All awardees of applicable NIH grants and cooperative agreements are required to report to the Federal Subaward Reporting System (FSRS) available at www.fsrs.gov on all subawards over $25,000. See the NIH Grants Policy Statement for additional information on this reporting requirement.
We encourage inquiries concerning this funding opportunity
and welcome the opportunity to answer questions from potential applicants.
GrantsInfo (Questions regarding application instructions and
process, finding NIH grant resources)
eRA Commons Help Desk (Questions regarding eRA Commons
registration, tracking application status, post submission issues)
Phone: 301-402-7469 or 866-504-9552 (Toll Free)
Bradley A. Ozenberger, Ph.D.
National Human Genome Research Institute
Jean E. McEwen, J.D., Ph.D.
National Human Genome Research Institute
Joni L. Rutter, Ph.D.
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Division of Basic Neuroscience and Behavioral Research
Ken D. Nakamura, Ph.D.
National Human Genome Research Institute
Telephone: (301) 402-8823
National Human Genome Research Institute
Telephone: (301) 435-7858
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Recently issued trans-NIH policy notices may affect your application submission. A full list of policy notices published by NIH is provided in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. All awards are subject to the terms and conditions, cost principles, and other considerations described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.
Awards are made under the authorization of Sections 301 and 405 of the Public Health Service Act as amended (42 USC 241 and 284) and under Federal Regulations 42 CFR Part 52 and 45 CFR Parts 74 and 92.
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