Department of Health and Human Services
Part 1. Overview Information

 

Participating Organization(s)

National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Components of Participating Organizations

National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)

Funding Opportunity Title

Maximizing Investigators' Research Award for Early Stage Investigators (R35)

Activity Code

R35 Outstanding Investigator Award

Announcement Type

Reissue of RFA-GM-16-003

Related Notices

Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) Number

RFA-GM-17-004

Companion Funding Opportunity

None

Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Number(s)

93.859

Funding Opportunity Purpose

The Maximizing Investigators' Research Award (MIRA) is a grant to provide support for the program of research in an investigator's laboratory that falls within the mission of NIGMS.  For the purpose of this FOA, a program of research is the collection of projects in the investigator's lab that are relevant to the mission of NIGMS. The goal of MIRA is to increase the efficiency and efficacy of NIGMS funding.  It is anticipated that the new mechanism will:

  • Increase the stability of funding for NIGMS-supported investigators, which could enhance their ability to take on ambitious scientific projects and approach problems more creatively.
  • Increase flexibility for investigators to follow important new research directions as opportunities arise, rather than being bound to specific aims proposed in advance of the studies.
  • More widely distribute funding among the nation's highly talented and promising investigators to increase overall scientific productivity and the chances for important breakthroughs.
  • Reduce the time spent by researchers writing and reviewing grant applications, allowing them to spend more time conducting research.
  • Enable investigators to devote more time and energy to mentoring trainees in a more stable research environment.
  • The purpose of this FOA is to continue to test the feasibility of this grant mechanism for Early Stage Investigators (ESI).

Key Dates

 

Posted Date

August 19, 2016

Open Date (Earliest Submission Date)

October 4, 2016

Letter of Intent Due Date(s)

30 days prior to the application due date

Application Due Date(s)

November 4, 2016, by 5:00 PM local time of applicant organization. All types of non-AIDS applications allowed for this funding opportunity announcement are due on these dates.  No late applications will be accepted for this Funding Opportunity Announcement.

Applicants are encouraged to apply early to allow adequate time to make any corrections to errors found in the application during the submission process by the due date.

AIDS Application Due Date(s)

Not applicable

Scientific Merit Review

February/March 2017

Advisory Council Review

May 2017

Earliest Start Date

July 2017

Expiration Date

November 5, 2016

Due Dates for E.O. 12372

Not Applicable

Required Application Instructions

It is critical that applicants follow the instructions in the Research Instructions for the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide, except where instructed to do otherwise (in this FOA or in a Notice from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts). Conformance to all requirements (both in the Application Guide and the FOA) is required and strictly enforced. Applicants must read and follow all application instructions in the Application Guide as well as any program-specific instructions noted in Section IV. When the program-specific instructions deviate from those in the Application Guide, follow the program-specific instructions. Applications that do not comply with these instructions may be delayed or not accepted for review.


Table of Contents

Part 1. Overview Information
Part 2. Full Text of the Announcement

Section I. Funding Opportunity Description
Section II. Award Information
Section III. Eligibility Information
Section IV. Application and Submission Information
Section V. Application Review Information
Section VI. Award Administration Information
Section VII. Agency Contacts
Section VIII. Other Information

Part 2. Full Text of Announcement
Section I. Funding Opportunity Description
Purpose

Supporting fundamental research by funding individual projects has a number of consequences for the efficiency and effectiveness of the biomedical research enterprise in the U.S.  To address these issues and increase the efficiency and efficacy of its funding mechanisms, NIGMS is testing a new way to fund research that will award a single grant to provide support for the program of research in an investigator's laboratory that is related to the mission of NIGMS.  For the purpose of this FOA, a program of research is the collection of projects in the PD/PI’s lab that are relevant to the mission of NIGMS. (See:  MIRA web page  https://www.nigms.nih.gov/research/mechanisms/MIRA/pages/default.aspx. For research in the NIGMS mission, see:  https://www.nigms.nih.gov/about/overview/pages/default.aspx.

It is anticipated that this new funding mechanism will achieve the following:

  • Increase the stability of funding for NIGMS-supported investigators, which could enhance their ability to take on ambitious scientific projects and approach problems more creatively;
  • Increase flexibility for investigators to follow important new research directions as opportunities arise, rather than being bound to specific aims proposed in advance of the studies;
  • Better distribute funding among the nation's highly talented and promising investigators to increase overall scientific productivity and the chances for important breakthroughs;
  • Reduce the time spent by researchers writing and reviewing grant applications, allowing them to spend more time conducting research; and
  • Enable investigators to devote more time and energy to mentoring trainees in a more stable research environment.

In developing MIRA, NIGMS is committed to maintaining support for at least the current total number of NIGMS-funded investigators and their associated programs of research. The Institute will also work to ensure that it maintains a broad and diverse research portfolio in terms of scientific areas, approaches, regional and institutional distribution, investigator career stages, and investigator backgrounds. Such diversity will optimize returns on the Institute's investments by maximizing the ideas explored and the chances for important breakthroughs.

The NIGMS MIRA program is similar to other NIH R35 awards, in that it provides support for the research projects in a single investigator's laboratory that are in the mission of the institute; however, MIRA differs from the other R35 programs in that it is eventually intended to support most NIGMS investigators. 

Overview of the MIRA

An NIGMS MIRA grant is intended to provide support for the NIGMS-related research in an investigator's laboratory.  NIGMS supports research on technology development and computational approaches, as well as basic biomedical sciences, translational, and clinical research, and all phases of the scientific process, not only hypothesis testing.  Within the scope of the MIRA grant, investigators will have the freedom to explore new avenues of inquiry that arise during the course of their research, as long as they remain within the mission of NIGMS.  Work involving the addition of human subjects, vertebrate animals, stem cells, select agents, or a new foreign component would require prior approval of NIH staff according to existing policies and procedures.  Research that involves a major change in scientific focus or that migrates away from the mission of NIGMS and/or into an area of major interest of one of the other NIH Institutes or Centers would warrant a discussion with NIGMS program staff.

MIRA may not be the best mechanism to support all kinds of research, even though it is within the NIGMS mission.  For example, clinical research, requiring highly detailed human subjects protocols and milestones, may be more appropriately supported by other mechanisms.  In addition, since the flexibility of MIRA allows for work in any area of the NIGMS mission, it may not be the best mechanism to support laboratories that are fully committed to research on HIV/AIDS, which is supported with funds from the Office of AIDS Research, NIH.  Confer with NIGMS program staff (or the Scientific/Research staff indicated in Section VII. Agency Contacts of this FOA) before applying for research in these areas.

Because the MIRA grant is to provide support for the program of research in an investigator's lab related to the mission of NIGMS, the investigator is required to devote at least 51% of his/her research effort, which does not include effort expended toward teaching, administration and/or clinical duties.  Because most institutions expect some commitment from investigators to administrative, teaching and/or clinical duties, any salary support for the PD/PI requested on the grant should generally be less than 51% of total professional effort and should in no case be more than the actual effort the PD/PI will devote to the grant.

Investigators receiving a MIRA award are required to relinquish their other NIGMS research funding including Mentored Career Development (K) awards, except for award mechanisms mentioned below.   Investigators with K awards from another institute of the NIH may receive an NIGMS MIRA award but will be required to adjust their effort on those awards to provide the required 51% research effort on the MIRA.

Investigators who receive support from the NIGMS research grants of other investigators will no longer be able to receive funds from those sources, including roles as collaborators and subcontractors on R01s, and as  project leaders on P01, P20, or P50 subprojects.  NIGMS continues to encourage collaborative and interdisciplinary research when it is appropriate, and individual MIRA grantees are free to collaborate with one another or with other investigators using funds from their individual grants to support their parts of the team's research.

It is anticipated that the amount of a MIRA award to an investigator will be somewhat larger than the current average NIGMS R01 award to investigators, while the project period will be similar to the current average NIGMS R01 award to investigators.

MIRA is expected to provide the following benefits to investigators:

  • More flexibility to pursue new ideas and opportunities as they arise during the course of research because the award is not tied to specific aims or predicated on completing specific sets of experiments;
  • Increased stability of funding through improved success rates and more graduated, rather than all-or-none, funding decisions at renewal;
  • A reduction in administrative burden associated with managing multiple grants; and
  • A reduction in required application writing

A researcher funded by a MIRA award would not be provided any other sources of NIGMS funding with the following exceptions:

  • Grants supporting research resources;
  • Contracts and selected cooperative agreements;
  • Grants supporting training, workforce development, or diversity mechanisms;
  • Funding for clinical trials;
  • SBIR/STTR grants;
  • Conference grants;
  • Grants supported through NIGMS HIV/AIDS-related FOAs;
  • Grants managed by NIGMS but supported through Common Fund resources.

Renewals:  NIGMS plans for ESI MIRA awardees to be able to renew their R35 through MIRA FOAs not limited to ESIs, like reissues of RFA-GM-17-002 grants to be renewable.  Because there will be fewer applications as a result of the consolidation of separate research projects, NIGMS anticipates a higher success rate than is the case for current research project grants.  NIGMS also anticipates there will be opportunities for increases in the budget of MIRA awards to ESIs upon renewal. 

Supplements to MIRA grant awards:  MIRA awards will be eligible for Research Supplements to Promote Diversity in Health-Related Research, and may be eligible for other types of administrative supplements, including equipment supplements that may be offered by NIGMS through FOAs in the NIH Guide.  NIGMS anticipates publishing an FOA for Revision (competitive supplement) applications to support increases in scope beyond the ability of the investigator to accommodate through reprioritization of their existing resources (e.g., addition of human subjects); however, generally applicants will be expected to reallocate existing resources within the MIRA project period to accommodate new research directions.

Implementation Plan and Pilot Testing: Because the number of applications and phase-in of the MIRA program must be carefully managed and assessed, it is initially being offered through a series of small scale tests with limited eligibility.  The first test of the concept, RFA-GM-16-002 "Maximizing Investigators' Research Award (R35)", was issued on January 27, 2015 for established investigators with significant NIGMS support.  Awards are currently being issued.  This test is being repeated with refinements through RFA-GM-17-003.  Applications were due May 20, 2016.  A first test of the MIRA concept for new investigators and early stage investigators, RFA-GM-16-003 "Maximizing Investigators’ Research Award for New and Early Stage Investigators (R35)", was issued on June 2, 2015.  Awards will be made this summer.  This FOA further tests refinements of the concept for early stage investigators.  This FOA is intended for junior investigators in their first independent faculty position.  For that reason, eligibility is limited to early stage investigators.  Note that Early Stage Investigator status can be extended beyond the normal 10-year window after completion of the terminal research degree or medical residency for certain life or career events, as described in NOT-OD-09-034 and on the NIH website. Investigators who applied in response to RFA-GM-16-003 are welcome to apply provided they are still eligible ESIs, but the application must be treated as a New submission without reference to the previous review or an Introduction to a Resubmission Application.

Evaluation: NIGMS intends to evaluate the MIRA program during the pilot phase and periodically thereafter.  Both the process and the outcomes of the awards will be monitored relative to the intent of the MIRA program and the NIGMS mission.  Particular attention will be paid to maintaining and improving the diversity of the NIGMS portfolio along all dimensions of diversity, including race/ethnicity, gender, career stage, geography, institutional setting, and areas of scientific research.

See Section VIII. Other Information for award authorities and regulations.

Section II. Award Information
Funding Instrument

Grant: A support mechanism providing money, property, or both to an eligible entity to carry out an approved project or activity.

Application Types Allowed

New

The OER Glossary and the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide provide details on these application types.

Funds Available and Anticipated Number of Awards

NIGMS intends to commit $26 million in FY 2017 to fund up to 70 awards.

Award Budget

Applications may request up to $250,000 direct costs per year.     Investigators are encouraged to request what is actually well justified for their research program.

Award Project Period

Awards will be made for a project period of five years.

NIH grants policies as described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement will apply to the applications submitted and awards made in response to this FOA.

Section III. Eligibility Information
1. Eligible Applicants
Eligible Organizations

Higher Education Institutions

  • Public/State Controlled Institutions of Higher Education
  • Private Institutions of Higher Education

The following types of Higher Education Institutions are always encouraged to apply for NIH support as Public or Private Institutions of Higher Education:

o   Hispanic-serving Institutions

o   Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs)

o   Tribally Controlled Colleges and Universities (TCCUs)

o   Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian Serving Institutions

o   Asian American Native American Pacific Islander Serving Institutions (AANAPISIs)

Nonprofits Other Than Institutions of Higher Education

  • Nonprofits with 501(c)(3) IRS Status (Other than Institutions of Higher Education)
  • Nonprofits without 501(c)(3) IRS Status (Other than Institutions of Higher Education)

For-Profit Organizations

  • Small Businesses
  • For-Profit Organizations (Other than Small Businesses)

Governments

  • State Governments
  • County Governments
  • City or Township Governments
  • Special District Governments
  • Indian/Native American Tribal Governments (Federally Recognized)
  • Indian/Native American Tribal Governments (Other than Federally Recognized)
  • Eligible Agencies of the Federal Government
  • U.S. Territory or Possession

Other

  • Independent School Districts
  • Public Housing Authorities/Indian Housing Authorities
  • Native American Tribal Organizations (other than Federally recognized tribal governments)
  • Faith-based or Community-based Organizations
  • Regional Organizations
Foreign Institutions

Non-domestic (non-U.S.) Entities (Foreign Institutions) are not eligible to apply.
Non-domestic (non-U.S.) components of U.S. Organizations are not eligible to apply.
Foreign components, as defined in the NIH Grants Policy Statement, are allowed.

Required Registrations

Applicant Organizations

Applicant organizations must complete and maintain the following registrations as described in the SF 424 (R&R) Application Guide to be eligible to apply for or receive an award. All registrations must be completed prior to the application being submitted. Registration can take 6 weeks or more, so applicants should begin the registration process as soon as possible. The NIH Policy on Late Submission of Grant Applications states that failure to complete registrations in advance of a due date is not a valid reason for a late submission.

  • Dun and Bradstreet Universal Numbering System (DUNS) - All registrations require that applicants be issued a DUNS number. After obtaining a DUNS number, applicants can begin both SAM and eRA Commons registrations. The same DUNS number must be used for all registrations, as well as on the grant application.
  • System for Award Management (SAM) (formerly CCR) – Applicants must complete and maintain an active registration, which requires renewal at least annually. The renewal process may require as much time as the initial registration. SAM registration includes the assignment of a Commercial and Government Entity (CAGE) Code for domestic organizations which have not already been assigned a CAGE Code.
  • NATO Commercial and Government Entity (NCAGE) Code – Foreign organizations must obtain an NCAGE code (in lieu of a CAGE code) in order to register in SAM. 
  • eRA Commons - Applicants must have an active DUNS number and SAM registration in order to complete the eRA Commons registration. Organizations can register with the eRA Commons as they are working through their SAM or Grants.gov registration. eRA Commons requires organizations to identify at least one Signing Official (SO) and at least one Program Director/Principal Investigator (PD/PI) account in order to submit an application.
  • Grants.gov – Applicants must have an active DUNS number and SAM registration in order to complete the Grants.gov registration.

Program Directors/Principal Investigators (PD(s)/PI(s))

All PD(s)/PI(s) must have an eRA Commons account.  PD(s)/PI(s) should work with their organizational officials to either create a new account or to affiliate their existing account with the applicant organization in eRA Commons. If the PD/PI is also the organizational Signing Official, they must have two distinct eRA Commons accounts, one for each role. Obtaining an eRA Commons account can take up to 2 weeks.

Eligible Individuals (Program Director/Principal Investigator)

Any individual(s) with the skills, knowledge, and resources necessary to carry out the proposed research as the Program Director(s)/Principal Investigator(s) (PD(s)/PI(s)) is invited to work with his/her organization to develop an application for support. Individuals from underrepresented racial and ethnic groups as well as individuals with disabilities are always encouraged to apply for NIH support.

This FOA targets investigators who are beginning their independent research careers.  Applications will be accepted from NIH defined Early Stage Investigators. Note that Early Stage Investigator status can be extended beyond the normal 10-year window after completion of the terminal research degree or medical residency for certain life or career events, as described in NOT-OD-09-034 and on the NIH website.  A tenure track position is not required to be eligible for this award.  Research Assistant Professors are eligible to apply.  Postdoctoral fellows, including those on K99 awards, who have not established an independent laboratory are not eligible to apply.  Individuals who have transitioned from the K99 phase to the R00 phase of a NIH Pathway to Independence Award are eligible to apply for a MIRA.  PDs/PIs of Mentored Career Development (K) awards are eligible to apply for a MIRA award.  Eligibility to apply is determined based on PD/PI status on the application due date.  Eligibility to receive the award is determined at the time of award.  Applicants who receive R01, SC1, DP1, DP2, or any other type of disqualifying award prior to issuance of the R35 are not eligible to receive the award.  Applications from investigators who are not eligible to receive the award will be administratively withdrawn without review.

Only single PD/PI applications are allowed.  Applications with multiple PD(s)/PI(s) will not be accepted.

The PD/PI must be able to devote 51% of their research effort to the MIRA, not including effort expended toward teaching, administration and/or clinical duties. This requirement pertains to total support and includes all financial resources, whether Federal, non-Federal, commercial or institutional, available in direct support of an individual's research endeavors, including but not limited to research grants, cooperative agreements, contracts, and/or institutional awards. (Training awards, prizes or gifts are not included.) 

2. Cost Sharing

This FOA does not require cost sharing as defined in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

3. Additional Information on Eligibility
Number of Applications

Applicant organizations may submit more than one application, provided that each application is scientifically distinct.

NIH will not accept duplicate or highly overlapping applications under review at the same time. This means that the NIH will not accept

  • A new (A0) application that is submitted before issuance of the summary statement from the review of an overlapping new (A0) or resubmission (A1) application.
  • A resubmission (A1) application that is submitted before issuance of the summary statement from the review of the previous new (A0) application.
  • An application that has substantial overlap with another application pending appeal of initial peer review (see NOT-OD-11-101).

Because MIRA is designed to provide support for the NIGMS mission-related research in the laboratory, a MIRA application is deemed to have overlap with any other pending applications from the PD/PI assigned to NIGMS.  Therefore, NIGMS will not accept a MIRA application on November 4, 2016 from an investigator who is the PD/PI of another NIGMS application submitted for the January 2017, May 2017, or October 2017 Council rounds, except as mentioned under Section I.  Conversely, NIGMS will not accept any other applications for these Council rounds from an investigator who submits a MIRA application, except as described under Section I.

NIGMS will only accept one MIRA application from a given PD/PI.  The PD/PI may participate in NIGMS applications submitted by other PD(s)/PI(s), but if the MIRA is awarded, the PD/PI will no longer be able to receive support for his/her laboratory from NIGMS grants resulting from those applications.  A MIRA PD/PI may choose to serve as senior/key personnel on another PD/PI's NIGMS research grant but support for that effort should come from one's own MIRA award. 

Section IV. Application and Submission Information
1. Requesting an Application Package

Buttons to access the online ASSIST system or to download application forms are available in Part 1 of this FOA. See your administrative office for instructions if you plan to use an institutional system-to-system solution.

2. Content and Form of Application Submission

It is critical that applicants follow the instructions in the Research Instructions for the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide, including Supplemental Grant Application Instructions except where instructed in this funding opportunity announcement to do otherwise. Conformance to the requirements in the Application Guide is required and strictly enforced. Applications that are out of compliance with these instructions may be delayed or not accepted for review.

For information on Application Submission and Receipt, visit Frequently Asked Questions – Application Guide, Electronic Submission of Grant Applications.

Letter of Intent

Although a letter of intent is not required, is not binding, and does not enter into the review of a subsequent application, the information that it contains allows IC staff to estimate the potential review workload and plan the review.

By the date listed in Part 1. Overview Information, prospective applicants are asked to submit a letter of intent that includes the following information:

  • Descriptive title of proposed activity
  • Name(s), address(es), and telephone number(s) of the PD(s)/PI(s)
  • Names of other key personnel
  • Participating institution(s)
  • Number and title of this funding opportunity

The letter of intent should be sent to:

Peter C. Preusch, Ph.D.
Telephone: 301-594-0828
Fax: 301-480-2004
Email: preuschp@mail.nih.gov

Page Limitations

All page limitations described in the SF424 Application Guide and the Table of Page Limits must be followed.

Instructions for Application Submission

The following section supplements the instructions found in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide and should be used for preparing an application to this FOA.

SF424(R&R) Cover

All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.  

SF424(R&R) Project/Performance Site Locations

All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.  

SF424(R&R) Other Project Information

All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.

Project Summary/Abstract: Use the abstract to provide an overview of research in the laboratory, the goals for the next five years, and overall vision of the research program.  This document should serve both the needs of the public and the needs of the reviewers for a description of the research program.  Do not include specific aims. 

SF424(R&R) Senior/Key Person Profile

All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed. 

Biographical Sketch:   The PD/PI should use the Biosketch to address MIRA specific elements of the Investigator Review Criterion.  Indicate training experiences that are relevant to the proposed program of research.  Explicitly address intellectual and technical contributions to any publications with former mentors.  Emphasize evidence demonstrating ability to establish an independent laboratory and to make significant scientific contributions.  Include experience as a mentor of undergraduate and graduate students and postdoctoral associates.

Other independent investigators may be included as senior/key personnel in the application, but not if they are also applying for a MIRA in response to this or other FOAs.  Include biosketches for senior/key personnel and for any subcontracted independent investigators.    Bear in mind that the purpose of the MIRA is to support the research in the independent laboratory of the early stage investigator.  Inclusion of large numbers of other senior/key personnel and their inclusion for significant percent efforts may diminish focus on the research program of the PD/PI and resources available to it.

Current & Pending Support:  Use the SF424 R&R Current and Pending Support instructions as modified here and attach this information to the Senior/Key Personnel Form.  Rather than Total Costs for the Entire Project Period, list Annual Direct Costs allocated to the MIRA PD/PI's laboratory only.

List NIGMS grants first, followed by other NIH grants, followed by other sources of support.

R&R Budget

All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.

While a 10-year R&R Detailed Budget form is provided in the application package, applicants may not request more than 5 years of support.  Although a categorical breakdown is required, a high level of detail is not necessary.  Complete the personnel section in full.  Indicate months of effort to be devoted to the program of research, whether salary is requested at that level or not.  Explain any differences in the justification. Note that any salary support for the PD/PI taken from the grant cannot be more than the PD/PI’s months of effort but it can be less. The NIH does not require the PD/PI to take any salary support from the grant. Aggregate amounts in other major categories.  Travel up to $3,000 is acceptable without a research specific justification.  Equipment requests must be very well justified and should be in the first year.  Other budget fluctuations from year to year should be explained; inflationary increases should not be included.

R&R Subaward Budget

All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.

Consortium/Contractual Arrangements are not anticipated in most cases and must be extremely well justified. A letter of collaboration from any subcontract PD/PIs should be included making it clear why they cannot participate in collaborative research with the PD/PI without support from the MIRA. NIGMS will accept MIRA applications with foreign collaborations, but will not provide funding for foreign subcontracts.

PHS 398 Cover Page Supplement

All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.  

PHS 398 Research Plan

All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed, with the following additional instructions:

Introduction:  Do not include an Introduction to the application mentioning any previous reviews.  All applications must be New submissions even if the same general topic was submitted in response to RFA-GM-16-003 or any other FOA.

Specific Aims:  Do not submit Specific Aims.

Research Strategy:  The application should describe a program of research, not a single project. It should not be the same as something that would be submitted as an R01 application.  An optimum balance between the breadth of the application and the level of detail of the proposed work is necessary.  The application should convey the vision of the investigator. Upload the Research Strategy as a single attachment containing the following information: 

1) Background on the area(s) of research and key gaps in our understanding or important challenges to be addressed;

2) Description of recent progress by the PD/PI.  Do not repeat material adequately covered in the Biosketch.  Do NOT include a Publication List.  Instead, include references as necessary in the Bibliography & References Cited section in the Other Project Information Form.

3) Overview of future research program. This should be a description of the key questions or challenges the PD/PI plans to address and the general strategies that might be used to approach them. The focus should be on the importance of the questions or challenges. A detailed experimental plan is not expected. Because the applicant is expected to outline a broad vision for research in his/her lab over the next five years rather than describing specific details of an experimental plan, incorporating specific aims or similar terms into the Research Strategy section is not advised. Although the proposed direction of the PD/PI's scientific program will be considered in review, if new opportunities or directions arise during the course of the research that are within the scope of the grant, the PD/PI will have the flexibility to change course and pursue them.

Letters of Support:  The application should include letters of support from collaborators and subcontractors.  The application must include a letter from the institution's Authorized Organizational Representative (AOR) indicating that they are aware of and accept the condition that other NIGMS research support must be relinquished as a condition of receiving a MIRA award, that the PD/PI will not be able to apply for additional NIGMS awards, except as provided in Section I, and provide a statement that if chosen to receive an award, the PD/PI will commit a minimum of 51% of their research efforts to MIRA activities.  In addition, a letter of support should be included from the department chair, dean, or other academic unit leader testifying to the institutional commitment to development of the investigator and any other pertinent information. This information could include start-up packages and other institutional research support, space available to the PD/PI, salary support commitment for the PD/PI, skills and career development opportunities for the PD/PI, mentoring during the promotion and tenure process, and career advancement prospects for non-tenure track applicants.  Letters from former mentors are not required, nor encouraged, except in the case of continuing collaborations.

Resource Sharing Plan: Individuals are required to comply with the instructions for the Resource Sharing Plans as provided in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide, with the following modification:

All applications, regardless of the amount of direct costs requested for any one year, should address a Data Sharing Plan.

Appendix:  Do not use the Appendix to circumvent page limits. Follow all instructions for the Appendix as described in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.

PHS Inclusion Enrollment Report

When conducting clinical research, follow all instructions for completing PHS Inclusion Enrollment Report as described in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.

PHS Assignment Request Form

All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed. 

3. Unique Entity Identifier and System for Award Management (SAM)

See Part 1. Section III.1 for information regarding the requirement for obtaining a unique entity identifier and for completing and maintaining active registrations in System for Award Management (SAM), NATO Commercial and Government Entity (NCAGE) Code (if applicable), eRA Commons, and Grants.gov

4. Submission Dates and Times

Part I. Overview Information contains information about Key Dates and times. Applicants are encouraged to submit applications before the due date to ensure they have time to make any application corrections that might be necessary for successful submission. When a submission date falls on a weekend or Federal holiday, the application deadline is automatically extended to the next business day.

Organizations must submit applications to Grants.gov (the online portal to find and apply for grants across all Federal agencies). Applicants must then complete the submission process by tracking the status of the application in the eRA Commons, NIH’s electronic system for grants administration. NIH and Grants.gov systems check the application against many of the application instructions upon submission. Errors must be corrected and a changed/corrected application must be submitted to Grants.gov on or before the application due date and time.  If a Changed/Corrected application is submitted after the deadline, the application will be considered late. Applications that miss the due date and time are subjected to the NIH Policy on Late Application Submission.

Applicants are responsible for viewing their application before the due date in the eRA Commons to ensure accurate and successful submission.

Information on the submission process and a definition of on-time submission are provided in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.

5. Intergovernmental Review (E.O. 12372)

This initiative is not subject to intergovernmental review.

6. Funding Restrictions

All NIH awards are subject to the terms and conditions, cost principles, and other considerations described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

Pre-award costs are allowable only as described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

For this FOA:

  • Although eligibility to apply for funding under this FOA will be determined as of the application due date, eligibility to receive the award will be evaluated at the time of award.  Investigators who have by then received NIH R01, R35, SC1, DP1 DP2, P01/P50 subprojects or other disqualifying support will not be eligible to receive the award.
  • A permanent change of PD/PI will not be allowed under the MIRA.  A temporary change may be allowed with prior approval under circumstances such as sabbatical leave, medical conditions, disability, military service, or personal or family situations such as child or eldercare.
  • Transfer of a MIRA to a foreign institution will not be allowed.  Addition of a foreign component, including a significant new foreign collaboration, requires prior approval; however, MIRA grant funds may not be used for this purpose.
  • It is expected that the MIRA will replace all current NIGMS research funding of the laboratory, with the exceptions noted in Section I.  Institutions will be required to relinquish current NIGMS-funded research grants where the applicant investigator is listed as the PD/PI. The PD/PI will no longer be able to receive support for his/her laboratory from NIGMS grants of other PD(s)/PI(s).  The initial year budget of the MIRA and timing of the award will be negotiated so that a smooth transition of support takes place.
  • A temporary reduction in effort may be approved under circumstances such as medical conditions, disability, military service, or personal or family situations such as child or eldercare.
  • NIGMS will not consider funding future individual PD/PI or multiple PD/PI research applications from a MIRA investigator during the MIRA award project period, except for applications included under the list of exempted awards in Section I. Applications for awards to begin after the MIRA project period ends would be accepted but it is anticipated that most investigators would submit an application for continuation of the MIRA instead.
7. Other Submission Requirements and Information

Applications must be submitted electronically following the instructions described in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.  Paper applications will not be accepted.

Applicants must complete all required registrations before the application due date. Section III. Eligibility Information contains information about registration.

For assistance with your electronic application or for more information on the electronic submission process, visit Applying Electronically. If you encounter a system issue beyond your control that threatens your ability to complete the submission process on-time, you must follow the Guidelines for Applicants Experiencing System Issues. For assistance with application submission, contact the Application Submission Contacts in Section VII.

Important reminders:

All PD(s)/PI(s) must include their eRA Commons ID in the Credential field of the Senior/Key Person Profile Component of the SF424(R&R) Application Package. Failure to register in the Commons and to include a valid PD/PI Commons ID in the credential field will prevent the successful submission of an electronic application to NIH. See Section III of this FOA for information on registration requirements.

The applicant organization must ensure that the DUNS number it provides on the application is the same number used in the organization’s profile in the eRA Commons and for the System for Award Management. Additional information may be found in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.

See more tips for avoiding common errors.

Upon receipt, applications will be evaluated for completeness and compliance with application instructions by the Center for Scientific Review and responsiveness by the National Institute of General Medical Sciences. Applications that are incomplete, non-compliant and/or nonresponsive will not be reviewed.

Post Submission Materials

Applicants are required to follow the instructions for post-submission materials, as described in NOT-OD-13-030.

Section V. Application Review Information
1. Criteria

Only the review criteria described below will be considered in the review process. As part of the NIH mission, all applications submitted to the NIH in support of biomedical and behavioral research are evaluated for scientific and technical merit through the NIH peer review system.

For this particular announcement, note the following:

The goal of MIRA is to provide support for a laboratory's research program that is related to the NIGMS mission and to give investigators flexibility in pursuing their research goals.  For this FOA, applicants are expected to provide an overview of the research program/scientific questions they currently plan to address and a general description of possible strategies.  Experimental details are not expected.

Reviewers will be asked to emphasize the training, record of past scientific contributions, and potential of the investigator to establish a strong, independent research program that will have a significant impact in their chosen area of science.

Overall Impact

Reviewers will provide an overall impact score to reflect their assessment of the likelihood for the research program to exert a sustained, powerful influence on the research field(s) involved, in consideration of the following review criteria and additional review criteria (as applicable for the project proposed).

Scored Review Criteria

Reviewers will consider each of the review criteria below in the determination of scientific merit, but will not give a separate score for each. An application does not need to be strong in all categories to be judged likely to have major scientific impact. For example, a research program that by its nature is not innovative may be essential to advance a field.

Significance

Does the research program address an important problem or a critical barrier to progress in the field? Is there a strong scientific premise for the research program? If the goals of the project are achieved, how will scientific knowledge, technical capability, and/or clinical practice be improved? How will successful completion of the goals change the concepts, methods, technologies, treatments, services, or preventative interventions that drive this field?

For this FOA:

Is the proposed research program substantive in scope and appropriate for long-term pursuit?

Is the proposed research program adequately ambitious? Will the proposed research program permit the investigator to establish a uniquely independent place in the field of research?

Investigator(s)

Are the PD(s)/PI(s), collaborators, and other researchers well suited to the project? Do they have appropriate experience and training? If the research program is collaborative, do the investigators have complementary and integrated expertise; are their leadership approach, governance and organizational structure appropriate for the research program?

For this FOA: Is the PD/PI's training appropriate for conducting the proposed research program? Does the PD/PI have a record of productivity and scientific impact? Has the PD/PI shown evidence of being creative and adaptable, able to recognize new opportunities and to explore new areas of scientific inquiry, and openness to the use of new systems and strategies? Does the PD/PI have a record of conducting rigorous, reproducible, careful research? Does the PD/PI have strong potential to establish a successful independent program of research in his/her own laboratory? Does the PD/PI show promise as a mentor of undergraduate and graduate students, and postdoctoral associates, and the potential to establish a record of professional service? 

Innovation

Does the application challenge and seek to shift current research or clinical practice paradigms by utilizing novel theoretical concepts, approaches or methodologies, instrumentation, or interventions? Are the concepts, approaches or methodologies, instrumentation, or interventions novel to one field of research or novel in a broad sense? Is a refinement, improvement, or new application of theoretical concepts, approaches or methodologies, instrumentation, or interventions proposed?

For this FOA: Is there evidence that creative strategies will be employed as needed and appropriate to address the research questions posed?

Approach

Are the overall strategy, methodology, and analyses well-reasoned and appropriate to accomplish the specific aims of the project? Have the investigators presented strategies to ensure a robust and unbiased approach, as appropriate for the work proposed? Are potential problems, alternative strategies, and benchmarks for success presented? If the project is in the early stages of development, will the strategy establish feasibility and will particularly risky aspects be managed? Have the investigators presented adequate plans to address relevant biological variables, such as sex, for studies in vertebrate animals or human subjects? 

If the project involves human subjects and/or NIH-defined clinical research, are the plans to address 1) the protection of human subjects from research risks, and 2) inclusion (or exclusion) of individuals on the basis of sex/gender, race, and ethnicity, as well as the inclusion or exclusion of children, justified in terms of the scientific goals and research strategy proposed?

For this FOA: Is there a sound basis for the proposed research effort? Is there evidence that the research program will evolve appropriately as the work is performed? Is the research likely to be performed rigorously and the results interpreted carefully? Do the plans reflect sensitivity to the need for cost effectiveness in research? 

Environment

Will the scientific environment in which the work will be done contribute to the probability of success? Are the institutional support, equipment and other physical resources available to the investigators adequate for the project proposed? Will the project benefit from

features of the scientific environment, subject populations, or collaborative arrangements?   

For this FOA: Is the environment conducive for the PD/PI to develop as an independent researcher? Are there appropriate facilities and institutional support to facilitate the PD/PI to advance as an established investigator whose laboratory will have a sustained impact in science?

Additional Review Criteria

As applicable for the project proposed, reviewers will evaluate the following additional items while determining scientific and technical merit, and in providing an overall impact score, but will not give separate scores for these items.

Protections for Human Subjects

For research that involves human subjects but does not involve one of the six categories of research that are exempt under 45 CFR Part 46, the committee will evaluate the justification for involvement of human subjects and the proposed protections from research risk relating to their participation according to the following five review criteria: 1) risk to subjects, 2) adequacy of protection against risks, 3) potential benefits to the subjects and others, 4) importance of the knowledge to be gained, and 5) data and safety monitoring for clinical trials.

For research that involves human subjects and meets the criteria for one or more of the six categories of research that are exempt under 45 CFR Part 46, the committee will evaluate: 1) the justification for the exemption, 2) human subjects involvement and characteristics, and 3) sources of materials. For additional information on review of the Human Subjects section, please refer to the Guidelines for the Review of Human Subjects.

Inclusion of Women, Minorities, and Children 

When the proposed project involves human subjects and/or NIH-defined clinical research, the committee will evaluate the proposed plans for the inclusion (or exclusion) of individuals on the basis of sex/gender, race, and ethnicity, as well as the inclusion (or exclusion) of children to determine if it is justified in terms of the scientific goals and research strategy proposed. For additional information on review of the Inclusion section, please refer to the Guidelines for the Review of Inclusion in Clinical Research.

Vertebrate Animals

The committee will evaluate the involvement of live vertebrate animals as part of the scientific assessment according to the following criteria: (1) description of proposed procedures involving animals, including species, strains, ages, sex, and total number to be used; (2) justifications for the use of animals versus alternative models and for the appropriateness of the species proposed; (3) interventions to minimize discomfort, distress, pain and injury; and (4) justification for euthanasia method if NOT consistent with the AVMA Guidelines for the Euthanasia of Animals. Reviewers will assess the use of chimpanzees as they would any other application proposing the use of vertebrate animals. For additional information on review of the Vertebrate Animals section, please refer to the Worksheet for Review of the Vertebrate Animal Section.

Biohazards

Reviewers will assess whether materials or procedures proposed are potentially hazardous to research personnel and/or the environment, and if needed, determine whether adequate protection is proposed.

Resubmissions

Not Applicable

Renewals

Not Applicable

Revisions

Not Applicable

Additional Review Considerations

As applicable for the project proposed, reviewers will consider each of the following items, but will not give scores for these items, and should not consider them in providing an overall impact score.

Applications from Foreign Organizations

Not Applicable

Select Agent Research

Reviewers will assess the information provided in this section of the application, including 1) the Select Agent(s) to be used in the proposed research, 2) the registration status of all entities where Select Agent(s) will be used, 3) the procedures that will be used to monitor possession use and transfer of Select Agent(s), and 4) plans for appropriate biosafety, biocontainment, and security of the Select Agent(s).

Resource Sharing Plans

Reviewers will comment on whether the following Resource Sharing Plans, or the rationale for not sharing the following types of resources, are reasonable: (1) Data Sharing Plan; (2) Sharing Model Organisms; and (3)  Genomic Data Sharing Plan (GDS).

Authentication of Key Biological and/or Chemical Resources:

For projects involving key biological and/or chemical resources, reviewers will comment on the brief plans proposed for identifying and ensuring the validity of those resources.

Budget and Period of Support

Reviewers will consider whether the budget and the requested period of support are fully justified and reasonable in relation to the proposed research.

2. Review and Selection Process

Applications will be evaluated for scientific and technical merit by (an) appropriate Scientific Review Group(s) convened by the Center for Scientific Review in accordance with NIH peer review policy and procedures, using the stated review criteria. Assignment to a Scientific Review Group will be shown in the eRA Commons.

As part of the scientific peer review, all applications:

  • May undergo a selection process in which only those applications deemed to have the highest scientific and technical merit (generally the top half of applications under review) will be discussed and assigned an overall impact score.
  • Will receive a written critique.

Appeals of initial peer review will not be accepted for applications submitted in response to this FOA.

Applications will be assigned to the appropriate NIH Institute or Center. Applications will compete for available funds with all other recommended applications submitted in response to this FOA. Following initial peer review, recommended applications will receive a second level of review by the National Advisory General Medical Sciences Council. The following will be considered in making funding decisions:

  • Scientific and technical merit of the proposed project as determined by scientific peer review.
  • Availability of funds.
  • Relevance of the proposed project to program priorities.
  • Contributions to portfolio breadth and diversity as outlined in the NIGMS Strategic Plan.
3. Anticipated Announcement and Award Dates

After the peer review of the application is completed, the PD/PI will be able to access his or her Summary Statement (written critique) via the eRA Commons. Refer to Part 1 for dates for peer review, advisory council review, and earliest start date.

Information regarding the disposition of applications is available in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

Section VI. Award Administration Information
1. Award Notices

If the application is under consideration for funding, NIH will request "just-in-time" information from the applicant as described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

A formal notification in the form of a Notice of Award (NoA) will be provided to the applicant organization for successful applications. The NoA signed by the grants management officer is the authorizing document and will be sent via email to the grantee’s business official.

Awardees must comply with any funding restrictions described in Section IV.5. Funding Restrictions. Selection of an application for award is not an authorization to begin performance. Any costs incurred before receipt of the NoA are at the recipient's risk. These costs may be reimbursed only to the extent considered allowable pre-award costs.

Any application awarded in response to this FOA will be subject to terms and conditions found on the Award Conditions and Information for NIH Grants website.  This includes any recent legislation and policy applicable to awards that is highlighted on this website.

2. Administrative and National Policy Requirements

All NIH grant and cooperative agreement awards include the NIH Grants Policy Statement as part of the NoA. For these terms of award, see the NIH Grants Policy Statement Part II: Terms and Conditions of NIH Grant Awards, Subpart A: General  and Part II: Terms and Conditions of NIH Grant Awards, Subpart B: Terms and Conditions for Specific Types of Grants, Grantees, and Activities. More information is provided at Award Conditions and Information for NIH Grants.

Recipients of federal financial assistance (FFA) from HHS must administer their programs in compliance with federal civil rights law. This means that recipients of HHS funds must ensure equal access to their programs without regard to a person’s race, color, national origin, disability, age and, in some circumstances, sex and religion. This includes ensuring your programs are accessible to persons with limited English proficiency.  HHS recognizes that research projects are often limited in scope for many reasons that are nondiscriminatory, such as the principal investigator’s scientific interest, funding limitations, recruitment requirements, and other considerations. Thus, criteria in research protocols that target or exclude certain populations are warranted where nondiscriminatory justifications establish that such criteria are appropriate with respect to the health or safety of the subjects, the scientific study design, or the purpose of the research.

In accordance with the statutory provisions contained in Section 872 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act of Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417), NIH awards will be subject to the Federal Awardee Performance and Integrity Information System (FAPIIS) requirements.  FAPIIS requires Federal award making officials to review and consider information about an applicant in the designated integrity and performance system (currently FAPIIS) prior to making an award.  An applicant, at its option, may review information in the designated integrity and performance systems accessible through FAPIIS and comment on any information about itself that a Federal agency previously entered and is currently in FAPIIS.  The Federal awarding agency will consider any comments by the applicant, in addition to other information in FAPIIS, in making a judgement about the applicant’s integrity, business ethics, and record of performance under Federal awards when completing the review of risk posed by applicants as described in 45 CFR Part 75.205 “Federal awarding agency review of risk posed by applicants.”  This provision will apply to all NIH grants and cooperative agreements except fellowships.

For additional guidance regarding how the provisions apply to NIH grant programs, please contact the Scientific/Research Contact that is identified in Section VII under Agency Contacts of this FOA. HHS provides general guidance to recipients of FFA on meeting their legal obligation to take reasonable steps to provide meaningful access to their programs by persons with limited English proficiency. Please see http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/civilrights/resources/laws/revisedlep.html. The HHS Office for Civil Rights also provides guidance on complying with civil rights laws enforced by HHS. Please see http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/civilrights/understanding/section1557/index.html; and http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/civilrights/understanding/index.html. Recipients of FFA also have specific legal obligations for serving qualified individuals with disabilities. Please see http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/civilrights/understanding/disability/index.html. Please contact the HHS Office for Civil Rights for more information about obligations and prohibitions under federal civil rights laws at http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/office/about/rgn-hqaddresses.html or call 1-800-368-1019 or TDD 1-800-537-7697. Also note it is an HHS Departmental goal to ensure access to quality, culturally competent care, including long-term services and supports, for vulnerable populations. For further guidance on providing culturally and linguistically appropriate services, recipients should review the National Standards for Culturally and Linguistically Appropriate Services in Health and Health Care at http://minorityhealth.hhs.gov/omh/browse.aspx?lvl=2&lvlid=53.

Cooperative Agreement Terms and Conditions of Award

Not Applicable

3. Reporting

When multiple years are involved, awardees will be required to submit the Research Performance Progress Report (RPPR) annually and financial statements as required in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

The instructions are hereby modified as follows:

 a)  Under Section 6.2 B.1 What are the major goals of the project?  Note that the goals of the program of research supported by the MIRA are broader than the specific aims of a single project and should be appropriately described.  If the goals of the MIRA have changed, complete section B.1.a. Provide a rationale for the changes in the context of the originally proposed research program and further contributions to the field, and an explanation of how the research continues to fit within NIGMS mission interests.

  b)  Under Section B.2, in addition to the instructions, emphasize how the work continues to be innovative and of high impact.

 c)  Under section D.2.c. additional information, indicate if there have been changes in Other Support.  In addition to the revised Other Support page, include an explanation of the relationship of the new awards to the activities supported by the MIRA

A final progress report, invention statement, and the expenditure data portion of the Federal Financial Report are required for closeout of an award, as described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

4.  Evaluation 

The overall evaluation of the program will be based on metrics that will include, but are not limited to, the following: 

  • Number of ESIs and New PIs who apply for MIRAs instead of R01s.
  • Publication rate of NIGMS MIRA grantees vs. traditionally funded NIGMS grantees.
  • Citation rate of NIGMS MIRA grantees vs. traditionally funded NIGMS grantees. 
  • Changes in NIGMS funding distribution and number of investigators supported by the Institute.
  • Changes in the diversity of NIGMS supported investigators and the portfolio of research they undertake.
  • Changes in the distribution over time of research topics studied by NIGMS MIRA vs. traditional grantees.
  • Rate at which NIGMS MIRA grantees elect to apply to renew their awards vs. re-enter the traditional system.

The Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 (Transparency Act), includes a requirement for awardees of Federal grants to report information about first-tier subawards and executive compensation under Federal assistance awards issued in FY2011 or later.  All awardees of applicable NIH grants and cooperative agreements are required to report to the Federal Subaward Reporting System (FSRS) available at www.fsrs.gov on all subawards over $25,000.  See the NIH Grants Policy Statement for additional information on this reporting requirement.

In accordance with the regulatory requirements provided at 45 CFR 75.113 and Appendix XII to 45 CFR Part 75, recipients that have currently active Federal grants, cooperative agreements, and procurement contracts from all Federal awarding agencies with a cumulative total value greater than $10,000,000 for any period of time during the period of performance of a Federal award, must report and maintain the currency of information reported in the System for Award Management (SAM) about civil, criminal, and administrative proceedings in connection with the award or performance of a Federal award that reached final disposition within the most recent five-year period.  The recipient must also make semiannual disclosures regarding such proceedings. Proceedings information will be made publicly available in the designated integrity and performance system (currently FAPIIS).  This is a statutory requirement under section 872 of Public Law 110-417, as amended (41 U.S.C. 2313).  As required by section 3010 of Public Law 111-212, all information posted in the designated integrity and performance system on or after April 15, 2011, except past performance reviews required for Federal procurement contracts, will be publicly available.  Full reporting requirements and procedures are found in Appendix XII to 45 CFR Part 75 – Award Term and Conditions for Recipient Integrity and Performance Matters.

Section VII. Agency Contacts

We encourage inquiries concerning this funding opportunity and welcome the opportunity to answer questions from potential applicants.

Application Submission Contacts

eRA Service Desk (Questions regarding ASSIST, eRA Commons registration, submitting and tracking an application, documenting system problems that threaten submission by the due date, post submission issues)
Finding Help Online: https://grants.nih.gov/support/ (preferred method of contact)
Telephone: 301-402-7469 or 866-504-9552 (Toll Free)

Grants.gov Customer Support (Questions regarding Grants.gov registration and submission, downloading forms and application packages)
Contact Center Telephone: 800-518-4726

Email: support@grants.gov

GrantsInfo (Questions regarding application instructions and process, finding NIH grant resources)
Email: GrantsInfo@nih.gov (preferred method of contact)
Telephone: 301-945-7573

Scientific/Research Contact(s)

Peter C. Preusch, Ph.D.
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
Telephone: 301-594-0828
Email: preuschp@mail.nih.gov

Peer Review Contact(s)

Maqsood Wani, Ph.D.
Center for Scientific Review (CSR)
Telephone:  301-435-2270
Email:  wanimaqs@csr.nih.gov

Financial/Grants Management Contact(s)

Lisa Moeller
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
Telephone: 301-594-3914
Email: moellerl@mail.nih.gov

Section VIII. Other Information

Recently issued trans-NIH policy notices may affect your application submission. A full list of policy notices published by NIH is provided in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. All awards are subject to the terms and conditions, cost principles, and other considerations described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

Authority and Regulations

Awards are made under the authorization of Sections 301 and 405 of the Public Health Service Act as amended (42 USC 241 and 284) and under Federal Regulations 42 CFR Part 52 and 45 CFR Part 75.

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