Department of Health and Human Services

Part 1. Overview Information

Participating Organization(s)
National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Components of Participating Organizations

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)

Funding Opportunity Title
Human Islet Research Network - Consortium on Modeling Autoimmune Interactions (HIRN-CMAI) (U01 Clinical Trial Not Allowed)
Activity Code
U01 Research Project – Cooperative Agreements
Announcement Type

Reissue of RFA-DK-13-017

Related Notices
Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) Number
Companion Funding Opportunity
Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Number(s)
Funding Opportunity Purpose
This Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) invites new and renewal applications to participate in the Consortium on Modeling Autoimmune Interactions (CMAI). CMAI is a component of the Human Islet Research Network (HIRN) that is focused on developing robust systems to measure and model the biology of human type 1 diabetes. Projects will explore and validate research models designed to advance pre-clinical scientific discovery, mechanistic dissection of disease processes, and testing of potential interventions for T1D. 

Key Dates

Posted Date

December 17, 2018

Open Date (Earliest Submission Date)
January 26, 2019
Letter of Intent Due Date(s)
January 26, 2019
Application Due Date(s)
February 26, 2019, by 5:00 PM local time of applicant organization. All types of non-AIDS applications allowed for this funding opportunity announcement are due on these dates.

Applicants are encouraged to apply early to allow adequate time to make any corrections to errors found in the application during the submission process by the due date.

AIDS Application Due Date(s)
Not Applicable. 
Scientific Merit Review
June/July 2019
Advisory Council Review
October 2019
Earliest Start Date
December 2019
Expiration Date
February 27, 2019
Due Dates for E.O. 12372
Not Applicable
Required Application Instructions
It is critical that applicants follow the instructions in the Research (R) Instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide,except where instructed to do otherwise (in this FOA or in a Notice from NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts ).

Conformance to all requirements (both in the Application Guide and the FOA) is required and strictly enforced. Applicants must read and follow all application instructions in the Application Guide as well as any program-specific instructions noted in Section IV. When the program-specific instructions deviate from those in the Application Guide, follow the program-specific instructions.

Applications that do not comply with these instructions may be delayed or not accepted for review.

Table of Contents

Part 2. Full Text of Announcement

Section I. Funding Opportunity Description



This Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) requests Cooperative Agreement (U01) applications to support continuation of the Consortium on Modeling Autoimmune Interactions (CMAI), a founding program within the Human Islet Research Network (HIRN). The mission of HIRN is to advance Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) research, and CMAI’s role within HIRN is to establish the experimental systems needed to model pathogenic features of human T1D. In order to maximize scientific exchange and accelerate research in this area, it is expected that all information, data, biomaterials, models, protocols, reagents, resources and methods developed by CMAI investigators will be rapidly shared not only within CMAI, but also with other HIRN investigators, and with the research community at-large. 




The NIDDK Human Islet Research Network (HIRN)


Starting in 2014, NIDDK established the Human Islet Research Network (HIRN), a team-science oriented program supporting collaborative research in type 1 diabetes (T1D). The mission of HIRN is to provide a research environment that will facilitate the exploration of beta cell loss in Type 1 diabetes, and that will inform new strategies to protect or replace functional beta cell mass in diabetic patients. The HIRN program is configured as a modular network of small research consortia, each defined by a specific set of research priorities. Within that network structure, the Consortium on Modeling Autoimmune Interactions (CMAI) is specifically charged with developing the reagents and model systems needed to propel advances in basic and translational research in human T1D. Accordingly, CMAI supports resource development projects that are primarily focused on the reagents and model systems needed for mechanistic study of human T1D. All HIRN research initiatives, including HIRN-CMAI, put a strong emphasis on human disease biology, the use of human cells and tissues, and on the development of reagents, tools and disease-modeling platforms that can lead to innovations in treatment strategies for T1D patients.


HIRN Consortium on Modeling Autoimmune Interactions (HIRN-CMAI)


Although our understanding of Type 1 Diabetes pathophysiology has advanced dramatically over the past several years, many important questions remain, including: 

  • How do T1D susceptibility genes contribute to disease?
  • What are the triggers for T1D – are they environmental? Developmental? Both?
  • What are the roles of innate & adaptive immunity in beta cell death?
  • How do islets die in T1D, do they contribute to their own death?
  • Is it possible to induce regeneration or trans-differentiation of human beta cells to treat T1D?
  • Are there immune biomarkers associated with human beta cell viability and function?
    One barrier to answering these questions is the relative paucity of preclinical models of T1D pathogenesis, particularly models based on human cells and tissues. “Humanized” preclinical models are particularly important for revealing T1D-specific pathogenic mechanisms, and for testing human-specific therapeutics. Patient-oriented studies can monitor physiologic aspects of disease development and progress. However, clinical studies are hampered by the complexity of environmental stressors, genotypes and risk alleles known to contribute to disease, and by the inability to measure pathogenic events directly at the target organ. As a result, much of our understanding of T1D pathogenesis is based on inferences drawn from studies of patient peripheral blood, or from the analysis of cadaveric pancreata. On the other hand, studies with rodent models of T1D such as the NOD mouse or the BB rat have been important for advancing mechanistic understanding of beta cell autoimmunity. However, differences between rodent and human immune systems, as well as species-specific differences in pancreatic structure and function, can limit the direct translational value of animal models. These constraints that are inherent to clinical studies and to classical rodent research reinforce the need to develop alternative models that can support rigorous and reproducible experimentation in T1D.
    In response to this need, CMAI investigators have been expanding the T1D research toolbox by focusing on four scientific objectives: (1) increasing molecular characterization of T1D-associated autoreactive antigen receptors, (2) developing strategies to engineer risk alleles and autoreactive receptors into human cells derived from stem cells, (3) defining methods to produce multiple important cell populations from stem cells for in vitro and in vivo analyses, and (4) validating new rodent models that can serve as recipients of human cells to support mechanistic exploration of human T1D in vivo. These advances have been made through individual CMAI projects, and through synergistic collaborative studies that have grown during the first project period of the consortium. Nevertheless, additional work is needed to achieve the ultimate goal of providing the array of validated experimental platforms required to support preclinical research in T1D.
    Recent technological breakthroughs, including new methods for nuclease-mediated genome editing and induced Pluripotent Stem Cell (iPSC) cultivation, as well as conceptual and technical advances in the field of synthetic biology, are providing new tools for T1D modeling. For example, the ability to generate immunodeficient rodents carrying specific genetic modifications that may predispose to, or protect from, the development of T1D, coupled with the ability to interrogate human cells and tissues that carry engineered receptors or payloads in these models, sets the stage for unprecedented translational advances. The specific focus of HIRN-CMAI is on developing and validating the tools needed to interrogate how immune-mediated dysfunction and/or destruction of human pancreatic beta cells is initiated and proceeds, with the ultimate goal of providing the means to test new interventions to prevent, delay, halt, or reverse T1D.  

HIRN-CMAI Research Objectives and Scope


HIRN-CMAI consists of groups of investigators developing innovative approaches to model molecular and cellular features of human T1D biology. One goal of the program is to develop the tools needed to measure the sequence of immune events that lead to beta cell dysfunction and/or destruction. Of particular interest are studies that will develop platforms and reagents to test emerging therapies to inhibit or reverse human T1D.


HIRN-CMAI modeling projects should be designed to address both short-term and long-term translational goals. In addition, the potential pre-clinical utility of any tools or models to be developed should be a motivating factor in designing the aims. Focus areas for CMAI modeling projects may include, but are not limited to:


  • Regulating cellular inflammation: Models designed to examine the influence of tissue-resident or regulatory human lymphocyte populations in controlling T1D-related beta cell dysfunction and/or autoimmunity. Cell populations of interest may include innate lymphoid cells (ILCs), invariant natural killer T cells, gd T cells, and/or tissue-resident memory cells (TRM);
  • Recapitulating autoimmune pathogenesis: Models based on isogenic induced Pluripotent Stem Cell (iPS) systems to measure the function of T1D protective or risk alleles within a human pancreas and/or pancreatic lymph node microenvironment. Studies should take advantage of islet populations derived from highly characterized iPS lines, any relevant isogenic cell types needed such as monocytes, macrophages, and endothelial cells, as well as T and B cells bearing antigen receptors recovered from T1D patients. Where possible, cell populations should incorporate genetic modifications capable of measuring metabolic status and/or immune activation in real-time in vivo;
  • Designing and testing novel cell-based therapies: Engineering of islet or beta cell reactive immune populations to deliver immune modulatory payloads or to provide cell-contact specific signals to alter the immune environment in human islets and/or pancreatic lymph nodes. Studies should include plans to develop and validate any in vivo systems needed to test trafficking, function and efficacy of these cell-based reagents in the context of stressed human islets;
  • Resetting immune tolerance: In vivo systems to monitor and measure the development of central and peripheral tolerance to human islets, including studies to reveal the influence of molecules or gene constructs proposed to play roles in maintaining or breaking tolerance to the human pancreas.


HIRN-CMAI projects should incorporate multidisciplinary approaches and teams with the necessary expertise in immunology, beta cell biology, and engineering to address fundamental challenges in T1D modeling. As needed for individual projects, investigative teams should have expertise and take advantage of recent advances in human stem cell biology, gene editing, cellular imaging, and in vivo model development as needed to successfully develop reproducible models from renewable human cell sources.



HIRN-CMAI Project Milestones


All projects will be milestone-driven with clear criteria for measuring progress that are objective and quantifiable. Annual milestones with corresponding timelines must be included in the application.  Prior to funding an application, the Program Official will contact the applicant to discuss the proposed milestones, including plans to perform comparisons across models studied within the consortium-at-large, and any changes supported by NIH staff or the NIH review panel.  Each year, the Program Official and the applicant will review progress against the specified milestones and negotiate approved milestones for the coming year to be incorporated into each subsequent annual Notice of Award.


Meetings of HIRN-CMAI

Program Director(s)/Principal Investigators(s) participating in HIRN-CMAI must participate in the annual HIRN Investigator's Scientific Retreat held in the spring, in CMAI teleconferences, and in any in-person HIRN-CMAI meetings that may be organized by the CMAI Steering Committee. All participants will be expected to abide by policies adopted by majority vote of the HIRN-CMAI Steering Committee.

Additional Considerations

Cells : The use of primary cells and organ explants in initial modeling studies with a clear plan for progressing to use of pluripotent stem cells, particularly iPSCs, is encouraged. The current NIH guidance on stem cell usage can be found at

Collaborations : Collaborative interactions are a critical feature of this FOA, and of HIRN in general. The development of tools needed to interrogate islet autoimmunity in experimental in vivo systems will require extensive collaboration among immunologists, stem cell biologists, islet and diabetes experts, and animal modeling experts. Additional funds may be made available at a later time to support collaborative studies within HIRN between CMAI and the HIRN-Consortium on Beta Cell Death and Survival (CBDS) to validate or test any new therapeutics or biomarkers for T1D, with the HIRN-Consortium on Targeting and Regeneration (CTAR) to provide for in vivo testing of new approaches for modulating the human pancreatic microenvironment, or with the HIRN-Consortium on Human Islet Biomimetics (CHIB) to facilitate complementary studies investigating islet cell/immune interactions in microphysiologic systems.

Other Special Performance Requirements:

The HIRN-CMAI investigators may be asked to identify fixed and variable costs and establish procedures for negotiation of third party agreements or selection of subcontractors and develop processes to efficiently administer and manage same throughout the project.


Applications that include the following types of studies will be considered non-responsive and will not be reviewed:

  • Exclusive use of rodent or other nonhuman cells or model systems
  • Studies limited solely to in vitro experiments
  • Designs that do not incorporate appropriate tests to validate specific utility of the model for T1D research
  • Approaches that will not yield clearly specified short-term as well as long-term gains for T1D researchers, as evidenced by assessments of preclinical value of the models within the project period.
See Section VIII. Other Information for award authorities and regulations.

Section II. Award Information

Funding Instrument
Cooperative Agreement: A support mechanism used when there will be substantial Federal scientific or programmatic involvement. Substantial involvement means that, after award, NIH scientific or program staff will assist, guide, coordinate, or participate in project activities. See Section VI.2 for additional information about the substantial involvement for this FOA.
Application Types Allowed

The OER Glossary and the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide provide details on these application types.

Clinical Trial?
Not Allowed: Only accepting applications that do not propose clinical trials

Need help determining whether you are doing a clinical trial?

Funds Available and Anticipated Number of Awards

NIDDK intends to commit $2.5 million per year in FY 2019 to fund 2-5 awards.

Award Budget
Application budgets are limited to $600,000 per year direct costs.
Award Project Period
The maximum project period is four years.
NIH grants policies as described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement will apply to the applications submitted and awards made from this FOA.

Section III. Eligibility Information

1. Eligible Applicants

Eligible Organizations

Higher Education Institutions

  • Public/State Controlled Institutions of Higher Education
  • Private Institutions of Higher Education

The following types of Higher Education Institutions are always encouraged to apply for NIH support as Public or Private Institutions of Higher Education:

  • Hispanic-serving Institutions
  • Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs)
  • Tribally Controlled Colleges and Universities (TCCUs)
  • Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian Serving Institutions
  • Asian American Native American Pacific Islander Serving Institutions (AANAPISIs)

Nonprofits Other Than Institutions of Higher Education

  • Nonprofits with 501(c)(3) IRS Status (Other than Institutions of Higher Education)
  • Nonprofits without 501(c)(3) IRS Status (Other than Institutions of Higher Education)

For-Profit Organizations

  • Small Businesses
  • For-Profit Organizations (Other than Small Businesses)


  • State Governments
  • County Governments
  • City or Township Governments
  • Special District Governments
  • Indian/Native American Tribal Governments (Federally Recognized)
  • Indian/Native American Tribal Governments (Other than Federally Recognized)
  • Eligible Agencies of the Federal Government
  • U.S. Territory or Possession
  • Independent School Districts
  • Public Housing Authorities/Indian Housing Authorities
  • Native American Tribal Organizations (other than Federally recognized tribal governments)
  • Faith-based or Community-based Organizations
  • Regional Organizations
  • Non-domestic (non-U.S.) Entities (Foreign Institutions)
Foreign Institutions

Non-domestic (non-U.S.) Entities (Foreign Institutions) are eligible to apply

Non-domestic (non-U.S.) components of U.S. Organizations are eligible to apply.

Foreign components, as defined in the NIH Grants Policy Statement, are allowed. 
Required Registrations

Applicant organizations

Applicant organizations must complete and maintain the following registrations as described in the SF 424 (R&R) Application Guide to be eligible to apply for or receive an award. All registrations must be completed prior to the application being submitted. Registration can take 6 weeks or more, so applicants should begin the registration process as soon as possible. The NIH Policy on Late Submission of Grant Applications states that failure to complete registrations in advance of a due date is not a valid reason for a late submission.

  • Dun and Bradstreet Universal Numbering System (DUNS) - All registrations require that applicants be issued a DUNS number. After obtaining a DUNS number, applicants can begin both SAM and eRA Commons registrations. The same DUNS number must be used for all registrations, as well as on the grant application.
  • System for Award Management (SAM) (formerly CCR) – Applicants must complete and maintain an active registration, which requires renewal at least annually. The renewal process may require as much time as the initial registration. SAM registration includes the assignment of a Commercial and Government Entity (CAGE) Code for domestic organizations which have not already been assigned a CAGE Code.
  • eRA Commons - Applicants must have an active DUNS number and SAM registration in order to complete the eRA Commons registration. Organizations can register with the eRA Commons as they are working through their SAM or registration. eRA Commons requires organizations to identify at least one Signing Official (SO) and at least one Program Director/Principal Investigator (PD/PI) account in order to submit an application.
  • – Applicants must have an active DUNS number and SAM registration in order to complete the registration.

Program Directors/Principal Investigators (PD(s)/PI(s))

All PD(s)/PI(s) must have an eRA Commons account.  PD(s)/PI(s) should work with their organizational officials to either create a new account or to affiliate their existing account with the applicant organization in eRA Commons. If the PD/PI is also the organizational Signing Official, they must have two distinct eRA Commons accounts, one for each role. Obtaining an eRA Commons account can take up to 2 weeks.

Eligible Individuals (Program Director/Principal Investigator)
Any individual(s) with the skills, knowledge, and resources necessary to carry out the proposed research as the Program Director(s)/Principal Investigator(s) (PD(s)/PI(s)) is invited to work with his/her organization to develop an application for support. Individuals from underrepresented racial and ethnic groups as well as individuals with disabilities are always encouraged to apply for NIH support.

For institutions/organizations proposing multiple PDs/PIs, visit the Multiple Program Director/Principal Investigator Policy and submission details in the Senior/Key Person Profile (Expanded) Component of the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.

2. Cost Sharing

This FOA does not require cost sharing as defined in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

3. Additional Information on Eligibility


Applicant organizations may submit more than one application, provided that each application is scientifically distinct.

The NIH will not accept duplicate or highly overlapping applications under review at the same time.  This means that the NIH will not accept:

  • A new (A0) application that is submitted before issuance of the summary statement from the review of an overlapping new (A0) or resubmission (A1) application.
  • A resubmission (A1) application that is submitted before issuance of the summary statement from the review of the previous new (A0) application.
  • An application that has substantial overlap with another application pending appeal of initial peer review (see NOT-OD-11-101)

1. Requesting an Application Package

Buttons to access the online ASSIST system or to download application forms are available in Part 1 of this FOA. See your administrative office for instructions if you plan to use an institutional system-to-system solution.

2. Content and Form of Application Submission

It is critical that applicants follow the instructions in the Research (R) Instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide except where instructed in this funding opportunity announcement to do otherwise. Conformance to the requirements in the Application Guide is required and strictly enforced. Applications that are out of compliance with these instructions may be delayed or not accepted for review.

For information on Application Submission and Receipt, visit Frequently Asked Questions – Application Guide, Electronic Submission of Grant Applications.


Although a letter of intent is not required, is not binding, and does not enter into the review of a subsequent application, the information that it contains allows IC staff to estimate the potential review workload and plan the review.

By the date listed in Part 1. Overview Information, prospective applicants are asked to submit a letter of intent that includes the following information:

  • Descriptive title of proposed activity
  • Name(s), address(es), and telephone number(s) of the PD(s)/PI(s)
  • Names of other key personnel
  • Participating institution(s)
  • Number and title of this funding opportunity

The letter of intent should be sent to:

John Connaughton, Ph.D.
Chief, Scientific Review Branch
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disorders (NIDDK)
Telephone: 301-594-7797

Page Limitations
All page limitations described in the SF424 Application Guide and the Table of Page Limits must be followed
Instructions for Application Submission
The following section supplements the instructions found in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide and should be used for preparing an application to this FOA.
SF424(R&R) Cover
All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.
SF424(R&R) Project/Performance Site Locations
All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.
SF424(R&R) Other Project Information
All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.
SF424(R&R) Senior/Key Person Profile
All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.
  • PD(s)/PI(s) should describe any prior experience working productively in collaborative programs.

All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.

, with the following additional instructions:

  • Budget requests must include costs for the PD/PI and up to two other project team members to attend the annual HIRN Investigator's Scientific Retreat.
R&R Subaward Budget
All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.
PHS 398 Cover Page Supplement
All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.
PHS 398 Research Plan
All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed, with the following additional instructions:

Research Strategy:  The applicant must:

  • Outline plans to ensure adequate involvement of investigators representing the scientific fields that are relevant to this FOA, i.e. T1D experts, beta cell biologists, immunologists, stem cell biologists;
  • Provide Milestones and the quantitative criteria needed to measure success in attaining any milestones described;
  • Provide a detailed timeline for accomplishing each milestone;
  • Describe any impediments that could require changes to the research plan, milestones, or timeline with a discussion of alternative approaches.
Resource Sharing Plan: Individuals are required to comply with the instructions for the Resource Sharing Plans as provided in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.

The following modifications also apply:

  • All applications, regardless of the amount of direct costs requested for any one year, should address a Data Sharing Plan.
  • Applicants are expected to register resources supported by this FOA with the NIDDK Information Network (dkNET) at and use Research Resource Identifiers (RRID) assigned through dkNET in any publication supported by this FOA.
Only limited Appendix materials are allowed. Follow all instructions for the Appendix as described in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.
PHS Human Subjects and Clinical Trials Information
When involving NIH-defined human subjects research, clinical research, and/or clinical trials (and when applicable, clinical trials research experience) follow all instructions for the PHS Human Subjects and Clinical Trials Information form in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide, with the following additional instructions:

If you answered “Yes” to the question “Are Human Subjects Involved?” on the R&R Other Project Information form, you must include at least one human subjects study record using the Study Record: PHS Human Subjects and Clinical Trials Information form or Delayed Onset Study record.

Study Record: PHS Human Subjects and Clinical Trials Information

All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.

Delayed Onset Study

All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.

PHS Assignment Request Form
All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.

Foreign (non-U.S.) institutions must follow policies described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement, and procedures for foreign institutions described throughout the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.

3. Unique Entity Identifier and System for Award Management (SAM)

See Part 1. Section III.1 for information regarding the requirement for obtaining a unique entity identifier and for completing and maintaining active registrations in System for Award Management (SAM), NATO Commercial and Government Entity (NCAGE) Code (if applicable), eRA Commons, and

4. Submission Dates and Times

Part I. Overview Information contains information about Key Dates and times. Applicants are encouraged to submit applications before the due date to ensure they have time to make any application corrections that might be necessary for successful submission. When a submission date falls on a weekend or Federal holiday , the application deadline is automatically extended to the next business day.

Organizations must submit applications to (the online portal to find and apply for grants across all Federal agencies). Applicants must then complete the submission process by tracking the status of the application in the eRA Commons, NIH’s electronic system for grants administration. NIH and systems check the application against many of the application instructions upon submission. Errors must be corrected and a changed/corrected application must be submitted to on or before the application due date and time.  If a Changed/Corrected application is submitted after the deadline, the application will be considered late. Applications that miss the due date and time are subjected to the NIH Policy on Late Application Submission.

Applicants are responsible for viewing their application before the due date in the eRA Commons to ensure accurate and successful submission.

Information on the submission process and a definition of on-time submission are provided in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.

5. Intergovernmental Review (E.O. 12372)

This initiative is not subject to intergovernmental review.

6. Funding Restrictions

All NIH awards are subject to the terms and conditions, cost principles, and other considerations described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement .

Pre-award costs are allowable only as described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

7. Other Submission Requirements and Information

Applications must be submitted electronically following the instructions described in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.  Paper applications will not be accepted.

Applicants must complete all required registrations before the application due date. Section III. Eligibility Information contains information about registration.

For assistance with your electronic application or for more information on the electronic submission process, visit Applying Electronically. If you encounter a system issue beyond your control that threatens your ability to complete the submission process on-time, you must follow the Guidelines for Applicants Experiencing System Issues. For assistance with application submission, contact the Application Submission Contacts in Section VII.

Important reminders:

All PD(s)/PI(s) must include their eRA Commons ID in the Credential field of the Senior/Key Person Profile Component of the SF424(R&R) Application Package. Failure to register in the Commons and to include a valid PD/PI Commons ID in the credential field will prevent the successful submission of an electronic application to NIH. See Section III of this FOA for information on registration requirements.

The applicant organization must ensure that the DUNS number it provides on the application is the same number used in the organization’s profile in the eRA Commons and for the System for Award Management. Additional information may be found in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.

See more tips for avoiding common errors.

Upon receipt, applications will be evaluated for completeness and compliance with application instructions by the Center for Scientific Review and responsiveness by NIDDK, NIH. Applications that are incomplete, non-compliant and/or nonresponsive will not be reviewed.
Post Submission Materials
Applicants are required to follow the instructions for post-submission materials, as described in the policy. Any instructions provided here are in addition to the instructions in the policy.

Section V. Application Review Information

1. Criteria

Only the review criteria described below will be considered in the review process. As part of the NIH mission, all applications submitted to the NIH in support of biomedical and behavioral research are evaluated for scientific and technical merit through the NIH peer review system.

Overall Impact
Reviewers will provide an overall impact score to reflect their assessment of the likelihood for the project to exert a sustained, powerful influence on the research field(s) involved, in consideration of the following review criteria and additional review criteria (as applicable for the project proposed).
Scored Review Criteria
Reviewers will consider each of the review criteria below in the determination of scientific merit, and give a separate score for each. An application does not need to be strong in all categories to be judged likely to have major scientific impact. For example, a project that by its nature is not innovative may be essential to advance a field.


Does the project address an important problem or a critical barrier to progress in the field? Is the prior research that serves as the key support for the proposed project rigorous? If the aims of the project are achieved, how will scientific knowledge, technical capability, and/or clinical practice be improved? How will successful completion of the aims change the concepts, methods, technologies, treatments, services, or preventative interventions that drive this field?

Specific to this FOA:  Is a strong justification/rationale provided for the goals of the project?  Is there a potential translational benefit to be derived from the development and use of the proposed model or tool? Does the application focus on critical gaps to address important questions or obstacles in Type 1 diabetes research?  Will successful completion of the research aims promote an understanding of Type 1 diabetes pathogenesis and/or advance the future development of diagnostics and interventions?


Are the PD(s)/PI(s), collaborators, and other researchers well suited to the project? If Early Stage Investigators or those in the early stages of independent careers, do they have appropriate experience and training? If established, have they demonstrated an ongoing record of accomplishments that have advanced their field(s)? If the project is collaborative or multi-PD/PI, do the investigators have complementary and integrated expertise; are their leadership approach, governance and organizational structure appropriate for the project?

Specific to this FOA : Is the Multi-PI leadership plan, if applicable, well-described, including plans for dispute resolution? Does the project leadership have experience working productively within a large consortium/center or other large collaborative program? Have project leadership and other key personnel demonstrated a track record of directing and conducting research activities related to creating and validating tools for T1D research, and do they have the expertise needed to create and validate in vitro and in vivo assays and models of type 1 diabetes?


Does the application challenge and seek to shift current research or clinical practice paradigms by utilizing novel theoretical concepts, approaches or methodologies, instrumentation, or interventions? Are the concepts, approaches or methodologies, instrumentation, or interventions novel to one field of research or novel in a broad sense? Is a refinement, improvement, or new application of theoretical concepts, approaches or methodologies, instrumentation, or interventions proposed?

Specific to this FOA : Are the overall goals of the application conducive to generating significant multidisciplinary investigations that generate robust and reproducible tools and models for the T1D research community? Will any tools or novel models developed for studies of type 1 diabetes advance basic and translational science and/or future therapy development? Does the project utilize the current advances of cutting edge technologies?  


Are the overall strategy, methodology, and analyses well-reasoned and appropriate to accomplish the specific aims of the project? Have the investigators included plans to address weaknesses in the rigor of prior research that serves as the key support for the proposed project?  Have the investigators presented strategies to ensure a robust and unbiased approach, as appropriate for the work proposed? Are potential problems, alternative strategies, and benchmarks for success presented? If the project is in the early stages of development, will the strategy establish feasibility and will particularly risky aspects be managed? Have the investigators presented adequate plans to address relevant biological variables, such as sex, for studies in vertebrate animals or human subjects?

Specific to this FOA : Has the applicant included an adequate description and justification of the tools and/or model system to be developed?  Are the technologies or experimental approaches state of the art or is there novel use of non-state of the art technology?  Will the expected results lead to advances in understanding the pathophysiology of Type 1 Diabetes?  Are the proposed approaches, tools, and technologies scientifically justified and adequate for the particular model system?  Does the application identify major technical risks, and are the proposed efforts to mitigate or address the risks clearly defined and feasible?

Milestones.  Are appropriate, clearly-defined quantitative milestones provided for each aim of the overall project?  Are the milestones feasible, well-developed and quantitative with regard to the specific aims within each phase?  Is the overall timeline feasible and appropriate?   Are adequate criteria provided to assess milestone completion?

If the project involves human subjects and/or NIH-defined clinical research, are the plans to address 1) the protection of human subjects from research risks, and 2) inclusion (or exclusion) of individuals on the basis of sex/gender, race, and ethnicity, as well as the inclusion or exclusion of individuals of all ages (including children and older adults), justified in terms of the scientific goals and research strategy proposed?


Will the scientific environment in which the work will be done contribute to the probability of success? Are the institutional support, equipment and other physical resources available to the investigators adequate for the project proposed? Will the project benefit from unique features of the scientific environment, subject populations, or collaborative arrangements?

Additional Review Criteria
As applicable for the project proposed, reviewers will evaluate the following additional items while determining scientific and technical merit, and in providing an overall impact score, but will not give separate scores for these items.

Collaborative Research Opportunities 

Does the project present an opportunity for research that would be enhanced by consortium interaction, collaboration and expertise?


For research that involves human subjects but does not involve one of the categories of research that are exempt under 45 CFR Part 46, the committee will evaluate the justification for involvement of human subjects and the proposed protections from research risk relating to their participation according to the following five review criteria: 1) risk to subjects, 2) adequacy of protection against risks, 3) potential benefits to the subjects and others, 4) importance of the knowledge to be gained, and 5) data and safety monitoring for clinical trials.

For research that involves human subjects and meets the criteria for one or more of the six categories of research that are exempt under 45 CFR Part 46, the committee will evaluate: 1) the justification for the exemption, 2) human subjects involvement and characteristics, and 3) sources of materials. For additional information on review of the Human Subjects section, please refer to the Guidelines for the Review of Human Subjects.

Individuals Across the Lifespan

When the proposed project involves human subjects and/or NIH-defined clinical research, the committee will evaluate the proposed plans for the inclusion (or exclusion) of individuals on the basis of sex/gender, race, and ethnicity, as well as the inclusion (or exclusion) of individuals of all ages (including children and older adults) to determine if it is justified in terms of the scientific goals and research strategy proposed. For additional information on review of the Inclusion section, please refer to the Guidelines for the Review of Inclusion in Clinical Research.


The committee will evaluate the involvement of live vertebrate animals as part of the scientific assessment according to the following criteria: (1) description of proposed procedures involving animals, including species, strains, ages, sex, and total number to be used; (2) justifications for the use of animals versus alternative models and for the appropriateness of the species proposed; (3) interventions to minimize discomfort, distress, pain and injury; and (4) justification for euthanasia method if NOT consistent with the AVMA Guidelines for the Euthanasia of Animals. Reviewers will assess the use of chimpanzees as they would any other application proposing the use of vertebrate animals. For additional information on review of the Vertebrate Animals section, please refer to the Worksheet for Review of the Vertebrate Animal Section.


Reviewers will assess whether materials or procedures proposed are potentially hazardous to research personnel and/or the environment, and if needed, determine whether adequate protection is proposed.


Not Applicable


For Renewals, the committee will consider the progress made in the last funding period.


Not Applicable

Additional Review Considerations
As applicable for the project proposed, reviewers will consider each of the following items, but will not give scores for these items, and should not consider them in providing an overall impact score.


Reviewers will assess whether the project presents special opportunities for furthering research programs through the use of unusual talent, resources, populations, or environmental conditions that exist in other countries and either are not readily available in the United States or augment existing U.S. resources.


Reviewers will assess the information provided in this section of the application, including 1) the Select Agent(s) to be used in the proposed research, 2) the registration status of all entities where Select Agent(s) will be used, 3) the procedures that will be used to monitor possession use and transfer of Select Agent(s), and 4) plans for appropriate biosafety, biocontainment, and security of the Select Agent(s).


Reviewers will comment on whether the following Resource Sharing Plans, or the rationale for not sharing the following types of resources, are reasonable: (1) Data Sharing Plan; (2) Sharing Model Organisms; and (3)  Genomic Data Sharing Plan (GDS).


For projects involving key biological and/or chemical resources, reviewers will comment on the brief plans proposed for identifying and ensuring the validity of those resources.


Reviewers will consider whether the budget and the requested period of support are fully justified and reasonable in relation to the proposed research.

2. Review and Selection Process

Applications will be evaluated for scientific and technical merit by (an) appropriate Scientific Review Group convened by the NIDDK, in accordance with NIH peer review policy and procedures, using the stated review criteria. Assignment to a Scientific Review Group will be shown in the eRA Commons.

As part of the scientific peer review, all applications:
  • May undergo a selection process in which only those applications deemed to have the highest scientific and technical merit (generally the top half of applications under review) will be discussed and assigned an overall impact score.
  • Will receive a written critique.
Appeals of initial peer review will not be accepted for applications submitted in response to this FOA.
Applications will be assigned to the appropriate NIH Institute or Center. Applications will compete for available funds with all other recommended applications submitted in response to this FOA. Following initial peer review, recommended applications will receive a second level of review by the National Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases Advisory Council (NDDKAC). The following will be considered in making funding decisions:
  • Scientific and technical merit of the proposed project as determined by scientific peer review.
  • Availability of funds.
  • Relevance of the proposed project to program priorities.
  • Compliance with resource sharing policies, as appropriate and consistent with achieving the goals of the program.

3. Anticipated Announcement and Award Dates

After the peer review of the application is completed, the PD/PI will be able to access his or her Summary Statement (written critique) via the eRA Commons. Refer to Part 1 for dates for peer review, advisory council review, and earliest start date.

Information regarding the disposition of applications is available in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

Section VI. Award Administration Information

1. Award Notices

If the application is under consideration for funding, NIH will request "just-in-time" information from the applicant as described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

A formal notification in the form of a Notice of Award (NoA) will be provided to the applicant organization for successful applications. The NoA signed by the grants management officer is the authorizing document and will be sent via email to the grantee’s business official.

Awardees must comply with any funding restrictions described in Section IV.5. Funding Restrictions. Selection of an application for award is not an authorization to begin performance. Any costs incurred before receipt of the NoA are at the recipient's risk. These costs may be reimbursed only to the extent considered allowable pre-award costs.

Any application awarded in response to this FOA will be subject to terms and conditions found on the Award Conditions and Information for NIH Grants website.  This includes any recent legislation and policy applicable to awards that is highlighted on this website.

2. Administrative and National Policy Requirements

All NIH grant and cooperative agreement awards include the NIH Grants Policy Statement as part of the NoA. For these terms of award, see the NIH Grants Policy Statement Part II: Terms and Conditions of NIH Grant Awards, Subpart A: General  and Part II: Terms and Conditions of NIH Grant Awards, Subpart B: Terms and Conditions for Specific Types of Grants, Grantees, and Activities. More information is provided at Award Conditions and Information for NIH Grants.

Recipients of federal financial assistance (FFA) from HHS must administer their programs in compliance with federal civil rights law. This means that recipients of HHS funds must ensure equal access to their programs without regard to a person’s race, color, national origin, disability, age and, in some circumstances, sex and religion. This includes ensuring your programs are accessible to persons with limited English proficiency.  HHS recognizes that research projects are often limited in scope for many reasons that are nondiscriminatory, such as the principal investigator’s scientific interest, funding limitations, recruitment requirements, and other considerations. Thus, criteria in research protocols that target or exclude certain populations are warranted where nondiscriminatory justifications establish that such criteria are appropriate with respect to the health or safety of the subjects, the scientific study design, or the purpose of the research.

In accordance with the statutory provisions contained in Section 872 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act of Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417), NIH awards will be subject to the Federal Awardee Performance and Integrity Information System (FAPIIS) requirements.  FAPIIS requires Federal award making officials to review and consider information about an applicant in the designated integrity and performance system (currently FAPIIS) prior to making an award.  An applicant, at its option, may review information in the designated integrity and performance systems accessible through FAPIIS and comment on any information about itself that a Federal agency previously entered and is currently in FAPIIS.  The Federal awarding agency will consider any comments by the applicant, in addition to other information in FAPIIS, in making a judgement about the applicant’s integrity, business ethics, and record of performance under Federal awards when completing the review of risk posed by applicants as described in 45 CFR Part 75.205 “Federal awarding agency review of risk posed by applicants.”  This provision will apply to all NIH grants and cooperative agreements except fellowships.

For additional guidance regarding how the provisions apply to NIH grant programs, please contact the Scientific/Research Contact that is identified in Section VII under Agency Contacts of this FOA. HHS provides general guidance to recipients of FFA on meeting their legal obligation to take reasonable steps to provide meaningful access to their programs by persons with limited English proficiency. Please see The HHS Office for Civil Rights also provides guidance on complying with civil rights laws enforced by HHS. Please see; and Recipients of FFA also have specific legal obligations for serving qualified individuals with disabilities. Please see Please contact the HHS Office for Civil Rights for more information about obligations and prohibitions under federal civil rights laws at or call 1-800-368-1019 or TDD 1-800-537-7697. Also note it is an HHS Departmental goal to ensure access to quality, culturally competent care, including long-term services and supports, for vulnerable populations. For further guidance on providing culturally and linguistically appropriate services, recipients should review the National Standards for Culturally and Linguistically Appropriate Services in Health and Health Care at

Cooperative Agreement Terms and Conditions of Award

The following special terms of award are in addition to, and not in lieu of, otherwise applicable OMB administrative guidelines, HHS grant administration regulations at 45 CFR Part 75, and other HHS PHS, and NIH grant administration policies.

The administrative and funding instrument used for this program will be the cooperative agreement U01, an "assistance" mechanism (rather than an "acquisition" mechanism), in which substantial NIH programmatic involvement with the awardees is anticipated during the performance of the activities. Under the cooperative agreement, the NIH purpose is to support and stimulate the recipients' activities by involvement in and otherwise working jointly with the award recipients in a partnership role; it is not to assume direction, prime responsibility, or a dominant role in the activities. Consistent with this concept, the dominant role and prime responsibility resides with the awardees for the project as a whole, although specific tasks and activities may be shared among the awardees and the NIH as defined below.

The PI(s)/PD(s) will have the primary responsibility for:

  • The awardee will be primarily responsible for defining the objectives and approaches, planning, conduct, analysis, and publication of results, interpretations, and conclusions of studies conducted under the terms and conditions of the cooperative agreement award.
  • The Principal Investigator/Program Director will assume responsibility and accountability to the applicant organization officials and to the NIH for the performance and proper conduct of the research supported under this Funding Opportunity Announcement in accordance with the terms and conditions of award, as well as all pertinent laws, regulations and policies.
  • The awardee will retain custody of and have primary rights to the data and software developed under these awards, subject to Government policies regarding rights of access consistent with current HHS, PHS, and NIH/NIDDK policies.
  • All staff of the Awardee will maintain the confidentiality of the information developed by the investigations, including, without limitation, study protocols, data analysis, conclusions, etc. per policies approved by the consortium as well as any confidential information received by third party collaborators.
  • Awardees must analyze, publish and/or publicly release and disseminate results, data and other products of the study in a timely manner, concordant with the approved plan for making quality-assured data and materials available to the scientific community and the NIH, consistent with NIH policies and goals of the FOA.
  • All staff of the Awardee will be required to participate in a cooperative and interactive manner with NIH staff, one another and with the HIRN coordinating center in all aspects of CMAI.
  • Awardees are expected to share data, materials, models, methods, information and unique research resources that are generated by the projects in accordance with CMAI policies in order to facilitate progress.  When appropriate, and in accordance with NIH policies, awardees will be expected to collaborate; share novel reagents, biomaterials, methods and models and resources; and share both positive and negative results that would help guide the research activities of other CMAI members.
  • Awardees will submit a list of milestones and project deliverables to the NIH Program Official prior to the initial HIRN meeting and will update this list annually.
  • CMAI Awardees agree to establish agreements amongst themselves that address the following issues: (1) procedures for data sharing among consortium members and data sharing with any third parties (including both industry and academic partners), as appropriate and consistent with achieving the goals of the program; (2) procedures for safeguarding confidential information, including without limitation, any data generated by the consortium as well as information and/or data received from external collaborators; (3) procedures for addressing ownership of intellectual property that result from aggregate multi-party data; (4) procedures for sharing biospecimens under an overarching MTA amongst consortium members that operationalizes material transfer in an efficient and expeditious manner; (5) procedures for reviewing publications, determining authorship, and industry access to publications. The NIDDK Program Official may consult with others at NIH including the NIDDK Technology Advancement Office regarding these arrangements and issues.
  • Awardees agree that third party collaborations (including both industry and academia) should be governed by a research collaboration agreement (e.g. CTA, RCA, etc.) with terms that ensure the collaboration is conducted in accordance with the Cooperative Agreement, applicable NIH/NIDDK policies and procedures and any policies and procedures developed by the CMAI. The NIDDK Program Official may consult with others at NIH including the NIDDK Technology Advancement Office regarding these arrangements and issues.
  • Awardees must operate in accordance with processes and goals as delineated in the Funding Opportunity Announcement.
  • Upon completion or termination of the research project(s), the awardees are responsible for making all study materials and procedures broadly available (e.g., putting into the public domain) or making them accessible to the research community according to the NIH-approved plan submitted for each project, for making data and materials available to the scientific community and the NIH for the conduct of research, as appropriate and consistent with achieving the goals of the program.   The data sharing plan should include a plan to accomplish this at the end of the study.
  • Awardees may be asked by NIH staff to scientifically review applications for special opportunity pool funds, as deemed appropriate.

NIH staff have substantial programmatic involvement that is above and beyond the normal stewardship role in awards, as described below:

  • The NIDDK will designate program staff, including a Program Officer and a Grants Management Specialist to provide stewardship and administrative oversight of the cooperative agreement.  The Program Officer and Grants Management Specialist will be named in the Notice of Grant Award.
  • The NIH will invite experts with relevant scientific expertise to provide feedback to the NIH on CMAI activities.  The External Experts will meet to review the progress of the research projects and to advise NIH staff of scientific developments and opportunities that may enhance the achievement of the study goals.
  • An NIDDK Project Scientist will be substantially involved in this project above and beyond the normal stewardship of an NIDDK Program Official as follows:
    • The NIH Project Scientist will coordinate and facilitate the research projects, attend and participate in all meetings of the CMAI, and act as a liaison between the Awardee and the External Experts.
    • The NIH Project Scientist and Program Officer will review the scientific progress, cooperation in carrying out research, and maintenance of high quality research in each of the individual research project and review the project for compliance with operating policies developed by the CMAI.  Based on this review, the Project Scientist in conjunction with the Program Officer may recommend to the NIH to continue funding, or to withhold or restrict support for lack of scientific progress or failure to adhere to policies established by the CMAI. Review of progress may include regular communications between the Principal Investigator and NIH staff, periodic site visits for discussions with awardee research teams, fiscal review, and other relevant matters. The NIH retains the option of organizing periodic external review of progress.
  • The NIDDK reserves the right to terminate or curtail any study or any individual award in the event of (1) substantial shortfall in data collection or submission, quality control, or other major breach or a study protocol or CMAI policy and procedure, (2) substantive changes in a study protocol that are not in keeping with the objectives of the FOA, and/or (3) concerns related to human subject safety that prompt the need for premature termination.
  • The NIH Project Scientist and Program Officer will review applications for Special Opportunity Funds for responsiveness to program goals to insure that they are within the scope of CMAI research as described in the Funding Opportunity Announcement and NIH guidelines.
  • The NIH will enlist additional scientific consultants as necessary from within the NIH whose function will be to assist the Project Scientist in carrying out the goals and aims of the approved studies.  The NIH will have one vote for any key committees, regardless of the number of NIH consultants involved in the project.
  • The NIH Project Scientist will have substantial scientific programmatic involvement in research coordination and performance monitoring.  The dominant role and primary responsibility for these activities resides with the awardee, however, specific tasks and activities in carrying out the studies will be shared among the awardees and the NIH Project Scientist.
  • The NIH Project Scientist serves as a resource with respect to other ongoing NIH activities that may be relevant to CMAI studies to facilitate compatibility and avoid unnecessary duplication of effort.
  • The NIH Project Scientist or designee may coordinate activities among awardees by assisting in the design, development, and coordination of a common research protocol and statistical evaluations of data and in the publication of results.
  • The NIH Project Scientist may review procedures for assessing data quality and monitor study performance.
  • The NIH Project Scientist may be a co-author on study publications.  In general, to warrant co-authorship, the NIH staff must have contributed to one or more of the following areas: (a) design of the concepts or experiments being tested; (b) performance of significant portions of the activity; (c) participation in analysis and interpretation of study results and (d) preparation and authorship of pertinent manuscripts.

Areas of Joint Responsibility include:

Through the Awardee(s) and NIH staff, CMAI will cooperatively develop and implement processes to submit information and data to the HIRN-coordinating center, determine criteria and processes for quality control of information and data to be posted for the research community, refine scientific objectives, and implement research advances to facilitate the goals of the study, consistent with NIH policies and achieving the goals of the program as described in the Funding Opportunity Announcement.

Awardee(s), the CMAI Project Scientist, and the CMAI Program Official are expected to attend the annual HIRN Investigator’s retreats, and meetings of the CMAI steering committee. A team will be established through this program to enable multiple, but coordinated, approaches to advance this area of research.  If a single award is made, then CMAI will be governed by the PI and the NIH Project Scientist. 

Steering Committee

 If multiple U01s are funded, then CMAI Awardees agree to the governance of the study through a Steering Committee.

  • On an annual basis, and following input from the CMAI Steering Committee members, NIDDK staff will appoint a Steering Committee Chair who will be in charge of facilitating the CMAI Steering Committee meetings and teleconferences.  In collaboration with the HIRN Coordinating Center and the NIH Project Scientist, the Chairperson is responsible for coordinating the Steering Committee activities, for preparing meeting agendas and for chairing meetings.
  • The Steering Committee, including the Project Scientist, is responsible for establishing and implementing processes and criteria for recommending special projects for consideration for special opportunity funds by NIH staff.
  • The NIH Project Scientist may work with awardees on issues coming before the Steering Committee and, as appropriate, other committees.
  • The Steering Committee will be composed of the PI(s)/PD(s) for each U01, or by U01 representatives (one per U01 grant) chosen by the Principal Investigators/Program Directors in the cases of multi-PI grants, and the NIH Project Scientist.  Only the U01 PI/PD or multi-PI U01 representatives and the NIH Project Scientist will be voting members of the Steering Committee and will attend all meetings of the Steering Committee.  Each full member will have one vote.  Other designated NIH program staff attending the steering committee meetings will be ex officio (non-voting) members. The CMAI Steering Committee will meet at least twice a year.
  • All major scientific and policy decisions will be determined by voting policies as established by the Steering Committee at the initial meeting.  This committee will operate to develop collaborative protocols, identify impediments to success and strategies to overcome them, develop shared tools for disseminating information about the projects, and identify opportunities for sharing techniques, materials, information and tools developed within each individual project.  Steering Committee activities and decisions will consider the advice of the External Experts.
  • The NIH Project Scientist will help the Steering Committee develop and draft operating policies.
  • NIDDK staff, in concert with the Steering Committee, will have the option to redirect research activities being pursued within the U01 grant(s) if it is considered beneficial to the overall program.
  • The awardee will be responsible for accepting and implementing the goals, priorities, procedures, protocols, and policies agreed upon by the Steering Committee and Subcommittees. Awardees must serve on CMAI subcommittees as needed.  Subcommittees will report progress at Steering Committee Meetings and/or lead discussions at the Annual Investigator’s Retreat.

HIRN Trans-Network Committee (HIRN-TNC)

The HIRN-TNC will consist of: the PI/PD of the HIRN Coordinating Center and the Steering Committee Chairs and Project Scientists of the HIRN scientific topic consortia; the TNC is not a governing body and does not cast votes.

  • The TNC will facilitate communication and foster collaboration across the different consortia. 
  • The TNC will be responsible for organizing the yearly HIRN Scientific Investigator’s Retreat.
  • The TNC will meet by teleconference at least twice a year and will be organized by the HIRN Coordinating Center.  Meetings will be used to discuss, prioritize, and review the progress of applications that will use "opportunity pool" funds.  Subcommittees of HIRN, as well as working groups for scientific planning may be established and require participation by the CMAI members through in-person, electronic, or teleconference meetings, as appropriate.  The HIRN Coordinating Center is responsible for providing and maintaining a record of minutes of all EC meetings, which will be approved by the EC.

Expert Scientific Panel (ESP)

An independent panel of 2-5 External Experts will be appointed by the NIDDK and meet by teleconference with the CMAI Project Scientist and the CMAI Project Officer at least once a year. The CMAI-ESP will be updated on progress and give feedback to the NIH on adjustments and future directions for the CMAI research projects(s). On an annual basis, and following input from the ESP members, NIDDK staff will appoint an ESP Chair who will be required to attend the annual HIRN investigator's Scientific Retreat, to participate in the CMAI Steering Committee meetings as ex-officio, and to serve as the CMAI-ESP representative to the larger HIRN-ESP that will also meet once a year. The CMAI ESP Chair will be tasked with relaying the CMAI Steering Committee recommendations for new Opportunity Funds Initiatives to the HIRN-ESP. All CMAI-ESP members will also be invited to listen as ex-officio to CMAI Steering Committee meetings.  Members of CMAI-ESP may be asked, on an ad hoc basis, to assist in the peer review of applications for new research applications that request “opportunity pool” funds.  The HIRN-Coordinating Center will support costs for teleconferences between the ESP and the CMAI Steering Committee, provide teleconference technical support, maintain a record of minutes, and support costs for the CMAI ESP chair to participate in the annual HIRN Investigator's Scientific Retreat.

Dispute Resolution

Disagreements that may arise in scientific/technical matter or programmatic matters (within the scope of the award) between award recipients and the NIDDK may be brought to arbitration after first attempting to resolve the issue through the Steering Committee or its subcommittees, as appropriate.  An Arbitration Panel composed of three members will be convened.  It will have three members: a designee of the Steering Committee chosen without NIH staff voting, one NIH designee, and a third designee with expertise in the relevant area who is chosen by the other two; in the case of individual disagreement, the first member may be chosen by the individual awardee.  This special dispute resolution procedures in no way affect the awardee's right to appeal an adverse action in accordance with PHS regulations at 42 CFR Part 50, Subpart D, and HHS regulations at 45 CFR Part 16.

3. Reporting

When multiple years are involved, awardees will be required to submit the Research Performance Progress Report (RPPR) annually and financial statements as required in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.
A final RPPR, invention statement, and the expenditure data portion of the Federal Financial Report are required for closeout of an award, as described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

The Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 (Transparency Act), includes a requirement for awardees of Federal grants to report information about first-tier subawards and executive compensation under Federal assistance awards issued in FY2011 or later.  All awardees of applicable NIH grants and cooperative agreements are required to report to the Federal Subaward Reporting System (FSRS) available at on all subawards over $25,000.  See the NIH Grants Policy Statement for additional information on this reporting requirement.

In accordance with the regulatory requirements provided at 45 CFR 75.113 and Appendix XII to 45 CFR Part 75, recipients that have currently active Federal grants, cooperative agreements, and procurement contracts from all Federal awarding agencies with a cumulative total value greater than $10,000,000 for any period of time during the period of performance of a Federal award, must report and maintain the currency of information reported in the System for Award Management (SAM) about civil, criminal, and administrative proceedings in connection with the award or performance of a Federal award that reached final disposition within the most recent five-year period.  The recipient must also make semiannual disclosures regarding such proceedings. Proceedings information will be made publicly available in the designated integrity and performance system (currently FAPIIS).  This is a statutory requirement under section 872 of Public Law 110-417, as amended (41 U.S.C. 2313).  As required by section 3010 of Public Law 111-212, all information posted in the designated integrity and performance system on or after April 15, 2011, except past performance reviews required for Federal procurement contracts, will be publicly available.  Full reporting requirements and procedures are found in Appendix XII to 45 CFR Part 75 – Award Term and Conditions for Recipient Integrity and Performance Matters.

Section VII. Agency Contacts

We encourage inquiries concerning this funding opportunity and welcome the opportunity to answer questions from potential applicants.
Application Submission Contacts
eRA Service Desk (Questions regarding ASSIST, eRA Commons, application errors and warnings, documenting system problems that threaten on-time submission, and post-submission issues)

Finding Help Online: (preferred method of contact)
Telephone: 301-402-7469 or 866-504-9552 (Toll Free)

General Grants Information (Questions regarding application processes and NIH grant resources)
Email: (preferred method of contact)
Telephone: 301-945-7573 Customer Support (Questions regarding registration and Workspace)
Contact Center Telephone: 800-518-4726

Scientific/Research Contact(s)

Guillermo Arreaza-Rubin, MD.
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Phone 301-594-4724

Peer Review Contact(s)

Ann A. Jerkins, Ph.D. 
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Phone 301-594-2242

Financial/Grants Management Contact(s)

Christina Coriz
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Telephone: 301-594-8848 


Section VIII. Other Information

Recently issued trans-NIH policy notices may affect your application submission. A full list of policy notices published by NIH is provided in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. All awards are subject to the terms and conditions, cost principles, and other considerations described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.
Authority and Regulations
Awards are made under the authorization of Sections 301 and 405 of the Public Health Service Act as amended (42 USC 241 and 284) and under Federal Regulations 42 CFR Part 52 and 45 CFR Part 75.
This FOA is supported under the authority of P.L. 115-123, Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018; Section 50902. Extension for special diabetes programs.

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