Department of Health and Human Services
Part 1. Overview Information

 

Participating Organization(s)

National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Components of Participating Organizations

This FOA is a Common Fund initiative (Common Fund) through the NIH Office of the Director, Office of Strategic Coordination (http://dpcpsi.nih.gov/osc/). All NIH Institutes and Centers participate in Common Fund initiatives. The FOA will be administered by a trans-NIH team led by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) on behalf of the NIH Common Fund.

Activity Code

X01 Resource Access Award

Announcement Type

Reissue of PAR-17-063

Related Notices
Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) Number

PAR-18-583

Companion Funding Opportunity

None

Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Number(s)

93.310

Funding Opportunity Purpose

As part of the Gabriella Miller Kids First Pediatric Research Program (Kids First), the NIH invites applications to submit samples from pediatric cohorts for whole genome sequencing at a Kids First-supported sequencing center. Applicants are encouraged to propose sequencing of existing pediatric cancer cohorts to elucidate the genetic contribution to childhood cancers, or to expand the range of disorders included within the Kids First Data Resource to investigate the genetic etiology of structural birth defects. Whole genome, exome, and transcriptome sequencing are available for tumor or affected tissue when justified.   These data will become part of the Gabriella Miller Kids First Pediatric Data Resource (Kids First Data Resource) for the pediatric research community.

Key Dates

 

Posted Date

January 16, 2018

Open Date (Earliest Submission Date)

February 22, 2018

Letter of Intent Due Date(s)

February 22, 2018

Application Due Date(s)

March 22, 2018, by 5:00 PM local time of applicant organization. All types of non-AIDS applications allowed for this funding opportunity announcement are due on this date.

Applicants are encouraged to apply early to allow adequate time to make any corrections to errors found in the application during the submission process by the due date.

AIDS Application Due Date(s)

Not Applicable

Scientific Merit Review

April 2018

Advisory Council Review

Not Applicable

Earliest Start Date

April 2018

Expiration Date

March 23, 2018

Due Dates for E.O. 12372

Not Applicable

Required Application Instructions

It is critical that applicants follow the Research (R) Instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide, except where instructed to do otherwise (in this FOA or in a Notice from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts). Conformance to all requirements (both in the Application Guide and the FOA) is required and strictly enforced. Applicants must read and follow all application instructions in the Application Guide as well as any program-specific instructions noted in Section IV. When the program-specific instructions deviate from those in the Application Guide, follow the program-specific instructions. Applications that do not comply with these instructions may be delayed or not accepted for review.


There are several options available to submit your application through Grants.gov to NIH and Department of Health and Human Services partners. You must use one of these submission options to access the application forms for this opportunity.

  1. Use the NIH ASSIST system to prepare, submit and track your application online.
  2. Use an institutional system-to-system (S2S) solution to prepare and submit your application to Grants.gov and eRA Commons to track your application. Check with your institutional officials regarding availability.

  3. Use Grants.gov Workspace to prepare and submit your application and eRA Commons to track your application.
  4. Table of Contents

    Part 1. Overview Information
    Part 2. Full Text of the Announcement

    Section I. Funding Opportunity Description
    Section II. Award Information
    Section III. Eligibility Information
    Section IV. Application and Submission Information
    Section V. Application Review Information
    Section VI. Award Administration Information
    Section VII. Agency Contacts
    Section VIII. Other Information


    Part 2. Full Text of Announcement
    Section I. Funding Opportunity Description
    Purpose

    In response to The Gabriella Miller Kids First Research Act (https://www.congress.gov/bill/113th-congress/house-bill/2019/text), NIH, through the Common Fund, has established the Gabriella Miller Kids First Pediatric Research Program (Kids First). The Kids First program is expected to be a ten-year effort (2015 - 2024) that will build the Gabriella Miller Kids First Pediatric Data Resource (Kids First Data Resource). The Kids First Data Resource will be populated by genomic and phenotypic data, and will be of high value to the pediatric research community by facilitating data mining across diverse conditions. During the first three years of this Program, data were generated and made publicly available following sequencing of DNA, and some RNA, samples from several pediatric cancer and structural birth defects cohorts as outlined on the Kids First Common Fund website at https://commonfund.nih.gov/kidsfirst.  In addition to increased understanding of individual pediatric conditions, it is anticipated that establishing the Data Resource will enable discovery of shared pathways whose disruption may lead to structural birth defects and/or susceptibility to childhood cancer. Therefore representation of a wide variety of pediatric cancers and structural birth defects within the Data Resource is essential.  The overall goal is to help researchers understand the underlying mechanisms of disease, leading to more refined diagnostic capabilities and ultimately more targeted therapies or interventions.  

    This funding opportunity builds upon prior FOAs (PAR-15-259, PAR-16-150, and PAR-17-063) and is intended to identify samples for next generation sequencing that will help elucidate genetic contributions to childhood cancers and the etiology of structural birth defects.  

    Data obtained from these sequencing projects will be analyzed and processed, to generate derived files and summary data, which will be compiled and made accessible alongside raw data and metadata, through the Kids First Data Resource.

    For childhood cancer cohorts:  This FOA invites applications that propose sequencing of DNA samples from childhood cancer cohorts (as well as DNA and RNA samples from tumors) for which a genetic basis is suspected but not identified. Proposed study populations should address important questions about the genetics/genomics of childhood cancers that might be answered by whole genome sequencing of germline DNA, as well as tumor genome, exome, and transcriptome sequencing when tumor tissue is available. Studies where the probands were born with structural birth defects and subsequently diagnosed with childhood cancer are especially encouraged.  All study designs, with appropriate scientific justification, will be considered. Investigators may consider a trio or quad study design with the study population consisting of germline and tumor samples collected from participants with childhood cancer and their parents or affected first degree relatives, including those where the proband has previously been sequenced.  Note that submission of nucleic acids from tumor samples is encouraged when sequencing and analysis of the tumor will provide additional insight into the cancer(s) under study. 

    For structural birth defects cohorts:  This FOA also invites applications that will propose sequencing of DNA samples from subjects with those categories of structural birth defects that are not yet well-represented in the Kids First dataset and that are appropriate for whole genome sequencing.  Proposed study populations should address important questions about the genetics/genomics of structural birth defects that might be answered by whole genome sequencing, as well as genome, exome, and transcriptome sequencing of affected tissue. All study designs, with appropriate scientific justification, will be considered.  One example is that of a trio study design with the study population consisting of samples collected from participants with structural birth defects and their parents, including those where the proband has previously been sequenced.  Strong justification for the proposed sample size is expected in each application.  Study populations with defects that affect multiple organ systems, or that are associated with susceptibility to childhood cancers, are especially encouraged.  Populations with syndromic conditions that exhibit intellectual or neurobehavioral disabilities as part of the phenotype are acceptable, as long as the focus of the project is on associated structural birth defects. Note that submission of DNA and RNA from affected tissue samples is encouraged when sequencing and analysis of the tissue will provide additional insight into the structural birth defect(s) under study. 

    Specific Requirements and Expectations for this Opportunity

    The cohorts selected under this FOA must have already extracted genomic DNA or samples that are ready to be extracted, (DNA and RNA from tumors/affected tissue are desirable but optional), and participants must have given consent to allow sharing of individual-level sequence and relevant phenotype data through dbGaP or other NIH-approved repositories.  Patient consent groups and/or data use limitations for proposed samples should be listed in the application. Cohort samples that have consents that allow for broad data sharing (i.e. for General Research Use) are of higher priority. Conditions not previously incorporated into the Kids First dataset are desirable. For a list of prior projects visit: https://commonfund.nih.gov/kidsfirst/fundedresearch.  No funds will be provided through this opportunity for collecting samples, performing additional phenotyping, acquiring other data types, obtaining new consent for existing samples, or performing data analysis.   However, future initiatives within the Kids First program may provide support for these activities. Cohorts that have provided consent to be re-contacted for additional studies are therefore encouraged.

    Projects selected under this FOA will be expected to work in a collaborative manner with the designated Kids First Sequencing Center:  the Broad Institute or the HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology in collaboration with St. Jude Children's Research Hospital.  The sequencing centers will produce the genome, exome, and transcriptome sequences and called variant data sets. Project design will be finalized in discussions among the X01 investigators, the sequencing centers, and NIH program staff.

    Data from the studies selected under this FOA will be made available through the newly established Kids First Data Resource Center led by investigators at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, in partnership with the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research, the University of Chicago, Children's National Health System, the Oregon Health and Science University and Seven Bridges.   PDs/PIs of selected cohort projects will participate in a collaborative effort to inform the development of the integrated Data Resource to maximize its impact on the research community.

    Investigators selected for this opportunity are encouraged to submit subsequent analyses to the Data Resource upon publication.  Decisions about secondary results and other external datasets that are accepted into the Data Resource will be made by Kids First Common Fund staff. 

    Background

    Genetic alterations underlie etiologic contributors to pediatric disease, including childhood cancers as well as multiple birth defects and related syndromes.  Investigations of the genetic architecture of various diseases, by exome sequencing and other genome-wide interrogations, suggest that large sample sizes will be required to achieve a comprehensive understanding of the genetic etiology of these disorders.  Those studies highlight the genetic heterogeneity of various developmental disorders and the genetic overlap between various diseases.  An integrated data resource will help aggregate data sets to increase power; catalog myriad data sets to enable rational organization of data resources; and, facilitate cross-linking of diverse data sets to enable novel research collaborations and knowledge connections.

    Approximately one in 33 infants born in the United States has a birth defect, and these are the leading cause of death for infants during the first year of life. Next to accidents, birth defects are the leading cause of death in children during the first four years of life and account for half of all pediatric hospitalizations.   Technical advances (such as the decreased cost of genomic sequencing) have made powerful tools available to help researchers uncover the genetic variants, genes, and pathways that underlie birth defects.  Together with our ability to describe clinical characteristics in detail, there are emerging opportunities for research on genetic and environmental influences on development and for illuminating common pathways that may link different birth defects.

    Cancer is the leading cause of childhood disease-related mortality beyond year four of life.  In toto, it is the leading disease-related cause of childhood death beyond age one during childhood. Major advances have been made in understanding the genetics and genomics of childhood cancers, particularly in the past decade through the work of large projects such as the NCI Childhood Cancer TARGET Initiative, the St. Jude Children's Research Hospital - Washington University Pediatric Cancer Genome Project, and projects of other research teams throughout the world. NCI sponsored workshops of leading childhood cancer genomics researchers in February 2015 and May 2016. One key message from the recent workshop was the importance of further large-scale germline sequencing of well-annotated pediatric cancer patient and parent trios, with an increasing emphasis on including paired diagnostic and/or relapse tumor specimens when available.

    The causes of some pediatric cancers are not well understood. Many of the rare familial cancer syndromes include pediatric cancers in which tumor formation is directly related to a structural defect or mutation in the germline. Historically, germline alterations were identified in only a small fraction of children with cancer, even in those with a family history of cancer in 1st or 2nd degree relatives. However, with the advent of genome-wide sequencing, potentially causative germline alterations have been observed in approximately 10 percent of children with cancer. Germline sequencing data from many more children with cancer are needed to fully elucidate the germline contribution to specific childhood cancers.

    NCI has a long-standing commitment to the support of family-based studies, particularly in pediatric cancer, which includes careful clinical evaluation, collection of blood and tumor, and consent to both conduct genetic analyses and share data with researchers according to NIH policies. The investment in families with pediatric cancer has led to the identification and characterization of many rare pediatric cancer syndromes, including the Li-Fraumeni Syndrome (LFS) in which a TP53 mutation has been identified in 70% of cases.  Recent surveys of sporadic pediatric cancers have identified that as many as 5-10% of children with osteosarcoma may harbor a germline TP53 mutation. Ongoing studies have evaluated pediatric cancer patients with family history who do not fit known hereditary cancer syndromes. New advances in whole genome sequencing provide an opportunity to search for novel mutational events in families, either inherited or de novo

    Types of Research Projects

    The Kids First Program seeks applications for sample sets that can be ready for whole genome sequencing, as well as whole exome and transcriptome analyses for tumors and/or affected tissues where justified, as soon as possible after the application due date of this FOA.  In general, applications may aim to discover influential genetic variants underlying their targeted disorder using various study designs (e.g., trio-based, family-based, case-control, or other).  If other -omics data already exist on the subjects, then an integrative -omics approach may also be taken.  This FOA offers a protocol of sequencing the whole genome from high quality genomic DNA by a Gabriella Miller Kids First-designated sequencing center, with the potential for genome, exome and RNA sequencing of tumor/affected tissue specimens (if available and justified). As sequencing technologies are constantly evolving, additional approaches such as long-read whole genome sequencing, may also be proposed. The sequencing centers will produce sequence read and called variant data sets. Some applicants may wish to further collaborate with the sequencing center for custom analysis and validation of variants for a subset of cases.  Such scientific collaboration will be arranged between the applicant and sequencing center staff, however such services may reduce the total number of samples that can be sequenced.

    Investigators with small cohort sizes are encouraged to collaborate with other investigators and pool samples together to establish adequate power to uncover variants with relevant implications to the cancer(s) or birth defects(s) under study.  This approach is especially relevant for disease conditions that have not yet been sequenced by the Kids First program.

    Investigators who have previously sequenced genomic DNA from probands and who have unsequenced nucleic acid samples from their parents, siblings, tumor, and/or affected tissue are also encouraged to apply to have those samples sequenced, assuming that it will result in additional insight into the genetic contribution to the cancer(s) or birth defects(s) under study.

    Investigators selected for this opportunity will be notified by NIH with the estimated number of samples approved for sequencing. Approval to access the sequencing capacity is conditional on the submission of an Institutional Certification covering all samples to be submitted for sequencing. If the document does not meet the Kids First program's expectation for broad data sharing (i.e. General Research Use), another cohort with broader sharing may be selected instead.

    After approval, investigators will work with the NIH and the designated sequencing center to determine the timing and final number of DNA and RNA samples to be sequenced, as well as which sequencing technologies will be used.  Details of sample and shipping requirements (amount, concentration, quality) will be provided to investigators.  It is expected that the sequencing centers will provide reasonable funds to cover costs of shipping of samples, if needed.

    Pre-Application Webinar

    The Gabriella Miller Kids First Pediatric Research Program (Kids First) staff will hold a Pre-Application Webinar for all interested prospective applicants.  Webinar date and other details will be posted on the Kids First website: https://commonfund.nih.gov/kidsfirst.

    See Section VIII. Other Information for award authorities and regulations.

    Section II. Award Information
    Funding Instrument

    Other: A mechanism that is not a grant or cooperative agreement. Examples include access to research resources or pre-applications

    Application Types Allowed

    New
    Resubmission

    The OER Glossary and the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide provide details on these application types.

    Clinical Trial?

    Not Allowed: Only accepting applications that do not propose clinical trials

    Need help determining whether you are doing a clinical trial?

    Funds Available and Anticipated Number of Awards

    Not applicable; there are no funds associated with a resource access award.

    Award Budget

    Not applicable; there are no funds associated with a resource access award.

    Award Project Period

    The scope of the proposed project should determine the project period.  The maximum project period is 1 year.

    NIH grants policies as described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement will apply to the applications submitted and awards made from this FOA.

    Section III. Eligibility Information
    1. Eligible Applicants
    Eligible Organizations

    Higher Education Institutions

    • Public/State Controlled Institutions of Higher Education
    • Private Institutions of Higher Education

    The following types of Higher Education Institutions are always encouraged to apply for NIH support as Public or Private Institutions of Higher Education:

    o   Hispanic-serving Institutions

    o   Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs)

    o   Tribally Controlled Colleges and Universities (TCCUs)

    o   Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian Serving Institutions

    o   Asian American Native American Pacific Islander Serving Institutions (AANAPISIs)

    Nonprofits Other Than Institutions of Higher Education

    • Nonprofits with 501(c)(3) IRS Status (Other than Institutions of Higher Education)
    • Nonprofits without 501(c)(3) IRS Status (Other than Institutions of Higher Education)

    For-Profit Organizations

    • Small Businesses
    • For-Profit Organizations (Other than Small Businesses)

    Governments

    • State Governments
    • County Governments
    • City or Township Governments
    • Special District Governments
    • Indian/Native American Tribal Governments (Federally Recognized)
    • Indian/Native American Tribal Governments (Other than Federally Recognized)
    • Eligible Agencies of the Federal Government - including the NIH Intramural Research Program
    • U.S. Territory or Possession

    Other

    • Independent School Districts
    • Public Housing Authorities/Indian Housing Authorities
    • Native American Tribal Organizations (other than Federally recognized tribal governments)
    • Faith-based or Community-based Organizations
    • Regional Organizations
    • Non-domestic (non-U.S.) Entities (Foreign Institutions)
    Foreign Institutions

    Non-domestic (non-U.S.) Entities (Foreign Institutions) are  eligible to apply.
    Non-domestic (non-U.S.) components of U.S. Organizations are  eligible to apply.
    Foreign components, as defined in the NIH Grants Policy Statement, are  allowed.

    Required Registrations

    Applicant Organizations

    Applicant organizations must complete and maintain the following registrations as described in the SF 424 (R&R) Application Guide to be eligible to apply for or receive an award. All registrations must be completed prior to the application being submitted. Registration can take 6 weeks or more, so applicants should begin the registration process as soon as possible. The NIH Policy on Late Submission of Grant Applications states that failure to complete registrations in advance of a due date is not a valid reason for a late submission.

    Dun and Bradstreet Universal Numbering System (DUNS) - All registrations require that applicants be issued a DUNS number. After obtaining a DUNS number, applicants can begin both SAM and eRA Commons registrations. The same DUNS number must be used for all registrations, as well as on the grant application.

    • System for Award Management (SAM) (formerly CCR) – Applicants must complete and maintain an active registration, which requires renewal at least annually. The renewal process may require as much time as the initial registration. SAM registration includes the assignment of a Commercial and Government Entity (CAGE) Code for domestic organizations which have not already been assigned a CAGE Code.
    • NATO Commercial and Government Entity (NCAGE) Code – Foreign organizations must obtain an NCAGE code (in lieu of a CAGE code) in order to register in SAM. 
    • eRA Commons - Applicants must have an active DUNS number and SAM registration in order to complete the eRA Commons registration. Organizations can register with the eRA Commons as they are working through their SAM or Grants.gov registration. eRA Commons requires organizations to identify at least one Signing Official (SO) and at least one Program Director/Principal Investigator (PD/PI) account in order to submit an application.
    • Grants.gov – Applicants must have an active DUNS number and SAM registration in order to complete the Grants.gov registration.

    Program Directors/Principal Investigators (PD(s)/PI(s))

    All PD(s)/PI(s) must have an eRA Commons account.  PD(s)/PI(s) should work with their organizational officials to either create a new account or to affiliate their existing account with the applicant organization in eRA Commons. If the PD/PI is also the organizational Signing Official, they must have two distinct eRA Commons accounts, one for each role. Obtaining an eRA Commons account can take up to 2 weeks.

    Eligible Individuals (Program Director/Principal Investigator)

    Any individual(s) with the skills, knowledge, and resources necessary to carry out the proposed research as the Program Director(s)/Principal Investigator(s) (PD(s)/PI(s)) is invited to work with his/her organization to develop an application for support. Individuals from underrepresented racial and ethnic groups as well as individuals with disabilities are always encouraged to apply for NIH support.

    For institutions/organizations proposing multiple PDs/PIs, visit the Multiple Program Director/Principal Investigator Policy and submission details in the Senior/Key Person Profile (Expanded) Component of the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.

    2. Cost Sharing

    This FOA does not require cost sharing as defined in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

    3. Additional Information on Eligibility
    Number of Applications

    Applicant organizations may submit more than one application, provided that each application is scientifically distinct.

    The NIH will not accept duplicate or highly overlapping applications under review at the same time.  This means that the NIH will not accept:

    • A new (A0) application that is submitted before issuance of the summary statement from the review of an overlapping new (A0) or resubmission (A1) application.
    • A resubmission (A1) application that is submitted before issuance of the summary statement from the review of the previous new (A0) application.
    • An application that has substantial overlap with another application pending appeal of initial peer review (see NOT-OD-11-101).
    Section IV. Application and Submission Information
    1. Requesting an Application Package

    Buttons to access the online ASSIST system or to download application forms are available in Part 1 of this FOA. See your administrative office for instructions if you plan to use an institutional system-to-system solution.

    2. Content and Form of Application Submission

    It is critical that applicants follow the Research (R) Instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide,  except where instructed in this funding opportunity announcement to do otherwise. Conformance to the requirements in the Application Guide is required and strictly enforced. Applications that are out of compliance with these instructions may be delayed or not accepted for review.

    For information on Application Submission and Receipt, visit Frequently Asked Questions – Application Guide, Electronic Submission of Grant Applications.

    Letter of Intent

    Although a letter of intent is not required, is not binding, and does not enter into the review of a subsequent application, the information that it contains allows IC staff to estimate the potential review workload and plan the review.

    By the date listed in Part 1. Overview Information, prospective applicants are asked to submit a letter of intent that includes the following information:

    • Descriptive title of proposed activity
    • Name(s), address(es), and telephone number(s) of the PD(s)/PI(s)
    • Names of other key personnel
    • Participating institution(s)
    • Number and title of this funding opportunity

    The letter of intent should be sent to:

    Jonathan Kaltman, MD
    Telephone: 301-435-0510
    Fax: 301-480-2858
    Email: kaltmanj@nhlbi.nih.gov

    Page Limitations

    All page limitations described in the SF424 Application Guide and the Table of Page Limits must be followed. with the following exceptions or additional requirements:

    • For this specific FOA, the Research Strategy section is limited to 6 pages.  
    Instructions for Application Submission

    The following section supplements the instructions found in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide and should be used for preparing an application to this FOA.

    SF424(R&R) Cover

    All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.

    Total Federal Funds Requested:  Enter $0.

    Total Federal & Non-Federal Funds:  $0.

    Estimated Program Income:  Enter $0

    SF424(R&R) Project/Performance Site Locations

    All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.  

    SF424(R&R) Other Project Information

    All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed. along with the following additional instructions:

    Other Attachments: The application must include the following attachments.

    1) Institutional Certification: 

    Provide the Institutional Certification(s) using the current NIH template (https://osp.od.nih.gov/scientific-sharing/institutional-certifications/), which demonstrates that it is permissible to share individual-level data to be generated for all samples proposed, consistent with achieving the goals of the program. Institutional Certifications specify the data use limitations and data use limitation modifiers, as determined by the institution's IRB based on the informed consent agreed to by the participants.  If the Institutional Certification is not available, provide a Provisional Certification and describe the anticipated data use limitations and associated modifiers separately.

    2) Sample Information:

    Describe the characteristics and number of specimens proposed for sequencing.

    • Describe the number of specimens currently ready to ship to a sequencing center, and those that could be shipped at a later date in the same fiscal year (please provide a timeline if all proposed samples are not currently ready for shipment). 
    • Provide a detailed inventory of the sources of the DNA (and RNA if available for tumors and/or affected somatic tissue): number of samples from blood, number of samples from saliva or buccal swabs, and number of samples from frozen tissue versus embedded tissue (including fixation method). Please note that costs associated with assaying/processing saliva samples could reduce the total number of samples that will be sequenced; therefore, blood- or tissue-derived nucleic acids are preferable. 
    • Describe the status of the DNA and any RNA samples, including the extraction methods used for each source and the approximate nucleic acid concentrations. Address their quantity and quality in terms of suitability for whole genome sequencing, as well as exome and transcriptome sequencing for tumors/affected tissue. Describe the quality metric and method of quantification used.
    • For tumor specimens, describe the pathology review to which the specimens were subjected and the percentage of tumor cells within the specimen used for DNA and/or RNA isolation.
    • Estimate the shipping costs per sample. 

    3) Phenotype Data:

    Describe what phenotype information was collected from all study participants and what is available for submission to the Data Resource.  At a minimum, the following data elements are expected: demographics (age, sex, race, ethnicity), clinical information (e.g., detailed cancer history or type of birth defect), other phenotypic information (e.g., other phenotypic measurements that may be related to the primary outcome), and family medical history (e.g., family history of cancer or birth defects). 

    4) Family Structure (if applicable)

    If proposing a non-trio design, provide any additional information that will help explain the family structures for your proposed cohort (e.g. pedigrees). Convey which unaffected and/or affected family members will be sequenced.

    SF424(R&R) Senior/Key Person Profile

    All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed. 

    PHS 398 Cover Page Supplement

    All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.  

    PHS 398 Research Plan

    All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed, with the following additional instructions: 

    Specific Aims: The Specific Aims should refer directly to the goals of this Funding Opportunity Announcement.

    Research Strategy: Cohorts with cancers and structural birth defects have distinct requirements as indicated below.

    Research teams who have previously been approved to have cohorts sequenced through Kids First may submit a new application, provided that the required elements, described below, are addressed in the application.  In addition, these applicants must provide scientific justification for why further samples should be sequenced (e.g., analysis of a different subpopulation), and demonstration of what progress, if any, has been made on analyzing the data from the previously submitted cohort.

    For cohorts with childhood cancers:

    Applicants should:

    1) Describe their proposed cohort of children with cancer for which a genetic predisposition to cancer is suspected, but not yet identified.

    2) Clearly explain why genome sequencing (as well as genome, exome, and transcriptome sequencing for any tumors) is likely to reveal previously unknown variants underlying cancer predisposition or previously unrecognized associations between known variants and specific childhood cancers. Describe previous genotyping that has been done on the samples proposed. Have known cancer predisposition genes been excluded? This is especially relevant where the proband has previously been sequenced, and sequencing the parents is proposed.

    3) Present evidence that the number and type of DNA and RNA samples proposed are likely to be sufficient to detect genetic variants affecting cancer risk for the population under study.

    4) If this request is a direct follow up of an earlier study, describe those results.

    5) Provide any additional background that supports the value of the samples proposed for genomic sequencing. 

    Applicants with cancer cohorts are strongly encouraged to address all of the following points in their application:

    1) Study Population: Describe the cohort and the characteristics that define it as a distinctive population that is likely to have a genetic basis for cancer predisposition. Describe current understanding of the genetic contribution to the cancer(s) affecting the proposed cohort. Describe the rationale for the proposed cohort as one that will provide key contributions to answering important questions about the genetics/genomics of childhood cancers through the application of whole genome sequencing (and exome/transcriptome sequencing for any tumors) to the cohort. Describe how the study design will be likely to lead to discovery of variants contributing to the cancer of interest. Submission of nucleic acids from tumor samples is encouraged. Applicants proposing submission of tumor samples should describe whether both DNA and RNA are available for sequencing.

    2) Data Analysis: Provide a plan for data analyses. Include methods for variant filtering and follow up.  If there is a plan to analyze the data obtained with earlier data, describe the strategy for that process.  Describe why the number of samples proposed for whole genome sequencing is adequate to draw reliable conclusions about the contribution of genetic alterations to the cohort.  Use power analyses to describe the range of effect sizes detectable by the study.

    3) Data Management:  Describe the institutional computing resources available for this study, the type of database that will be used, and how the data will be managed locally.  Highlight the team's experience with management of large data sets (especially those similar to the proposed project).  Also, describe strategies to maintain data security.

    4) Contribution to Data Resource: Describe how the genome sequence (and when applicable exome and transcriptome sequencing), phenotypes, and size of the proposed study population will contribute to the Kids First Data Resource.  For example, how do the cancers of this study intersect with other cancer or birth defect phenotypes and what types of genetic and/or phenotypic overlap have been identified between the proposed cancer and other cancers or birth defects? Describe willingness to participate in a collaborative effort to inform the development of the Kids First Data Resource.

    5) Consent and Data Sharing: Confirm the consent used to obtain the samples allows sharing of individual level sequence and relevant phenotype data through a controlled access, NIH-approved repository such as dbGaP http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/projects/gap/cgi-bin/about.cgi.  Include information such as ability to re-contact participants for additional phenotyping or collection of additional samples. If submitting a provisional certification because the full Institutional Certification is not available, describe the anticipated data use limitations based on the consent.

    For cohorts with structural birth defects:

    Applicants should:

    1) Describe the phenotype and explain its biological, biomedical, and/or public health significance. Include details about whether multiple organ systems are affected or whether there are significant co-morbidities.

    2) Document the evidence for a genetic component of this phenotype and the likely strength of that component including the heritability, complexity, and a description of any earlier genetic studies on this disorder. Describe previous genotyping that has been done on the samples proposed.

    3) Present evidence that the study design (e.g. family structure) and sample size proposed are likely to be sufficient to detect genetic variants underlying the condition under study.

    4) Describe other identified risk factors, including any known environmental risk factors and the evidence for their involvement.  Also, discuss any evidence for gene-environment interactions.

    5) If this request is a direct follow up of an earlier study, describe those results.

    6) Provide any additional background that supports the value of the samples proposed for genomic sequencing.  This may include information on the ability of the investigator to obtain further samples for follow-up studies or to acquire additional data such as exposure data.

    Applicants with structural birth defects cohorts are strongly encouraged to address the following points in their application:

    1) Study Population:  Clearly describe the study population. Include detailed information about how subjects were identified and sampled and the method(s) of phenotypic characterization.  If the subjects provided for this study are a subset of a family population, explain which individuals were included and how they were selected.  Highlight special features of the study population that would enhance success. Describe the ancestry, if known, of the individuals whose samples will be submitted for genome sequencing.  How do considerations of ancestry factor in to the design of the study?  Describe how the study design will be likely to lead to discovery of variants contributing to your phenotype of interest.

    2) Data Analysis: Provide a plan for data analyses. Include methods for variant filtering and follow up.  If there is a plan to analyze the data obtained with earlier data, describe the strategy for that process.  Describe why the number of samples proposed for whole genome sequencing is adequate to draw reliable conclusions about the contribution of genetic alterations to the cohort.  Use power analyses to describe the range of effect sizes detectable by the study.

    3) Data Management:  Describe the institutional computing resources available for this study, the type of database that will be used, and how the data will be managed locally.  Highlight the team's experience with management of large data sets (especially those similar to the proposed project).  Also, describe strategies to maintain data security.

    4) Contribution to Data Resource: Describe how the genome sequence, phenotypes, and size of the proposed study population will contribute to the Kids First Data Resource.  For example, how do the phenotypes of this study intersect with other birth defect or cancer phenotypes and what types of genetic and/or phenotypic overlap have been identified between the proposed birth defect and other birth defects or cancers? Describe willingness to participate in a collaborative effort to establish the Kids First Data Resource. Describe a willingness to contribute secondary results to the Data Resource, after publication of associated findings.

    5) Consent and Data Sharing: Confirm that the consent used to obtain the samples allows sharing of individual level genome sequence and relevant phenotype data through a controlled access, NIH-approved repository such as dbGaP http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/projects/gap/cgi-bin/about.cgi.  Include information such as ability to recontact participants for additional phenotyping or collection of additional samples.  If submitting a provisional certification because the full Institutional Certification is not available, describe the anticipated data use limitations based on the consent.

    Resource Sharing Plan: Individuals are required to comply with the instructions for the Resource Sharing Plans as provided in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide, with the following modification:

    • The overall goal of the Kids First Program is to produce a data resource that makes individual and integrated datasets broadly available to the research community to help researchers to effectively mine data across diverse pediatric conditions, understand the underlying mechanisms of disease, uncover shared pathways, and develop more refined diagnostic capabilities and more targeted therapies or interventions for childhood diseases.
    • All applications should address a Data Sharing Plan, including data use limitations and/or modifiers stating how individual level data can be shared with secondary users, under the guidance of the NIH Genomic Data Sharing policy http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-OD-14-124.html. Applicants are expected to agree that all sequence data generated by Kids First and related phenotype data will be deposited in repositories designated by the Kids First Common Fund staff, in a manner consistent with NIH policy http://grants.nih.gov/grants/policy/data_sharing/ and achieving the goals of the program.

    Appendix:

    Only limited Appendix materials are allowed. Follow all instructions for the Appendix as described in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.

    PHS Human Subjects and Clinical Trials Information

    When involving NIH-defined human subjects research, clinical research, and/or clinical trials (and when applicable, clinical trials research experience) follow all instructions for the PHS Human Subjects and Clinical Trials Information form in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide, with the following additional instructions:

    If you answered "Yes" to the question "Are Human Subjects Involved?" on the R&R Other Project Information form, you must include at least one human subjects study record using the Study Record: PHS Human Subjects and Clinical Trials Information form or Delayed Onset Study record.

    Study Record: PHS Human Subjects and Clinical Trials Information

    All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed.

    Delayed Onset Study

    All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed. 

    PHS Assignment Request Form

    All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed. 

    Foreign Institutions

    Foreign (non-U.S.) institutions must follow policies described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement, and procedures for foreign institutions.

    3. Unique Entity Identifier and System for Award Management (SAM)

    See Part 1. Section III.1 for information regarding the requirement for obtaining a unique entity identifier and for completing and maintaining active registrations in System for Award Management (SAM), NATO Commercial and Government Entity (NCAGE) Code (if applicable), eRA Commons, and Grants.gov

    4. Submission Dates and Times

    Part I. Overview Information contains information about Key Dates and times. Applicants are encouraged to submit applications before the due date to ensure they have time to make any application corrections that might be necessary for successful submission. When a submission date falls on a weekend or Federal holiday, the application deadline is automatically extended to the next business day.

    Organizations must submit applications to Grants.gov (the online portal to find and apply for grants across all Federal agencies). Applicants must then complete the submission process by tracking the status of the application in the eRA Commons, NIH's electronic system for grants administration. NIH and Grants.gov systems check the application against many of the application instructions upon submission. Errors must be corrected and a changed/corrected application must be submitted to Grants.gov on or before the application due date and time.  If a Changed/Corrected application is submitted after the deadline, the application will be considered late. Applications that miss the due date and time are subjected to the NIH Policy on Late Application Submission.

    Applicants are responsible for viewing their application before the due date in the eRA Commons to ensure accurate and successful submission.

    Information on the submission process and a definition of on-time submission are provided in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.

    5. Intergovernmental Review (E.O. 12372)

    This initiative is not subject to intergovernmental review.

    6. Funding Restrictions

    All NIH awards are subject to the terms and conditions, cost principles, and other considerations described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

    Pre-award costs are allowable only as described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

    7. Other Submission Requirements and Information

    Applications must be submitted electronically following the instructions described in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.  Paper applications will not be accepted.

    Applicants must complete all required registrations before the application due date. Section III. Eligibility Information contains information about registration.

    For assistance with your electronic application or for more information on the electronic submission process, visit Applying Electronically. If you encounter a system issue beyond your control that threatens your ability to complete the submission process on-time, you must follow the Guidelines for Applicants Experiencing System Issues. For assistance with application submission, contact the Application Submission Contacts in Section VII.

    Important reminders:

    All PD(s)/PI(s) must include their eRA Commons ID in the Credential field of the Senior/Key Person Profile Component of the SF424(R&R) Application Package. Failure to register in the Commons and to include a valid PD/PI Commons ID in the credential field will prevent the successful submission of an electronic application to NIH. See Section III of this FOA for information on registration requirements.

    The applicant organization must ensure that the DUNS number it provides on the application is the same number used in the organization's profile in the eRA Commons and for the System for Award Management. Additional information may be found in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.

    See more tips for avoiding common errors.

    Upon receipt, applications will be evaluated for completeness and compliance with application instructions by the Center for Scientific Review, NIH. Applications that are incomplete or non-compliant will not be reviewed.

    In order to expedite review, applicants are requested to notify the NHGRI Scientific Review Officer by email at barbara.thomas@nih.gov when the application has been submitted. Please include the FOA number and title, PD/PI name, and title of the application.

    Applications Involving the NIH Intramural Research Program

    NIH intramural scientists may participate in this program as PD/PIs in accord with the Terms and Conditions provided in this FOA.  The requests by NIH intramural scientists will be limited to the incremental costs required for participation.   As such, these requests will not include any salary and related fringe benefits for career, career conditional or other Federal employees (civilian or uniformed service) with permanent appointments under existing position ceilings or any costs related to administrative or facilities support (equivalent to Facilities and Administrative or F&A costs).  These costs may include salary for staff to be specifically hired under a temporary appointment for the project, consultant costs, equipment, supplies, travel, and other items typically listed under Other Expenses.  Applicants should indicate the number of person-months devoted to the project, even if no funds are requested for salary and fringe benefits. 

    If selected, appropriate funding will be provided by the NIH Intramural Program.  NIH intramural scientists will participate in this program as PDs/PIs in accord with the Terms and Conditions provided in this FOA.  Intellectual property will be managed in accord with established policy of the NIH in compliance with Executive Order 10096, as amended, 45 CFR Part 7; patent rights for inventions developed in NIH facilities are NIH property unless NIH waives its rights. 

    Should an extramural application include the collaboration with an intramural scientist, no funds for the support of the intramural scientist may be requested in the application.  The intramural scientist may submit a separate request for intramural funding as described above.

    Post Submission Materials

    Applicants are required to follow the instructions for post-submission materials, as described in the policy. Any instructions provided here are in addition to the instructions in the policy.

    Section V. Application Review Information
    1. Criteria

    Only the review criteria described below will be considered in the review process. As part of the NIH mission, all applications submitted to the NIH in support of biomedical and behavioral research are evaluated for scientific and technical merit through the NIH peer review system.

    For this particular announcement, note the following:

    The X01 Resource Access Program invites eligible institutions to seek access to NIH research resources, which are specified in each X01 FOA.  This includes programs where institutions will request access to submit to the resource (e.g., high throughput screening assays) as well as programs where access to a specific NIH research resource is needed to conduct certain research.  Important factors in the peer review of X01 applications are the need for, and potential benefit of, gaining access to the resource, specifications for any assays proposed, timelines for completion and plans for follow-on studies.

    The Kids First Data Resource will process and analyze sequence data generated under this FOA and make genomic and phenotypic data accessible to the research community to facilitate comparative analyses. Consent to re-contact participants for additional phenotyping or collection of additional samples is strongly encouraged.   Cohort samples that have consents that allow for broad data sharing (i.e. for general research purposes) will be viewed with the highest priority.

    Information from successful projects will be used to help design future activities of the Kids First Pediatric Research Program. Future activities may include mechanisms to support collection of additional information from existing cohorts or to support data mining activities.

    Overall Impact

    Reviewers will provide an overall impact score to reflect their assessment of the likelihood for the project to exert a sustained, powerful influence on the research field(s) involved, in consideration of the following review criteria and additional review criteria (as applicable for the project proposed).

    Scored Review Criteria

    Reviewers will consider each of the review criteria below in the determination of scientific merit, and give a separate score for each. An application does not need to be strong in all categories to be judged likely to have major scientific impact. For example, a project that by its nature is not innovative may be essential to advance a field.

    Significance

    Does the project address an important problem or a critical barrier to progress in the field? Is there a strong scientific premise for the project? If the aims of the project are achieved, how will scientific knowledge, technical capability, and/or clinical practice be improved? How will successful completion of the aims change the concepts, methods, technologies, treatments, services, or preventative interventions that drive this field?

    In addition,

    Is the trait under study significant to human health and/or the understanding of biology?

    Is there strong evidence for a genetic component? Are the proposed studies likely to provide important new information about genetic variants that contribute to structural birth defects, to address important questions about the genetics/genomics of childhood cancers, and/or to reveal shared genetic pathways? Is the cohort likely to strengthen the impact of the Kids First Data Resource as a whole?

    Is there an ability to re-contact participants for additional phenotyping or collection of additional samples?

    Is there additional information (e.g., environmental exposure data) that is likely to add value for further studies?

    If the applicants have previously been approved to have cohorts sequenced by Kids First, is there compelling justification for why further samples should be sequenced? Have the applicants demonstrated what progress, if any, has been made on analyzing the data from the previously submitted cohort?

    Investigator(s)

    Are the PD(s)/PI(s), collaborators, and other researchers well suited to the project? If Early Stage Investigators or those in the early stages of independent careers, do they have appropriate experience and training? If established, have they demonstrated an ongoing record of accomplishments that have advanced their field(s)? If the project is collaborative or multi-PD/PI, do the investigators have complementary and integrated expertise; are their leadership approach, governance and organizational structure appropriate for the project?   

    Innovation

    Does the application challenge and seek to shift current research or clinical practice paradigms by utilizing novel theoretical concepts, approaches or methodologies, instrumentation, or interventions? Are the concepts, approaches or methodologies, instrumentation, or interventions novel to one field of research or novel in a broad sense? Is a refinement, improvement, or new application of theoretical concepts, approaches or methodologies, instrumentation, or interventions proposed?   

    Approach

    Are the overall strategy, methodology, and analyses well-reasoned and appropriate to accomplish the specific aims of the project? Have the investigators presented strategies to ensure a robust and unbiased approach, as appropriate for the work proposed? Are potential problems, alternative strategies, and benchmarks for success presented? If the project is in the early stages of development, will the strategy establish feasibility and will particularly risky aspects be managed? Have the investigators presented adequate plans to address relevant biological variables, such as sex, for studies in vertebrate animals or human subjects? 
        

    Additionally,

    Does the proposed cohort consist of highly informative cases? Are the specific phenotypic measures appropriately chosen and carefully determined? Is the study design appropriate for the cancer or birth defect under study?

    Are the sequencing services requested appropriate for the questions posed? In the context of other data available through the Kids First Data Resource, is the cohort likely to reveal previously unknown variants associated with pediatric cancer and/or structural birth defects?

    If the project involves human subjects and/or NIH-defined clinical research, are the plans to address 1) the protection of human subjects from research risks, and 2) inclusion (or exclusion) of individuals on the basis of sex/gender, race, and ethnicity, as well as the inclusion or exclusion of children, justified in terms of the scientific goals and research strategy proposed?

    Environment

    Will the scientific environment in which the work will be done contribute to the probability of success? Are the institutional support, equipment and other physical resources available to the investigators adequate for the project proposed? Will the project benefit from unique features of the scientific environment, subject populations, or collaborative arrangements?   

    Additional Review Criteria

    As applicable for the project proposed, reviewers will evaluate the following additional items while determining scientific and technical merit, and in providing an overall impact score, but will not give separate scores for these items.

    Protections for Human Subjects

    For research that involves human subjects but does not involve one of the six categories of research that are exempt under 45 CFR Part 46, the committee will evaluate the justification for involvement of human subjects and the proposed protections from research risk relating to their participation according to the following five review criteria: 1) risk to subjects, 2) adequacy of protection against risks, 3) potential benefits to the subjects and others, 4) importance of the knowledge to be gained, and 5) data and safety monitoring for clinical trials.

    For research that involves human subjects and meets the criteria for one or more of the six categories of research that are exempt under 45 CFR Part 46, the committee will evaluate: 1) the justification for the exemption, 2) human subjects involvement and characteristics, and 3) sources of materials. For additional information on review of the Human Subjects section, please refer to the Guidelines for the Review of Human Subjects.

    Inclusion of Women, Minorities, and Children 

    When the proposed project involves human subjects and/or NIH-defined clinical research, the committee will evaluate the proposed plans for the inclusion (or exclusion) of individuals on the basis of sex/gender, race, and ethnicity, as well as the inclusion (or exclusion) of children to determine if it is justified in terms of the scientific goals and research strategy proposed. For additional information on review of the Inclusion section, please refer to the Guidelines for the Review of Inclusion in Clinical Research.

    Vertebrate Animals

    The committee will evaluate the involvement of live vertebrate animals as part of the scientific assessment according to the following criteria: (1) description of proposed procedures involving animals, including species, strains, ages, sex, and total number to be used; (2) justifications for the use of animals versus alternative models and for the appropriateness of the species proposed; (3) interventions to minimize discomfort, distress, pain and injury; and (4) justification for euthanasia method if NOT consistent with the AVMA Guidelines for the Euthanasia of Animals. Reviewers will assess the use of chimpanzees as they would any other application proposing the use of vertebrate animals. For additional information on review of the Vertebrate Animals section, please refer to the Worksheet for Review of the Vertebrate Animal Section.

    Biohazards

    Reviewers will assess whether materials or procedures proposed are potentially hazardous to research personnel and/or the environment, and if needed, determine whether adequate protection is proposed.

    Resubmissions

    For Resubmissions, the committee will evaluate the application as now presented, taking into consideration the responses to comments from the previous scientific review group and changes made to the project.

    Renewals

    Not Applicable.

    Revisions

    Not Applicable.

    Additional Review Considerations

    As applicable for the project proposed, reviewers will consider each of the following items, but will not give scores for these items, and should not consider them in providing an overall impact score.

    Applications from Foreign Organizations

    Reviewers will assess whether the project presents special opportunities for furthering research programs through the use of unusual talent, resources, populations, or environmental conditions that exist in other countries and either are not readily available in the United States or augment existing U.S. resources.

    Select Agent Research

    Reviewers will assess the information provided in this section of the application, including 1) the Select Agent(s) to be used in the proposed research, 2) the registration status of all entities where Select Agent(s) will be used, 3) the procedures that will be used to monitor possession use and transfer of Select Agent(s), and 4) plans for appropriate biosafety, biocontainment, and security of the Select Agent(s).

    Resource Sharing Plans

    Reviewers will comment on whether the following Resource Sharing Plans, or the rationale for not sharing the following types of resources, are reasonable: (1) Data Sharing Plan; (2) Sharing Model Organisms; and (3)  Genomic Data Sharing Plan (GDS). Has the investigator confirmed that consent used to obtain the samples allows for sharing of individual-level sequence and relevant phenotype data through an NIH-approved repository such as dbGaP?  Does the consent require any data use limitations and/or modifications outside of "General Research Use"?  Has the investigator indicated a willingness to participate in a collaborative effort to inform the development of Kids First Data Resource?

    Authentication of Key Biological and/or Chemical Resources:

    For projects involving key biological and/or chemical resources, reviewers will comment on the brief plans proposed for identifying and ensuring the validity of those resources.

    Budget and Period of Support

    Reviewers will consider whether the budget and the requested period of support are fully justified and reasonable in relation to the proposed research.

    2. Review and Selection Process

    Applications will be evaluated for scientific and technical merit by (an) appropriate Scientific Review Group(s) convened by NHGRI, in accordance with NIH peer review policy and procedures, using the stated review criteria. Assignment to a Scientific Review Group will be shown in the eRA Commons.

    As part of the scientific peer review, all applications:

    • May undergo a selection process in which only those applications deemed to have the highest scientific and technical merit (generally the top half of applications under review) will be discussed and assigned an overall impact score.
    • Will receive a written critique.

    Applications will be assigned on the basis of established PHS referral guidelines to the appropriate NIH Institute or Center. Applications will compete for available funds with all other recommended applications. Following initial peer review, recommended applications will receive a second level of review by the Common Fund and NIH staff involved in the Kids First Program. The following will be considered in making funding decisions:

    • Scientific and technical merit of the proposed project as determined by scientific peer review.
    • Availability of funds.
    • Relevance of the proposed project to program priorities.
    • Program balance:  Kid First seeks to ensure that a broad diversity of both childhood cancer studies and structural birth defects studies are well represented.  We prioritize cohorts with conditions not previously sequenced under Kids First.
    • Availability of samples in timely manner. 
    • Compliance with resource sharing policies as appropriate. We will prioritize cohorts with consents that enable broad data sharing.  Kids First program staff reserves the right to not include cohorts that cannot be shared or cross-analyzed with other Kids First cohorts.
    3. Anticipated Announcement and Award Dates

    After the peer review of the application is completed, the PD/PI will be able to access his or her Summary Statement (written critique) via the eRA Commons. Refer to Part 1 for dates for peer review, advisory council review, and earliest start date.

    Information regarding the disposition of applications is available in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

    Section VI. Award Administration Information
    1. Award Notices

    Any application awarded in response to this FOA will be subject to terms and conditions found on the Award Conditions and Information for NIH Grants website.  This includes any recent legislation and policy applicable to awards that is highlighted on this website.

    2. Administrative and National Policy Requirements

    All NIH grant and cooperative agreement awards include the NIH Grants Policy Statement as part of the NoA. For these terms of award, see the NIH Grants Policy Statement Part II: Terms and Conditions of NIH Grant Awards, Subpart A: General  and Part II: Terms and Conditions of NIH Grant Awards, Subpart B: Terms and Conditions for Specific Types of Grants, Grantees, and Activities. More information is provided at Award Conditions and Information for NIH Grants.

    Recipients of federal financial assistance (FFA) from HHS must administer their programs in compliance with federal civil rights law. This means that recipients of HHS funds must ensure equal access to their programs without regard to a person's race, color, national origin, disability, age and, in some circumstances, sex and religion. This includes ensuring your programs are accessible to persons with limited English proficiency.  HHS recognizes that research projects are often limited in scope for many reasons that are nondiscriminatory, such as the principal investigator's scientific interest, funding limitations, recruitment requirements, and other considerations. Thus, criteria in research protocols that target or exclude certain populations are warranted where nondiscriminatory justifications establish that such criteria are appropriate with respect to the health or safety of the subjects, the scientific study design, or the purpose of the research.

    For additional guidance regarding how the provisions apply to NIH grant programs, please contact the Scientific/Research Contact that is identified in Section VII under Agency Contacts of this FOA. HHS provides general guidance to recipients of FFA on meeting their legal obligation to take reasonable steps to provide meaningful access to their programs by persons with limited English proficiency. Please see http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/civilrights/resources/laws/revisedlep.html. The HHS Office for Civil Rights also provides guidance on complying with civil rights laws enforced by HHS. Please see http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/civilrights/understanding/section1557/index.html; and http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/civilrights/understanding/index.html. Recipients of FFA also have specific legal obligations for serving qualified individuals with disabilities. Please see http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/civilrights/understanding/disability/index.html. Please contact the HHS Office for Civil Rights for more information about obligations and prohibitions under federal civil rights laws at http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/office/about/rgn-hqaddresses.html or call 1-800-368-1019 or TDD 1-800-537-7697. Also note it is an HHS Departmental goal to ensure access to quality, culturally competent care, including long-term services and supports, for vulnerable populations. For further guidance on providing culturally and linguistically appropriate services, recipients should review the National Standards for Culturally and Linguistically Appropriate Services in Health and Health Care at http://minorityhealth.hhs.gov/omh/browse.aspx?lvl=2&lvlid=53.

    In accordance with the statutory provisions contained in Section 872 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act of Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417), NIH awards will be subject to the Federal Awardee Performance and Integrity Information System (FAPIIS) requirements.  FAPIIS requires Federal award making officials to review and consider information about an applicant in the designated integrity and performance system (currently FAPIIS) prior to making an award.  An applicant, at its option, may review information in the designated integrity and performance systems accessible through FAPIIS and comment on any information about itself that a Federal agency previously entered and is currently in FAPIIS.  The Federal awarding agency will consider any comments by the applicant, in addition to other information in FAPIIS, in making a judgement about the applicant's integrity, business ethics, and record of performance under Federal awards when completing the review of risk posed by applicants as described in 45 CFR Part 75.205 "Federal awarding agency review of risk posed by applicants."  This provision will apply to all NIH grants and cooperative agreements except fellowships.

    Cooperative Agreement Terms and Conditions of Award

    Not Applicable

    3. Reporting

    When multiple years are involved, awardees will be required to submit the Research Performance Progress Report (RPPR) annually and financial statements as required in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

    A final RPPR, invention statement, and the expenditure data portion of the Federal Financial Report are required for closeout of an award, as described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

    The Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 (Transparency Act), includes a requirement for awardees of Federal grants to report information about first-tier subawards and executive compensation under Federal assistance awards issued in FY2011 or later.  All awardees of applicable NIH grants and cooperative agreements are required to report to the Federal Subaward Reporting System (FSRS) available at www.fsrs.gov on all subawards over $25,000.  See the NIH Grants Policy Statement for additional information on this reporting requirement.

    In accordance with the regulatory requirements provided at 45 CFR 75.113 and Appendix XII to 45 CFR Part 75, recipients that have currently active Federal grants, cooperative agreements, and procurement contracts from all Federal awarding agencies with a cumulative total value greater than $10,000,000 for any period of time during the period of performance of a Federal award, must report and maintain the currency of information reported in the System for Award Management (SAM) about civil, criminal, and administrative proceedings in connection with the award or performance of a Federal award that reached final disposition within the most recent five-year period.  The recipient must also make semiannual disclosures regarding such proceedings. Proceedings information will be made publicly available in the designated integrity and performance system (currently FAPIIS).  This is a statutory requirement under section 872 of Public Law 110-417, as amended (41 U.S.C. 2313).  As required by section 3010 of Public Law 111-212, all information posted in the designated integrity and performance system on or after April 15, 2011, except past performance reviews required for Federal procurement contracts, will be publicly available.  Full reporting requirements and procedures are found in Appendix XII to 45 CFR Part 75 – Award Term and Conditions for Recipient Integrity and Performance Matters.

    Section VII. Agency Contacts

    We encourage inquiries concerning this funding opportunity and welcome the opportunity to answer questions from potential applicants.

    Application Submission Contacts

    eRA Service Desk (Questions regarding ASSIST, eRA Commons registration, submitting and tracking an application, documenting system problems that threaten submission by the due date, post submission issues)
    Finding Help Online: http://grants.nih.gov/support/ (preferred method of contact)
    Telephone: 301-402-7469 or 866-504-9552 (Toll Free)

    Grants.gov Customer Support (Questions regarding Grants.gov registration and submission, downloading forms and application packages)
    Contact Center Telephone: 800-518-4726
    Email: support@grants.gov

    GrantsInfo (Questions regarding application instructions and process, finding NIH grant resources)
    Email: GrantsInfo@nih.gov (preferred method of contact)
    Telephone: 301-945-7573

    Scientific/Research Contact(s)

    Jonathan Kaltman, M.D.
    National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
    Telephone: 301-435-0510
    Email: kaltmanj@mail.nih.gov

    James Coulombe, Ph.D.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
    Telephone: 301-451-1390
    Email: CoulombeJ@mail.nih.gov

    Adam Felsenfeld, Ph.D.
    National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
    Telephone: 301-496-7531
    Email: adam_felsenfeld@nih.gov

    Malcolm A. Smith, M.D., Ph.D.
    National Cancer Institute (NCI)
    Telephone: 240-276-6087
    Email: Malcolm.Smith@nih.gov

    Jaime M. Guidry Auvil, Ph.D.
    National Cancer Institute (NCI)
    Telephone: 301-451-8027
    Email: jaime.guidryauvil@nih.gov

    Peer Review Contact(s)

    Barbara Thomas, Ph.D.
    National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
    Telephone: 301-402-8837
    Email:  Barbara.Thomas@nih.gov

    Financial/Grants Management Contact(s)

    Not Applicable

    Section VIII. Other Information

    Recently issued trans-NIH policy notices may affect your application submission. A full list of policy notices published by NIH is provided in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. All awards are subject to the terms and conditions, cost principles, and other considerations described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

    Authority and Regulations

    Awards are made under the authorization of Sections 301 and 405 of the Public Health Service Act as amended (42 USC 241 and 284) and under Federal Regulations 42 CFR Part 52 and 45 CFR Part 75.

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