INNOVATIONS IN BIOMEDICAL COMPUTATIONAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: SBIR/STTR INITIATIVE RELEASE DATE: May 12, 2003 PA NUMBER: PAR-03-119 (This PAR has been reissued, see PAR-06-088 and PAR-06-089) (Scientific program contact change, see NOT-LM-05-006) (Contact change for programmatic issues, see NOT-GM-05-103) (see addendum NOT-RR-04-007) EXPIRATION DATE: December 19, 2005 National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) ( National Center for Research Resources (NCRR) ( National Eye Institute (NEI) ( National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) ( National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) ( National Institute on Aging (NIA) ( National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) ( National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB) ( National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) ( National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) ( National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) ( National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR) ( National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) ( National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) ( National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) ( National Library of Medicine (NLM) ( CATALOG OF FEDERAL DOMESTIC ASSISTANCE NUMBERS: 93.396, 93.371, 93.867, 93.172, 93.839, 93.866, 93.273, 93.855, 93.287, 93.209, 93.279, 93.173, 93.121, 93.114, 93.821, 93.242, 93.853, 93.879. APPLICATION RECEIPT DATES: (See revised dates in NOT-OD-03-044) October 24, 2003 February 24, 2004; June 24, 2004; October 24, 2004 February 24, 2005; June 24, 2005; October 24, 2005 February 26, 2006 THIS PA CONTAINS THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION o Purpose of the PA o Research Objectives o Mechanism(s) of Support o Project Period and Amount of Award o Eligible Institutions o Individuals Eligible to Become Principal Investigators o Special Requirements o Where to Send Inquiries o Submitting an Application o Peer Review Process o Review Criteria o Award Criteria o Receipt and Review Schedule o Required Federal Citations PURPOSE OF THE PA Participating Institutes and Centers of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) invite applications for innovative research in biomedical computational science and technology to promote the progress of biomedical research. There exists an expanding need to speed the progress of biomedical research through the power of computing to manage and analyze data and to model biological processes. The NIH is interested in promoting research and developments in biomedical computational science and technology that will support rapid progress in areas of scientific opportunity in biomedical research. As defined here biomedical computing or biomedical information science and technology includes, database design, graphical interfaces, querying approaches, data retrieval, data visualization and manipulation, data integration through the development of integrated analytical tools, and tools for electronic collaboration, as well as computational research including the development of structural, functional, integrative, and analytical models and simulations. This PA will utilize the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) mechanisms, but will be run in parallel with a program announcement of identical scientific scope (PAR-03-106) that will utilize the traditional research project grant (R01) or the phased innovation award (R21/R33). RESEARCH OBJECTIVES Computational and informatics tools have become increasingly important in enabling progress in biomedical research. In recognition of the critical role of computer science in biomedical research, the NIH Director commissioned a Working Group on Biomedical Computing in June 1999. The result of the deliberations of the Working Group on Biomedical Computing was a report entitled "The Biomedical Information Science and Technology Initiative" (BISTI) which can be accessed at the following site: A major recommendation of the BISTI is that the NIH should provide additional resources and incentives for basic research to provide adequate support for those who are inventing, refining, and applying the tools of biomedical computing. The promotion of the interface of biomedical information science and technology with biomedical research should result in new digital and electronic tools that will have substantial impact on broad areas of biomedical research. The Institutes and Centers of the NIH acknowledge the wisdom of this recommendation and are offering support to small business through the current solicitation for fundamental research in biomedical information science and technology, as well as for the development of new informatics and computational tools and technologies. This solicitation targets support for fundamental research in biomedical computing science and technology as well as the development and application of new biocomputing tools or technologies for a particular area(s) of scientific opportunity in biomedical research. Programs may target one or multiple areas of biomedical computing that will enable progress in biomedical research. Examples of data types that could be considered include but are not limited to genomic sequences, biomedical images, qualitative descriptors for health and social science, remote sensing and geospatial images, and chemical formulae. Specific research areas solicited in informatics or computational science include but are not limited to research, development, and application of: o Tools for data acquisition, archiving, querying, retrieval, visualization, integration, and management o Platform-independent translational tools for data exchange and for promoting interoperability o Web-based linkage tools for data sharing and tools for electronic communication o New analytical and statistical tools for interpretation of large and complex data sets o New models or simulations of complex biological processes and systems Areas of biomedical research likely to be critically dependent on biocomputing advances include but are not limited to: o Behavioral science o Biological rhythms o Biomedical imaging o Cell biology o Clinical research o Developmental biology o Drug design at the molecular and cellular levels o Dynamic modeling of health, chronic disease, and disablement o Environmental science o Epidemiology o Genetics and genomics o Immunology/inflammation o Morphology o Neurobiology and cognitive science o Pharmacology o Physiology o Population biology o Structural biology o Substance abuse research o Surgery and virtual tools Projects must span the interface of biomedical research and biomedical computational science and technology. Applicants will be expected to demonstrate fundamental understanding and adequate expertise in both the relevant areas of computational science and technology and biomedical research. Cross-disciplinary collaborations are strongly encouraged. Given the expanding needs in biomedical research for advances in a variety of areas of information science and technology, the approaches and technologies proposed under this announcement should ultimately be generalizable, scalable, extensible, interoperable and use sophisticated computational resources. The projects should take into account the needs of the biomedical research community that will be the ultimate end users of the products of the research. The projects should also address plans for ensuring the dissemination of useful products of the research, including approaches, technologies, and tools, to the relevant research and user communities. The informatics and computational research proposed should be future-oriented, fill an area of need or projected need, and seek to exceed the current state- of-the-art. MECHANISMS OF SUPPORT This PA uses the SBIR and STTR mechanisms, which are set-aside programs. As an applicant, you will be solely responsible for planning, directing, and executing the proposed project. Future unsolicited, competing-continuation applications based on this project will compete with all SBIR/STTR applications and will be reviewed according to the customary peer review procedures. This PA uses just-in-time concepts. It also uses the modular budgeting format. Specifically, if you are submitting an application budget of $100,000 total costs (direct, F&A and fee) or less, use the modular format and instructions as described in the current SBIR/STTR Omnibus Solicitation. This program does not require cost sharing as defined in the current NIH Grants Policy Statement at Except as otherwise stated in this PA, awards will be administered under NIH grants policy as stated in the NIH Grants Policy Statement, March 2001, available at Applications may be submitted for support as Phase I STTR (R41) or Phase I SBIR (R43) grants; Phase II STTR (R42) or Phase II SBIR (R44) grants; or the SBIR/STTR FAST-TRACK option as described in the SBIR/STTR Omnibus Solicitation. Phase II applications in response to this PA will only be accepted as competing continuations of previously funded NIH Phase I SBIR/STTR awards. The Phase II application must be a logical extension of the Phase I research but not necessarily a Phase I project supported in response to this PA. PROJECT PERIOD AND AMOUNT OF AWARD Because the length of time and cost of research involving advanced information science and technology projects often exceed those normally awarded for SBIR/STTR grants, NIH will entertain well-justified Phase I applications with a project period up to two years and a budget not to exceed $100,000 per year direct cost (maximum of $200,000 direct costs for two years excluding subcontractor indirect costs). Because the length of time and cost of research in this area often exceed those normally awarded for SBIR applications, NIH will entertain well- justified Phase II applications submitted under this announcement with a project period of up to three years with no budget limitation. Applications submitted through the FAST-TRACK option are subject to the same direct costs limits per year as when submitted outside of the FAST-TRACK option: Phase I (R41/43), not to exceed $100,000 per year total direct costs excluding subcontractor indirect costs; Phase II (R42/44), no dollar limit. However, for this solicitation the total duration (Phase I plus Phase II applications) cannot exceed five years. ELIGIBLE INSTITUTIONS Eligibility requirements are described in the SBIR/STTR Omnibus Solicitation. Only small business concerns are eligible to submit applications. A small business concern is one that, on the date of award for both Phase I and Phase II agreements, meets ALL of the criteria as described in the SBIR/STTR Omnibus Solicitation. INDIVIDUALS ELIGIBLE TO BECOME PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATORS Any individual with the skills, knowledge, and resources necessary to carry out the proposed research is invited to work with their institution to develop an application for support. Individuals from underrepresented racial and ethnic groups as well as individuals with disabilities are always encouraged to apply for NIH programs. On an SBIR application, the principal investigator must have his/her primary employment (more than 50%) with the small business at the time of award and for the duration of the project. The PI on an STTR application may be employed with the small business concern or the participating non-profit research institution as long as s/he has a formal appointment with or commitment to the applicant small business concern, which is characterized by an official relationship between the small business concern and that individual. SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS An annual meeting of all investigators funded through this program may be held to share progress and research insights that may further progress in the program. Applicants should request travel funds in their budgets for the principal investigator and one additional senior investigator to attend this annual meeting. FAST-TRACK APPLICATIONS. Applications may be submitted for the FAST-TRACK review option. Information on the FAST-TRACK process may be found at: To be eligible for the FAST-TRACK option, the Phase I (R41/43) application must include well defined quantifiable milestones that will be used to judge the success of the proposed research, as well as a credible development plan for the Phase II (R42/44) application. The FAST-TRACK must have a section labeled "Milestones" at the end of the Research Plan for Phase I R41/43. An additional requirement of the FAST-TRACK mechanism is the Commercialization Plan (formerly, Product Development Plan). The small business must submit a concise Commercialization Plan (limited to five pages) as an Appendix to the Phase II application addressing the four areas described in the instructions for FAST-TRACK applications in the OMNIBUS SOLICITATIONS. In the event that an applicant feels that technology is too proprietary to disclose, applicants at a minimum should provide a demonstration (e.g., results) of the capabilities of the proposed technology. WHERE TO SEND INQUIRIES We encourage your inquiries concerning this PA and welcome the opportunity to answer questions from potential applicants. Inquiries or contacts concerning Institute-specific scientific, technical, or financial issues should be directed to the NIH BISTI technical or financial contacts listed at the following Web site: Direct more general questions regarding programmatic issues to: Peter Lyster, Ph.D. NIGMS 45 Center Drive, Room 2AS.55k, MSC 6200 Bethesda, MD 20892-6200 TEL: 301-451-6446 Email: Direct your questions about peer review issues to: Donald Schneider, Ph.D. Center for Scientific Review 6701 Rockledge Drive, Room 4172 Bethesda, MD 20892-7806 TEL: (301) 435-1727 FAX: (301) 480-2327 Email: SUBMITTING AN APPLICATION The PHS 398 (rev 5/01) research grant application must be used for all SBIR/STTR Phase I, Phase II and Fast-Track applications (new and revised.) The PHS 398 is available at Prepare your application in accordance with the SBIR/STTR Omnibus Solicitation and the PHS 398. Helpful information on the preparation of the application can be obtained at: The NIH will return applications that are not submitted using the PHS 398 grant application. For further assistance contact GrantsInfo, Telephone: (301) 710-0267, Email: The title and number of this PA must be typed on line 2 of the face page of the application. SPECIFIC INSTRUCTIONS FOR MODULAR GRANT APPLICATIONS: This PA uses the modular budgeting format. Specifically, if you are submitting an application budget of $100,000 total (direct, F&A and fee) or less, use the modular format and instructions as described in the SBIR/STTR Omnibus Solicitation. SENDING AN APPLICATION TO THE NIH: Submit a signed, typewritten original of the application, including the checklist, and five signed photocopies in one package to: Center for Scientific Review National Institutes of Health 6701 Rockledge Drive, Room 1040, MSC 7710 Bethesda, MD 20892-7710 Bethesda, MD 20817 (for express/courier service) Applications must be received by the receipt dates described on the first page of this program announcement. The Center for Scientific Research (CSR) will not accept any application in response to this PA that is essentially the same as one currently pending initial review unless the applicant withdraws the pending application. The CSR will not accept any application that is essentially the same as one already reviewed. This does not preclude the submission of a substantial revision of an application already reviewed, but such an application must include an Introduction addressing the previous critique. Although there is no immediate acknowledgement of the receipt of an application, applicants are generally notified of the review and funding assignment within 8 weeks. PEER REVIEW PROCESS Applications submitted for this PA will be assigned on the basis of established PHS referral guidelines. An appropriate scientific review group convened in accordance with the standard NIH peer review procedures ( will evaluate applications for scientific and technical merit. As part of the initial merit review, all applications will: o Receive a written critique o Undergo a process in which only those applications deemed to have the highest scientific merit, generally the top half of the applications under review, will be discussed and assigned a priority score o Receive a second level review by the appropriate national advisory council or board REVIEW CRITERIA The goals of NIH-supported research are to advance our understanding of biological systems, improve the control of disease, and enhance health. In the written comments, reviewers will be asked to discuss the following aspects of the application in order to judge the likelihood that the proposed research will have a substantial impact on the pursuit of these goals: o Significance o Approach o Innovation o Investigator o Environment 1. Significance: Does the proposed project have commercial potential to lead to a marketable product or process? Does this study address an important problem? What may be the anticipated commercial and societal benefits of the proposed activity? If the aims of the application are achieved, how will scientific knowledge be advanced? Does the proposal lead to enabling technologies (e.g., instrumentation, software) for further discoveries? Will the technology have a competitive advantage over existing/alternate technologies that can meet the market needs? 2. Approach: Are the conceptual framework, design, methods, and analyses adequately developed, well-integrated, and appropriate to the aims of the project? Is the proposed plan a sound approach for establishing technical and commercial feasibility? Does the applicant acknowledge potential problem areas and consider alternative strategies? Are the milestones and evaluation procedures appropriate? 3. Innovation: Does the project challenge existing paradigms or employ novel technologies, approaches or methodologies? Are the aims original and innovative? 4. Investigators: Is the Principal Investigator capable of coordinating and managing the proposed SBIR/STTR? Is the work proposed appropriate to the experience level of the Principal Investigator and other researchers, including consultants and subcontractors (if any)? Are the relationships of the key personnel to the small business and to other institutions appropriate for the work proposed? 5. Environment: Is there sufficient access to resources (e.g., equipment, facilities)? Does the scientific and technological environment in which the work will be done contribute to the probability of success? Do the proposed experiments take advantage of unique features of the scientific environment or employ useful collaborative arrangements? ADDITIONAL REVIEW CRITERIA: In addition to the above criteria, the following items will be applied to ALL applications in the determination of scientific merit and the priority score: MILESTONES: The appropriateness and suitability of the proposed milestones to evaluate transition to the R42/R44 development phase. PROTECTION OF HUMAN SUBJECTS FROM RESEARCH RISK: The involvement of human subjects and protections from research risk relating to their participation in the proposed research will be assessed. (See additional information and criteria included in the section on Federal Citations, below.) INCLUSION OF WOMEN, MINORITIES AND CHILDREN IN RESEARCH: The adequacy of plans to include subjects from both genders, all racial and ethnic groups (and subgroups), and children as appropriate for the scientific goals of the research. Plans for the recruitment and retention of subjects will also be evaluated. (See additional information and Inclusion Criteria in the sections on Federal Citations, below.) Human Subjects: 1. Protection of Human Subjects from Research Risks - for all studies involving human subjects. See instructions and "Guidance for Preparing the Human Subjects Research Section." If an exemption is claimed, is it appropriate for the work proposed? If no exemption is claimed, are the applicant's responses to the six required points appropriate? Are human subjects placed at risk by the proposed study? If so, are the risks reasonable in relation to the anticipated benefits to the subjects and others? Are the risks reasonable in relation to the importance of the knowledge that reasonably may be expected to be gained? Are the plans proposed for the protection of human subjects adequate? 2. Inclusion of Women Plan - for clinical research only. Does the applicant propose a plan for the inclusion of both genders that will provide their appropriate representation? Does the applicant provide appropriate justification when representation is limited or absent? Does the applicant propose appropriate and acceptable plans for recruitment/outreach and retention of study participants? 3. Inclusion of Minorities Plan - for clinical research only. Does the applicant propose a plan for the inclusion of minorities that will provide their appropriate representation? Does the applicant provide appropriate justification when representation is limited or absent? Does the applicant propose appropriate and acceptable plans for recruitment/outreach and retention of study participants? 4. Inclusion of Children Plan - for all studies involving human subjects. Does the applicant describe an acceptable plan in which the representation of children of all ages (under the age of 21) is scientifically appropriate and recruitment/retention is addressed realistically? If not, does the applicant provide an appropriate justification for their exclusion? 5. Data and Safety Monitoring Plan for clinical trials only. Does the applicant describe a Data and Safety Monitoring Plan that defines the general structure of the monitoring entity and mechanisms for reporting Adverse Events to the NIH and the IRB? CARE AND USE OF VERTEBRATE ANIMALS IN RESEARCH: If vertebrate animals are to be used in the project, the required five items described under Vertebrate Animals (section f of the Research Plan instructions) will be assessed. Animal Welfare: If vertebrate animals are involved, are adequate plans proposed for their care and use? Are the applicant's responses to the five required points appropriate? Will the procedures be limited to those that are unavoidable in the conduct of scientifically sound research? Biohazards: Is the use of materials or procedures that are potentially hazardous to research personnel and/or the environment proposed? Is the proposed protection adequate? DATA SHARING: The adequacy of the proposed plan to share data. ADDITIONAL CONSIDERATIONS: The following items may be also be considered by reviewers but will not be included in the determination of scientific merit. BUDGET: The reasonableness of the proposed budget may be considered. For all applications, is the percent effort listed for the PI appropriate for the work proposed? On applications requesting up to $100,000 total costs, is the overall budget realistic and justified in terms of the aims and methods proposed? On applications requesting over $100,000 in total costs, is each budget category realistic and justified in terms of the aims and methods? PERIOD OF SUPPORT: The appropriateness of the requested period of support in relation to the proposed research. PHASE II APPLICATION REVIEW CRITERIA: In addition to the above criteria: 1. How well did the applicant demonstrate progress toward meeting the Phase I objectives, demonstrating feasibility, and providing a solid foundation for the proposed Phase II activity? 2. Did the applicant submit a concise Commercialization Plan [formerly Product Development Plan] that adequately addresses the seven areas described in the Research Plan item J? 3. Does the project carry a high degree of commercial potential, as described in the Commercialization Plan? AMENDED APPLICATIONS: In addition to the above criteria, the following criteria will be applied to revised applications. 1. Are the responses to comments from the previous SRG review adequate? 2. Are the improvements in the revised application appropriate? PHASE I/PHASE II FAST-TRACK APPLICATION REVIEW CRITERIA: For Phase I/Phase II Fast Track applications, the following criteria also will be applied: 1. Does the Phase I application specify clear, appropriate, measurable goals (milestones) that should be achieved prior to initiating Phase II? 2. Did the applicant submit a concise Commercialization Plan [formerly Product Development Plan] that adequately addresses the seven areas described in the Research Plan, item J? 3. To what extent was the applicant able to obtain letters of interest, additional funding commitments, and/or resources from the private sector or non-SBIR/ STTR funding sources that would enhance the likelihood for commercialization? 4. Does the project carry a high degree of commercial potential, as described in the Commercialization Plan? Phase I and Phase II FAST-TRACK applications that satisfy all of the review criteria will receive a single rating. Failure to provide clear, measurable goals may be sufficient reason for the scientific review group to exclude the Phase II application from FAST-TRACK review. AWARD CRITERIA Applications submitted in response to a PA will compete for available funds with all other recommended SBIR and STTR applications. The following will be considered in making funding decisions: o Scientific merit of the proposed project as determined by peer review o Availability of funds o Relevance to program priorities For FAST-TRACK applications, the Phase II portion may not be funded until a Phase I final report and other documents necessary for continuation have been received and assessed by program staff that the Phase I milestones have been successfully achieved. RECEIPT AND REVIEW SCHEDULE See dates at beginning of this announcement. REQUIRED FEDERAL CITATIONS HUMAN SUBJECTS PROTECTION: Federal regulations (45CFR46) require that applications and proposals involving human subjects must be evaluated with reference to the risks to the subjects, the adequacy of protection against these risks, the potential benefits of the research to the subjects and others, and the importance of the knowledge gained or to be gained. MONITORING PLAN AND DATA AND SAFETY MONITORING BOARD: Research components involving Phase I and II clinical trials must include provisions for assessment of patient eligibility and status, rigorous data management, quality assurance, and auditing procedures. In addition, it is NIH policy that all clinical trials require data and safety monitoring, with the method and degree of monitoring being commensurate with the risks (NIH Policy for Data Safety and Monitoring, NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts, June 12, 1998: INCLUSION OF WOMEN AND MINORITIES IN CLINICAL RESEARCH: It is the policy of the NIH that women and members of minority groups and their sub-populations must be included in all NIH-supported clinical research projects unless a clear and compelling justification is provided indicating that inclusion is inappropriate with respect to the health of the subjects or the purpose of the research. This policy results from the NIH Revitalization Act of 1993 (Section 492B of Public Law 103-43). All investigators proposing clinical research should read the "NIH Guidelines for Inclusion of Women and Minorities as Subjects in Clinical Research - Amended, October, 2001," published in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts on October 9, 2001 ( -02-001.html); a complete copy of the updated Guidelines are available at 2001.htm. The amended policy incorporates: the use of an NIH definition of clinical research; updated racial and ethnic categories in compliance with the new OMB standards; clarification of language governing NIH-defined Phase III clinical trials consistent with the new PHS Form 398; and updated roles and responsibilities of NIH staff and the extramural community. The policy continues to require for all NIH-defined Phase III clinical trials that: a) all applications or proposals and/or protocols must provide a description of plans to conduct analyses, as appropriate, to address differences by sex/gender and/or racial/ethnic groups, including subgroups if applicable; and b) investigators must report annual accrual and progress in conducting analyses, as appropriate, by sex/gender and/or racial/ethnic group differences. INCLUSION OF CHILDREN AS PARTICIPANTS IN RESEARCH INVOLVING HUMAN SUBJECTS: The NIH maintains a policy that children (i.e., individuals under the age of 21) must be included in all human subjects research, conducted or supported by the NIH, unless there are scientific and ethical reasons not to include them. This policy applies to all initial (Type 1) applications submitted for receipt dates after October 1, 1998. All investigators proposing research involving human subjects should read the "NIH Policy and Guidelines" on the inclusion of children as participants in research involving human subjects that is available at REQUIRED EDUCATION ON THE PROTECTION OF HUMAN SUBJECT PARTICIPANTS: NIH policy requires education on the protection of human subject participants for all investigators submitting NIH proposals for research involving human subjects. You will find this policy announcement in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts Announcement, dated June 5, 2000, at HUMAN EMBRYONIC STEM CELLS (hESC): Criteria for federal funding of research on hESCs can be found at and at Only research using hESC lines that are registered in the NIH Human Embryonic Stem Cell Registry will be eligible for Federal funding (see It is the responsibility of the applicant to provide the official NIH identifier(s) for the hESC line(s)to be used in the proposed research. Applications that do not provide this information will be returned without review. PUBLIC ACCESS TO RESEARCH DATA THROUGH THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT: The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-110 has been revised to provide public access to research data through the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) under some circumstances. Data that are (1) first produced in a project that is supported in whole or in part with Federal funds and (2) cited publicly and officially by a Federal agency in support of an action that has the force and effect of law (i.e., a regulation) may be accessed through FOIA. It is important for applicants to understand the basic scope of this amendment. NIH has provided guidance at Applicants may wish to place data collected under this PA in a public archive, which can provide protections for the data and manage the distribution for an indefinite period of time. If so, the application should include a description of the archiving plan in the study design and include information about this in the budget justification section of the application. In addition, applicants should think about how to structure informed consent statements and other human subjects procedures given the potential for wider use of data collected under this award. STANDARDS FOR PRIVACY OF INDIVIDUALLY IDENTIFIABLE HEALTH INFORMATION: The Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) issued final modification to the "Standards for Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information", the "Privacy Rule," on August 14, 2002. The Privacy Rule is a federal regulation under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996 that governs the protection of individually identifiable health information, and is administered and enforced by the DHHS Office for Civil Rights (OCR). Those who must comply with the Privacy Rule (classified under the Rule as "covered entities") must do so by April 14, 2003 (with the exception of small health plans which have an extra year to comply). Decisions about applicability and implementation of the Privacy Rule reside with the researcher and his/her institution. The OCR website ( provides information on the Privacy Rule, including a complete Regulation Text and a set of decision tools on "Am I a covered entity?" Information on the impact of the HIPAA Privacy Rule on NIH processes involving the review, funding, and progress monitoring of grants, cooperative agreements, and research contracts can be found at URLs IN NIH GRANT APPLICATIONS OR APPENDICES: All applications and proposals for NIH funding must be self-contained within specified page limitations. Unless otherwise specified in an NIH solicitation, Internet addresses (URLs) should not be used to provide information necessary to the review because reviewers are under no obligation to view the Internet sites. Furthermore, we caution reviewers that their anonymity may be compromised when they directly access an Internet site. HEALTHY PEOPLE 2010: The Public Health Service (PHS) is committed to achieving the health promotion and disease prevention objectives of "Healthy People 2010," a PHS-led national activity for setting priority areas. This PA is related to one or more of the priority areas. Potential applicants may obtain a copy of "Healthy People 2010" at AUTHORITY AND REGULATIONS: This program is described in the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance at and is not subject to the intergovernmental review requirements of Executive Order 12372 or Health Systems Agency review. Awards are made under the authorization of Sections 301 and 405 of the Public Health Service Act as amended (42 USC 241 and 284) and under Federal Regulations 42 CFR 52 and 45 CFR Parts 74 and 92). All awards are subject to the terms and conditions, cost principles, and other considerations described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement. The NIH Grants Policy Statement can be found at The PHS strongly encourages all grant recipients to provide a smoke-free workplace and discourage the use of all tobacco products. In addition, Public Law 103-227, the Pro-Children Act of 1994, prohibits smoking in certain facilities (or in some cases, any portion of a facility) in which regular or routine education, library, day care, health care, or early childhood development services are provided to children. This is consistent with the PHS mission to protect and advance the physical and mental health of the American people.

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