Office of Strategic Coordination (Common Fund)
NIH seeks input from the biomedical research community, biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies, and other members of the public on design and improvements to user functionality of the Illuminating the Druggable Genome (IDG) Program search engine Pharos and program website DruggableGenome.net. The purpose of this Request for Information (RFI) is to identify and obtain comments on strategies and website additions for improving the user experience of visitors to the IDG Program’s websites in order to maximize the usefulness of the IDG’s digital resources.
Out of the nearly 30,000 genes in the human genome, approximately 4,500 genes are estimated to be part of the druggable genome -- the subset of genes expressing proteins with the ability to bind drug-like molecules. Yet, only about ten percent of druggable proteins are targeted by FDA-approved drugs. Many proteins that comprise the druggable genome are members of the G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR), ion channel, and kinase families. A significant number of proteins within these classes are understudied and are the focus of the data and resource generation initiative of the IDG Program.
To improve our scientific understanding of understudied members of these three protein families, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Common Fund launched the Illuminating the Druggable Genome (IDG) Program in 2014. The overall goal of the IDG Program is to catalyze research in areas of biology that are currently understudied but that have high potential to impact human health by (1) identifying biochemical, cellular, or animal model phenotypes for understudied proteins from druggable gene families, (2) enabling further investigation of those proteins by providing reagents and tools, and (3) generating, maintaining, and facilitating the use of a mineable knowledge base.
The IDG Program produces several research resources around understudied proteins, such as reagents, bioinformatic tools, and data. A key informatic resource from this program, Pharos, aggregates—through automated processes—protein information from several sources, giving researchers easy access to in-depth data on ligands, protein-protein interactions, tissue expression, and disease associations, among other aspects. This may help researchers identify new targets of interest. In addition, IDG-funded investigators established scalable technology platforms and streamlined experimental workflows to characterize understudied GPCRs, ion channels, and kinases encoded by the druggable genome. Research tools, reagents, and resources emerging from these efforts are now available via DruggableGenome.net for use by the scientific community. The IDG Program continues to build on the knowledge and tools developed and to generate, aggregate, analyze, and disseminate knowledge around understudied proteins.
NIH is seeking input from national and international experts and interested members of the public that includes, but is not limited to, the following areas:
Submitting a Response:
All responses must be submitted to DruggableGenome@nih.gov by July 20, 2020. Please include the Notice number NOT-RM-20-018 in the subject line. Response to this RFI is voluntary. Responders are free to address any or all of the categories listed above. The submitted information will be reviewed by NIH staff.
This request is for information and planning purposes only and should not be construed as a solicitation or as an obligation of any sort on the part of the Federal Government, the NIH, or individual NIH Institutes and Centers. The NIH does not intend to make any awards based on responses to this RFI or to otherwise pay for the preparation of any information submitted or for the Government's use of such information.
The NIH will use the information submitted in response to this RFI at its discretion and will not provide comments to any responder’s submission. Respondents are advised that the Government is under no obligation to acknowledge receipt of information or provide feedback to respondents with respect to any information submitted. No proprietary, classified, confidential, or sensitive information should be included in your response. The Government reserves the right to use any non-proprietary technical information in any resultant summaries or reports and may use the information gathered to develop further initiatives.
National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)