May 29, 2020
PAR-19-070 Research on Current Topics in Alzheimer's Disease and Its Related Dementias (R01 Clinical Trial Optional)
PAR-19-071 Research on Current Topics in Alzheimer's Disease and Its Related Dementias (R21 Clinical Trial Not Allowed)
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
This Notice of Special Interest (NOSI) is intended to promote behavioral and social research on the dementia care workforce and the impact on outcomes for persons living with Alzheimer's disease or Alzheimer's disease-related dementia (AD/ADRD) and their families. Broad areas of interest include (1) how economic and policy factors drive the composition and quality of the dementia care workforce; (2) demographic and familial factors that influence demand for and supply of dementia care workers; (3) training and certification effects on quality and retention of dementia care workers; and (4) the development of data resources required to study these issues.
Research on the dementia care workforce for persons living with AD/ADRD and identifying the barriers to entry, challenges of retention, and causes and effects of turnover is highlighted in one of NIA's AD/ADRD Research Implementation Milestones, which are a framework detailing specific steps towards achieving the goal of the National Plan to Address Alzheimer's Disease: to treat and prevent AD/ADRD by 2025. Until a cure is discovered, the country will need an appropriately trained workforce of sufficient size to provide care for those with AD/ADRD.
Persons living with AD/ADRD receive care from an array of care providers: neurologists, geriatricians, psychiatrists, nurses, occupational therapists, social workers, certified nursing assistants, and home health aides. Underdiagnosis and misdiagnosis of dementia also contribute to a mismatch of dementia care treatment supply and demand. Across these care providers, training requirements and compensation vary, creating different market conditions by region and payment models for services provided. Understanding the interactions between factors that improve worker quality and retention are important to better inform programs that can improve health and mental health outcomes for AD/ADRD patients and caregivers and make for appealing dementia care jobs. These include (1) direct dementia care workforce compensation packages and work conditions; (2) opportunity for training and career advancement across all levels of the workforce; and (3) the support of supervisors, the resources needed to address barriers or challenges at work, and an overall focus on quality improvement.
Research is also needed to better understand attrition and low-income conditions among the direct care workforce and factors that lead to family decisions about paid and informal care. The composition of the resources available (both family members and finances) to families making care decisions as well as the policies that influence payment for care services influence the demand for care. Supply factors include the changing demography of the potential care workforce, as well as labor market conditions across workforces of varying levels of skill/experience. Research is required that addresses the skills that this workforce will need as the population of persons living with AD/ADRD grows, including a focus on specialization of treatment, skill matches and mismatches, the potential impact of worker certification (e.g., increased certification requirements for certified nursing assistants (CNAs)), and how this large-scale growth in the demand for dementia care will impact the workforce and care of persons living with AD/ADRD and their providers. Data infrastructure is also needed in order to address these research needs. For example, data are needed on the characteristics and variation of direct care job quality in the home setting, the interface between paid and family caregivers, the relationship between household economic stability and caregiving, and the accurate measurement and prediction of the available dementia care workforce across the skill and compensation spectrum.
This NOSI is based on expert discussions from the NIH AD, dementia care and caregiving, and ADRD research summits and NIA workshops, including Gaps in the Dementia Care Workforce: Research Update and Data Needs (2019).
Example research topics of interest include, but are not limited to, investigating and characterizing the following:
Application and Submission Information
This notice applies to due dates on or after July 9, 2020 and subsequent receipt dates through November 13, 2021.
Submit applications for this initiative using one of the following funding opportunity announcements (FOAs) or any reissues of these announcements through the expiration date of this notice:
All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide and the funding opportunity announcement used for submission must be followed, with the following additions:
or funding consideration, applicants must include NOT-AG-20-026 (without quotation marks) in the Agency Routing Identifier field (box 4B) of the SF424 R&R form. Applications without this information in box 4B will not be considered for this initiative.