Full Text OD-96-002
 
RESEARCH ON VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND VIOLENCE WITHIN THE FAMILY
 
NIH GUIDE, Volume 25, Number 1, January 26, 1996
 
RFA:  OD-96-002
 
P.T. 34

Keywords: 
  Violent Behavior 
  Etiology 
  Disease Prevention+ 

 
National Institute of Justice, DOJ
Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, NIH
Office of Research on Women's Health, NIH
National Institute on Aging, NIH
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, NIH
National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH
National Institute of Mental Health, NIH
National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect, ACF
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
 
Application Receipt Date:  March 29, 1996
 
PURPOSE
 
The National Institute of Justice (NIJ), the NIH Office of Behavioral
and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR), the NIH Office of Research on
Women's Health (ORWH), the National Institute on Drug Abuse, the
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), the
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), the National Institute on
Aging (NIA), the National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect (NCCAN),
and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) invite
applications for a three-year research grant program to conduct
investigator-initiated research on the causes, course, treatment,
management, and prevention of violence against women and violence
within the family, as well as the health and legal consequences of
this violence for victims.
 
These agencies are jointly issuing this Request for Applications
(RFA) because violence against women and family violence are complex
problems that are likely caused by a myriad of factors, including
individual-, family-, and community-level elements.  Thus, a research
program to understand and address these problems must necessarily be
interdisciplinary, drawing upon theories and approaches not normally
found in a single agency.  Gathering sufficient resources for such an
approach requires a multi-agency investment.  One of the goals of
this RFA is to bring together perspectives of these different
agencies, encompassing criminal justice, mental health, public health
and prevention, alcohol and substance abuse, and child development
perspectives, to advance our knowledge of violence against women and
family violence.
 
HEALTHY PEOPLE 2000
 
The Public Health Service (PHS) is committed to achieving the health
promotion and disease prevention objectives of "Healthy People 2000"
a PHS-led national activity for setting priority areas.  This RFA,
Research on Violence Against Women and Violence within the Family, is
related to the priority areas of alcohol and other drugs, mental
health and mental disorders, and violent and abusive behaviors.
Potential applicants may obtain a copy of "Healthy People 2000" (Full
Report:  Stock No.017-001-00474-0 or Summary Report: Stock No.
017-001-00473-1) through the Superintendent of Documents, Government
Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402-9325 (telephone 202-512-1800).
 
ELIGIBILITY
 
Applications may be submitted by any domestic and foreign, for-profit
and non-profit organizations, public and private, such as
universities, colleges, hospitals, laboratories, units of State and
local governments, and eligible agencies of the Federal government.
Racial/ethnic minority individuals, women, and persons with
disabilities are encouraged to apply as Principal Investigators.
 
MECHANISM OF SUPPORT
 
This RFA will use the National Institutes of Health Research Project
Grant (R01) and Small Grant (R03) mechanisms.  Because the nature and
scope of the research proposed in response to this RFA will vary, it
is anticipated that the size of the awards will also vary.  The small
grant (R03) is especially suited for initial research by junior
investigators and pilot research prior to large-scale field trials.
 
Grant funds may be used for expenses clearly related and necessary to
conduct the proposed research, including both direct costs and
allowable indirect costs.  Grant funds may not be used to operate a
treatment, rehabilitation, or other service program.  Prospective
applicants are encouraged to contact NIH staff before completing an
application, in order to ascertain the dollar limitations associated
with each program mechanism.
 
Applications may request support for up to three years for regular
research grants.  Small grants are limited to two years and may not
be renewed.  Annual awards will be made, subject to continued
availability of funds and progress achieved.  This RFA is a one-time
solicitation.  Future unsolicited competing continuation applications
will compete with all investigator-initiated applications and be
reviewed according to the customary peer review procedures.
 
FUNDS AVAILABLE
 
The estimated total funds (direct and indirect costs) available for
the first year of support for awards under this RFA will be
$1,435,000.  Five to seven awards are anticipated.  The exact amount
of funding awarded will depend on the quality of applications and
program priorities at the time of award decisions.  Final budgets are
subject to administrative adjustments based on the scope of the
proposed work and the research protocol.
 
The projected study period is up to three years.  The NIH is
currently limiting annual inflationary increases to no more than four
percent for future years of support.  The usual PHS policies
governing grants administration and management will apply.
 
RESEARCH OBJECTIVES
 
Background
 
Through the 1992-1993 National Crime Victimization Survey we know
that 75 percent of the nearly 5 million women over age 11 who
experienced violence in 1992 knew their attacker.  This survey also
found that women who experienced violence at the hands of an intimate
were more likely to be injured than women who were victimized by a
stranger, and that female victims of homicide were significantly more
likely to be killed by an intimate than were male victims of homicide
(Bachman & Saltzman,"Violence Against Women: Estimates from the
Redesigned Survey," Bureau of Justice Statistics, June 1995).  Many
of these violent attacks are accompanied by the abuse of alcohol and
other substances.  As many as 75 percent of men against whom
restraining orders are issued have prior criminal records, and nearly
half have histories of committing violent crime (Isaac, Cochran,
Brown, & Adams, "Men Who Batter," Archives of Family Medicine, 1994).
 
Violence against women, both within and outside the home, often takes
the form of sexual assault.  It has been estimated that almost one in
four women may be a victim of sexual assault sometime during their
lifetime, and that 73% of the women in drug abuse treatment have
histories of physical and sexual assault (Resnick, Kilpatrick, et
al., Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 61 (6), 1993).
The efficacy of programs to prevent or treat perpetrators and victims
of family violence or other violence against women is as yet unknown.
Moreover, both offenders and victims of violence often have co-
occurring problems with abuse of alcohol and other drugs that family
violence programs rarely address these comorbid conditions.
 
Both child abuse and elder abuse are serious and widespread problems.
In 1993, State child protective services agencies reported to the
National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) that over
233,000 children were victims of confirmed child physical abuse and
nearly 140,000 children were victims of confirmed sexual abuse.  In
1994, a reported 1,271 children died as a result of child abuse and
neglect, and an estimated 3,140,000 children were reported for
maltreatment (National Committee to Prevent Child Abuse, April 1995).
In 43 percent of serious child abuse or neglect cases, at least one
parent has a documented substance abuse problem, typically with
alcohol, cocaine, or heroin (Murphy, Jellinek, Quinn, Smith,
Poitrast, & Goshko, Child Abuse & Neglect, 15 (3), 1991).  Being
abused or neglected as a child increases the risk of arrest as a
juvenile by 53 percent, as an adult by 38 percent, and for a violent
crime by 38 percent (Widom, "The cycle of violence", Science, 244,
1989).  While one out of three child abuse cases is reported, only
one out of every eight cases of elder abuse is reported (survey of
States, the Subcommittee on Health and Long-Term Care).  Nearly 1.57
million older people became victims of elder abuse during 1991
(National Aging Resource Center on Elder Abuse).
 
This RFA is a joint effort of the Department of Justice and the
Department of Health and Human Services.  Within the Department of
Justice, the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) is contributing
support for this project, in line with its announced goals and
mandates.  Among the long-range goals of the NIJ relevant to this RFA
are: reduce violent crime, reduce the consequences of crime, and
improve the effectiveness of crime prevention programs.  In addition,
this RFA is also responsive to NIJ's mandates under Title IV, the
Violence Against Women Act, of the Violent Crime Control and Law
Enforcement Act of 1994 (the Crime Act).  Title IV mandates a variety
of specific studies and evaluation efforts, including the development
of a research agenda to increase the understanding and control of
violence against women.  On March 31, 1995, NIJ and HHS held a
Violence against Women Research Strategic Planning Workshop to
further the goals outlined in Title IV.  Researchers and
practitioners working with violence against women and family violence
were convened to develop an agenda of top priority research topics.
The summary report from that Workshop was used as the basis for the
research agenda of this RFA.  This program will support research
designed to assist policy makers, practitioners, and other key health
and social service decision makers plan their efforts to address
family violence and violence against women.
 
This program is being coordinated under the auspices of the Office of
Behavior and Social Science Research (OBSSR) of the National
Institutes of Health.  OBSSR provides leadership and direction in
increasing the scope and support of research on the role of human
behavior and social processes in the promotion of health and
prevention of disease, including violence against women and violence
within the family.  Several of NIH's Institutes and Offices have
joined with OBSSR in the support of this project, and each seeks to
encourage research related to its own mission.  The NIH Office of
Research on Women's Health seeks to strengthen, develop, and increase
research on the diseases, disorders, and conditions that affect
women's health, and is interested in stimulating research on all
aspects of violence against women.  The National Institute on Aging
(NIA) is interested in research on violence against older women from
their own children, as well as violence in later life as a
continuation of domestic abuse from earlier life periods, or as
related to aging processes and emergent in old age.  The National
Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) seeks to expand its
ongoing research program of studies to advance understanding of the
biological, psychosocial, and cultural mechanisms underlying
associations between alcohol consumption and interpersonal violence,
and to identify and test interventions to reduce and/or prevent
alcohol-related violence.  The commitment of the National Institute
on Drug Abuse (NIDA) to this RFA is part of an initiative to gain a
better understanding of the relationship between drugs and violence,
through the investigation of the interactive roles of biological,
psychological, psychiatric, familial, cultural, community, and other
societal factors that predispose individuals to, or protect them
from, drug-related violence, as well as the study of the effects of
drug treatment and preventive interventions on the occurrence of
violence.  The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) is
interested in research on all forms of violence against women and
family violence, including studies of the etiology, diagnosis,
prevention, and treatment of violent behavior, and the psychological
consequences of violence on victims.  This RFA is responsive to a
number of the recommendations in the April 1994 report of the Panel
on NIH Research on Antisocial, Aggressive, and Violence-Related
Behaviors and Their Consequences,including: Recommendation 1: "NIH
should collaborate with other government agencies to promote
violence-related research,"  and Recommendation 15:  "Ethnic and
cultural concerns need to be integrated into all phases of research."
 
Other agencies of the Department of Health and Human Services are
also contributing funds for the support of this RFA.  The National
Center on Child Abuse and Neglect (NCCAN), within the Administration
on Children, Youth and Families (ACYF), Administration for Children
and Families (ACF) funds research on the causes, prevention,
identification, treatment and cultural distinctions of child abuse
and neglect.  NCCAN's support of this RFA is stimulated by the
profound changes currently facing child welfare practitioners as the
complex consequences of domestic violence on children are exposed.
 
This RFA also directly relates to the mission of the Centers for
Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).  The CDC's violence-related
research activities are directed toward preventing the occurrence of
injury and disability resulting from interpersonal violence.  CDC
supports prevention research which includes activities designed to
identify and improve the effectiveness, efficiency, and
cost-effectiveness of preventive interventions for violence against
women, as well as other violence-related injury and disability.
 
The National Academy of Sciences is currently conducting a major
panel study of family violence interventions, with sponsorship by
several Federal agencies, as well as a panel study on the development
of a research agenda on violence against women.  This RFA
acknowledges that work, and anticipates that applications supported
under this program will contribute to the objectives of those
agendas.
 
Types of Research Sought
 
Through this RFA, the NIH, NIJ, NCCAN, CDC and OJJDP seek to
encourage investigator-initiated research designed to improve our
understanding of the nature and course, as well as effective
strategies to prevent, sexual and physical assault against women and
family members, and to ameliorate the effects of such violence on its
victims.  Only projects proposing rigorous scientific research
designs will be considered; service demonstrations or other types of
service programs are not eligible for funding under this RFA.
 
The topics listed below are not exhaustive; it is expected that
additional important topics will be identified by investigators who
respond to this solicitation RFA.  Projects may focus on: the
perpetrator and/or victims of violence; the dynamics of the
relationship between perpetrator and victim; the relationship of
drugs and alcohol to violence; the family system in which violence
occurs; and the larger social contexts of violence, such as
individual or family support systems, neighborhood and community
programs and resources (e.g., safe houses, health care system), and
mandated community response agencies (e.g., the police, protective
service agencies, treatment providers).
 
Four research topic areas of particular interest are:
 
Abuse of Children and Elderly
 
Studies in this area may include examinations of: the relationship
between the  characteristics of the abuser and the abusive behavior;
factors (e.g., substance abuse) that influence family members to move
from minor to more severe abusive behavior of children or elderly
parents; impact of neglect or witnessing family violence on children
in terms of later problem behavior or victimization; interventions to
prevent or treat long-term negative emotional consequences of
experiencing violence in the family; the effectiveness of preventive
intervention models targeted toward at-risk individuals or families
(e.g., early home visitation, parent training programs, family
preservation services, substance abuse treatment; couples therapy,
elderly day programs, support groups for caregivers); violent
behavior in later life either as a continuation of family violence or
newly emergent in old age.
 
Partner Violence
 
Studies of partner violence may include, but are not limited to,
examinations of: types of abusive/assaultive behaviors and their
developmental course; effects of partner battering on special
populations (e.g., pregnant, substance abusing, or older women);
replicable treatment interventions with perpetrators and/or victims
of partner violence; the efficacy of legal processes both separately
and in combination with court-ordered treatment; role of risk and
protective factors in partner violence, such as individual and family
history (e.g., drug and alcohol abuse, exposure to violence,
aggressive behavior), situational factors (e.g., presence of
witnesses, alcohol or other drugs, or weapons; alternative court and
dispute resolution procedures), and sociocultural context (e.g.,
ethnicity and different cultural expectations about behavior among
kin and the meaning of violence).
 
Sexual Violence
 
Examples of studies in this area include research on: risk and
protective factors that may affect vulnerability to victimization by,
or perpetration of, sexual abuse, sexual assault, or sexual
harassment, including intrapersonal, familial, workplace, cultural,
and community factors; impact of sexual abuse by parents or
caretakers on developmental progress; programs to prevent initiation
of sexual offenses tailored to alcohol and other drug use or
developmental stage (e.g., school programs for children on healthy
sexuality and substance abuse prevention, high school educational
programs to prevent date rape); the efficacy of legal processes on
offender participation in treatment and on treatment outcomes;
interventions for sexual assault victims in various social and
community settings; different intervention models with various social
and cultural groups and different types of communities (e.g., urban
versus rural).
 
Multiple Violence
 
Studies in this area encompass both perpetrators of multiple acts of
violence, and victims exposed to more than one incident or type of
violence.  Examples include research on: the prevalence of, and risk
factors for, multiply violent families (i.e., family members engaging
in multiple forms of violence both within and outside the family
context); the proportion of violence accounted for by these
families;the relationships among different forms of family violence
(child abuse, elderly abuse, partner assault) and substance abuse;
rates and types of exposure to dual victimization (e.g., both
witnessing parental assault and experiencing child abuse); the impact
of exposure to violence following multiple or long-term
victimization, and its implications for intervention.
 
SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS
 
It is anticipated that a successful grant application will contain
the following key elements:
 
Annual Meetings
 
Successful applicants will be asked to participate in yearly meetings
to report progress, discuss problems, and share information related
to the conduct of their grants.  It is recommended that costs
associated with attendance at these meetings, to be held in the
Washington DC area, be included as a part of the budget proposal.
 
Community Involvement
 
This RFA allows for many types of research, some of which will be
community-based or involve local organizations.  In such studies, the
cooperation and participation of the groups, organizations, and
communities that are the focus of the study are essential elements of
the research.  Members of the community and its local organizations
may be important sources of innovative ideas for research addressing
violence-related problems.  In response to the recommendations of the
DHHS Secretary's Blue Ribbon Panel on Violence Prevention, applicants
are strongly encouraged to create an advisory panel that includes
community members to assist them during all phases of the project.
Community representatives may be given a voice in choosing research
topics, developing the application, collecting data, or interpreting
the results, among other possibilities.
 
Community input may be most meaningful and best utilized if it is
built into the research process from the outset.  Special attention
should be directed toward the particular concerns of racial and
ethnic minority group members and women, and intervention services
designed to be appropriate to them.  Involvement of a researcher or a
community service agency that is viewed as an integral part of the
community, and is well respected in the community, may greatly
enhance the quality of the research study.  Researchers may also take
other steps that directly benefit the community and, when focusing on
racial minorities, involve an historically black college or recruit
staff from the community.  Since participant recruitment and
retention in dealing with sensitive subjects is essential,
researchers should frame the research project in a way that provides
incentives for participation.  Upon completion, projects should
provide feedback to the cooperating community.
 
Publication of Study Findings
 
The statutory mandate of the NIJ is to both support research and
disseminate the results of the research.  Given this, the NIJ intends
to publish the results of these research projects.  It is therefore
expected that at the completion of the project, in addition to any
publications specified in the application, the grant recipient will
submit a brief (2,500 to 4,000 words) summary highlighting the
findings and their implications for research and policy.  Publication
will acknowledge the joint support of the agencies participating in
this RFA.
 
Participation in Data Archive
 
It is expected that grant recipients conducting research related to
child abuse and neglect will participate in the NCCAN sponsored
National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect.  The primary
activity of the Archive is the acquisition, preservation, and
dissemination of high quality datasets relevant to the study of child
abuse and neglect and their subsequent secondary analysis.
Information about preparing datasets for inclusion in the Archive at
the completion of a funded study can be obtained from the Archive
director (Patrick Collins, Cornell University, 607-255-0949, e-mail:
PTC1@cornell.edu).
 
NIJ is similarly committed to ensuring the public availability of
research data and to this end has established a Data Resources
Program.  Recipients who collect data are required to submit a
machine-readable copy of the data and appropriate documentation to
NIJ prior to the conclusion of the project.  A variety of formats are
acceptable; however, the data and materials must conform with
requirements detailed in Depositing Data within the Data Resources
Program of the National Institute of Justice: A Handbook. For further
information about NIJ's Data resources Program, contact Dr. Pamela
Lattimore, (202)307-2961.
 
INCLUSION OF WOMEN AND MINORITIES IN RESEARCH INVOLVING HUMAN
SUBJECTS
 
It is the policy of the NIH that women and members of minority groups
and their subpopulations must be included in all NIH-supported
biomedical and behavioral research projects involving human subjects,
unless a clear and compelling rationale and justification is provided
that inclusion is inappropriate with respect to the health of the
subjects or the purpose of the research.  This new policy results
from the NIH Revitalization Act of 1993 (Section 492B of Public Law
103-43) and supersedes and strengthens the previous policies
(Concerning the Inclusion of Women in Study Populations, and
Concerning the Inclusion of Minorities in Study Populations) which
have been in effect since 1990.  The new policy contains some new
provisions that are substantially different from the 1990 policies.
 
All investigators proposing research involving human subjects should
read the "NIH Guidelines for Inclusion of Women and Minorities as
Subjects in Clinical Research," which has been published in the
Federal Register of March 28, 1994 (FR 59 14508-14513), and reprinted
in the NIH GUIDE FOR GRANTS AND CONTRACTS of March 18, 1994, Volume
23, Number 11.  Investigators may obtain copies from these sources of
from the program staff or contact the person listed below.  Program
staff may also provide additional relevant information concerning the
policy.
 
APPLICATION PROCEDURES
 
The research grant application form PHS 398 (rev. 5/95) is to be used
in applying for these grants.  These forms are available at most
institutional offices of sponsored research and may be obtained from
the Office of Grants Information, Division of Research Grants,
National Institutes of Health, 6701 Rockledge Drive, MSC 7910
Bethesda, MD 20892-7910, telephone 301/435-0714, email:
girg@drgpo.drg.nih.gov.
 
The RFA label available in the PHS 398 application form must be
affixed to the bottom of the face page.  Failure to use this label
could result in delayed processing of the application such that it
may not reach the review committee in time for review.  In addition,
the RFA title "Violence against women and within the family," and
number "OD-96-002," must be typed under item 2 of the face page of
the application form and check the YES box.
 
Submit a signed, typewritten original of the application, including
the Checklist, and three signed, exact photocopies, in one package
to:
 
Division of Research Grants
National Institutes of Health
6701 Rockledge Drive, Room 1040 - MSC 7710
Bethesda, MD  20892-7710
Bethesda, MD  20817 (for express/courier service)
 
At time of submission, two additional copies of the application must
also be sent under separate cover to:
 
Susan D. Solomon, Ph.D.
Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research
National Institutes of Health
Building One, Room 156
One Center Drive, MSC 0155
Bethesda, MD  20892
 
All applicants must provide a Protection of Human Subjects Assurance
as specified in the policy described on the HHS Form 596.  If there
is a question regarding the applicability of this assurance, contact
the Office for Protection from Research Risks of the National
Institutes of Health at (301)-496-7041.  Applicants who have been
selected for funding may also wish at that time to apply for a
Certificate of Confidentiality as part of their plan to maintain
confidentiality for research participants.  To obtain more
information and to apply for a Certificate of Confidentiality, under
the authority of Section 301(d) of the Public Health Service Act (42
U.S.C. 82421(d) to protect against involuntary disclosure of the
identities of research subjects, contact the Office of Policy and
Analysis, National Institute of Mental Health, 9-95 Parklawn
Building, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857 (telephone: 301/443-
4673).  For certificates of confidentially related to studies of
substance abuse, the appropriate contact is: Jackie Porter, Office of
Extramural Program Review, National Institute of Drug Abuse, 10-42
Parklawn Building, (telephone: 301/443-2755).  Specific questions
concerning protection of human subjects may be directed to the
program staff named below.
 
Applications must be received by March 29, 1996.  If an application
is received after that date, it will be returned to the applicant.
The Division of Research Grants (DRG) will not accept any application
in response to this RFA that is essentially the same as one currently
pending initial review, unless the applicant withdraws the pending
application.  The DRG will not accept any application that is
essentially the same as one already reviewed.  This does not preclude
the submission of substantial revisions of applications previously
reviewed, but such applications must include an introduction
addressing the previous critique.
 
REVIEW CONSIDERATIONS
 
Upon receipt, applications will be reviewed for completeness by DRG,
and for responsiveness by the DHHS/DOJ program staff.  Incomplete
applications will be returned to the applicant without further
consideration.  In addition, if program staff find that the
application is not responsive to the RFA, it will be returned without
further consideration.
 
Applications that are complete and responsive to the RFA will be
evaluated for scientific and technical merit by an appropriate peer
review group convened in accordance with NIH peer review procedures.
As part of the initial merit review, all applications will receive a
written critique and undergo a process in which only those
applications deemed to have the highest scientific merit, generally
the top half of applications under review, will be discussed,
assigned a priority score, and receive a second level review by the
National Advisory Council of the relevant NIH institute.
 
Applications will be judged on the following criteria:
 
o  Significance and originality of proposed research.
 
o  Scientific and technical merit criteria specific to the objectives
of the RFA.
 
o  Rigor, appropriateness and adequacy of the proposed scientific
model, design, and methodology.
 
o  Qualifications and research experience of the Principal
Investigator and staff, particularly but not exclusively in the area
of the proposed research (e.g., in conducting interdisciplinary
research).
 
o  Feasibility of procedures for obtaining and maintaining the
necessary community relations, input, and participation over time, as
well as documentation of a representative community and scientific
advisory panel and/or evidence of the commitment and nature of
proposed collaboration of community agencies outside the applicant
organization, where these are appropriate to the objectives of the
proposed project.
 
o  Availability of resources necessary to perform the research.
 
o  Appropriateness of budget and duration estimates for the proposed
research.
 
o  Adequacy of plans to include both genders and minorities and their
subgroups as appropriate for the scientific goals of the research.
Plans for recruitment and retention of participants will also be
evaluated.
 
o  For applications involving activities that could have an adverse
effect upon participants or the environment, the adequacy of the
proposed means for protecting against or minimizing such effects.
 
o  For foreign applications, availability of special opportunities
for furthering research programs through the use of unusual talent,
resources, populations, or environmental conditions not readily
available in the United States or that provide enhancement of
existing U.S. resources, must be addressed.
 
RECEIPT AND REVIEW SCHEDULE
 
Application Receipt Date:  March 29, 1996
Initial Review:            May/June 1996
Advisory Council Review:   September 1996
Earliest Start Date:       September 30, 1996
 
AWARD CRITERIA
 
Funding decisions will be made on the basis of scientific and
technical merit as determined by peer review, program needs and
priorities, potential policy and practice relevance, and the
availability of funds.
 
INQUIRIES
 
Inquiries concerning this RFA are encouraged.  The opportunity to
clarify any issues or questions from potential applicants is welcome.
DHHS and DOJ program staff are available for consultation concerning
application development before or during the process of preparing an
application.  Potential applicants should contact program staff as
early as possible for information and assistance in initiating the
application process and developing an application.
 
Inquiries regarding programmatic issues may be directed to:
 
Susan D. Solomon, Ph.D.
Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research
National Institutes of Health
Building 1, Room 156
One Center Drive, MSC 0155
Bethesda, MD  20857-0155
Telephone:  (301) 496-0979
FAX:  (301) 402-3469
Email:  susan_solomon@nih.gov
 
Bernard Auchter
National Institute of Justice
633 Indiana Avenue, N.W.
Washington, DC  20531
Telephone:  (202) 307-0154
FAX:  (202) 307-6394
Email:  auchter@justice.usdoj.gov
 
Katrina Johnson, Ph.D.
Behavioral and Social Research
National Institute on Aging
Gateway Building, Room 533
7201 Wisconsin Avenue MSC 9205
Bethesda, MD  20892-9205
Telephone:  (301) 402-4156
FAX:  (301) 402-0051
Email:  Katrina_Johnson@nih.gov
 
Susan E. Martin, Ph.D.
Prevention Research Branch
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
6000 Executive Boulevard, Suite 505
Rockville, MD  20892
Telephone:  (301) 443-8767
FAX:  (301) 443-8774
Email:  smartin@willco.niaaa.nih.gov
 
Donald R. Vereen, Jr., M.D., M.P.H.
Office of the Director
National Institute on Drug Abuse
5600 Fishers Lane, Room # 10-05
Rockville, MD  20857
Telephone:  (301) 443-6480
FAX:  (301) 443-9127
Email:  dvereen@aoada2.ssw.dhhs.gov
 
Chester L. Pogostin, DVM, MPA
Division of Violence Prevention
National Center for Injury Prevention and Control
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
4770 Buford Highway, NE
Mailstop K60
Atlanta, GA  30341
Telephone:  (404) 488-4410
FAX:  (404) 488-4349
Email:  CLP3@CIPCOD1.EM.CDC.GOV
 
Direct inquiries regarding fiscal matters to:
 
David Reiter
GCMO/National Institute on Aging
Gateway Building, Room 2N212
7201 Wisconsin Avenue
Bethesda, MD  20892-9205
Telephone:  (301) 466-1472
FAX:  (301) 402-3672
Email:  reiterd@gw.nia.nih.gov
 
Joseph Weeda
Grants Management Branch
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
6000 Executive Boulevard, Suite 504
Rockville, MD  20892
Telephone:  (301) 443-4703
FAX:  (301) 443-3891
Email:  JWeeda@WILLCO.NIAAA.NIH.GOV
 
Gary Fleming, J.D., M.A.
Office of Planning and Resource Management
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Parklawn Building, Room 8A-54
5600 Fishers Lane
Rockville, MD  20857
Telephone:  (301) 443-6710
FAX:  (301) 594-6847
Email:  gfleming@aoada2.ssw.dhhs.gov
 
Diana Trunnell
Grants Management Branch
National Institute of Mental Health
Parklawn Building, Room 7C-08
5600 Fishers Lane
Rockville, MD  20857
Telephone:  (301) 443-3056
FAX:  (301) 443-6885
Email:  diana_trunnell@nih.gov
 
AUTHORITY AND REGULATIONS
 
This program is described in the Catalog of Federal Domestic
Assistance Nos. 16.540 (OJJDP), 16.560 (NIJ), 93.242 (NIMH), 93.262
(CDC), 93.273 (NIAAA), 93.279 (NIDA), 93.670 (NCCAN), and 93.886
(NIA).  Awards are made under authorization of the Public Health
Service Act, Title I, Part A (Public Law 78-410, as amended by Public
Law 99-158, 42 USC 241 and 285) and are administered under PHS grants
policies and Federal Regulations 42 CFR Part 52, and 45 CFR Part 74.
This program is not subject to the intergovernmental review
requirements of Executive order 12372, or Health Systems Agency
Review.  Awards by PHS agencies will be administered under PHS grants
policy as stated in the Public Health Service Grants Policy Statement
(April 1, 1994).
 
The PHS strongly encourages all grant and contract recipients to
provide a smoke-free workplace and promote the nonuse of all tobacco
products.  In addition, Public Law 103-227, the Pro-Children Act of
1994, prohibits smoking in certain facilities (or in some cases, any
portion of a facility) in which regular or routine education,
library, day care, health care or early childhood development
services are provided to children.  This is consistent with the PHS
mission to protect and advance the physical and mental health of the
American people.
 
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