Department of Health and Human Services

Part 1. Overview Information
Participating Organization(s)

U.S Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

The FDA does not follow the NIH Page Limitation Guidelines or the Enhanced Peer Review Scoring Criteria. Applicants are encouraged to consult with FDA Agency Contacts for additional information regarding page limits and the FDA Peer Review Process.

Components of Participating Organizations

Office of Orphan Products Development (OPD) (http://www.fda.gov/ForIndustry/DevelopingProductsforRareDiseasesConditions/default.htm)

Funding Opportunity Title

Clinical Studies of Safety and Effectiveness of Orphan Products Research Project Grant (R01)

Activity Code

R01 Research Project Grant

Announcement Type

Reissue of RFA-FD-11-001

Related Notices

  • October 20, 2014 - This RFA has been reissued as RFA-FD-15-001.
  • October 28, 2013 - See Notice NOT-FD-14-001. Notice to Change Application Due Date for RFA-FD-13-001 Following the Recent Lapse in Appropriations.
  • October 18, 2013 - See Notice NOT-OD-14-003. Guidance on Resumption of NIH Extramural Activities Following the Recent Lapse in Appropriations.

Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) Number

RFA-FD-13-001

Companion Funding Opportunity

None

Number of Applications

See Section III. 3. Additional Information on Eligibility.

Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Number(s)

93.103 

Funding Opportunity Purpose

The goal of FDA's OPD grant program is to support the clinical development of products for use in rare diseases or conditions where no current therapy exists or where the product being developed will be superior to the existing therapy.  FDA provides grants for clinical studies on safety and/or effectiveness that will either result in, or substantially contribute to, market approval of these products. Applicants must include in the application's Background and Significance section documentation to support the assertion that the orphan disease or condition to be studied is a “rare disease or condition” and an explanation of how the proposed study will either help support product approval or provide essential data needed for product development.  

Key Dates
Posted Date

August 1, 2012

Open Date (Earliest Submission Date)

December 10, 2012

Letter of Intent Due Date

Not Applicable.

Application Due Date(s)

Application Due Date(s): February 6, 2013; February 5, 2014 by 5:00 PM local time of applicant organization.
Resubmission Due Date(s): (Extended to November 8, 2013 per NOT-FD-14-001), Originally October 15, 2013 and October 15, 2014 by 5:00 PM local time of applicant organization.
This FOA uses non-standard due dates. See Receipt, Review and Anticipated Start Dates.

AIDS Application Due Date(s)

Not Applicable.

Scientific Merit Review (Peer Review)

May 2013 and 2014 and November 2013 and 2014   

Advisory Council Review

September 2013 and 2014 and February 2014 and 2015

Earliest Start Date(s)

November 2013 and November 2014

Expiration Date

February 6, 2014, October 16, 2014 resubmission

Due Dates for E.O. 12372

Not Applicable.

Required Application Instructions

It is critical that applicants follow the instructions in the SF 424 (R&R) Application Guide, except where instructed to do otherwise. Conformance to all requirements (both in the Application Guide and the FOA) is required and strictly enforced. Applicants must read and follow all application instructions in the Application Guide as well as any program-specific instructions noted in Section IV. When the program-specific instructions deviate from those in the Application Guide, follow the program-specific instructions. Applications that do not comply with these instructions may be delayed or not accepted for review.

NOTICE: Applications submitted in response to this Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) for Federal assistance must be submitted electronically through Grants.gov (http://www.grants.gov) using the SF424 Research and Related (R&R) forms and the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.

APPLICATIONS MAY NOT BE SUBMITTED IN PAPER FORMAT.

This FOA must be read in conjunction with the application guidelines included with this announcement in Grants.gov/Apply for Grants (hereafter called Grants.gov/Apply).

A registration process is necessary before submission and applicants are highly encouraged to start the process at least four (4) weeks prior to the grant submission date. See Section IV.


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Table of Contents

Part 1.  Overview Information

Part 2. Full Text of Announcement

Section I. Funding Opportunity Description
1. Research Objectives

Section II. Award Information


Section III. Eligibility Information
1. Eligible Applicants
2. Cost Sharing or Matching
3. Additional Information on Eligibility

Section IV. Application and Submission Information
1. Requesting an Application Package
2. Content and Form of Application Submission
3. Submission Dates and Times
4. Intergovernmental Review
5. Funding Restrictions
6. Other Submission Requirements and Information

Section V. Application Review Information
1.  General Information
2.  Scientific /Technical Review Criteria
3.  Program Review Criteria
4.  Additional Review Criteria
5.  Additional Review Considerations
6.  Review and Selection Process
7.  Anticipated Announcement and Award Dates

Section VI. Award Administration Information
1. Award Notices
2. Administrative and National Policy Requirements
3. Reporting

Section VII. Agency Contacts
1. Application Submission Contacts
2. Scientific/Research Contact(s)
3. Financial/Grants Management Contact(s)

Section VIII. Other Information
1. Required Federal Citations

Part 2. Full Text of Announcement

Section I. Funding Opportunity Description

1. Research Objectives

1.A.  Background

The OPD was created to identify and promote the development of orphan products. Orphan products are drugs, biologics, medical devices, and medical foods that are indicated for a rare disease or condition. The term “rare disease or condition” is defined in 21 U.S.C. 360ee.  As a practical way to implement the statutory definition, for devices and foods as well as for drugs, FDA considers drugs, devices, and medical foods potentially eligible for grants under the OPD grant program if they are indicated for a disease or condition that has a prevalence, not incidence, of fewer than 200,000 people in the United States. Diagnostics and vaccines are considered potentially eligible for such grants only if the U.S. population to whom they will be administered is fewer than 200,000 people in the United States per year.  

1.B.  Research Objectives

The goal of FDA's OPD grant program is to support the clinical development of products for use in rare diseases or conditions where no current therapy exists or where the proposed product will be superior to the existing therapy. FDA provides grants for clinical studies on safety and/or effectiveness that will either result in, or substantially contribute to, market approval of these products. Applicants must include in the application's Background and Significance section documentation to support that the estimated prevalence of the orphan disease or condition in the United States is less than 200,000 (or in the case of a vaccine or diagnostic, information to support that the product will be administered to fewer than 200,000 people in the United States per year),and an explanation of how the proposed study will either help support product approval or provide essential data needed for product development.  Additional information may be required upon request, for example, regarding population estimate and rationale.  This additional information may be required, in part, to assure that human clinical trials of drugs are eligible to receive funding under the OPD grant program.  21 U.S.C. 360ee(b)(1)(A).See Section VIII, Other Information - Required Federal Citations, for policies related to this announcement.

Section II. Award Information

Funding Instrument

Grant

Application Types Allowed

New
Renewal
Resubmission
Revision

Note about Resubmissions: Applicants may submit a resubmission application, but such application must include an Introduction addressing the most recent peer review critique (Summary Statement).  Summary Statements must be included as an appendix in the application. See http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-OD-09-003.html and NOT-OD-09-016.  

The OER Glossary and the SF 424 (R&R) Application Guide provide details on these application types.

Funds Available and Anticipated Number of Awards

Office of Orphan Products Development intends to commit $14.1 million in FY 2014 and FY2015.

Of the estimated FY 2014 funding ($14.1 million), approximately $10 million will fund non-competing continuation awards, and approximately $4.1 million will fund 5 to 10 new awards, subject to availability of funds. It is anticipated that funding for the number of non-competing continuation awards and new awards in FY 2015 will be similar to FY 2014.

Award Budget

Phase 1 studies are eligible for grants of up to $200,000 per year for up to 3 years.  Phase 2 and 3 studies are eligible for grants of up to $400,000 per year for up to 4 years.  Please note that the dollar limitation will apply to total costs (direct plus indirect).  Budgets for each year of requested support may not exceed the $200,000 or $400,000 total cost limit, whichever is applicable.

The following definitions are provided to illustrate drug and biologic products study phases.  Devices and medical foods may have alternative considerations.

Phase 1 studies include the initial introduction of an investigational new drug (IND) into humans, are usually conducted in healthy volunteer subjects, and are designed to determine the metabolic and pharmacological actions of the product in humans, and the side effects, including those associated with increasing drug doses. In some Phase 1 studies that include subjects with the rare disorder, it may also be possible to gain early evidence on effectiveness.

Phase 2 studies include early controlled clinical studies conducted to: (1) Evaluate the effectiveness of the product for a particular indication in patients with the disease or condition and (2) determine the common short-term side effects and risks associated with it.

Phase 3 studies gather more information about effectiveness and safety that is necessary to evaluate the overall risk-benefit ratio of the product and to provide an acceptable basis for product labeling.

Award Project Period

 The length of support will depend on the nature of the study. For those studies with an expected duration of more than 1 year, a second, third, or fourth year of noncompetitive continuation of support will depend on the following factors: (1) Performance during the preceding year; (2) compliance with regulatory requirements of IND/investigational device exemption (IDE), if applicable; and (3) availability of Federal funds.

In addition to the requirement for an active IND/IDE discussed in Section V.3 of this document, documentation of assurances with the Office of Human Research Protection (OHRP) (see Section IV.5.A of this document) must be on file with the FDA grants management office before an award is made. Any institution receiving Federal funds must have an institutional review board (IRB) of record even if that institution is overseeing research conducted at other performance sites. To avoid funding studies that may not receive or may experience a delay in receiving IRB approval, documentation of IRB approval and Federal Wide Assurance (FWA or assurance) for the IRB of record for all performance sites must be on file with the FDA grants management office before an award to fund the study will be made. In addition, if a grant is awarded, grantees will be informed of any additional documentation that should be submitted to FDA's IRB.

Because the nature and scope of the proposed research will vary from application to application, it is anticipated that the size and duration of each award will also vary. Although the financial plans of the FDA provide support for this program, awards pursuant to this funding opportunity are contingent upon the availability of funds.

FDA grants policies as described in the HHS Grants Policy Statement http://www.hhs.gov/grantsnet/adminis/gpd/index.htm will apply to the applications submitted and awards made in response to this FOA.

FDA grants policies as described in the FDA Grants Policy Statement will apply to the applications submitted and awards made in response to this FOA.

Section III. Eligibility Information

1. Eligible Applicants

Eligible Organizations

The following organizations/institutions are eligible to apply:

Higher Education Institutions

The following types of Higher Education Institutions are always encouraged to apply for NIH support as Public or Private Institutions of Higher Education:

Nonprofits Other Than Institutions of Higher Education

For-Profit Organizations

Governments

Other

The grants are available to any foreign or domestic, public or private, for-profit or nonprofit entity (including State and local units of government). Federal agencies that are not part of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) may apply. Agencies that are part of HHS may not apply.  For-profit entities must commit to excluding fees or profit in their request for support to receive grant awards. Organizations that engage in lobbying activities, as described in section 501(c)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1968, are not eligible to receive grant awards.

Foreign Institutions

Non-domestic (non-U.S.) Entities (Foreign Institutions) are eligible to apply.

Required Registrations

Applicant organizations must complete the following registrations as described in the SF 424 (R&R) Application Guide to be eligible to apply for or receive an award. Applicants must have a valid Dun and Bradstreet Universal Numbering System (DUNS) number in order to begin each of the following registrations.

All Program Directors/Principal Investigators (PD(s)/PI(s)) must also work with their institutional officials to register with the eRA Commons or ensure their existing eRA Commons account is affiliated with the eRA Commons account of the applicant organization.

All registrations must be completed by the application due date. Applicant organizations are strongly encouraged to start the registration process at least 4-6 weeks prior to the application due date.

Eligible Individuals
Any individual(s) with the skills, knowledge, and resources necessary to carry out the proposed research as the PD/PI is invited to work with his/her organization to develop an application for support. Individuals from underrepresented racial and ethnic groups as well as individuals with disabilities are always encouraged to apply for support. The Project Director/Principal Investigator (PD/PI) will be solely responsible for planning, directing, and executing the proposed project.

For institutions/organizations proposing multiple PDs/PIs, visit the Multiple Program Director/Principal Investigator Policy and submission details in the Senior/Key Person Profile (Expanded) Component of the SF 424 (R&R) Application Guide.

Multiple PDs/PIs
The decision of whether to apply for a grant with a single PD/PI or multiple PDs/PIs grant is the responsibility of the investigators and applicant organizations and should be determined by the scientific goals of the project. Applications for grants with multiple PDs/PIs will require additional information, as outlined in the instructions below. More than one PD/PI (i.e., multiple PDs/PIs), may be designated on the application for projects that require a team science approach and therefore clearly do not fit the single-PD/PI model. Additional information on the implementation plans and policies and procedures to formally allow more than one PD/PI on individual research projects is available at http://grants.nih.gov/grants/multi_pi.

When multiple PDs/PIs are proposed, FDA requires one PD/PI to be designated as the "Contact PI, who will be responsible for all communication between the PDs/PIs and the FDA, for assembling the application materials outlined below, and for coordinating progress reports for the project. The contact PD/PI must meet all eligibility requirements for PD/PI status in the same way as other PDs/PIs, but has no other special roles or responsibilities within the project team beyond those mentioned above.

Information for the Contact PD/PI should be entered in item 15 of the SF424 (R&R) Cover component. All other PDs/PIs should be listed in the Research & Related Senior/Key Person component and assigned the project role of PD/PI. Please remember that all PDs/PIs must be registered in the eRA Commons prior to application submission. The Commons ID of each PD/PI must be included in the Credential field of the Research & Related Senior/Key Person component. Failure to include this data field will cause the application to be rejected.  All projects proposing Multiple PDs/PIs will be required to include a new section describing the leadership plan approach for the proposed project.

Multiple PD/PI Leadership Plan
For applications designating multiple PDs/PIs, a new section of the research plan, entitled Multiple PD/PI Leadership Plan [Section 14 of the Research Plan Component in the SF424 (R&R)], must be included. A rationale for choosing a multiple PD/PI approach should be described.  The governance and organizational structure of the leadership team and the research project should be described, and should include communication plans, process for making decisions on scientific direction, and procedures for resolving conflicts. The roles and administrative, technical, and scientific responsibilities for the project or program should be delineated for the PDs/PIs and other collaborators. 

If budget allocation is planned, the distribution of resources to specific components of the project or the individual PDs/PIs should be delineated in the Leadership Plan. In the event of an award, the requested allocations may be reflected in a footnote on the Notice of Award (NoA).

Applications Involving a Single Institution
When all PDs/PIs are within a single institution, follow the instructions contained in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.

Applications Involving Multiple Institutions
When multiple institutions are involved, one institution must be designated as the prime institution and funding for the other institution(s) must be requested via a subcontract to be administered by the prime institution. When submitting a detailed budget, the prime institution should submit its budget using the Research & Related Budget component. All other institutions should have their individual budgets attached separately to the Research & Related Subaward Budget Attachment(s) Form. See Section 4.8 of the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide for further instruction regarding the use of the subaward budget form. 

2. Cost Sharing or Matching

This grant program does not require cost sharing as defined in the HHS Grants Policy Statement.

3. Additional Information on Eligibility

Number of Applications

Applicant organizations may submit more than one application, provided each application is scientifically distinct.

FDA will not accept any application in response to this FOA that is essentially the same as one currently pending initial peer review unless the applicant withdraws the pending application. FDA will not accept any application that is essentially the same as one already reviewed.

Section IV. Application and Submission Information

To comply with the President’s Management Agenda, HHS is participating as a partner in the new government-wide grants.gov application site.  Applicants should apply electronically by visiting the web site www.grants.gov and following instructions under Apply for Grants.  Users of grants.gov will be able to download a copy of the application package, complete it offline, and then upload and submit the application via the grants.gov web site. We strongly encourage using the Tips posted on www.grants.gov under the announcement number when preparing your submission. This process is similar to the R01 Grant Application process currently used at the National Institutes of Health (NIH).  You can visit the following website for helpful background on preparing to apply, preparing an application, and submitting an application to Grants.gov:  http://era.nih.gov/ElectronicReceipt/.  In order to apply electronically, the applicant must have a Data Universal Number System (DUNS) number, and register in the Central Contractor Registration (CCR) database, in eRA Commons (http://era.nih.gov/ElectronicReceipt/preparing.htm), and in grants.gov (further information below).

To download a SF424 (R&R) Application Package and SF424 (R&R) Application Guide for completing the SF424 (R&R) forms for this FOA, link to http://www.grants.gov/applicants/apply_for_grants.jsp and follow the directions provided on that web site.

A one-time registration is required for institutions/organizations at both:

A registration process with Grants.gov and eRA Commons is necessary before submission and applicants are highly encouraged to start the process at least four weeks prior to the grant submission date.  PDs/PIs should work with their institutions/organizations to make sure they are registered in the eRA Commons.

Several additional separate actions are required before an applicant institution/organization can submit an electronic application, as follows:

1) Organizational/Institutional Registration in Grants.gov/Get Registered  

2) Organizational/Institutional Registration in the eRA Commons (https://commons.era.nih.gov/commons/registration/registrationInstructions.jsp)

3) Project Director/Principal Investigator (PD/PI) Registration in the eRA Commons: Refer to the  eRA Commons System (COM) Users Guide.

Several of the steps of the registration process could take four weeks or more. Therefore, applicants should immediately check with their business official to determine whether their organization/institution is already registered in both Grants.gov and the Commons (https://commons.era.nih.gov/commons/). The FDA will accept electronic applications only from organizations that have completed all necessary registrations.

If you experience technical difficulties with your online submission, you should contact the grants.gov Customer Response Center http://www.grants.gov/contactus/contactus.jsp. If the Customer Response Center is unable to resolve your problem, please contact Vieda Hubbard, Grants Management Specialist, Division of Acquisition Support and Grants (DASG), Office of Acquisition and Grant Services (OAGS), Food and Drug Administration, at 301-827-7177, or by e-mail at vieda.hubbard@fda.hhs.gov.

1. Requesting an Application Package

Applicants must download the SF424 (R&R) application package associated with this funding opportunity using the “Apply for Grant Electronically” button in this FOA or following the directions provided at Grants.gov.

In FY 2014 and 2015, all applications must be submitted electronically through Grants.gov. Applicants must download the SF424 (R&R) application forms and the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide for this FOA through http://www.grants.gov/applicants/apply_for_grants.jsp.

Note: Only the forms package directly attached to a specific FOA can be used. You will not be able to use any other SF424 (R&R) forms (e.g., sample forms, forms from another FOA).  Please locate the current package each cycle to obtain the most up to date forms to download and submit. Forms may change between receipt dates.

For further assistance, contact: Vieda Hubbard at 301-827-7177. Telecommunications for the hearing impaired: 301-480-0434.

2. Content and Form of Application Submission

It is critical that applicants follow the instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide, except where instructed in this funding opportunity announcement to do otherwise. Conformance to the requirements in the Application Guide is required and strictly enforced. Applications that are out of compliance with these instructions may be delayed or not accepted for review.

For information on Application Submission and Receipt, visit Frequently Asked Questions – Application Guide, Electronic Submission of Grant Applications.

Prepare all applications using the SF424 (R&R) application forms and in accordance with the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide for this FOA through http://www.grants.gov/applicants/apply_for_grants.jsp.

The SF424 (R&R) Application Guide is critical to submitting a complete and accurate application to FDA. Some fields within the SF424 (R&R) application components, although not marked as mandatory, are required by FDA (e.g., the Credential log-in field of the Research & Related Senior/Key Person Profile component must contain the PD/PIs assigned eRA Commons User ID). Agency-specific instructions for such fields are clearly identified in the Application Guide. For additional information, see Frequently Asked Questions“ Application Guide, Electronic Submission of Grant Applications (http://grants.nih.gov/grants/ElectronicReceipt/faq_full.htm#application).

Special instructions for applicants who are submitting a renewal or revision
Applicants submitting a renewal or resubmission are required to enter the previous grant number into the Federal Identifier field in the SF424 (R&R) Cover Component form (box #8).  Renewal and resubmission applications that do not include this number will receive an error message.  Applicants should log on to the eRA Commons to obtain the previous grant number. If the number is not available in Commons, contact Vieda Hubbard, 301- 827-7177 at FDA to get the previous grant number in order to submit the application. Visit http://era.nih.gov/ElectronicReceipt/resubmission_FAQ.htm for additional information.  If an application for the same study was submitted in response to a previous request for application (RFA) but has not yet been funded, an application in response to this notice will be considered a request to withdraw the previous application. The applicant for a resubmitted application should address the issues presented in the summary statement from the previous review and include a copy of the summary statement itself as part of the resubmitted application. A resubmission application should be complete and stand alone from previous versions.  An application that has received two prior disapprovals is not eligible for resubmission.

Prepare all applications using the SF424 (R&R) application forms and in accordance with the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide for this FOA through http://www.grants.gov/applicants/apply_for_grants.jsp. Please locate the current package each cycle to obtain the most up-to-date forms to download and submit.  Forms may change between receipt dates.

Note that the move to electronic applications has brought a change in terminology. The Grants.gov terminology is as follows:

New = New
Resubmission = A Revised or Amended application
Renewal = Competing Continuation
Continuation = Noncompeting Progress Report
Revision = Competing Supplement

Required and Optional Components

The forms package associated with this FOA includes all applicable components, mandatory and optional. The SF424 (R&R) application has several components. Some components are required, others are optional. The forms package associated with this FOA in http://www.grants.gov/applicants/apply_for_grants.jsp includes all applicable components, required and optional. Follow all instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide to ensure you complete all appropriate “optional” components. A completed application in response to this FOA includes the data in the following components:

Required Components:
SF424 (R&R) (Cover component)
Research & Related Project/Performance Site Locations
Research & Related Other Project Information
Research & Related Senior/Key Person
PHS398 Cover Page Supplement
PHS398 Research Plan
PHS398 Checklist
PHS398 Research & Related Budget
Research & Related Subaward Budget Attachment(s) Form

Optional Components:
PHS398 Cover Letter File

Foreign Organizations (Non-domestic (non-U.S.) Entity)
Applications from foreign organizations must:

Proposed research should provide special opportunities for furthering research programs through the use of unusual talent, resources, populations, or environmental conditions in other countries that are not readily available in the United States or that augment existing U.S. resources.

SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS

Applications with Multiple PDs/PIs
See Section III.1.B  

Page Limitations

All page limitations described in the SF424 Application Guide and the Table of Page Limits must be followed, with the following exceptions or additional requirements:

See the following for page instructions: http://www.fda.gov/ForIndustry/DevelopingProductsforRareDiseasesConditions/WhomtoContactaboutOrphanProductDevelopment/ucm186346.htm

PHS 398 Research Plan Component
All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed, with the following additional instructions:

Page limitations of the PHS398 Research Plan component must be followed as outlined in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide unless otherwise stated per FDA’s guidelines located at http://www.fda.gov/ForIndustry/DevelopingProductsforRareDiseasesConditions/WhomtoContactaboutOrphanProductDevelopment/ucm186346.htm. Although each section of the Research Plan component needs to be uploaded separately as a PDF attachment, applicants are encouraged to construct the Research Plan component as a single document, separating sections into distinct PDF attachments just before uploading the files. This approach will enable applicants to better monitor formatting requirements such as page limits. All attachments must be provided to FDA in PDF format, filenames must be included with no spaces or special characters, and a .pdf extension must be used.   

Resource Sharing Plans

Not applicable

Appendix
Applicants must follow the specific instructions on Appendix materials as described in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide (See http://grants.nih.gov/grants/funding/424/index.htm).

Do not use the Appendix to circumvent the page limitations of the Research Plan component. An application that does not observe the required page limitations may be delayed in the review process.

Foreign Institutions

Indicate how the proposed project has specific relevance to the mission and objectives of FDA and has the potential for significantly advancing sciences in the United States.

3. Submission Dates and Times

Part I. Overview Information contains information about Key Dates. Applicants are encouraged to submit in advance of the deadline to ensure they have time to make any application corrections that might be necessary for successful submission.

Organizations must submit applications via Grants.gov, the online portal to find and apply for grants across all Federal agencies. Applicants must then complete the submission process by tracking the status of the application in the eRA Commons, NIH’s electronic system for grants administration.

Applicants are responsible for viewing their application in the eRA Commons to ensure accurate and successful submission.

Information on the submission process and a definition of on-time submission are provided in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.

See Section IV.3.A. for details.

3.A. Submission, Review, and Anticipated Start Dates
Opening Date: December 6, 2013 (Earliest date an application may be submitted to Grants.gov)
Letters of Intent Receipt Date(s): Not Applicable.
Application Due Date(s): February 6, 2013 and February 5, 2014
Resubmission Due Date(s): October 15, 2013 and October 15, 2014
Peer Review Date(s): May 2013 and 2014 and November 2013 and 2014
Council Review Date(s): September 2013 and 2014 and February 2014 and 2015
Earliest Anticipated Start Date(s): November 2013 and November 2014

Please note that there is only one receipt date for FY 2014 and one receipt date for FY 2015 for new and resubmitted applications. Resubmissions and applications that were submitted previously will be allowed to resubmit October 15, 2013 and October 15, 2014. Resubmissions will also be accepted in the February receipt dates in both Fiscal years.

NOTE: On time submission requires that applications be successfully submitted to Grants.gov no later than 5:00 p.m. local time (of the applicant institution/organization). Applications must be received by the close of business on the established receipt date.  Late applications may be accepted under extreme circumstances beyond the control of the applicant.  Applications not received on time will not be considered for review and will generally be returned to the applicant.

The protocol in the grant application should be submitted to the IND/IDE no later than January 7, 2013 for FY 2014 and no later than January 6, 2014 for FY 2015. The current version of the protocol that is included in the grant application and is intended to be used if the study is funded is the protocol that MUST be submitted to the IND/IDE before the application is reviewed.  The date that corresponds with the IND/IDE submission/amendment date that corresponds to the protocol in the grant application should be reported in the title of the grant with the IND/IDE number.  For resubmissions, if any changes to the protocol have occurred since the last review, the protocol must be resubmitted as an amendment to the IND/IDE prior to the October resubmission dates. 

3.A.1. Letter of Intent

A letter of intent is not required for the funding opportunity.

3.B. Submitting an Application Electronically to the FDA

To submit an application in response to this FOA, applicants should access this FOA via http://www.grants.gov/applicants/apply_for_grants.jsp  and follow Steps 1-4. Note:  Applications must only be submitted electronically.  PAPER APPLICATIONS WILL NOT BE ACCEPTED. 

In order to expedite the review, applicants are requested to notify the FDA Referral Office by email vieda.hubbard@fda.hhs.gov when the application has been submitted.  Please include the FOA number and title, PD/PI name, and title of the application.

3.C. Application Processing

Applications may be submitted on or after the opening date and must be successfully received by Grants.gov no later than 5:00 p.m. local time (of the applicant institution/organization) on the application due date(s). (See Section IV.3.A. for all dates.) If an application is not submitted by the due date(s) and time, the application may be delayed in the review process or not reviewed.

Once an application package has been successfully submitted through Grants.gov, any errors have been addressed, and the assembled application has been created in the eRA Commons, the PD/PI and the Authorized Organization Representative/Signing Official (AOR/SO) have two weekdays (Monday- Friday, excluding Federal holidays) to view the application image to determine if any further action is necessary.

Upon receipt, applications will be evaluated for completeness.  Incomplete applications will not be reviewed.

There will be an acknowledgement of receipt of applications from Grants.gov and the Commons. The submitting AOR receives the Grants.gov acknowledgments. The AOR and the PI receive Commons acknowledgments. Information related to the assignment of an application to a Scientific Review Group is also in the Commons.

Note: Since email can be unreliable, it is the responsibility of the applicant to check periodically on their application status in the Commons. 

FDA will not accept any application in response to this FOA that is essentially the same as one currently pending initial merit review unless the applicant withdraws the pending application. FDA will not accept any application that is essentially the same as one already reviewed. However, the FDA will accept a resubmission application, but such application must include an Introduction (1 page maximum) addressing the critique from the previous review.

4. Intergovernmental Review (E.O. 12372)

This initiative is not subject to intergovernmental review.

5. Funding Restrictions

All FDA awards are subject to the terms and conditions, cost principles, and other considerations described in the HHS Grants Policy Statement.

5.A.  Protection of Human Research Subjects

All institutions engaged in human subject research financially supported by HHS must file an assurance of protection for human subjects with the Office of Human Research Protections (OHRP) (45 CFR part 46). Applicants are advised to visit the OHRP Web site at http://www.hhs.gov/ohrp for guidance on human subject protection issues.   Federal regulations (45 CFR 46) require that applications and proposals involving human subjects must be evaluated with reference to the risks to the subjects, the adequacy of protection against these risks, the potential benefits of the research to the subjects and others, and the importance of the knowledge gained or to be gained (http://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/humansubjects/guidance/45cfr46.html ).

The requirement to file an assurance applies to both awardee and collaborating performance site institutions. Awardee institutions are automatically considered to be engaged in human subject research whenever they receive a direct HHS award to support such research, even where all activities involving human subjects are carried out by a subcontractor or collaborator. In such cases, the awardee institution bears the responsibility for protecting human subjects under the award.

The awardee institution is also responsible for, among other things, ensuring that all collaborating performance site institutions engaged in the research hold an approved assurance prior to their initiation of the research. No awardee or performance site institution may spend funds on human subject research or enroll subjects without the approved and applicable assurance(s) on file with OHRP. An awardee institution must, therefore, have its own IRB of record and assurance. The IRB of record may be an IRB already being used by one of the performance sites, but it must specifically be registered as the IRB of record with OHRP.

For further information, applicants should review the section on human subjects in the application instructions as posted on the Grants.gov application Web site. The clinical protocol should comply with ICHE6 Good Clinical Practice Consolidated Guidance which sets an international ethical and scientific quality standard for designing, conducting, recording, and reporting trials that involve the participation of human subjects. All human subject research regulated by FDA is also subject to FDA's regulations regarding the protection of human subjects (21 CFR parts 50 and 56). Applicants are encouraged to review the regulations, guidance, and information sheets on human subject protection and good clinical practice available on the Internet at http://www.fda.gov/oc/gcp/.

5.B.  Key Personnel and Human Subject Protection Education

The awardee institution is responsible for ensuring that all key personnel receive appropriate training in their human subject protection responsibilities. Key personnel include all principal investigators, co-investigators, and performance site investigators responsible for the design and conduct of the study. HHS, FDA, and OPD do not prescribe or endorse any specific education programs. Many institutions have already developed educational programs on the protection of research subjects and have made participation in such programs a requirement for their investigators. Other sources of appropriate instruction might include the online tutorials offered by the Office of Human Subjects Research, NIH at http://ohsr.od.nih.gov/ and by OHRP at http://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/education/.

Within 30 days of the award, the principal investigator should provide a letter to FDA's grants management office that includes the names of the key personnel, the title of the human subjects protection education program completed for each key personnel, and a one-sentence description of the program. This letter should be signed by the principal investigator and cosigned by an institution official and sent to the Grants Management Specialist whose name appears on the official Notice of Grant Award (NGA).

6. Other Submission Requirements and Information

Applications must be submitted electronically following the instructions described in the SF 424 (R&R) Application Guide.  Paper applications will not be accepted.

Applicants must complete all required registrations before the application due date. Section III. Eligibility Information contains information about registration.

For assistance with your electronic application or for more information on the electronic submission process, visit Applying Electronically.

Important reminders:
All PD(s)/PI(s) must include their eRA Commons ID in the Credential field of the Senior/Key Person Profile Component of the SF 424(R&R) Application Package. Failure to register in the Commons and to include a valid PD/PI Commons ID in the credential field will prevent the successful submission of an electronic application to FDA.

The applicant organization must ensure that the DUNS number it provides on the application is the same number used in the organization’s profile in the eRA Commons and for the Central Contractor Registration (CCR). Additional information may be found in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.

See more tips for avoiding common errors.

Upon receipt, applications will be evaluated for completeness.  Applications that are incomplete will not be reviewed.

6.A. Informed Consent

Consent forms, assent forms, and any other information given to a subject are part of the grant application and must be provided, even if in a draft form. The consent forms should be attached in an appendix section. The applicant is referred to HHS and FDA regulations at 45 CFR 46.116 and 21 CFR 50.25 for details regarding the required elements of informed consent.  

6.B.  PD/PI Credential (e.g., Agency Login)
FDA requires the PD/PI(s) to fill in his/her Commons User ID in the PROFILE Project Director/Principal Investigator section, Credential log-in field of the Research & Related Senior/Key Person Profile component.

6.C.  Organizational DUNS
The applicant organization must include its DUNS number in its Organization Profile in the eRA Commons. This DUNS number must match the DUNS number provided at CCR registration with Grants.gov. For additional information, see Frequently Asked Questions Application Guide, Electronic Submission of Grant Applications.

Section V. Application Review Information

1. General Information
FDA grants management and program staff will review all applications sent in response to this notice. To be responsive, an application must be submitted in accordance with the requirements of this notice.  Applications found to be non-responsive will receive notice that the application will not be reviewed.

Applicants are strongly encouraged to contact FDA to resolve any questions about criteria before submitting their application. Please direct all questions of a technical or scientific nature to the OPD program staff and all questions of an administrative or financial nature to the grants management staff (see Agency Contacts in Section VII of this document).

Responsive applications will be reviewed and evaluated for scientific and technical merit by an ad hoc panel of experts in the subject field of the specific application. Consultation with the proper FDA review division may also occur during this phase of the review to determine whether the proposed study will provide acceptable data that could contribute to product approval. Responsive applications may be subject to a second review by the National Cancer Institute, National Cancer Advisory Board (NCAB) for concurrence with the recommendations made by the first-level reviewers, and funding decisions will be made by the Commissioner of Food and Drugs or his designee. By submitting an application in response to this RFA, applicants understand and agree that members of the ad hoc panel of experts and the NCAB may be provided access to non-public information contained in the grant application, as necessary for evaluation of the application and subject to necessary restrictions on the further disclosure of the information.

A score will be assigned to each application based on the scientific/technical review criteria. The review panel may advise the program staff about the appropriateness of the proposal to the goals of the OPD grant program.

Applications submitted in response to this FOA will compete for available funds with all other recommended applications submitted in response to this FOA. The following will be considered in making funding decisions:

The goal of FDA's OPD grant program is to support the clinical development of products for use in rare diseases or conditions where no current therapy exists or where the product will be superior to the existing therapy.  In their written critiques, reviewers will be asked to comment on each of the following criteria in addition to the Scientific/Technical Review Criteria outlined below, in order to judge the likelihood that the proposed research will have a substantial impact on the pursuit of these goals. Each of these criteria will be addressed and considered in assigning the overall score, and weighted as appropriate for each application. Note that an application does not need to be strong in all categories to be judged likely to have major scientific impact and thus deserve a meritorious priority score.

Investigators: Assessing the competence of the principal investigator(s) and key personnel to conduct the proposed research.  This includes their academic qualifications, research experiences, productivity, and any special attributes.

Resources and Environment: Evaluating any special attributes or deficiencies relevant to the conduct of the proposed studies.

Budget: Evaluating whether all items of the requested budget are appropriate and justified. 

Human Subjects and Monitoring: Evaluating possible physical, psychological, or social injury patients might experience as subjects in the proposed research.  Discussing whether the rights and welfare of the individuals will be adequately protected.  Assessing the safety-monitoring plan including the reporting of adverse events. Evaluating the informed consent documents as well as the plan to monitor the integrity of the data collected and the compliance with the protocol.

2.  Scientific/Technical Review Criteria

The ad hoc expert panel will review the application based on the following scientific and technical merit criteria:

1. The soundness of the rationale for the proposed study;

2. The quality and appropriateness of the study design, including the design of the monitoring plans;

3. The statistical justification for the number of patients chosen for the study, based on the proposed outcome measures, and the appropriateness of the statistical procedures for analysis of the results;

4. The adequacy of the evidence that the proposed number of eligible subjects can be recruited in the requested timeframe;

5. The qualifications of the investigator and support staff, and the resources available to them;

6. The adequacy of the justification for the request for financial support;

7. The adequacy of plans for complying with regulations for protection of human subjects and monitoring; and

8. The ability of the applicant to complete the proposed study within its budget and within time limits stated in this FOA.

3. Program Review Criteria

1. Applications must propose clinical trials intended to provide safety and/or efficacy data.

2. There must be an explanation in the Background and Significance section of how the proposed study will either contribute to product approval or provide essential data needed for product development.

3. The Background and Significance section of the application must contain information documenting that the disease or condition to be treated meets the definition of a rare disease or condition, as defined in 21 U.S.C. 360ee.  FDA generally considers drugs, devices, and medical foods potentially eligible for grants under the OPD grant program if they are indicated for a disease or condition that has a prevalence, not incidence, of fewer than 200,000 people in the United States.  Diagnostics and vaccines are considered potentially eligible for such grants only if the U.S. population to whom they will be administered is fewer than 200,000 people in the United States per year.  

4. With the exception noted below, the study protocol proposed in the grant application must be under an active IND or IDE (not on clinical hold) to qualify the application for scientific and technical review. Additional IND/IDE information is described as follows:

The proposed clinical protocol should be submitted to the applicable FDA IND/IDE review division a minimum of 30 days before the grant application deadline.  The number assigned to the IND/IDE that includes the proposed study should appear on the face page of the application with the title of the project.  The date the subject protocol was submitted to FDA for the IND/IDE review should also be provided.  Protocols that would otherwise be eligible for an exemption from the IND regulations must be conducted under an active IND to be eligible for funding under this FDA grant program.  If the sponsor of the IND/IDE is other than the principal investigator listed on the application, a letter from the sponsor permitting access to the IND/IDE must be submitted in both the IND/IDE and in the grant application. The name(s) of the principal investigator(s) named in the application and in the study protocol must be submitted to the IND/ IDE.  Studies of already approved products, evaluating new orphan indications, are also subject to these IND/IDE requirements.

Only medical foods that do not need pre-market approval and medical devices that are classified as non-significant risk (NSR) are free from these IND/IDE requirements. Applicants studying an NSR device should provide a letter in the application from the FDA Center for Devices and Radiologic Health indicating the device is an NSR device.

5. The requested budget must be within the limits, either $200,000 in total costs per year for up to 3 years for any phase study, or $400,000 in total costs per year for up to 4 years for Phase 2 or 3 studies. Any application received that requests support over the maximum amount allowable for that particular study will be considered non-responsive.

6. In an appendix to the application, there must be evidence that the product to be studied is available to the applicant in the form and quantity needed for the clinical trial proposed.  A current letter from the supplier as an appendix will be acceptable. If negotiations regarding the supply of the study product are underway but have not been finalized at the time of application, please provide a letter indicating such in the application. Verification of adequate supply of study product will be necessary before an award is made.

7. The protocol should be submitted in the application. The protocol may be included as an appendix.  Page limits, font size and margins should comply with the Application Guide, Electronic Submission of Grant Applications (http://era.nih.gov/ElectronicReceipt/faq_prepare_app.htm#1).

8. Additional information may be required upon request, for example, regarding population estimate and rationale.  This additional information may be required, in part, to assure that human clinical trials of drugs are eligible to receive funding under the OPD grant program.  21 U.S.C. 360ee(b)(1)(A).

4. Additional Review Criteria
As applicable for the project proposed, reviewers will evaluate the following additional items while determining scientific and technical merit, and in providing an overall impact/priority score, but will not give separate scores for these items.

Protection of Human Subjects
For research that involves human subjects but does not involve one of the six categories of research that are exempt under 45 CFR Part 46, the committee will evaluate the justification for involvement of human subjects and the proposed protections from research risk relating to their participation according to the following five review criteria: 1) risk to subjects, 2) adequacy of protection against risks, 3) potential benefits to the subjects and others, 4) importance of the knowledge to be gained, and 5) data and safety monitoring for clinical trials.

For research that involves human subjects and meets the criteria for one or more of the six categories of research that are exempt under 45 CFR Part 46, the committee will evaluate: 1) the justification for the exemption, 2) human subjects involvement and characteristics, and 3) sources of materials. For additional information on review of the Human Subjects section, please refer to the Human Subjects Protection and Inclusion Guidelines. See the Human Subjects Sections of the PHS398 Research Plan component of the SF424 (R&R).

Inclusion of Women, Minorities and Children in Research
The committee will evaluate the proposed plans for inclusion of minorities and members of both genders, as well as the inclusion of children as appropriate for the scientific goals of the research will be assessed. Plans for the recruitment and retention of subjects will also be evaluated. See the Human Subjects Sections of the PHS398 Research Plan component of the SF424 (R &R). For additional information on review of the Inclusion section, please refer to the Human Subjects Protection and Inclusion Guidelines.

Biohazards
Reviewers will assess whether materials or procedures proposed are potentially hazardous to research personnel and/or the environment, and if needed, determine whether adequate protection is proposed. 

Resubmissions
For Resubmissions, the committee will evaluate the application as now presented, taking into consideration the responses to comments from the previous scientific review group and changes made to the project. The adequacy of the responses to comments from the most recent scientific review group will be assessed including the appropriateness of the improvements in the resubmission application.

Applicants may submit a resubmission application, but such application must include an Introduction addressing the previous peer review critique (Summary Statement). The Summary Statement must be included as an Appendix in the application. 

Resubmissions are intended for those applications that were previously submitted to OPD, reviewed and received a score on the application.

Renewals

Renewal applications will be permitted for this FOA.  For Renewals, the committee will consider the progress made in the last funding period.

Revisions

For Revisions, the committee will consider the appropriateness of the proposed expansion of the scope of the project. If the Revision application relates to a specific line of investigation presented in the original application that was not recommended for approval by the committee, then the committee will consider whether the responses to comments from the previous scientific review group are adequate and whether substantial changes are clearly evident.

Active grants in regulatory compliance may be eligible to submit a competing supplement application.  A competing supplement (also called Revision) is a request for additional funds for a current award to expand the scope of work.  Competing supplements may be submitted throughout the fiscal year and will be permitted for this FOA to compete for funding.  Please contact the OPD program contact for further information.

5. Additional Review Considerations
As applicable for the project proposed, reviewers will consider each of the following items, but will not give scores for these items, and should not consider them in providing an overall impact/priority score.

Applications from Foreign Organizations
Reviewers will assess whether the project presents special opportunities for furthering research programs through the use of unusual talent, resources, populations, or environmental conditions in other countries that are not readily available in the United States or that augment existing U.S. resources.  

Resource Sharing Plans

Not applicable

Budget and Period of Support
Reviewers will consider whether the budget and the requested period of support are fully justified and reasonable in relation to the proposed research. The priority score should not be affected by the evaluation of the budget.

6.  Review and Selection Process

Applications will be evaluated for scientific and technical merit by appropriate Scientific Review Groups, using the stated review criteria.

Applications will compete for available funds with all other recommended applications submitted in response to this FOA. Following initial peer review, recommended applications will receive a second level of review by the appropriate national Advisory Council or Board. The following will be considered in making funding decisions:

7. Anticipated Announcement and Award Dates

After the peer review of the application is completed, the PD/PI will be able to access his or her Summary Statement (written critique) via the eRA Commons

Earliest Anticipated Start/Award Date(s):  November 1, 2013 and November 1, 2014

Section VI. Award Administration Information

1. Award Notices

If the application is under consideration for funding, FDA may request information from the applicant prior to making the award.  For details, applicants may refer to the HHS Grants Policy Statement.

A formal notification in the form of a Notice of Award (NoA) will be provided to the applicant organization. The NoA signed by the grants management officer is the authorizing document. Once all administrative and programmatic issues have been resolved, the NoA will be generated via email notification from the awarding component to the grantee business official.

Awardees must comply with any funding restrictions described in Section IV.5. Funding Restrictions. Selection of an application for award is not an authorization to begin performance. Any costs incurred before receipt of the NoA are at the recipient's risk. These costs may be reimbursed only to the extent considered allowable pre-award costs. See Section IV.5., Funding Restrictions.       

After the review of the application is completed, the PD/PI will be able to access his or her Summary Statement (written critique) via the eRA Commons

2. Administrative and National Policy Requirements

All FDA grant and cooperative agreement awards include the HHS Grants Policy Statement as part of the NoA. For these terms of award, see the HHS Grants Policy Statement

3. Reporting

When multiple years are involved, awardees will be required to submit the Non-Competing Continuation Grant Progress Report (PHS 2590) annually and financial statements as required in the HHS Grants Policy Statement.

A final progress report, invention statement, and the expenditure data portion of the Federal Financial Report are required for closeout of an award, as described in the HHS Grants Policy Statement.

The Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 (Transparency Act), includes a requirement for awardees of Federal grants to report information about first-tier subawards and executive compensation under Federal assistance awards issued in FY2011 or later.  All awardees of applicable FDA grants and cooperative agreements are required to report to the Federal Subaward Reporting System (FSRS) available at www.fsrs.gov on all subawards over $25,000.

3.A.  Monitoring Activities

The guidelines below are intended to provide information for principal investigators who are conducting clinical trials. The procedures outlined herein are in addition to (and not in lieu of) Institutional Review Board (IRB), Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP), other Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and Good Clinical Practices requirements.

It is an OPD policy that data and safety monitoring of a clinical trial is to be commensurate with the risks posed to study participants and with the size and complexity of the study. In addition, the OPD requires that a Grantee and any third party engaged in supporting the clinical research be responsible for oversight of data and safety monitoring, ensuring that monitoring systems are in place, that the quality of the monitoring activity is appropriate, and that the OPD Project Officer is informed of recommendations emanating from monitoring activities.

3.A.1.  FDA Requirements for Monitoring

The OPD requires that each clinical trial it supports, regardless of phase, has data and safety monitoring procedures in place to safeguard the well-being of study participants and to ensure scientific integrity. Monitoring must be performed on a regular basis throughout the subject accrual, treatment, and follow-up periods.

The specific approach to monitoring will depend on features of the clinical trial to be conducted e.g., several levels of monitoring: Data and Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB), Study Monitoring Committee (SMC) and Independent Medical Monitor (IMM).   Monitoring activities should be appropriate to the study, study phase, population, research environment, and degree of risk involved.  Guidance is available at: http://www.fda.gov/downloads/Drugs/GuidanceComplianceRegulatoryInformation/Guidances/ucm073122.pdf

In small, single-site studies, safety monitoring is often performed by the independent medical monitor or a safety monitoring committee in conjunction with the study statistician. Phase 3 studies and high risk Phase 1 or 2 clinical trials frequently use a DSMB. It may be desirable to utilize a DSMB for:

3.A.2.  Study Monitoring Plan

The OPD requires that the protocol document include a section describing the proposed plan for interim data monitoring. This section will detail who is to be responsible for interim monitoring (i.e., a DSMB, an SMC, or the study investigator), what data will be monitored (i.e., performance and safety data only vs. efficacy data as well), the timing of the first data review (e.g., "the first interim look will occur when the initial 20 participants have completed the 6 month follow-up visit"), and the frequency of interim reviews (which will depend on such factors as the study design, interventions and anticipated recruitment rate). The plan will specify "stopping guidelines" and other criteria for the monitors to follow in their review of the interim data. Guidance on these topics is available at: http://www.fda.gov/downloads/RegulatoryInformation/Guidances/UCM127073.pdf

A preliminary monitoring plan must be submitted as part of the Research Plan portion of the grant application for a clinical trial. The plan will be examined as part of the peer review process, and any comments and concerns will be included in an administrative note in the summary statement. OPD staff will ensure that all concerns are resolved before the grant award is made.

3.B.  Oversight Activities

The program project officer will monitor grantees periodically. The monitoring may be in the form of telephone conversations, e-mails, or written correspondence between the project officer/grants management officer or specialist and the principal investigator. Information including, but not limited to, information regarding study progress, enrollment, problems, adverse events, changes in protocol, and study monitoring activities will be requested. Periodic site visits with officials of the grantee organization may also occur. The results of these monitoring activities will be recorded in the official grant file and will be available to the grantee upon request consistent with applicable disclosure statutes and with FDA disclosure regulations. Also, the grantee organization must comply with all special terms and conditions of the grant, including those which state that future funding of the study will depend on recommendations from the OPD project officer. The scope of the recommendations will consider the following: (1) progress toward enrollment, based on specific circumstances of the study; (2) adequate supply of the product/device; and (3) compliance with applicable FDA and HHS regulatory requirements for the trial.

In addition to the requirement for an active IND/IDE discussed in Section V.3 of this document, documentation of assurances with the Office of Human Research Protection (OHRP) (see Section IV.5.A of this document) must be on file with the FDA grants management office before an award is made. Any institution receiving Federal funds must have an institutional review board (IRB) of record even if that institution is overseeing research conducted at other performance sites. To avoid funding studies that may not receive or may experience a delay in receiving IRB approval, documentation of IRB approval and Federal Wide Assurance (FWA or assurance) for the IRB of record for all performance sites must be on file with the FDA grants management office before an award to fund the study will be made. In addition, if a grant is awarded, grantees will be informed of any additional documentation that should be submitted to FDA's IRB.

3.C. Reporting Requirement

The grantee must file a final program progress report, financial status report, and invention statement within 90 days after the end date of the project period as noted on the notice of grant award.

When multiple years are involved, awardees will be required to submit the Non-Competing Grant Progress Report (PHS 2590) annually and financial statements as required in the HHS Grants Policy Statement, dated January 1, 2007 (http://www.hhs.gov/grantsnet/adminis/gpd/). Also, all new and continuing grants must comply with all regulatory requirements necessary to keep the status of their IND/IDE active and in effect, that is, not on clinical hold. Failure to meet regulatory requirements will be grounds for suspension or termination of the grant.

Awardees will be required to submit the Non-Competing Continuation Grant Progress Report (PHS 2590) annually and financial statements as required in the HHS Grants Policy Statement http://www.hhs.gov/grantsnet/adminis/gpd/index.htm.

A listing and a justification for any study changes that occurred in the past year must be included in the Non-Competing Continuation Grant Progress Report (PHS 2590).

A final progress report, invention statement, and Financial Status Report are required when an award is relinquished when a recipient changes institutions or when an award is terminated.

Section VII. Agency Contacts

We encourage your inquiries concerning this funding opportunity and welcome the opportunity to answer questions from potential applicants.

1.  Application Submission Contacts

Grants.gov Customer Support (Questions regarding Grants.gov registration and submission, downloading or navigating forms)
Contact Center Phone: 800-518-4726
Email: support@grants.gov

GrantsInfo (Questions regarding application instructions and process, finding grant resources)
Telephone 301-435-0714
TTY 301-451-5936
Email: GrantsInfo@nih.gov

eRA Commons Help Desk (Questions regarding eRA Commons registration, tracking application status, post submission issues)
Phone: 301-402-7469 or 866-504-9552 (Toll Free)
TTY: 301-451-5939
Email: commons@od.nih.gov

Vieda Hubbard
Grants Management Specialist
Division of Acquisition Support and Grants
Office of Acquisitions & Grant Services
5630 Fishers Lane, Room 1079
Rockville, Maryland  20857
Phone:  301-827-7177
E-mail: vieda.hubbard@fda.hhs.gov

2. Scientific/Research Contact(s):

Katherine Needleman
Director, Orphan Products Grants Program
Office of Orphan Products Development
Food and Drug Administration
10903 New Hampshire Avenue
WO32-5271
Silver Spring, MD 20993-0002
Phone: 301-796-8660
E-mail: katherine.needleman@fda.hhs.gov

3.  Financial/Grants Management Contact(s):

Vieda Hubbard
Grants Management Specialist
Division of Acquisition Support and Grants
Office of Acquisitions & Grant Services
5630 Fishers Lane, Room 1079
Rockville, Maryland  20857
Phone:  301-827-7177
E-mail: vieda.hubbard@fda.hhs.gov

Section VIII. Other Information

1.  Required Federal Citations

1.A.  Clinical Trials Data Bank

The Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007 (FDAAA) contains provisions that expand the current database known as ClinicalTrials.gov to include additional requirements for individuals and entities, including grantees, who are involved in conducting clinical trials that involve products regulated by FDA or that are funded by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), including FDA.  These additional requirements include mandatory registration of certain types of clinical trials, as well as reporting of results for certain trials for inclusion in the ClinicalTrials.gov database.  ClinicalTrials.gov, which was created after the Food and Drug Administration Modernization Act of 1997, provides patients, family members, healthcare providers, researchers, and members of the public easy access to information on clinical trials for a wide range of diseases and conditions. The U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM) has developed this site in collaboration with NIH and FDA. ClinicalTrials.gov is available to the public through the Internet at http://clinicaltrials.gov.

ClinicalTrials.gov contains information about certain clinical trials, both federally and privately funded, of drugs (including biological products) and medical devices.  The types of trials that are required to be registered, and for which results must be reported, are known as "applicable clinical trials."  FDAAA defines the types of clinical trials that are "applicable clinical trials" and, therefore, are subject to the registration and results reporting requirements.  The registry listing for each trial includes information such as descriptive information about the trial, patient eligibility criteria, recruitment status, location information on the clinical trial sites, and points of contact for those wanting to enroll in the trial.  The database also contains information on the results of clinical trials.  More detailed information on the definition of "applicable clinical trial" and the registry and results reporting requirements can be found at http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-OD-08-014.html and http://prsinfo.clinicaltrials.gov/fdaaa.html

FDAAA also added new requirements concerning clinical trials supported by grants from HHS, including FDA.  Under these provisions, any grant or progress report forms required under a grant from any part of HHS, including FDA, must include a certification that the person responsible for entering information into ClinicalTrials.gov (the "responsible party") has submitted all required information to the database.  There are also provisions regarding when agencies within HHS, including FDA, are required to verify compliance with the database requirements before releasing funding to grantees.  OPD program staff will be providing additional information on these requirements, including the appropriate means by which to certify that a grantee has complied with the database requirements.

1.B.  Data and Safety Monitoring Plan

See Section VI.3.A. for more detail and other FDA monitoring requirements.  The establishment of data and safety monitoring boards (DSMBs) is required for multi-site clinical trials involving interventions that entail potential risk to the participants, and generally for Phase 3 clinical trials. Although Phase 1 and Phase 2 clinical trials may also use DSMBs, smaller clinical trials may not require this oversight format, and alternative monitoring plans may be appropriate.

1.C.  Access to Research Data through the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)

The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), 5 U.S.C. 552, provides individuals with a right to access certain records in the possession of the Federal government, subject to certain exemptions. The government may withhold information pursuant to the exemptions and exclusions contained in the FOIA. The exact language of the exemptions can be found in the FOIA. Additional guidance on the exemptions and how they apply to certain documents can be found in the HHS regulations implementing the FOIA (45 CFR part 5) and FDA regulations implementing the FOIA (21 CFR part 20). (Also see the HHS Web site http://www.hhs.gov/foia/ and FDA Web site at http://www.fda.gov/RegulatoryInformation/FOI/default.htm )

Data included in the application may be considered trade secret or confidential commercial information within the meaning of relevant statutes and implementing regulations. FDA will protect trade secret or confidential commercial information to the extent allowed under applicable law.

1.D.  Use of Animals in Research

Recipients of PHS support for activities involving live vertebrate animals must comply with PHS Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (http://grants.nih.gov/grants/olaw/references/PHSPolicyLabAnimals.pdf) as mandated by the Health Research Extension Act of 1985 (http://grants.nih.gov/grants/olaw/references/hrea1985.htm), and the USDA Animal Welfare Regulations (http://awic.nal.usda.gov/nal_display/index.php?info_center=3&tax_level=3&tax_subject=182&topic_id=1118&level3_id=6735&level4_id=0&level5_id=0&placement_default=0) as applicable.

1. E.  Inclusion of Women And Minorities in Clinical Research

Applicants for PHS clinical research grants are encouraged to include minorities and women in study populations so research findings can be of benefit to all people at risk of the disease or condition under study. It is recommended that applicants place special emphasis on including minorities and women in studies of diseases, disorders, and conditions that disproportionately affect them. This policy applies to research subjects of all ages. If women or minorities are excluded or poorly represented in clinical research, the applicant should provide a clear and compelling rationale that shows inclusion is inappropriate.

1.F.  Inclusion of Children as Participants in Clinical Research

FDA regulations at 21 CFR part 50, subpart D contain additional requirements that must be met by IRBs reviewing clinical investigations regulated by FDA and involving children as subjects. FDA is part of HHS; accordingly, the research project grants under this program are supported by HHS, and HHS regulations at 45 CFR part 46, subpart D also apply to research involving children as subjects.

1.G.  Standards for Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information

HHS issued final modification to the Standards for Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information, the Privacy Rule, on August 14, 2002. The Privacy Rule is a federal regulation under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996 that governs the protection of individually identifiable health information, and is administered and enforced by the HHS Office for Civil Rights (OCR).

Decisions about applicability and implementation of the Privacy Rule reside with the researcher and his/her institution. The OCR Web site http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/ provides information on the Privacy Rule.

1.H. Healthy People 2020

PHS is committed to achieving the health promotion and disease prevention objectives of Healthy People 2020, a PHS-led national activity for setting priority areas. This Funding Opportunity Announcement is related to one or more of the priority areas. Potential applicants may obtain a copy of Healthy People 2020.

1.I.  Smoke-Free Workplace

The PHS strongly encourages all grant recipients to provide a smoke-free workplace and discourage the use of all tobacco products. In addition, Public Law 103-227, the Pro-Children Act of 1994, prohibits smoking in certain facilities (or in some cases, any portion of a facility) in which regular or routine education, library, day care, health care, or early childhood development services are provided to children. This is consistent with the PHS mission to protect and advance the physical and mental health of the American people.

1.J.  Authority and Regulation

This program is not subject to the intergovernmental review requirements of Executive Order 12372. FDA's research program is described in the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA), No. 93.103 http://www.cfda.gov/.

FDA will support the clinical studies covered by this notice under the authority of section 301 of the PHS Act as amended (42 U.S.C. 241) and under applicable regulations at 42 CFR Part 52 and 45 CFR Parts 74 and 92. All grant awards are subject to applicable requirements for clinical investigations imposed by sections 505, 512, and 515 of the act (21 U.S.C. 355, or 360e) or safety, purity, and potency for licensing under section 351 of the Public Health Service Act (the PHS Act) (42 U.S.C. 262), section 351 of the PHS Act, including regulations issued under any of these sections.

All human subject research regulated by FDA is also subject to FDA's regulations regarding the protection of human subjects (21 CFR Parts 50 and 56). Applicants are encouraged to review the regulations, guidance, and information sheets on human subject protection and Good Clinical Practice available on the Internet at http://www.fda.gov/oc/gcp/.

The applicant is referred to HHS regulations at 45 CFR 46.116 and 21 CFR 50.25 for details regarding the required elements of informed consent.

All awards will be subject to all policies and requirements that govern the research grant programs of the PHS as incorporated in the HHS Grants Policy Statement, dated January 1, 2007.


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