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Applying Electronically - Resources

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Avoiding Common Errors

Check our Avoiding Common Errors page for a helpful list to help you avoid errors and successfully submit your application.

Annotated Forms

SF424 FormSF424 (R&R) Application Packages with field-by-field tips to avoid common errors and ensure successful submission of your application. NOTE: these documents are supplemental resources only. When preparing an application, applicants MUST follow the instructions in their Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) and Application Guide.

See our Avoiding Common Errors page for even more useful tips to help ensure an error-free application.


Targeted tip Sheets and resources for specific audiences

Quick Reference
Slide Presentations

Slide presentations on a variety of topics can be found on our Training page.


NIH’s eRA systems check all electronic grant applications against application guide instructions and instructions found in the funding opportunity announcements (FOAs). These system checks are called validations. When an application fails to pass a validation (i.e., is found to be non-compliant with the instructions found in the application guide and the FOA), the eRA systems generate errors and/or warnings.

System validations are a subset of the business checks conducted against an application. NIH Staff conduct additional manual compliance checks against applications.

The following documents provide detailed (form by form and field by field) information regarding system enforced validations. This documentation is not intended to be used as application instructions. Applicants must follow all instructions in their FOA and corresponding NIH SF424 R&R Application Guide.

Additional Resources